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August 18, 1961 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-08-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Eichmann's Fate Now Viewed by Three Judges;
Verdict May Not Be Pronounced Until November

(Continued from Page 1)
and other newspapers in various
cities,. including Chicago, De-
troit, San Francisco, Washing-
ton, Houston, Salt Lake City,
Cincinnati, Dayton, St. Louis,
Rochester (N.Y.), Los Angeles
and Oklahoma City.
Correspondents were asked
whether they thought Eichmann
received a fair trial before the
three judges in Jerusalem, which
has been hearing the case for
four months; what they thought
his sentence should be if con-
victed; and what type of punish-
ment he should receive if found
guilty. Summarizing the results
of the poll, the Herald Tribune
reported:
"Almost without a single ex-
ception, the men and women in-
terviewed believed Eichmann
was guilty and that his trial had
proved him to be.
"The margin was very narrow
between those who thought
Eichmann should be put to death
for his crimes and 'those who
thought he should be given life
imprisonment. There was a
shade more opinion favoring the
latter. As to what the court
probably will decide: Most per-
sons questioned believed Eich-
mann would be found guilty but
that his life would be spared.
Many seem to think he would
get life imprisonment." .

(Direct JTA
The

etype Wire
ish News)

TEL A

—Adolf Eichn-
s greatly surprise
by
fair and dece
tre
me
e recei ed •
fo
m
long t
a
was de
ac-
ng
de-
, Dr.
s.
rvati
state-
nt T
returning
his
ogne, Ger-

said he

u like
CHEESE
KREPLACH

many. He is not expected here
until November, when the court
that tried Eichmann will an-
nounce its verdict. On the same
plane with Servatius was an
official delegation from the West
German government, which has
been observing the trial on be-
half of Bonn.
Eichmann is being moved from
the cell he has occupied at the
Beit Haam, in Jerusalem, during
the trial, to a cell in the Jale-
meh Prison, in Northern Galilee.

Eichmann Trial End;
Verdict in November

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prosecution had failed to estab-
lish the last two counts in the
indictment, which charged Eich-
mann with crime by belonging to
the SS and the Gestapo.

In the early days of the
Nazi regime, Servatius de-
clared, Eichmann tried actively
to help the Jews of Germany.
When wartime orders tighten.
ed the Nazi actions affecting
the Jews, he held, Eichmann
simply acted under such or-
ders. If crimes were commit- .
ted, he insisted, higher authori-
ties were to blame. Eichmann
was not the man assigned by
Hitler to implement the orders
for the physical annihilation of
the Jews, he said, declarb
"There' is' nothing to
Hitler assigned
termination t

JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The
trial of Adolf Eichmann con-
cluded Monday — four months
since it opened, on April 11.
Presiding Justice Moshe Lan-
dau, in adjourning the- court, in-
dicated that the verdict will be
issued in November.
The trial ended after a sum-
mation of the defense by Dr.
Robert Servatius, Eichmann's at-
torney, who argued that Eich-
Eichnian
job, as . : ;been by
mann had committed no crime
against . the Jewish people,. be- Servatius
s only to "take care
cause there was no Jewish. peo- of any
hes that developed in
ple at the time Eichmann headed the tr port o ews,"
the Gestapo's department for did
S
atius t
Jewish affairs. "The Jewish peo-
aim tha
ple," he said, "did not exist be- his
fore the establishment of Israel, no e held p ish
hence no crime against the Jew- in ut order y s
ann w only a small
ish people as such could have Ei
Nazi
paratus,
eld,
been committed. This situation in
n by the fact
he had
cannot be changed by any legal is p
TO
after 1941.
fiction. Legally, it isn't even receiv
clear what the term 'Jewish Eichmann • i y carried out or-
ders, the defense lawyer empha-
people' means."
His argument provoked con- sized, and "even under the Isra-
sternation in the crowded eli criminal code, a person act-
courtroom and the public had ing on superior orders bears no
to be quieted by the stern po- responsibility for a crime." Eich-
lice guards. Servatius, in mann had to carry cut orders
advancing this argument, was without questioning the com-
referring, in this context, to mands, he said.
Concluding his long plea
the first count of the 15-point
indictment under which Eich- Servatius told the court: "
mann is facing the three-man court can only determin
panel of judges. The first happened, and serve
ing to history. We
count, the defense lawyer con-
forgiveness and
ceded, is the principal charge
rather thoug
among the 15 enumerated in tance mus
the indictment. It charges the indiv
.
that "the accused, in the pe- A retur
riod between 1936 and 1945, restrai
committed acts constituting a be a
crime against the Jewish peo- seen
ple in that, together with Solo
t,
others, he caused the killing sho
s of
of millions of Jews."
the
om •
e Jewish
e.

The fact that. Nazi leaders, on
trial during the Nuremberg War
Crimes proceedings, had accused
Eichmann of committing crimes
against Jews, said Servatius,
means only that the Nuremberg
defendants had succeeded in
"misleading" the international
military tribunal trying them. If
the prosecution's arguments about
Eichmann's responsibility were
to be accepted, the attorney in-
sisted, "this would provoke joy
and satisfaction among the Jew-
haters of the world."
"If what the prosecution says
is correct," he continued with
sarcasm, "then all the Nazis still
being hunted can come out of
hiding. According to the prose-
cution's version of Eichmann's
role, there did not exist any mur-
der order by the Fuehrer. It was
not Goering or the great Paladins
You'll love
who were guilty — only Adolf
Eichmann. The Jew-hater Himm-
ler did not have to commit sui-
CHEF BOY-AR-DEE cide, and Martin Bormann (Hit-
ler's deputy) can now emerge
CHEESE • RAVIOLI from hiding. The great guilty one
has been found — Adolf Eich-
Near family, guests, cheer for

pot real Italian flavor created by

ery, he contended, had misused
penalty, declaring that all of
these organizations. Collective
the counts had been proved
punishment for membership in
against Eichmann in the four
the Nazi organization or the
months trial.
SS, he insisted, is "inconsistent
"I ask you, judges of Israel to
with international law."
render a just and truthful
According to Servatius, the diet," Hausn d th • ee-

mann."
Servatius started by asking
the court's permission to submit
a list of legal precedents concern-

ing the laws of conspiracy.

He attempted to demolish
each of the counts in the in-
dictment. Not one of the counts
had been proven, he contend.
ed. The prosecution, he said,
had not submitted proof of the
criminal character of the Nazi
Party or of the SS. The Ger-
man Reich's political machin -

This
1 correct the
abduct a n d
peace."

of the
1 d serve

Attorney General Gideon
Hausner, the chief prosecutor,
- ended his summation without
asking for the death penalty
because, under Israeli law, a
prosecutor cannot demand. a
penalty before conviction. He
did demand conviction of the
former Gestapo colonel on all
15 counts of the indictment,
most of which carry the death

tx

victions of Nazis in West Ger-
many, that nine former SS offi-
P-3
cers were driven to suicide out
PO
of fear of impending trials and
that for the first time West Ger-
any was offering rewards for c.,
mation leading to the arrest
5.
judge co
e emph ed that of r criminals
all 15
is of th
dictment,
"hav
een prove
during the
z
fo u onth trial.
e three jurists — Pre ing
4
APPLICATIONS FOR
J ge Moshe La
u,
ber
0 Israel's
I
and
two au
dg , Dr
zhak Raveh
ARE NOW BEING TAKEN
Bi a
as
On New or Existing Homes
evy—n
S art th
li
ations.,
QUICK SERVICE
result
impact of
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the vial, there has
Ca
been an increase in the round-up
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WO 3-4890
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