THE JEWISH NEWS
The New UAR
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issuc of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan
PHILIP SLOMOVITZ CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the tenth day of Iyar, the following Scriptural selections will be read in our
• Pentateuchal portion, Lev. 16:1-20:27. Prophetical portion, Amos 9:7-15.
Licht benshen, Friday, May 3, 1963, 7:15 p.m.
VOL. XLIII No. 10
May 3, 1963
Eleventh Hour Campaign Appeal
In the few remaining days before
the closing of the 1963 Allied Jewish
Campaign, the opportunity remains, for
the thousands yet to be enrolled in the
ranks of our contributors, to become par-
ticipants in the most important single
fund-raising of the year.
Unless the campaign total reaches
or exceeds the $5,000,000 mark, handi-
caps will be created for many causes.
Let it be remembered that the Allied
Jewish Campaign is intended not for
overseas rehabilitation and resettlement
alone. The funds we provide assist in the
upkeep of many national educational
agencies, in the functions of the civic-pro-
tective movements and—not to be forgot-
ten—the domestic agencies, our schools
and health-providing causes, the home for
the aged, our hospital, the recreation pro-
viding community center and the Com-
munity Council which must keep on the
— BUT HOW AWL.' THE BACK?
alert against any denigrating forces in
If our schools are to function prop-
erly—and without them the future pros-
pects for a wholesome community will
be dimmed—and if all the vital agencies
locally, nationally and on the , overseas
plane are to continue to function without
interruption, every potential contributor
to the campaign must be reached before
the closing function on Tuesday.
The many hundreds of volunteers
must redouble their efforts during the
coming few days. But, more especially,
those who have not yet contributed to
the campaign should come forth with
their gifts. Let there be an outpouring of s%.11-A
gifts by prompt calls to the campaign Impressive UAHC Book for Children
headquarters — WOodward 5-3939 — with
gift offerings or requests for volunteers
who will gladly visit those who wish to
make their contributions.
'Inside . the Synagogue'
The Spark from Nasser-Controlled 'Trinity'
How truly deplorable that Israel's
16th year of independence as the Third
Commonwealth should begin in an atmos-
phere of tensions and of renewed threats.
Every conceivable attempt had been
made by Israeli officialdom to emphasize
the people's desire for peace. In his final
message, written shortly before his death,
Israel's President Itzhak Ben-Zvi ex-
pressed his hope for peace. Many, others
have similarly pleaded with the Arabs to
end hostilities, but to no avail.
Now the menacing situation in the
Middle East is more disturbing than it has
been since the 1956 Sinai Campaign, and
threats of an impending war are being
taken more seriously than ever.
The fact that Jordan's precarious po-
So many high qualities were linked
to the personality of Itzhak Ben-Zvi,
Israel's second President, whose death
has placed Israel and the entire Jewish
people in mourning, that for a long time
to come those who knew him will con-
tinue to express their admiration for him.
When he recited the "Shema" some
few hours before he breathed his last, Mr.
Ben-Zvi gave expression to a deep-rooted
devotion to a great inheritance, to a tradi-
tion he loved and adhered to, to a loyalty
to faith which, during the years of his
Presidency, he even became a regular
worshiper in the small synagogue he fre-
quented in Jerusalem.
His collected works attest to his
scholarship, to his love for historical re-
search, to his ability to trace the back-
grounds of numerous all-but-forgotten
Jewish communities, especially those in
It is the modesty of the man that
distinguished him. He began by working
with and for the masses, an he continued
that tradition as a labor of love. He wel-
comed to his Presidential home a delegate
from an American landsmanshaft as
readily as he did a baronial magnate.
Therein we find his greatness. He
"humbled himself in all greatness." He
gave stature to Israel by the pursuit of
ideals and policies that placed human
values above all other considerations
which might have marred the traditions
of our faith.
With that of the first President of
Israel, Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the name of
the second, Itzhak Ben-Zvi, goes down in
history to be recorded as belonging
among the truly great.
sition similarly adds to the tensions serves
to aggravate the situation. It is an ac-
cepted fact that Israel's proximity has
protected King Hussein and has pre-
vented the overthrow of his monarchial
rule. Without Israel, he would have been
an easy target for his warring kinsmen
who would relish the slicing up of his
kingdom among themselves. But Israel
is right on the border in readiness for
efforts by greedy Arab dictators to secure
control of Jordan.
Nevertheless, whenever Hussein and
his Jordanian officials find occasion to
declare their readiness to protect their
kingdom, they consider it equally neces-
sary to threaten Israel or to raise false
cries about aggressions from and by
Israel. Although this is known to be re-
sorted to as means of creating a public
image of a Jordanian anti-Israelism that
matches Nasser's it is an annoying tactic
that may bring with it evil results.
