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November 16, 1962 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-11-16

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THE JEWISH NEWS

BEN ZVI-A PIONEER AND A SCHOLAR,

Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

ELECTED 'TO

TERM As PRES/PENT OF ISIkka.

Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
VE 8-9364. Subscription $6 a year. Foreign $7.
Second Class Postage Paid At Detroit, Michigan

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

SIDNEY SHMARAK

Advertising Manager

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG

Business Manager

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath. the twentieth day of Heshvan, 5723, the following Scriptural selections will
be read: in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, 1Va-yera, Gen. 18:1-22:24. . Prophetical portion, 11 Kings 4:1-37, II
Kings 4:1-23.

Licht Bensheri, Friday. Nov. 16, 4:52 p.m.

VOL. XLII. No. 12

Page Four

November 16, 1962

USSR's 'Historical Anti-Semitism'

Whether it is the Chief Rabbi of Mos-
cow, who stated it, or any other apologist
for the Soviet Union, the excuse for stone-
throwing into the Moscow synagogue that
it results from the "historical back-
ground" of anti-Semitism in Russia is
lame and merely reveals that the preju-
dices exist and are being perpetuated.
What good is the legislation in Com-
munist countries that makes a crime of
anti-Semitism, when the people remain
uneducated to the need of common de-
cency and •humanism?
It is the same in all the backward
countries. It is like the comment that was
made to this editor in Warsaw by one of
the top leaders of Polish Jewry. When we
asked him about Christian-Jewish rela-
tions in a land where Jews are supposedly
integrated in a Socialist (ComMunist)
sphere, he said that officially it is a crime
to be anti-Semitic and one can get a two-
year jail sentence for molesting Jews, but
privately,"az men ken geben a shtoch git
men .. .", "if a person can dig at a Jew

(it is• difficult to translate the shtoch), he
does."
Communists and Fascists have a way
of pointing out that conditions are no bet-
ter in free countries, that there is anti-
Semitism alsb in the United States. But
here it is not historic. Here it is possible
to battle against the virus of bigotry
either individually or as a group on the
basis of Americanism, of a deep-rooted
inheritance of libertarianism. In Russia,
as in other lands of oppression, the histori-
cal background is that of Czarism—and
Czarism is the basis even of USSR na-
tionalism.
That is why there undoubtedly is such
a great urge among many Jews behind the
Iron Curtain to get away from the area of
darkness into an atmosphere of light and
liberation, whether it is in Israel—which
happens to be the only spot on earth that
has a welcome sign out for any Jew who
wishes to go there—or anywhere else
where there is genuine liberty without
the aura of historical anti-Semitism.

Negro Students' Deplorable Anti-Jewisii Bias

Revelations made in the psychiatric
sociology study at the University of Mary-
land that American Negro college students
are adopting anti-Semitic attitudes and
are yieldina to stereotype "feelings that
Jews are clannish,
strange and unpredict-
b
able," are amona the disheartening fac-
tors in the current b battle for social justice
and racial equality.
No group in our land has been so de-
dicated in efforts to overcome racial preju-
dices. No one has matched the Jews in
his liberalism on the racial issue. There
is no other faction in America that has
been as liberal to causes in behalf of
equality for the Negro.
This is equally true in other lands.
Jews are suffering in South Africa for
the position they have taken in defense
of the blacks. The penalty has been a re-
striction on the remittance of funds con-
tributed by South • African Jews towards
overseas relief and- rehabilitation causes,
and a number of leading Jews in that
country are on trial for their liberal
views.
Yet, the Negro student, accordina to
b of
the study conducted by the University
Maryland Psychiatric Institute, finds the
Jews strange, wonders "what makes them

tick," and declare that "to end prejudice .
against Jews, the first step is for the Jews
to try sincerely to get rid of their harmful
and irritating faults."
Was it a fault for Julius Rosenwald to
establish the first large funds to aid the
Negroes?
Is it a fault for Israel to be the leader
among the nations in providing know-how
for the Afro-Asian nations?
Are Jews sinning when they are
among the leaders in movements to prop-
agate better housing and higher education
for the Negroes?
Yet„ part of the Black Moslems' plat-
form is anti-Sematic, and college students
who should know better are becoming
partners in spreading anti-Jewish senti-
ments!
• Would that the results of sociological
and psychiatric studies had revealed
stronger sentiments for good will among
Jews and Negroes, and on a broader
scale among all races. Unfortunately, ha-
treds have no bounds, and the Jew appar-
ently still is among the major scapegoats
—even among those in whose behalf our
people always will exert their sincerest
efforts to assure equality among all the
peoples of the earth.

