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February 09, 1962 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1962-02-09

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Purely Commentary

Israel and the European Common Market—and the
Role West Germany Can Play in Israel's Support

West Germany Can
Aid Israel Common
Market Aspirations

By Philip
Slomovitz

In a lengthier comment on Dubnow's last hours, Dr. Pinson
wrote in his essay:
"Dubnow was seriously ill, but friends managed to conceal
him for a while. On the night of Dec. 7-8 the Nazis carried
out their second 'action.' All the old and sick as well as the
women in advanced pregnancy were herded together in buses.
Dubnow was also taken outside to be squeezed into one of these
overloaded buses. He was in high fever at the time and was
hardly able to move his feebled legs. A Lativan militiaman then
advanced and fired a bullet in Dubnow's back and the sainted
martyr fell dead on the spot. The next day several friends
buried him in the old cemetery in the Riga ghetto. A story went
round that the last words that Dubnow muttered as he was
being led out to the bus were: 'Brothers, don't forget! Recount
what you hear and see Brothers, make a record of it all ! His
sense of history and the spirit of Nahpesa v'nahkora did not
forsake him even to his bitter end."
(The "Nahpesa v'nahkora" phrase referred to here is
from Lementations 3A0: "Nahpesa drahenu v'nahkora . . . "-
"Let us search and try our ways and return to the Lord.").
In these few brief words are incorporated the most vital
obligations of generations to generations: "dont forget . . •
make a record of it all." How else will inhumanity of man to
man ever be erased, except by remembering the inhuman and
eradicaping it? It is in this fashion that the Nazi crimes are
being fully exposed. It was through the diary of Emanuel Ringel-
blum that we became aware of the tragedy and the heroism
of the Warsaw Ghetto, and the unknown man from Lodz now
emerges as the revealer of the horrors at Oswiecim. These men
understood what Dubnow pleaded for: "Recount what you hear
and•see . . . " It is through such efforts that we can prevent the
betrayal of history.

