A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
o Union Shop
Vol. XL, No. 1
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Sept. 1 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
Post Office Dept. Plans Action
Against Hate Mailing by Nazis;
Justice Dept. Renews Inquiries
KKK Barred, Butt Nazis
Retained on U.S. Payroll
By MILTON FRIEDMAN
(Copyright. 1961, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
WASHINGTON—Why are the Nazis permitted to hold
U.S. Government jobs when Ku Klux Klansmen are barred
from the Federal payroll?
The K.K.K. is listed by the Attorney General as sub-
versive. But the Attorney General, Robert F. Kennedy, has
decided not to add the Nazis to the list.
Consternation and confusion followed the Attorney
General's recent conclusion on the issue of the so-called
American Nazi party. By failing to list the group, the Justice
Department inadvertently facilitated a claim by the Nazis
to "clearance." Federal personnel officials were asked if
they would employ an admitted Nazi.
Some officials said they definitely would not. Others
were not so sure; "a man is not required to be either a
Republican or Democrat." Most hiring officials concluded
that they would consult the Attorney General's list of
subversive organizations for guidance. •
One admitted that he could not grasp how "ex-Nazis
are being trained in America by the U.S. Air Force for the
new Luftwaffe when the same men killed Americans . . .
so I guess it would be consistent to permit a neo-Nazi or
whatever you want to call him to work in the Government
here. What's the difference so long as they are strong anti-
A month ago, Rep. Seymour Halpern, New York Re-
publican, opened a Congressional attack on'the retention of
an individual who admitted belonging to a Nazi front group
of the Rockwell movement.
Charges were made that the U.S. Army retained a
civilian employee after possessing evidence that he provided
the "hate bus" to the Nazis and personally participated in
some anti-Semitic picketing.
The Defense Department is still "studying . . . the
technicalities involved . . . with respect to his rights." De-
partmental sources said it would be easier to dispose of the
matter "if only the Justice Department listed the Nazis
along with the other subversives."
However, Kennedy has pointed out that it is not neces-
sary to place the Nazis on the subversive list. He explained
that "the name 'American Nazi Party' would seem to be
adequate identification of this group." The purpose of the
' list was only to "alert Government hiring officials and
applicants for Government employment to the fact that
stated groups have subversive character."
Kennedy ruled: "In the present circumstances there is
ample reason to doubt the advisability of instituting pro-
longed designation procedures against such a group, thus
affording its leader and members a public forum for the
further dissemination of its obnoxious doctrines and giving
it considerable publicity."
Rep. Halpern commented: "I do not understand how
the U.S. Government can justify continued employment of
an individual so unstable politically that he facilitates totali-
tarian extremism and propaganda activities, whether Nazi,
-Fascist, or Communist. He is hardly the man to have access
to our strategid maps."
Senator Kenneth Keating, New York Republican, felt
similarly. He said: "We can no longer pretend that this is
an unknown, unpublicized organization which can be ignored
out of existence. Its operations have become notorious . . ."
JWV is fighting a battle opened last year, pertaining
to the retention on the U.S. Army civilian payroll of an
ex-Nazi general despite the German's remarks deprecating
victims of Dachau.
Nazis apparently are viewed differently than the two
similar groups listed as subversive, the Ku Klux Klan and
the long-dormant "Silver Shirt Legion."
Rep. Halpern made known he will continue to seek
action against domestic Nazis. He added: "Communist
propaganda seeks to undermine N.A.T.O. with charges of
`Nazism' and ',—
'-'ism' while applying pressure on Berlin.
This is har'
for Defense Department employees
•roups and even provide a swastika-
. . exploited by Communist propa-
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to the Jewish News
WASHINGTON—The U. S. Post Office Department ruled that Nazi post cards
mailed to defame and threaten Jews were in violation of statutes and announced
that "the Chief Inspector is currently investigating the activities of the American
Nazi party with a view to determining those responsible for the mailings.
Deputy Postmaster General Bill Brawley announced this rulin g
to Rep. Seymour Halpern.' The Congressman, who received, a barrage of Nazi phone
calls and mail, turned over a newly mailed Nazi piece stating "the Jews are
going up the smokestack . . . Rockwell to power."
Brawley said criminal proceedings are considered and "you may be sure that
everything feasible under the law will be done to bring the perpetrators to justice."
The Chief Postal Inspector and General Counsel of the Department joined
Brawley in initiating action against the Nazis after examining the material mailed
to Rep. Halpern.
