U.S. Passport: Special Edition
THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
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Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of March
SIDNEY SHMARAK CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Editor and Publisher
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the second day of Ab, 5721, the following Scriptural selections will be read in our
Pentateuch& portion. Mattot-Mase. Num. 30:2-36:13. Prophetical portion, Jere?niah 2:4-28; 3:4.
Licht Benshen, Friday; July 14, 7.48 p.m.
VOL. XXXIX. No. 20
July 14, 1961
Page Four •
`Eternal Hostility Against Tyranny'
Bias Against Americans in Foreign Lands
The only ray of light in the entire
In order not to be accused of Jew-
is the assurance that was given
baiting—since they are themselves our
by R. Sargent Shriver, Jr., director of
Semitic cousins — Arab leaders have
the Peace Corps, to the national corn-
made it a point to speak of "Zionists"
mander of the Jewish War Veterans that
whenever they launched attacks on Jews
he will refuse to assign Peace Corps
workers to countries that discriminate
A State Department spokesman, re-
against Americans because of their race
plying to Rep. Seymour Halpern, (R.,
N. Y.), who protested that there was
Now the battle looms anew for the
discrimination against Jews because of
of this principle to the for-
their religion by Arab nations receiving
The position taken
U. S. foreign aid, fell into the trap of
is most deplor-
using the same argument that was re-
able. The battle in the Senate is being
sorted to by the Arabs—that the objec-
renewed by the group of liberals who
tion of the latter was against -"persons
secured passage of the anti-discrimina-
who have strongly supported Zionism
tion clause, with the aid, last year, of
Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who
Congressman Halpern promptly re-
at the time was the Majority Leader in
pudiated this claim, proving that the
discrimination was against -all Jews, _re- the Those who condone prejudice against
gardless of their Zionist or pro-Israel
Americans of the Jewish faith — and
that is what is being practiced by Saudi
Nevertheless the State Department
Arabia at the Dhahran Base—would do
spokesman saw fit to deplore "pressure
well to walk a short distance from the
or coercion," thus abusively negating a
State Department and Senate Office
basic American principle: the right of
buildings and read the inscription on
our citizens to use the protest as a
the Thomas Jefferson Memorial. It
weapon in defense of their beliefs and
quotes Jefferson as follows: "I have
in opposition to discrimination.
sworn upon the altar of God Eternal
hostility against every form of tyranny
• The determination of our State De-
over the mind of man." Jefferson would
partment to condone the Saudi Arabian
have included in his hostility any at-
discriminatory acts, its collaboration
tempt to single out a group of Ameri-
- with Senator J. W. Fulbright, chairman
cans for discrimination in foreign lands.
of the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
So would all the Founding Fathers of
mittee, in attempts
our Republic. So did President Taft
the Mutual Security Bill clauses barring
when he broke relations with Czarist
discrimination against American Jews
Russia in 1911 for discriminating against
and Israel, and a general continuing
American Jews. So should every Ameri-
policy of appeasement by responsible
can who does not measure justice in
leaders in our Government, are causes
for serious concern.
Ben Halpern's Noteworthy Study:
'The Idea of the Jewish State'
Of the numerous books that have appeared about the State
of Israel, "The Idea of the Jewish State," by Ben Halpern, pub-
lished by Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., is among
the most authoritative. -
Dr. Halpern, as Research Associate in Israelian Studies at
Harvard, has made a deep study of all spects of the issues
involving Israel. He has acquainted himself thoroughly with the
Zionist idea and his analyses and conclusions are worthy of the
most serious considerations. For students of Israeli problems,
his book assumes the role of compulsory reading.
Dr. Halpern arrives at some very interesting conclusions,
among them, the very final one, is especially important. In it
"The creation of a stabler balance and of a legal rela-
tionship of peace would require recognizing the customary
restrictions on sovereignty which make possible the modicum
of order that exists in normal' relations between peoples. To
accept this kind of restriction upon sovereignty—even in un-
usual degree—has always been compatible with the idea of the
Jewish state. To accept a reciprocal relationship of the Jewish
state and the Arab states respecting these limits on sovereignty
would obviously be welcomed by Israel as a crowning recogni-
tion of its sovereign existence."
