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July 07, 1961 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-07-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Battle for Foreign Aid Clause Barrin

(Continued from Page 1)
In Fulbright'S view, the meas-
ure served no other purpose
than to mollify domestic polit-
ical considerations detrimental
to American objectives abroad.
The passage facing elimination
was a declaration supporting
"freedom of navigation in inter-
national waterways, and recog-
nition of the right of all private
persons to travel and pursue
their lawful activities without
discrimination as to race or re-
This was contained in a pre-
amble to the operative parts of
the bill and replaced a stronger
anti-discrimination measure con-
tained in the last Mutual Security
Appropriations Act. It would re-
place Section 108 of legislation
for the fiscal year ending June
Section 108, adopted last year,
was never implemented because
the Executive Department, under
both Administrations, did not
see fit to use the authority pro-
vided. The section said "it is the
-sense of Congress that any at-
tempt by foreign nations to cre-
ate distinctions because of their
race or religion among American
citizens in the granting of per-
sonal or commercial access or
any other rights otherwise avail-
able to U-.S. citizens generally,
is repugnant to our principles;
and in all negotiations between
the United States and foreign
states arising as a result of funds
appropriated under this title,
these principles shall be applied
as the President may determine."
Citing the barring by Saudi
Arabia of Rep. Seymour Hal-
pern, New York Republican,
as "the most flagrant recent.
i n s t a n.c e of discrimination
against an American citizen by
a country which is the recip-
ient of American aid," Sena-
tor Kenneth Keating, of New
York, questioned whether the
Executive Department w a s
doing enough to protect the
rights of American -Jews
abroad. Keating made his
views known in a statement
to the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee.
Commenting on the AdMin-
istration's new request for for-

eign aid funds, he called on the
Executive Department to imple-
ment the previously expressed
sense of Congress asking sev-
erance of aid to nations that
discriminate through boycotts
and blockades.
Keating said the Administra-
tion's new bill contained in
its preamble "a watered-down,
weakened version of the Douilas-
Keating Amendment." He raised
a question of why the Executive
Department did not use existing
authority to sever Arab aid and
whether the new provision would
be enforced.
Referring to Halpern, Keating
said "a Congressman who the
Administration is asking to pro-
vide money for foreign aid and
other assistance projects in
Saudi Arabia, is being barred
from that country. Before ad-
ditional aid is granted to the
Arabs," he said, "guarantees
should be received that Amer-
ican citizens will be permitted t
use the air terminals and oth
facilities built with Ameri
funds. That is the very
which the United States c
in its role as the defend
individual liberties and
dignity throughout the
Keating said "the
Department seems mor
cerned to evade res
bility for supporting
leans and American concerns
. . . than it is to exercise it
. the Arab boycott is a clear
effort to blackmail all nations
of the world . . . the next
step, if Nasser wants to follow
the example of his counter-
part, • Castro, is to demand a
tractor for every shipload of
goods for Israel that is al-
lowed through the Suez Canal
or for every refugee that is
settled on Arab soil."
The New York Senator said
also that "there is continuous
documented proof" that Amer-
ican ships are being affected by
the Arab boydott although the
State Department shirks this
problem. He cited the case of
the U.S. freighter "Valiant
Faith!' He said "the Egyptians
held up this freightekr in Port
Said . . . denied its Orew shore
leave, leaving them, in effect,

Yaacov Sharett, Israeli Embassy
Official in Moscow, Expelled by
Soviet Union on Espionage Charge

Yaacov Sharett, First Secretary
of the Israeli Embassy at Mos-
cow, who was ousted by the
Soviet government, accused the
USSR on his arrival here July
1, on his way home to Jerusa-
lem, of trumping up . "a fake
espionage charge" against him.
Sharett said that he and his
wife were arrested last Thurs-
day, at Riga. He stated that both
he and Mrs. Sharett had been
"handled roughly by the Rus-
sian police.
In announcing his ouster,
Tass, the official Soviet news
agency, had declared that the
Israeli diplomat had been
"caught red-handed in espion-
Yaacov Sharett is a son of
Moshe Sharett, Israel's erst-
while Prime Minister, who was
the government's Foreign Min-
ister for a number of years.
Israel Says Ouster -Is `Flagrant
Violation' by Red Secret Police
Israel Foreign Ministry de-
nounced the expulsion of Yaacov
Sharett by the Soviet Union as
"a case of flagrant provocation
by the secret police."
The Foreign Ministry de-
scribed the Tass statement as
"a tissue of falsehoods from be-
ginning to end. Neither this
Israeli diplomat nor any other
Israeli diplomat has ever en-
gaged in espionage or dissem-
ination of anti-Soviet material
in the Soviet Union.