Brawley said "the Chief Postal Inspector and the General Counsel feel as I
do that these insidious missives should not be afforded the privilege of being
transported in the United States mails. Preliminary analysis indicates the General,
Counsel will find the mailings violative of the scurrilous and defamatory statute
(18 United States code 1718).
Accordingly the Chief Inspector has commenced action against the Nazi Party
to apprehend those responsible for the mailings and presentation to the Depart-
ment of Justice for "instituting criminal proceedings."
The decision of U. S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy not to list George
Lincoln Rockwell's American Nazi Party as "subversive" was not intended to be
"irrevocable," Acting Attorney General Byron R. White said Tuesday in a letter
to the Jewish War Veterans of the U.S.A.
White told the JWV: "I am sure the Attorney General did not intend his decision at this _
time not to designate the subject organization pursuant to Executive Order No. 10450 relating
to the Federal Employee Security Program to be irrevocable."
White said the Justice Department was interested in the Nazi issue and informed the JWV that
"it would be appreciated if you would furnish the names of the Federal employees referred to in your
letter and any details you may have concerning their activities to the FBI Washington Field Offide."
Danger for Israel in Khrushchev's Doctrine
By SAUL CARSON
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright. 1961, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—A document of tremendous importance to the entire world was issued
by Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold. It is the introduction to his annual report to the General
Assembly. The body of that annual report is always prepared and issued earlier in the summer. The
introduction is usually held up for issuance just before the Assembly convenes. Since this year's regular
Assembly, the 16th session of this body, is scheduled for Sept. 19, Hammarskjold has now issued his
introduction, so as to give all members and delegations an opportunity to study it.
A 20-page statement of the Secretary-General's concept of the methods along which the United
Nations should fUnction, the introduction is of particular importance to the small nations of the world,
and one of the nations that will find the paper of greatest importance is Israel.
Briefly, Haitnmarskjold, in this introduction, juxtaposes two UN principles. Without naming
Khrushchev or Russia, he sets forth the Khrushchev doctrine, which holds that the Secretariat should
be composed of a "troika"—three, co-equal secretaries-general, one representing the West, one from
the "Socialist" bloc, a third from the so-called "neutral" world. Against that concept, the UN chief
posits another, deeper philosophy.
The Khrushchev doctrine, in Hammarskjold's view, embraces what he calls the "conference"
approach. Under that doctrine, the UN, he holds, can be only a forum for conferences among nations. •
Too polite to call the Russian notion One that seeks to lock the UN into the form of a mere debating
society, that is' exactly what the "conference" approach means. On the other hand, Mr. H. proclaims
the validity of his approach, which he calls the "executive" approach.
The significance to Israel of these two approaches is apparent at once. Krushchev wants the
Secretariat to be run by power blocs—the West, the East and the so-called "neutral" or "unaligned"
countries. Now all know there are no real neutral or unaligned nations. The majority of the "unaligned"
often form their own blocs—either' on a permanent basis or on specific, ad hoc issues. One need only
recall the fact that Israel is a "loner" here, being a member of no bloc at all, to realize how dangerous
the Khrushchey doctrine is for the Jewish State.
It is well known that, when blocs compete, the strongest or more persuasive wins. Furthermore,
when a "neutral" ..policy is adopted, it is usually a compromise; in that event, the "compromise" is loaded
in favoi of the "lesser evil." Too often, it could be found, any issue involving the Arab states against
Israel could result in a finding that appeasement of the Arabs is the "lesser evil."
There have been many occasions here in the past when Israel, and its friends, were dissatisfied
with the implementation of UN decisions or recommendations by the Secretary-General. But the situa-
tion would be worse confounded if there were three heads of the Secretariat. Even if the Western
head were to favor fairness toward Israel, the Eastern representative would always team up with the
"neutrals" against Israel. Those "neutrals" would be sure to contain elements influenced by, if not
representing, the Arab League.
Examined in the light of these realities, there is no doubt whatever where Israel's interests
lie. In fact, all small nations must be weary of 'adoption by the UN of the Khrushchev doctrine. But
Israel specifically would be in an extremely hazardous position if Mr. K.'s notions should prevail.
These views, if valid, impose a triple duty on Americans who are Jews and friends of Israel. They
must support Hammarskjold against Khrushchev (1) as Americans; (2) as Jews interested in a world
of ' law and justice, for which, after all, the UN stands, with all its faults; (3) as friends of Israel.