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September 22, 1961 - Image 24

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-09-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Jewish Victims of Nazis in Greece
Seek Action Against Anti-Semites in
Argentina; Jews Threatened in Australia Urged to File Compensation Claims

vandalisms have occurred in the
Buenos Aires area, mostly against
synagogues. The matter had been
brought to the attention of the
Argentine legislators by the
DAIA, central body of Argentine
Jewry.
. The resolution presented • by
the three Senators asked official
repudiation • of "vandalic actions
against Jewish cultural, religious
and artistic institutions" and for
governMent action. Opposition

BUENOS AIRES, (JTA) — A
demand for government action
to combat an outburst of anti-
Semitic vandalism in and near
Buenos Aires had the support of
both the government party and
the opposition.
Three Senators of the UCRI,
the government party, and an
opposition MP both sponsored
resolutions to that effect. The
resolutions noted that during the
past three monhs 11 anti-Jewish

Greenwich Real Estate Broker
Admits Anti-Jewish Staff Orders

"Olive" and addresed to "all
sales people." It read:
"From this date on when
anyone telephones us in answer
to an ad in any newspaper and
their name is, or appears to' be,
Jewish, do not meet them any-
where!
"If it happens on Sunday,
tell them we do not show on
Sunday, take a phone number
and throw it away! .
"If they walk into the office
in answer to an ad we are run-
ning, screen them carefully.
Here are some suggestions if
you are uncertain about their
nationality:
"1. What is your church or
school preference?
"(If they have none)
"2. Are you Christian or
Catholic?
"(If they are neither)
"3. If still in doubt, find out
what they want to look at, the
price, etc., etc., converse at
length -with them, and if you
are still in doubt, show them
ONE house—just one, and tell
them if something comes in
that we can show -them we will
call them.
"This will give us time to
Check on them here in the
office, and either clear them or
forget them.
"We can do only one thing
by cooperating with them and
that is to be liable to severe
criticism by the board and our
fellow brokers, as these people
are everywhere and just roam
from one broker to another
hoping to get into Greenwich.
"Please digest this carefully
and be guided accordingly."

GREENWICH, (JTA) — A
leading Greenwich realty
broker admitted this week she
wrote a memorandum to her
staff giving detailed instruc-
tions on how to-screen out Jew-
ish home buyers.
Mrs. Olive Braden made the
admission at a hearing of the
Connecticut Commission on
Civil Rights. She insisted she
wrote the memorandum during
"emotional stress"- created by
criticism from other members
of the Greenwich Real Estate
Board because she had .sold a
house to a Jewish family.
Mrs. Braden said she had
hidden the memorandum and
that none of her staff "ever
saw it." -She asserted that -a
copy of it had been stolen and
given to the commission which
ordered the hearing after re-
ceiving complaints that her
agency practiced discrimination
against Jewish house seekers.
She denied the charge and
said her firm, had sold three
houses to Jewish families this
year, adding "we know the law
and we do not discriminate."
The memorandum was signed

Wisconsin Jewish
Chronicle Celebrates
40th Anniversary

MILWAUKEE, (JTA) — The
Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle,
one of the leading English-
J e w i s h publications 'in this
country, marked 40 years of its
existence with the issuance of
a special anniversary issue com-
posed of 11 sections carrying
articles on the development of
the newspaper and the pioneer-
ing role of Jews in the settle-
ment of Wisconsin.
The special edition also car-
ries congratulations from Sena-
tors, Congressmen, Gov. Gay-
lord Nelson, Mayor Henry W.
Maier and other state and city
officials, as well as greetings
from the local non-Jewish daily
newspapers. Irving G. Rhodes,
the publisher, was the recipient
also of other messages of con-
gratulations from various per-
sonalities and institutions. The
history of the Wisconsin Jewish
Chronicle and the role played
by the newspaper in helping
the growth of local Jewish com-
munal life is outlined in a
lengthy article by Edwarde F.
Perlson, its editor.

