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February 09, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-02-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Federal Court Rules Bible Reading in
Pennsylvania Schools Unconstitutional

PHILADELPHIA, (JTA)—A special three-judge
Federal court ruled here that the Pennsylvania law
on Bible reading in public schools was unconstitu-
tional. In the unanimous decision, the court outlawed
the recitation of the Lord's Prayer as part of Bible
reading practices in public schools of the state.
The suit originally had been brought by Edward
L. Schemp of Roslyn, a Unitarian, and the law was
ruled unconstitutional by a Federal court here. The
law was then amended to permit pupils to be excused

Detroit
Leads on
Social- Front
of Communal

Vol. XL, No. 24

Relations Community Council and the American
Jewish Congress, filed briefs as friends of the court
in the hearing. The JCRC contended that the growth
of both religion and democratic society was best
fostered in the home and houses of worship. The
Congress brief challenged the practices as "religious
intrusions barred under the constitution." The
decision is expected to be appealed again to the
U.S. Supreme Court in time for it to act on the
question before its June adjournment.

HE JEWISH NE S

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-r

c) 1 - r

A Weekly Review

Generosity

Read Smolar's
Column, Page 32

from participation in the classroom readings. The
defendants were the School District in Abington
Township and Charles H. Boehm, superintendent of
public instruction in Pennsylvania.
After the law was amended, the Philadelphia
ruling was appealed to the United States Supreme
Court, which sent the 'suit back to Philadelphia for
further consideration because of the amendment.
Two Jewish organizations, the Philadelphia Jewish

MICHIGAN

f Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating T he Detroit Jewish Chronicle

1001Zin(gozi l n Sta lop

Germany's

Opportunity
to Defy
Arabs 'on
Common
Market
Problerri

Commentary
Page 2

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Feb. 9, 1962 — $5.00 Per Year; Single

Copy 15c

'Fanatics of the Right' Stir
Anti-Semitic U. S. Incidents

LOS ANGELES, (JTA)—Police authorities here are continuing their efforts
to determine the origin of two bombings that occurred Feb. 1 at the homes
of two Christian ministers who were addressing a meeting held by a chapter of
the American 'Jewish Congress here. The meeting, at Temple Sinai, had been
called to discuss "The Extreme Right — a Threat to Democracy?" Anti-Semitic
leaflets were spread over the lawn facing the synagogue while the meeting was
under way.
(Evidences of the spread of the rightist anti-Semitic move-
ments were seen in Detroit in recent weeks. Neighborhood meet-
ings were picketed by demonstrators who distributed copies of
"Common Sense," the vilest anti-Semitic sheet published in this
country, 'and other literature appealing to religious' and racial
hatred.) _
-
The bombs had damaged the homes of the two ministers, the Rev. John G.
Simmons and the Rev. Brooks Walker, but no one was injured. A third speaker at
the meeting was film actress Marsha Hunt. According to Miss Hunt, crudely lettered
posters, linking the United Nations emblem with the Star of David and the
Communist hammer-and-sickle symbol, were also scattered while the meeting was
in progress. Miss Hunt is president of the San Fernando chapter of the American
Association for the United Nations.
Police said that only tiny parts from the bombs used have thus far furnished
any clue to the perpetrators of the bombing. The homes of the two ministers as
well as of Miss Hunt were being guarded. Police Inspector Edward Walker said
he was not certain whether the bombing had been done by followers of right-wing
groups or by Communists. Spokesmen for both the Communist Party and the John
Birch Society denied any . of their followers were involved.
(A statement issued in New York by Dr. Joachim Prinz, president of the
American Jewish Congress, said the bombings marked "an ominous, new phase in
the campaign of the extreme right -wing to destroy the liberties of the American
people." He blamed "fanatics of the Right" for the bombings, declaring: "By their

.

Salute to Hadassah:

President
Itzhak Ben-Zvi is shown at microphone, addressing a
special meeting in Jerusalem, which laun,ched the celebra-
tion of the 50th anniversary of the founding of Hadassah.
This event—attended by more than 4,000 Americans
and Israelis at Jerusalem's Municipal Auditorium—was
a high point in the itinerary of the Hadassah Jubilee
Mission to Israel. Left to right are Mrs. Ben-Zvi, President
Ben-Zvi, Mrs. Samuel W. Halprin, former national presi-
dent of Hadassah, who heads the Hadassah Jubilee
Mission, and Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.