In Brussels, Belgium, last week, speakers who represented
Belgium, West Germany and Italy applauded proposals that
"favorable consideration" should be given to efforts to link Israel
to the European Common Market.
Yet, it is a matter of record that Italy represents the chief
obstacle to Israel's inclusion in the Common Market set-up, and
that the Adenauer West German government is acting contrary
to Israel's needs and requests.
This is a matter for grave concern, especially in view of the
friendly economic relations that have existed between Israel and
West Germany since the beginning of the Adenauer government's
complete adherence to the reparations agreements.
The economic issues affecting Israel have become especially
trying and serious as a result of the conflict created by the diffi-
culties imposed on Israel's admission to the European Common
Market. In Tel Aviv, a few days ago, Israel's Finance Minister Levi
Eshkol found it necessary to assert that Israel will have to adapt
its economy to new conditions arising from the European Common
Market if it is not to "go under." He spoke of preparations for "a
supreme effort and belt-tightening" to meet the newly-created
conditions, and he indicated that because of the competitions created
in common market countries Israel's production costs will have to
be lowered by 25 per cent. He said that 40 per cent of Israel's
exports go to common market countries and added:
"Israel will have to face the facts created by the market and
the government will have to discontinue subsidizing production or
help weak enterprises, and only those that can meet competition
can possibly survive. We are likely to start feeling the pressure
soon. Notwithstanding all friendship to Israel, it was made clear to
us that we can expect no quarter."
This is shocking and seriously disturbing news. It points to
grave problems for Israel and for added concern for Israel's security
among the Iraelis' kinsmen everywhere.
The fact that West Germany is an obstacle to Israel's inclusion
in the European Common Market is special cause for concern.
There has been an easing of tensions between the West Germans ,111.
and Jews everywhere as a result, especially, of the very friendly I
(Direct. JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
relations between Israel and the Adenauer government. Yet, the
West German government leaders always bring up the matter of JERUSALEM — A proposal
Arab reactions whenever there is talk about diplomatic relations that the European Economic
between the two countries, and one wonders whether Arab League Community name a special corn-
pressures are accountable for the unfriendliness that is evident mittee to open formal talks with
in the current issue. at a time when Israel so urgently needs West Israel for lowering of tariff
German support for entrance into the European Common Market. barriers was one of several sug-
When Arabs protested against the reparations agreements, gestions made Wednesday dur-
Chancellor Adenauer and his associates in his government defied ing talks between 18 members
the obstructionists. Why are they being dignified now, in the present of the European Parilament and
serious economic crisis for Israel? Israeli officials.
Last week marked a sad anniversary for all Germans as well
Members of the delegation
as for the Jewish people. Jan. 30 was the 29th anniversary of Adolf are from five of the six Corn-
Hitler's assumption of power in Germany. It was a day of tragic mon Market nations — Italy,
' recollections and for serious introspection by all Germans. But all France, West German, Belgium
the days of the present era are occasions for reminders of what and The Netherlands. Luxem-
had happened, of consideration of the opportunity that came to bourg is not represented.
Israel to aid those who survived the holocaust, of reaffirmation of
The delegation came to Israel
the basic principles of humanitarianism and of assistance to the to discuss the future of Israeli
victims of Hitlerism, hundreds of thousands of whom now reside in relations to the ECC. The pro-
posal for a special committee
Israel.
Is it possible that West Germany will provide a major obstacle was made by Commerce Min-
to Israel's becoming economically sell-sustaining, by yielding to ister Pinhas Sapir.
Arab pressures?
At the request of the dele-
We had learned to believe that the Adenauer government gation, the Commerce Minis-
negates everything inhuman for which the Hitler era will remain try will prepare a detailed
condemned in history. Now is the time to turn to the human side survey on Israeli industrial
—to all the help Germany can give Israel for entrance into the development projects, wage
European Common Market, and to a voluntary offer of diplomatic levels and an analysis of vari-
relations with the Israelis. This is the time for Germans once again ous Israeli industrial sectors
to defy Arab obstructionists, especially when a secure Israel will and their chances of compet-
eventually redound to the benefit of Israel's Arab neighbors. It is ing with similar sectors in
to be hoped that the German reply to Israel's economic needs once Common Market countries.
again will be of a most positive nature.
Another group of the dele-
*
gates conferred with Transport
The Auschwitz Diary and Dubnow's Admonition:
Minister Yitzhak Ben-Aharon.
'Don't Forget . . . Make a Record of It All'
He told them that Israel has in-
Records of the heroism of Jews who fought the desperate vested some $300,000,000 in
battle against the Nazis were buried in milk cans, and their transport euipment purchased
discovery, as well as the unearthing of other data revealing from ECC member countries.
both the Nazi crimes and the resistance by brave Jews, helped
Another group conferred with
bring to light the basic facts about the most tragic period in Agriculture
Minister Moshe
all history.
More data has been unearthed in Poland. The diary of a Dayan. He told the delegates
man wtto suffered in the Auschwitz (Oswiecim) concentration that one-fifth of I s r a e l's
camp has been found near Auschwitz Crematorium III. It was farm output currently is
written by a Jew from Lodz and was stuffed into a German being exported with a value
mess kit and buried in the ground at the crematorium. The first of $80,000,000.
Talks also were held with
results of efforts to decipher the sheets that were not com-
pletely ruined have just been made known by the Polish Corn- Finance Minister Levi Eshkol.
The discussions generally
mission for Research Into Nazi Crimes.
This is how the record is being recaptured and the historical were described as marked by
facts being retained: by placing the facts into the record and a spirit of friendly under-
standing.
keeping it indelible.
Josef Illerhaus, a member of
In his introduction to "Nationalism and History," the
essays on Judaism by Simon Dubnow which he edited and which the West German group, ex-
were published last year by Meridian Books and the Jewish pressed the opinion that indirect
Publication Society, Dr. Koppel S. Pinson, professor of history association or treaty with the
at Queens College, who died early in 1961, shortly before the ECC appeared to be the most
Dubnow volume appeared, told some interesting facts about the likely answer to Israel's quest
great historian whose life and works he analyzed in this book. for some form of participation
Writing on "The Man and the Historian," Prof. Pinson stated in the Common Market.
Alain Poher of France, while
in his introductory essay:
"It is a tragic irony of history that Dubnow, the first Jewish stressing there was no ill will
historian to rebel against the historiography that viewed Jewish towards Israel, also emphasized
history as primarily the history of literature and martyrdom, that Israel's participation would
himself became one of the heroic martyrs in the Nazi war raise many technical problems
against the Jews. On the night of Dec. 8, 1941, the 81-year-old —one of them arising from the
Simon Dubnow, caught in Riga by the invading Nazi hordes, fact that Israel was geographi-
was driven into the street together with all the other aged and cally in Asia, not Europe.
The European Common
feeble Jews and ordered into a waiting bus. Dubnow, sick and
in high fever, did not move quickly enough for his Aryan masters: Market could prove catastro-
whereupon a drunken Lativan guard fired a bullet into him. phic" for Israel, unless a cus-
The venerable scholar died instantly. He was buried in a mass toms union accord is reached,
Moshe Allon said at a news
grave in the Jewish cemetery in Riga."