Jewish Leaders Receive
Threats in Australia

NEW YORK, (JTA) — For-
mer Greek nationals who suf-
fered Nazi persecution were
urged to file compensation
claims with the Greek govern-
ment, in an announcement
issued on behalf of the Confer-
ence on Jewish Material Claims
Against Germany, by Jacob
Blaustein, senior vice-president.
Various categories of Nazi
victims from Greece have now
become eligible to receive com-
pensation, Blaustein p o i n-t e d
out, among them -former Greek
citizens during World War II
who lost a spouse, parent, chil-
dren or grandchildren at Nazi
hands, or who themselves suf-
fered imprisonment in Nazi
concentration camps, or injuries
to health.
Eligibility to compensation is
regulated by the terms of a
compensation law enacted by
the Greek government. The law,
which entered into effect on
Aug. 24, governs the distribu-
tion of $28,750,000 granted to
the Greek government by the
German federal government to
provide compensation payments
to f or m e r Nazi victims in
Greece who suffered on account
of race, religion or opposition
to Nazi ideology.
Under the law, thousands of
persons now residing in the
United States, Israel, western
and central Europe and other
regions, who were Greek na-
tionals during the Nazi occupa-
tion and suffered the types of
injuries outlined, have become
eligible for compensation.
Former Greek nationals must
forward their claims so as to
reach the Greek authorities no
la,ter than Dec. 1. Claimants
who file after that date will
lose their right to compensa-
tion. Claims must be filed with
the Secretariat of the Tribunal
of First Instance, Santa Rosa
Street, Athens, Greece, and a

Ministry of Finance, 10 Kara-
yorghi Servias Street, Athens.
For the subsequent process-
ing of claims, the services of a
lawyer accredited to the Greek
courts are indispensable. Addi-
tional information on pro-
cedures can be obtained from
the nearest Greek embassy or
consulate, or from the United
Restitution Organization, or
from specialized lawyers.

Hebrew Corner

Simhath Beth
Hashoeva Feast

The wise men of the Talmud tell
us: "He who did not see the Festival
of Simhat Beth-Ha-Shoeva, did not
see real happiness in his life." What
was this enjoyment about? Why is it
called "Simhath Beth Ha-Shoeva"?
During the holiday of Succoth,
when the Temple still stood in Jeru-
salem, it was the custom, to pour
water over the altar, every morning
during the Hatamid Sacrifice. This
precept was attached specially to the
holiday of Succoth which falls before
the rainy season, on which the chil-
dren of Israel are blessed for rain and
maintenance.
The performance of drawing the
water so that the precept of Pouring
the Water could be achieved was
accompanied with great festivity, with
singing, dancing and lighting of lights.
Therefore, this festival was called,
Simhath Beth-Ha-Shoeva, for the
drawing of the water as the Biblical
verse: Thou shall draw water with
happiness."
The wise men of the Talmud de.
scribes this festival to all its particu.
lars. Young priests—Pirche Kehuna-
held vessels of oil in their hands and
poured it into golden jugs attached
to golden lampstands.
There was not a yard in Jerusalem
where the light of the festival did not
give light, for the Temple Place was
higher than all other areas of Jeru-
salem.
The Wime men of the Mishna tell
us further, that the pious men of
Jerusalem danced before the Kohanim
(priests), in their hands were torches,
reciting song and praise.
Today too, although we do not have
the Temple in Jerusalem and we do
not bring sacrifices, still, we celebrate
the festival of Simha Beth Hashoeva,
in memory of the festival of our an-
cestors in the days of the Temple. In
many places in Israel there are public
celebrations, during the Intermediate
days of Succoth, blessing is recited
for the gathering of the fruits of the
field, and prayer for rain, and enjoy-
ment of the holiday.
Translation of Hebrew column, pub-
Greek lished by Brith Ivrith Olamith, Jeru-
O.salern. •

WASHINGTON, (JTA) — Ten
leading members of the Jewish
community of Melbourne, Aus-
tralia, have been notified of their
designation as "hostages" to be
murdered if Israel executes Nazi
criminal Adolf Eichmann, the
Jewish War Veterans of the
U.S.A. was informed by President
F. A. Slutzkin of the Australian
Federation of Jewish Ex-Service
Associations.
Slutzkin wrote the JWV to de-
termine if similar Nazi threats
are being made against American
Jewish personalities. A copy of
the death threat mailed to Aus-
tralian Jewish leaders indicated
that recipients were informed of
their "selection" as a hostage for
Eichmann and placement on "the
extermination list." A picture of certified copy with the
Eichmann in SS uniform and a
swastika insignia were attached.
"This matter is at present in
the hands of the special branch
of the Victoria police," the JWV
was informed from Melbourne.
Efforts are being made to trace
the Nazi perpetrators. The JWV
had heard of no similar threats
"7F.1 1.1"1"
1 '77
in the United States.

