THE JEWISH NEWS
1961 Salute to Uncle Sam
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle comniencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspaper, Michigan Press Association,
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich.. VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of March
Editor and Publisher
SIDNEY SHMARAK CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the nineteenth day of Sivan, 5721, the following Scriptural selections will be read
in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Nehaalotekha, Num. 8:1-12:16. Prophetical portion, Zechariah 2:14-4:7.
Licht Benshen, Friday, June 2, 7:44 p.m.
VOL. XXXIX. No. 14
June 2, 1961
10th Anniversary of Israel Bond Campaigns
A major role in Israel's economic
Israel has just commenced the 14th
year of its existence with a feeling of growth is ascribable to the funds that
confidence in the future and with hopes were provided by the Israel Bond cam-
for the disappearance of tensions, in order paigns.
Ten years ago, the inauguration of the
that peace may rule in the entire Middle
Israel Bond drives created new thrills in
The 13 years of Israel's autonomy Jewish ranks. For the first time in our
have been -marked by many conflicting history, it had become possible for Jews
occurrences. There were border clashes to assist their kinsmen, in the indepen-
and Israel waged a minor war which dent State of Israel, with loans, and the
become known as the Sinai Campaign— hope was advanced at that time that an
a military action that was necessitated by end would soon come to charity drives.
the constant invasions ,into Israeli terri- It was anticipated that investment dollars
tory by terrorizing forces from the Arab would replace the need for relief funds.
In the interim, new crises arose, neces-
There were economic crises, the vast sitating the continuation of charity gifts.
numbers of refugees who flocked to From present indications, this state of
Israel accounted for great demands upon affairs may continue for years to come.
Meanwhile, however, the investment
the new State, and there were diplomatic
dollars had begun to play vital roles in
controversies that challenged Israel.
Now, after the crucial challenging Israel. The Israel Bond investments have
years, Israel has emerged as a sovereign aided in the tremendous developments in
state that is able to place on trial the Israel. A large portion of the Bonds first
guilty elements who were responsible for sold in 1951 has been redeemed, and the
the most- cruel occurrences in world his- new ones that are being purchased are
tory. The Eichmann case is more than the soundly backed up by a well established
trial of an individual: it is the case of the government.
Jewish people against the arch criminals
The second decade in investments in
who had felt free to think in terms of Israel, through Israel Bond sales, is now
applying genocide to the Jewish people. commencing. The event scheduled in De-
During the 13 years of Israel's exist- troit for June 8 marks the beginning of a
ence, world Jewry had come to 'the aid of new era in Bond-selling. It also represents
the struggling young nation. Israel also a reaffirmation of faith in Israel's sound
Was helped materially by the reparations economic. position. It is to be hoped that
agreement with Germany. United Jewish the response to the Israel Bond appeals
Appeal funds had made it possible for will be as spontaneous and as enthusiastic
hundreds- of thousands of new immigrants at the start of the second decade in Israel
to be integrated into the country that has Bond history as it was in its beginning
shown much progress. ' ten years ago.
Rome Described as Jewish
Community Enjoying Longest
Existence Span in Europe
Dr. Harry J. Leon, professor of classical languages at the
University of Texas, now also president of the Classical Society
of the American Academy in Rome, conducted studies of
Jewish sepulchral inscriptions while he was on a Sheldon Fel-
lowship from Harvard in Rome.
As a specialist on such inscriptions, he has written with
authority, in his book "The Jews of Ancient Rome," published
by the Jewish Publication Society of America.
This interesting volume deals with "the social life of the
Jews of ancient Rome, gleaned from the catacomb inscriptions."
Prof. Leon, whose book is supplemented with many illustra-
tions and a lengthy appendix on the inscriptions, offers an
historical account of the Jewish catacombs, describing them
in their historical background and explaining the inscriptions.
He outlines the sepulchral formulas and epithets and pro-
vides a factual evaluation of the organization of the Roman
The vital data offered by Prof. Leon makes fascinating
reading and provides valuable information regarding the Jews
of Rome, their national origin, occupations, religious practices,
We learn that references to God are almost entirely absent
from the inscriptions, that "belief in the Hereafter, though
doubtless a part of the religious faith of the .Roman Jews, as
of other Jews, rarely finds expression in their sepulchral in-
scriptions beyond an implication of some sort of continued
existence in the stereotyped formula, "In peace be his _ (her)
While the bigots in many countries be no yielding to tyranny.