"This is a case of flagrant
provocation by the secret po-
lice," the Foreign Ministry as-
serted. The statement added
that "the propaganda aims" o
the Tass report "are obviou
and it is unlikely to dece

Israel Supreme Cou
Upholds Conviction
of Sitte, Scientist-S

Supreme Court of Israel u
mously upheld the convic
of Prof. Kurt Sitte, 51, in
nationally known expert on co
mic radiation, on three counts
of espionage 'against Israel.
It dismissed a fourth count
on which the Czechoslovak-born
scientist had been convicted in
Haifa District Court. All charges
involved 'transmittal of secret
information to an unidentified
foreign power from 1955 to
1957. -3,
Sitte was head of the physics
department of the Haifa Insti-
tute of Technology and deputy
to the director of its research
department. His trial was held
in complete secrecy. Prior to
settling in Israel some years
ago, Sitte, who is not Jewish,
'had lectured in British and
American universities. While in
prison, it was said Sitte has
been permitted to keep a large
scientific library, continuing re-
search work on non-security

imprisoned on the ship for 28•
Halpern told Secretary of
State Dean Rusk that the State
Department's position on di
crimination against Ameri
citizens of the Jewish fait .y
Saudi Arabia was "indicat'
a tendency of appease ent."
The effect, he asserted,
translation of Arab bia into
United States discrimi
among its own citizens, offs
and employees."
The New York Congress-
man's charges came in a let-
ter replying to a communica-,
tion from the State Depart-
ment dealing with the
of Saudi Israel to
visa for a
er . _at the
e. The letter,
rooks Hays, Assist-
etary of State, aid
s long as the Ara e-ra
'et conti el
ates "will
entry to pe
strongly sup
Israel. Rig
they view
inimical to
The State Depar
nt official,
dealing with H
rn's question
as to why
ion 108 of the
ity Act had not
bee ' 0 ed, said that "discrim-
on is a worldwide problem,
and is scarcely likely to be elim-
inated by pressure or coercion."
The clause gives the President
discretionary power to withhold
Mutual Security aid from a coun-
try discriminating against Amer-
ican citizens because of their
race or religion.
"What is required," said Hays,
"is persistent, patient persuasion
which will, hopefully ultimately
break down such disturbing
Alluding to the State Depart-
ment reference to the Arab posi-
tion that a visit such as his might
be 'inimical to their security
interests," Halpern said: "I
find such reasoning a gratuitous
insult to my patriotism as an
American citizen, and certainly
will insist that the Department
defend my rights to travel freely
abroad in any nation receiving
U.S. assistance, on a basis of
equality with any other Amer-
ican citizen. I hereby formally
request the Department of State
to assist me in.. obta• •
necessary visa fo
plated private
said: "My work
ivate travel are those
of n American. They have
thing to do with my per-
sonal faith, and I am s
that the Department
vinced that it w uld
sure and coe
put it,
bene g
"ptzzl .
that the St
icy differe from tha
by R. Sargent Shriver r., head
of the Peace Corps
o told the
Senate Foreign
ations Com-
mittee that
e Peace Corps
sist nations that dis-
cri a ed against its personnel
on grounds of race or religion.
Halpern said "the evasive and
equivocal stand of the State.
Department is in sharp contrast
to that of Mr. Shriver. I can see
no reason, if the Peace Corps
can effectively insist on defend-
ing the religious and racial
rights of its personnel, why the
State Department cannot imple-
ment the same policy."
He said there had been wide
criticism of the United States'
failure to challenge discrimina-
tion by foreign governments
against American citizens and
"failure ,to insist that all our
citizens are entitled to equal
His committee was "gratified
when Peace Corps director ..R.
Sargent Shriver, Jr., announced
that the Peace. Corps would not

ab Bias

go into cs
ies that discrimi- cons
and reaaffirm the posi-
cause the Peace Corps tion C gress has taken on this
is consistent "with Amer- issue
the past."
's best traditions," Ra i Bern-
stein said, "it is all t
grettable ther
Full Hour $36
the clause
the Senate
ope that
TO 9-7600 — LI 2-6742
the Sen•
ittee "will re-



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