Nevertheless, reviewing United Nations decisions, Dr. Hal-
pern points out that, against Arab designs, "Israel relied for
defense more and more upon the exercise of its sovereignty
and less and less upon the international consensus," and that,
assessing its position in the global power struggle, "Israel's
primary reliance had to be on its own sovereignty and will to
He shows how in friendly relations with new African and
Accompanying the sensational news of educational and other problems that be-
East Asian countries "determined Israeli efforts demonstrated
the launching of Israel's space rocket set most of Israel's neighbors.
the latter are engaged in a concrete advantages."
were the annotated comments that the senseless
Dr. Halpern bluntly points to the obstacles that were placed
game of war, constantly threat-
latest Israeli scientific success caused ening to destroy Israel. That, in turn, in Israel's path by Great Britain and the United States, and the
consternation among the Arabs. forces Israel to remain on the defensiye. latter even "from time to time expressed a vague sympathy, if
The significant event also was inter- Instead of benefitting from Israel's prog- not support, for plans to cut back Israel's territory in vital
. . ."
preted as a source of new encouragement ress, we hear only messages of despair. areas Dr.
Halpern describes how "the gravest challenges to
to Israel's military leaders. An anonymous spokesman for our State Israel's sovereign existence arose from the clash between the
Bolstering the Israelis also was the Department supposedly commented that global powers, East and West, and the measures each took to
Israel would do better to concentrate on strengthen its position in the Middle East. "Reviewing the
statement made in Washington by Maur-
struggle, he shows how "since 1953, the Soviet Union had
ice Dubin, rocket specialist associated solving the refugee problem rather than followed
a course of increasingly obvious pro-Arab partisanship
with the National Aeronautical and Space creating rockets. Such comments come in the Security Council."
Administration, that Israel did "a won- with ill grace from people who them-
Russia's arming of Nasser increased the tension. Dr. Halpern
derful job" and that any country that can selves
often create peace.
of an Israel-Arab
sin- tells how this led to the Sinai Campaign and the involvement
produce rockets for scientific purposes cerely seek a solution to the Arab refu in it of France and Great Britain. He exposes the position of the
also will be able to utilize them for mili- gee problem need not speak "unofficially" latter two countries, stating - that they claimed to be acting
under the Tripartite Declaration, "that their intervention was a
or anonymously. It is an established fact response not to the internationalization of the Suez Canal but to
It is no wonder that Arab leaders that Israelis willing to assist in solving the Israeli campaign into Sinai." He adds:
showed concern over Israel's latest scien- the Arab problem. The State Depart-
"It was a legal attitude which not only betrayed_ its un-
tific triumph. Every technical advance in ment's advice-giver would do even better reality to the most superficial observer but recoiled against
the Jewish state helps to strengthen its for himself and the cause of justice if the Anglo-French planners with disastrous effect. For, the third
people's position. Every forward move he would speak the truth—that the Arabs party to the Tripartite Declaration, the United States, came
assists the embattled young state eco- themselves are perpetuating the refugee out in flat opposition to the Franco-British intervention, as
nomically and militarily, and serves to problem in order to be able to have a to the Israeli offensive which had served ..as its pretext."
Dr. Halpern's book has its merits for students of history
weaken the nations surrounding Israel club over Israel's head in their attempts
and international affairs, and also for Zionists who desire to
who constantly threaten her with de- to destroy little Israel.
To counteract Israel's creativeness, the have a total acquaintance with the movement they support. The
of Jewish history that led to the formation of the
These factors that accompany the Is- United Arab Republic now is being given background.
Zionist movement, Zionist conceptions, world Jewry's responses
raelis' scientific triumph add another an opportunity to "buy" rockets from the and the Jewish attachments to the idea, the formation of the
cause for deep regret that it should have United States. In a • peaceful mood, such Jewish Agency and the emergence of the Jewish State are ably
come to such a state of affairs in the rockets would have been available to reviewed and thoroughly analyzed.
Middle East. The natural hopes and in- Israel's neighbors automatically — and
Then there are scholarly chapters dealing with Israel and
clinations of all the nations in that they would have been rockets created in its relations with the Diaspora, and the many other related
troubled area should have been for the the Middle East, not imported articles. subjects.
numerous states to work together, for When will the deluded Arab potentates
This is the first in a series of two volumes—the second
Arabs and Jews, who enjoy a Semitic kin- realize that their embarrassments come to deal with the developing social structure and domestic
ship, to strive to serve the needs of all the from their war threats and that they can problems of Israel. Dr. Halpern is rendering a valuable service
peoples involved and to aim to raise their provide so many benefits to their, peoples with his first book, which paves the way for anticipated interest
in the forthcoming volume.
standard of living and to solve the health, in peace? , . -
In Peace, Israel's' Rocket Could Benefit Arabs
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