Thus, while Arabs have been fighting
among themselves it was the hatred for
Israel that united them; and now that a
new "trinity" has been set up by Nasser,
the renewed threats are both to Jordan
and to Israel.
It is a situation laden with many
dangers and Israel commencing its 16th
year of autonomy, must remain on the de-
fensive. It is a sad state of affairs and
one must pray that, in the interest of
world peace, the great powers -will remain
on the alert least real trouble ensue.. But
if the only protection against a world
war stemming from the Middle East will
be lip service at the United Nations, then
all mankind is in danger even from so
minute a spark as that created by Nasser.
May 1 will be an historic day for
Israel. On that day, the first Bonds sold
by Israel on a large scale, in this country
and in several European and Latin Ameri-
can communities, will be redeemed, and
Israel's maturity will be reaffirmed.
That day also represents an impor-
tant landmark for American Jewry. Our
communities came forth with confidence
that Israel will emerge economically
sound and that private investments will
be justified by the results attained.
These positive results are now a mat-
ter of record. Israel has borrowed large
sums of money and is now repaying them
with interest. That is why May 1 is an his-
toric day for Israel and a time of justifi-
cation for American Jewry's confidence in
the economic stability of the Jewish State.
What is a synagogue? Why is it called God's House? What
are the Menorah, the Torah, the Holy Ark and its Paroches?
The Reform Union of American Hebrew Congregations has
issued a large book, for children, with explanations of many
terms relating to the house of worship.
Under the title "Inside the Synagogue," two authors, Grace
Freeman and Joan Sugarman, provide the numerous definitions.
While the setting is Reform, all young children can profit from
the contents of this book.
Illustrations by Judith Oren, photographs by Justin E. Kerr
and others, enliven this book, -whose story is told with simplicity
and great earnestness,
Commencing with a prefatory note, an excerpt from the
Union Prayerbook, about the synagogue as "the sanctuary of
Israel," there is an editor's introduction by Rabbi Eugene B.
Borowitz, director of education of the Union of American He-
brew Congregations, who refers to the altered structure of the
synagogue,- its architecture, the wealth of Jewish symbolism,
and declares: "The most immediate visible symbolism of Judaism
in the Western world is the synagogue. The ghetto having happily
disappeared and the Jew hAring taken his place among the
citizens of his country, little remains to distinguish the Jewish
neighborhood or the Jewish individual from his surroundings."
He therefore welcome this book as helping "the young child
appreciate what the synagogue is and has been, what it means
and what it evokes . . ."
Whether it is called synagogue or temple, the two authors
commence their descriptive story, it is a House of God. They
then proceed to describe the inside of the synagogue, the services,
the kiddush, the Aron Ha-Kodesh, the • Paroches, the Torah, the
Sofer who writes the Torah and the implements he uses, the
Mantle of the Torah, the Yod (hand) and Breastplate, the Menorah
and Eternal Light, art in the synagogue, and many other symbols.
The Siddur is described, the Sh'ma is interpreted, the Holy
Days are evaluated and the role of the rabbi is described as that
of a teacher as well as a preacher. The manner in which syna-
gogues began is traced and the young reader is told about the
oldest houses of worship in this country, a page being devoted
to the Touro Synagogue in Newport, R. I.
Each reading page—the book is 9 inches wide and 12 inches
deep—is faced by a full page illustration descriptive of the
text. The last two pages contain relevant Hebrew terms—in
Hebrew—with their English translations.
Except that the photos in the book show the young people
and the rabbi without head covering—only the Sofer is shown
with a yarmulka—this could well have been a volume created
by and for Conservative and Orthodox Jews. it is well written,
attractively illustrated and devotedly compiled.
Black Reviews 'Diplomacy
of Economic Development'
Eugene R. Black, who until this year served for 13 years as
president of the World Bank—the International Bank for Recon-
struction and Development—outlines his views on the mutuality
and interdependence of developing nations in a series of essays
and reports, including texts of a number of his public addresses,
in "The Diplomacy of Economic Development and Other Papers;' .
published by Antheneum Books (162 E. 38th, N.Y. 16).
Touching upon the population growth problems, Black states:
"The population pressure gauge is not yet registering in the red
or danger zone in Africa south of the Sahara. Even in the Middle
East and North Africa, excepting Egypt, the problem is not yet
alarming. Here there is space but to make the space living space
there must be water . . . The Middle East and North Africa, in
common with all underdeveloped areas, must accomodate many
innovations in the economic life of their people in order to keep
the population problem at bay."
Among the vital issues touched upon by Black is that of de-
velopment diplomacy and the vital contacts it needs in the under-