Eleanor Roosevelt , the Great Lady

Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt's passing
leaves a great void for all mankind. She
was the Grand and the Great Lady whose
humanitarian gifts were not limited to
her own people. She shared her wisdom
with all peoples, and her kindnesses were
apportioned to all the nations.
Eleanor Roosevelt was especially in-
terested in the less fortunate, in the down-
trodden, in the oppressed who needed
succor.
She was fearless in her approaches.
She did not compromise with her con-
science. When the representatives of the
nations of the world debated over the
Human Rights Covenant, she demanded
complete adherence to the highest ideals
of justice and equality for all.
• When she pleaded for the rights of the
Negroes, she made no concessions to any-
one: equality was, to her, just what the
word meant, without reductions in spirit
for any element regardless of race or
creed.

She was a noble interpreter of Israel's
aims and aspirations. Many audiences
here and in many cities throughout the
land, will recall her strong endorsements
of Hadassah's objectives, the Helen
Keller Home for the Blind in Israel, the
Hebrew University, the Israel Bond
drives and other Israeli and Jewish
causes.
Detroiters will recall her firm stand
for justice for Israel in the struggle
against the Arabs during her recent ap-
pearance here in behalf of Israel Bonds.
She did not play with words when she
condemned one-sided catering to Nasser
and the failure to give Israel arms for
self-defense. Her stand at that time
may have contributed towards the
change in American policy announced
several weeks ago by President Ken-
nedy in his announcement that this
country would sell Hawk defensive
missiles to Israel.
Indeed, Eleanor Roosevelt was a very
great lady. Blessed be her memory.

Israel's 1962 Year Book

Economic Independence Seen
in a Decade by Pinhas Sapir

A thorough review of Israel's economic achievements and
aspirations and the progress made by the Jewish State educa-
tionally and in other fields of endeavor are provided in the 1962
Israel Year Book, published by the Jewish Agency.
In addition to many facts and figures about Israel, the na-
tion's industries and schools of higher learning, its scientific and
other accomplishments, there are many features of special
interest.
A special feature relates to duties imposed upon arrivals,
and listed are the effects that are permitted to non-residents
without special import licenses. Basic information is provided
regarding duty-free gifts and food parcels.
Commencing with an explanatory essay by Finhas Sapir,
Israel's Minister of Commerce and Industry, about the tasks
of industry in the years to come, there are several other
articles dealing with Israel's economic position.
Sapir expresses the view that in the next five years pro-
ductivity will increase 20 to 25 per cent. "If the present rate
of industrial growth continues and the more glaring deficiencies
overcome, there is every reason to believe That the country will
reach its goal of economic independence by the end of the
decade," .Sapir states.
David Horowitz, Governor of the Bank of Israel; Minister of
Agriculture Moshe Dayan and Leon Dultzin, head of the eco-
nomic department of the Jewish Agency; outline financial and
agricultural policies and the new immigration absorption
methods. Israel's economic structure is the subject of an article
by Dr. L. Berger. A number of other authorities deal with a
score of problems related to Israel, world Jewry, UNESCO,
Histadrut, the aid given to African states and many other Israeli
interests.
Israel's security is outlined by M. Argov and S. Peres. Tele-
cOmmunications are explained by Minister of Posts E. Sasson.
Science. the arts, the theater, archaeology, music and sculp-
ture are subjects of a special section, and its features point to
great progress culturally.
Foodstuffs are not overlooked, and the director of the food-
stuffs export department, of the Ministry of Commerce, J. Mazur,
explains that "Israel's food industry is advancing constantly and
has good prospects of becoming an important factor in the coun-
try's export drive."
Explanations of the objectives of all Israel political parties
will prove especially helpful to all who seek information about
Israel's political affairs.
Articles about Israel's municipalities and other features add
to the immense amount of information offered in this important
Year Book.

Goodman's Drawing the Line'

Paul Goodman, now famous for his many sociological works,
for "Communitas" which' he authored with his brother Percival,
and many magazine articles, as well as sonnets, wrote his "May
Pamphlet" in 1945. Reprinted as "Drawing the Line — A Pam,
phlet" by Random House, it is as timely today.
It appears in two parts — as "Spring 1945, The May
Pamphlet," and "Winter 1962."
In his preface, the author indicates that. the two parts have
"an identical philosophical and political position," that: "Our
society has not developed any new charms or exits. We must
still look at it this hard way, and try to live, if we are to live
at all ,in our own community. We still believe that War is not
discussable as a policy — it is already a betrayal of sanity to
discuss it. Those who are expert in game-theory will find nothing
for them here."
Thus, the distinguished author treats us in this pamphlet
to philosophical and challenging theories on "the ineffectuality
of some intelligent people," "the devolution of democracy,"
worldwide aspirations for peace, American reactions to the war
spirit, libertarian programs, "sociolatry," etc.

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