Continued on Page 3

Federation Acclaimed as 'Stabilizing Force' for
Communal Identification at 36th Annual Meeting

Striking the keynote of the 36th annual meeting
of the Jewish Welfare Federation of Detroit, Tues-
day evening, at the Jewish Center, with an appeal
for community-wide cooperation in behalf of the
major local, national and overseas needs, and
through unified efforts to achieve them, Max M.
Fisher, Federation president, in his annual report,
declared that "Federation is the stabilizing force
with which the people in our communiy can identify
themselves."
Tuesday's meeting was highlighted by several
major factors: the celebration of the 60th anniver-
sary of Fresh Air Society and of the introduction
of camping among youth of Detroit six decades'
ago; the presentation by Mrs. Joseph H. Ehrlich of
the annual Fred M. Butzel Award to Mrs. Henry
Wineman; George Stutz's treasurer's report on
Federation's financial status; the election of nine
members of the board of governors, and the flash-
ing of the limelight on the 1962 Allied Jewish
Campaign.

Paul Zuckerman's role- as chairman of the
Allied Jewish Campaign for the second year and
as the leader in the current year's crucial efforts
to secure urgently needed increases in contribu-
tions to provide for the large influx of immigrants
into Israel was especially emphasized both by
Fisher and by Isidore Sobeloff, executive vice
president of Federation, who delivered the closing
address of the evening.

The nine successful candidates for the Federa-
tion board of governors, selected in secret balloting

in which 384 . Allied Jewish Campaign contributors
participated, were: Max M. Fisher, Morris Garvett,
Charles H. Gershenson, Mrs. John C. Hopp, Judge
Theodore Levin, Alan E. Schwartz, Abe Shiffman,
Rabbi Joshua S. Sperka and C. William Sucher.
The petition candidate, Rabbi Milton Arm, received
approximately half the number of votes of his
runner-up.
Observance of the 60th anniversary of the Fresh
Air Society was marked by addresses by Miss Edith
Heavenrich, the oldest living past president of the
society, and the current president, Maxwell E.
Katzen.
Miss Heavenrich reminisced about the. early
gars of the .creation Hof the society and . the tradition
'..tor.camping that was "introduced for – Jewish .youth
in thiS area ' - - .
Katien outlined the plifosoPhical 'asPects of the
Fresh Air Society, its beginnings as a sponsor of
camping for indigents, the changed objectives to
include all elements, the paying as well as non-
paying, on a basis of democratic equality in the
functions of a camping community. He told also
of the society's pioneering efforts in establishing
North End Clinic, which later became an inde-
pendent agency and now is an adjunct of Sinai
Hospital. Katzen also pointed to the development
of Tamarack and stated that the name Tamarack
is now used for both the young children's and the
camp for the older groups.

,

In his financial report, Stutz said that 92 per
cent of the $4,900,000 Allied Jewish Campaign

pledges in 1959 had been collected; that 85 per
cent of the $4,860,000 raised 'in 1960 has been
paid and that 66 ner cent of the 1961 gifts of
$4,632,000 have. already. been collected.
The 1961 allocations of $4,076,768, Stutz re-

ported, include $2,220,000 to the United Jewish
Appeal and for overseas and Israel needs; $1,420,000
for local agencies' operating services; $230,000 for
local capital needs and $207,000 for national educa-
tional, health 'and recreational agencies.
Stutz took occasion to commend the committee
headed by Leonard N. Simons which conducted a
successful cash collection campaign during Novem-
ber and December.
Mrs. Philip R. Marcuse, chairman of the Wo-
men's Division, reported that during the 16 years
of its activities, the Allied Jewish Campaign
Women's Division raised the sum of $8,500,000.
Fisher, in his address, outlined the educational,
health, recreational and other functions of Federation,
the aid given to the program for the aged and for
Sinai Hospital. He declared that Federation has two
objectives: "To provide the best possible services for
ourselves, our children and our people and to main-
tain a workable equilibrium to make that possible."

Sobeloff, speaking on the subject "We Are Off
the Front Page—Why?", told of new developments
on the international front which call for speedy
rescue efforts in behalf of the tens of thousands who
must be settled in Israel, without fanfare and bold
Continued on Page 5

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