Israel Medical
Center Dedicates
Cho °rail Windows

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

-
JERUSALEM — Marc Chagall
declared in a brief and moving
speech at the dedication of his
stained glass windows in the
synagogue of the Hadassah
Hebrew University Medical Cen-
ter that he felt that the tragic
and heroic resistance move-
ments in the Warsaw Ghetto
and in the Israel War of Inde-
pendence had found expression
in the windows.
Education Minister Abba
Eban addressed the gathering
on behalf of the Israel govern-
ment. Noted guests at the
ceremony included Chief Rabbi
Yitzhak Nissim.
Speakers described the win-
dows, which have already be-
come famous in the art world,
as "the most precious jewels in
the crown of modern Jerusa-
lem."
The artist thanked Hadassah
for the opportunity to create
the windows.

Israel Wooes Delegation from Europe
Bid for Common Market Affiliation

conference. Allon is direc-
tor of the Foreign Ministry's
economic division.
He said 60 per cent of Israel's
exports go to Europe, while
many of the raw materials for
products processed or manufac-
tured here come from countries
that are members of the Com-
mon Market. In 1961, Israel in-
creased its exports to Common
Market member countries to
$80,000,000, as compared with
exports to these countries in

1959 totaling $41,000,000.
Allon said that about 100
items of Israel's basic exports
would be prejudiced under the
Euromart's customs policies. He
declared Israel was prepared to
realign its economy to the Com-
mon Market requirements "with-
in a reasonable, transitory peri-
od, however radical some of
these adjustments may be."
Israel industry, he stated, could
adapt itself gradually to the
situation.

Natiorial Anthem Should Precede
Hatikvah, Says Protocol Officer

CHICAGO, .(JTA)—A dispute
over when to play the Hatikvah,
Israel's national anthem, at
Jewish meetings in the United
States, was submitted to the
U.S. State Department for an
opinion. •
William J. Tonesk, chief of
protocol of the State Depart-
ment, informed the Zionist Or-
ganization of Chicago that the
only time Hatikvah should be
played first on the program of
a Jewish organization was when
the organization honored a rep-
resentative of Israel. In other
cases, the Star Spangled Banner
should be played first, he wrote.
The issue arose when Sidney

L. DeLove, organizer and head
of Indenendence Hall, an Amer-
ican heritage museum in Chi-
cago, objected to the playing of
Hatikvah first at the Hanukah
festival of the Zionist Organiza-
tion of Chicago at the Civic
Opera House.
He complained to Sidney Le-
tush, president of the Zionist
group, who wrote to Tonesk for
an opinion. The State Depart-
ment protocol officer said there
was no law regarding the play-
ing of the American national
anthem but that it was "proper"
that the performance should
always be given the place of
honor," with the exception
cited.

American Jewish Congress and UJA
Y.
Abandon Fund-Raising Pact in N .Y

NEW YORK, (JTA) — The
American Jewish Congress will
no longer be one of the benefi-
ciaries of the New York United
Jewish Appeal and will seek di-
rect support from the New York
Jewish community for its activi-
ties, it was announced by Dr.
Joachim Prinz, AJC president.
A "mutual agreement" to this
effect was reached by both
parties, a joint statement said.
The statement, signed by Dr.
Prinz and Monroe Goldwater,
president of the New York UJA
said:
"This decision was reached in
a spirit of understanding and
friendship. It grows out of the
realization that UJA's needs are
so overwhelmingly great and
urgent that every effort must
be concentrated on meeting them
while, at the same time, the
American Jewish Congress re-
quired support for its work.
"As the American Jewish Con-
gress recognizes the great im-
portance of the work that the

United Jewish Appeal is doing,
and has pledged the full coopera-
tion of its members to the cause
of the UJA, so does the United
Jewish Appeal acknowledge the
valuable work of the American
Jewish Congress, which merits
the generous support of the
Jewish community."
The American Jewish Congress
has relied for its support locally
on the New York UJA since
1947 and engaged in no indepen-
dent fund-raising. The 1962 bud-
get of the American Jewish Con-
gress is $1,300,000. During the
last year in which the Congress
engaged in an independent fund-
raising appeal in New York-
1946—the sum of $775,000 was
raised, Dr. Prinz disclosed. Out-
side of New York, the American
Jewish Congress will continue as
a beneficiary of local Jewish
federations and welfare funds,
Dr. Prinz said. He reported that
the AJC had received financial
support from Jewish communities
in 294 cities across the United
States in 1961.

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