The longest epitaph he found was a sorrowing husband's
are being put to shame as a result of the
No matter where there is evidence of
that his beloved wife, Regina, will be rewarded with
revelations in the Jerusalem courtroom, indecency, it must be exposed. Regardless confidence
eternal life. It is reproduced in full, and a portion reads:
Nazi Echoes in Cuba and the Deep South
during the Eichmann, trial, and while of the extent of injustice, it should be con-
Germans are conceding collective shame demned. Had the democracies acted in
over what had occurred, there are heart- 1938, thare would have been no holocaust
less men' who seem unable to learn the and there would not have six million
lesson that was taught during 12 years silent witnesses against Eichmann. Had
of Hitlerite bestialities. there been a spark of humanity in the
In Cuba, a dictator offers an "ex- hearts of many of the British officials in
change" deal that has the ugly reflection those tragic years, Palestine's doors would
of an Eichmann deal. The dictator insisted have been open and hundreds of thou-
that it is "indemnification," but even that sands of Jews would have been rescued.
smacks of pressure that has the likeness There would have been no sinking of
of bigotry. ships with human cargo, and the good
In Alabama, during the ugly occur- name of Great Britain as represented by
rences of the past two weeks, there were Lord Balfour and David Lloyd George
heard cries of "Heil Hitler" and "Sieg would have been protected.
Heil," and the Rockwellites had no Now it is necessary to protect the good
hesitation in injecting themselves into the name of other free lands, including our
disgusting scene with a "hate bus."
own. Therefore, anything akin to what
In other words, the lowest instincts of has happened in Alabama, every manifes-
men still are being_ aroused by hatreds. tation of Nazism, should be condemned
In other words, the dangers that in no uncertain terms.
lurked just before the second world war
There is never a time for silence
again are menacing mankind.
against injustice. Let all men who cherish
All of which means that people must their own liberties 'keep that in view when
not be complacent, that they must speak liberty is involved for men anywhere,
up against inhumanities, that there can regardless of their color or creed.
Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center
Next Tuesday will be an historic day
for Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Or-
ganization of America, marking the of-
ficial opening of the Hadassah - Hebrew
University Medical Center in Jerusalem.
The largest health center in the entire
Middle East, Mused in the most impres-
sive building complex in that entire area,
the new medical center represents one of
Jerwy's most significant contributions to
Its 500-bed teaching hospital equipped
with service laboratories, its outpatient
department that is prepared to serve
200,000 yearly, the medical school func-
tioning as part of the Hebrew University
and the numerous associated hospital and
university facilities attached to the center,
combine to make it one of the most proud
Detroit women", through the local
Hadassah chapters, and Zionist women in
other lands, have participated in establish-
ing this medical center. They can be
justly proud of their attainments, and the
enormity of the project and the signifi-
cance of their goals should encourage
them in their future work for Israel.
"Here lies Regina, covered by this tomb,
Which, to reveal his love, her husband raised.
A score of years plus one, four months, and eight
Days more she spent in wedlock by his side.
Again she'll live, again will be the light;
For she may hope that she will rise aloft
To that eternal life which is ordained,
As our true faith doth teach, for all the worthy
And all the pious. She has merited
To find a home in that most hallowed land . ."
Dr. Leon points out that the Jewish community of Rome
in the first century BCE was important and had reached a total
of 50,000 in Augustus' era. Owing to Julius Caesar's favor,
Jews enjoyed full protection. The community existed continually
through the centuries to the present time, but did not play a
great role and is not mentioned by historians.
Their language was Greek, but they preferred Latin names,
especially for their daughters, and Hebrew names were not
uncommon. The motifs in the tombs were derived from Jewish
ritual, the menorah having been used most frequently.
Proselytes were accepted as full members of the community,
"in contrast with those who followed only such Jewish customs
as appealed to them." Dr. Leon reaches this interesting con-
"Thanks to the data from the catacombs, we have more
information about the Jews of ancient Rome than about any
other community of the Diaspora in ancient times. Dating as it
does from the first century before the Common Era, the Jewish
community of Rome is now more than 2,000 years old and
may well claim to have enjoyed a longer continuous existence
than any other Jewish community of Europe and possibly of
Kafka's 'The Penal Colony
Newest Schocken Paperback
Thanks to the trend toward paperbacks, some of the great
classics are being made available to a large reading public, many
of whom might otherwise never have been exposed to works that
are being made available at greatly reduced prices. .
One such work is Franz Kafka's "The Penal Colony;" which
has been published by Schocken Books (67 Park, N. Y. 16).
This new paperback contains two score stories and short essays
by Kafka. They are the works that Kafka himself had published,
the others not having been intended for publication, many of them
having appeared in print after his death. .