Ngn

inL?nri 4 11°1
- non
nrir4 rt
n.T l • leptg
rnInn
1 2tI?
Jesuit Organ Reports on -Efforts
;1117.4 n'4r.)`13 1'7 ,1. 11 7.4 1171#? rin X17 —
,nxt rirript/rit)7,;. ;"17
17i,V nr4 '?t?
of VatiCan to Save Romanian Jews
nt43
rirm t.r7:1 rivn
The Vatican Secretariat of rirTr.;;J
ROME, (JTA) — Efforts by
.nrTIT Lpti.i niniv4
Pope Pius XII and papal diplo- State and the Nuncio protested
nnpir
mats did much to save the Jews this policy and were able to
have
its
application
held
off,
of Romania from extermination
twp r),4 ntOp
during World War II, according although they were unsuccess-
to. an article by Fr. Angelo Mar- ful in having the law changed,
trriiz
trj177pri.
;77r; n'.,nri
1 2.7?
tini, S.J., in Civilta Cattolica, the Jesuit priest stresses.
official organ of the Jesuits.
a174 nail
.wtnpn! 217.47
Fr. Martini says that the Nun-
Fr. Martini writes that al- cio, at the urging of the Pope,
rr.7; r1 To;
,npt
though half of the Jews in Ro- visited the concentration camps ,
n tilt? ni,-)t4
mania were victims of persecu- beyond the, Dnieper River,
MR m4; n" ."117.n rr1
tion because of Nazi racial laws where most of the Jews were
it cannot be doubted that "the being held. The effect of these
, -r,r?rFE,
(n, pitt") tr, tpla
'4P2?
continuous, disinterested and visits was to improve the condi- "tg
universal" action of the Vatican tions in them. The Nuncio
wn
i-rmn .ri317p; 4na
nix 'tit? 2-11pInti
brought them assistance.
worked particularly hard to win
. He notes that the Apostolic the permission of government
nxt
ntpri
Nuncio in Romania during -the authbrities to send Jewish or-
LprTi nrM
,t2,7?Vri ,r11:117
war years, ,Archbishop Andrea phans to Pales tin e, despite r), . 11;2. 7,1";tp
Cassulo, was in constant com-

Featured in the issue is the
editorial tribute to Rhodes
that appeared in The Detroit
Jewish News.
The newspaper was founded
in 1921 by Rhodes and Nathan
J. Gould, both of whom came
to Milwaukee from Detroit and

established t h e community's
first English-Jewish publication.
Gould, who died 20 years ago,
is eulogized by Rhodes in a full-
page article relating how the
"couple of aspirant newspaper-
men" came to Milwaukee in
1920 "with little capital but
plenty of youthful energy" and
how the Chronicle has devel-
oped "as a newspaper record-
ing the events of the day and
as a fearless exponent of Juda-
ism and a stronger Jewish
community."

MP Julio Busanche also urged
government action in a resolu-
tion presented to the Chamber
of Deputies.
The DAIA was particularly
concerned over the fact that
Buenos Aires police have done
little to apprehend the vandals,
one of their few actions being
that of removing a bomb found
at the synagogue of Hungarian
Jewry during Rosh Hashanah.
On the second day of Rosh
Hashanah, a young Jew was at-
tacked by Tacuara hoodlums.
One of the attackers cut the vic-
tim's face four times while the
others held him. The Tacuara
group have organized open dem-
onstrations but police have ig-
nored the evidence and made no
arrests.
The UCRI party discussed the
problem with Interior Minister
Alfredo Vitolo, who condemned
the vandalism and said he had
asked police to investigate. He
said the government also con-
demned the "undemocratic ac-
tions."

`

munication with Romanian au-
thorities in trying to protect the
rights of Catholics of Jewish
origin.
While his post required him
primarily to work in the inter-
ests of Catholics, Archbishop
Cassulo exercised his influence
repeatedly 'in behalf of other
Jews as well, urging the Ro-
manian government against
transporting Jews to concentra-
tion camps and to respect the
rights and dignity of man, Fr.
Martini reports.
In 1941-42, Romanian officials
became suspicious of the num-
ber of Jews becoming Catholics
and ruled that while they
changed their religion they did
not change their legal status as
Jews.

efforts of the German secret po-
lice to block this.
In April, 1944, the Grand
Rabbi of Bucharest, Dr. A. Saf-
fran, paid tribute to the efforts
made in behalf of Romanian
Jews by writing to the Nuncio
as follows: "In the most diffi-
cult hours which we, the Jews
of Romania, have undergone,
the generous assistance of the
Holy See, carried out by means
of your high. person, was deci-
sive and saving.
"It is not easy for us to find
the right words to express the
tenderness and consolation
which the august concern of the
Supreme Pontiff has meant to
us. The Jews of Romania will
not ever forget these facts of
historical importance."

'217 171 314r.

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