`Overt Anti-Semitism' Called Unpopular
in. U.S.; Point to Dangers in Other Nations
(Continued from Page 1)
the growing number of small
states which have emerged since
World War II, he said.
In his report on anti-Semit-
ism, Berlack said that in the
Soviet Union "Jewish com-
munal leaders have been ar-
rested on charges of alleged
smuggling or currency manipu-
lations and sentenced to prison
or death." These Jews, he
said, "have been chosen as
convenient distractions for the
faltering Soviet economy."
In addition, Berlack said,
creating "a new era of friend-
ship and cooperation in Cath
olic-Jewish relations." He said
that, even before the Council
was convened, the Committee
had been impressed by the
"serious desire" of Pope John
XXIII "to imnrove relations
between Catholics and Jews."
troit's TeMple Beth El addressed
the delegates on the _theme
"Pooliiig.- . Resonrces of Re-
ligion for Better Understanding."
have too much respect for my
In other business, the Broth-
erhoods' representatives called
upon President Kennedy to
personally exercise his execu-
tive powers in getting our na-
tion to ratify the Genocide
Treaty and to concern himself
with the plight of Soviet Jews
behind the Iron Curtain.
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Sonnabend said Jews were
especially concerned about addi-
In its resolution on Jews be-
tional steps needed to reach"
what Pope John had called "a hind the Iron Curtain the Broth-
new order of human relations" erhoods called upon the Presi-
based on "the paramount dignity dent, Congress, and the United
of the human person." The Com- Nations to "inquire and explore
mittee head listed these steps as: into the freedom of the Jewish
Soviet Jews are, at present,
Re-examination of the sources community in Communist coun-
"being victimized by calculated
anti-Semitism arising from tries to have religious, spiritual
official policies of social cultural, early
church and synagogue his- and cultural contact and ex-
psychological, and physical op- tory; repudiation
the Christian change with their co-religionists
pression." Among the oppressive charge of Jewish of collective
re-, throughout the world, and upon
measures he listed were:
sponsibility for all time for the the ascertainment of all of the
Scores of synagogues have death of Jesus; setting the dis- facts and circumstances in con-
been closed by the state.
tinction between the essential nection therewith, to take such
No Jewish Bibles have been religious teaching of the Catholic steps, jointly and severally as
printed in 40 years and no ar- church "and the unessential and will ameliorate the situation of
ticles for Jewish ritual can be unfortunate encrustations of Soviet Jewry."
They further urged the Union
time"; and reconsidering by
Legally constituted Jewish Catholic teaching and preaching of American Hebrew Congrega-
congregations a r e isolated missions of Catholic liturgy and tions to join with other Jewish
from one another. They are textbooks of references to Jews bodies in pressing for ameliora-
forbidden to organize a cen- to bring these into consistency tion of this critical situation
tral body and allowed no con- "with the findings of present-day which the Brotherhood stated
tact with Jewish religious historical research and scholar- they "view with great alarm and
groups in other countries.
In other actions the Broth-
Although prayers are said in
In an address to the opening
Hebrew, the teaching of that plenary of the four-day conven- erhoods appealed to Americans
language is forbidden.
tion of the National Federation to "redouble their efforts
This year, for the first time of Temple Brotherhoods, Lebow toward the elimination of all
in Soviet history, Matzoh for said: "There are many organiza- forms of racial injustice and
the observance of Passover, tions which do a lot of talking to strive unceasingly to imple-
about the need to build a world ment and complete the mis-
was banned. •
Dr. John Slawson, executive of understanding by advancing sion of equal rights and full
vice-president of the American better interfaith relations. Yet opportunities under the law
Jewish Committee, charged that these very groups cause undue and with regard to housing,
bias at top levels of American alarm with flamboyant accounts education and employment and
industry represents the "great- of isolated pockets of prejudice opportunity."
Our Government was also
est lag" in the American trend against Jews. One gets the im-
toward reduction of discrimina- pression that this is their only called upon to exercise its ef-
forts in promoting peace in the
justification for existence."
Lebow added that he cannot Middle East between the State
In a report to the AJC's execu-
tive board, Dr. Slawson declared take religious tensions as seri- of Israel and its Arab neighbors.
Rabbi Richard C. Hertz of De
that, while there has been a ously as some people because "I
sharp drop in discrimination
against Jews in the United
States since the end of World
War II, there exists an "ethical
gap" between civil leadership
and publicly professed principles
of major American business
leaders, whose corporations still
practice "widespread discrimina-
tion in the executive suite."
An American Jewish Commit-
tee officer reported on his re-
turn from Europe that there was
a widespread movement among
both Protestant and Catholic
church leaders in Europe to
"combat anti-Jewish prejudice
rooted in religious texts and
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The report was made by
Ralph Friedman, chairman of
the Committee's administrative
board. He said that the move-
ment was being expressed in
"a renewed study of the Old
Testament and Judaism, and a
respect for them not merely
as biblical relics but as im-
portant contemporary forces."
He said there has also been
more research to determine
the historic ties between Juda-
ism and other religions, and
added that such understanding
"often results in changes in
the - teaching of the catechism."
One of the most potent forces
spurring this re-study, he added,
was the question posed by Chris-
tion religious leaders: "H o w
could Hitlerism have occurred
in an old Christian country?"
Morris B. Abram, chairman of
the executive board, reported at
the same session that state gov-
ernments in this country "have
actually been instruments
through which a minority of the
people" have "legally" imposed
their views, taxes and programs
on the majority." Because of out-
moded voting systems "a minor-
ity of voters control both houses
of the state legislatures in all
the 50 states."
A. M. Sonnabend of Boston,
American Jewish Committee
president, told a session that
the Ecumenical Council, now
being held at the Vatican, was
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