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May 12, 1961 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-05-12

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Arnold J. Toynbee, - the British
historian, in an address here
equated Zionism and anti-Semit-
ism as representing "an identical
point of view" and said that anti-,
Semitism will end and Judaism
become "one of the great spiri-
tual possession of the whole
human race" when Jews and non-
Jews "abandon" their ethnic or
national reservations about Jews.
Jewish leaders immediately took
issue with his views charging him
with making "distorted state-
Toynbee made his statements
as the principal speaker at the
dinner of the 17th • annual con-
ference of the anti-Zionist Ameri-
can Council for Judaism. Both
Zionism and anti-Semitism, he
declared, assume "that it is im-
possible for Jews and non-Jews
to- grow together into a single
community and that, therefore, a
physical sepaiation is the only
way out."
"The watchword of anti-Semit-
ism," Toynbee continued, "is
`back to medieval apartheid'; 'the
watchword of Zionism is 'back to
the medieval ghetto.' All the far-
flung ghettos of the world are
to be gathered into one patch of
soil in Palestine, to create a
single, consolidated ghetto."
Asserting that Zionism "was
born of a pessimism" about the
prospects of Jewish emancipation,
Toynbee held that "if the Jewish
commmity in the West- were to
continue to be an ethnic—even
if only a partly ethnic and partly
religious—community, co-existing
with the present State of Israel,
it could hardly avoid falling,
sooner or later, into the position
of being a political dependency
of Israel."
In reply; Murray H. Shuster-
man, president of the Jewish
Community Relations Council of
Greater Philadelphia, said: "Pro-
fessor Toynbee's statement that
Zionism and anti-Semitism stem
from the same point of view is a
shocking example- of defamation
of the Jewish people.' Rabbi
Theodore Gordon, pr'esident z of
the Greater Philadelphia Board
of Rabbis, commented that Toyn-
bee's "lack of understanding of
the religious roots of Zionism,
and its spiritual implications in
Jewish life, is grossly apparent."
(In New York, Professor Toyn-
bee was accused of being "ignor-
ant" of the essential nature of
Judaism and of "totally misunder-
stan,ding" the purpose of Zionism.
Professor Sol Liptzin of City
College, chairman of the Commis-
sion on Jewish Affairs of the
American Jewish Congress, made
the criticism at an all-day con-
ference of rabbis and educator
Liptzin told the AJ Con
'meeting: "In urging that Juda-
ism abandon its ethnic character,
Professor Toynbee is in effect
calling on the Jewish people to
commit harakiri. For the fact is
that Judaism cannot survive
without the Jewish people' and
the Jewish people cannot survive
without Judaism.")
At the concluding session of
its conference, the Council for
Judaism adopted a resolution
asserting that the Adolf Eich-
mann trial, currently being held
in Israel, is furnishing the Zionist
movement with the opportunity
of "identifying all Jews with a
system of- national rights and
Emphasizing that "all mankind
was horrified by the unparalleled
crimes for which Eichmann is
being tried," the resolution _de-
clared it "inexcusable" that the
trial "provides another oppor-
tunity for Israeli-Zionist officials
to foster the concept of 'Jewish'
nationality by using the term 'the
Jewish people' to imply an auto-
matic nationalistic relationship to
the State of Israel."
Another resolution called for
"effective, real reorganization of
the United Jewish Appeal" to
include the following: "1. A
genuine separation of the con-
trol of the UJA from the Jewish
Agency for Israel and other Zion-

ist organizations, themselves the
major beneficiaries of the UJA;
2. Effective • American control
over actual disbursement of UJA
funds to ultimate beneficiaries-;
3. Regular publication of com-
plete, understandable, detailed
reports accessible to examination;
such reports should include de-
tails of expenditures to ultimate
The conference "condemned"
Zionist efforts "to capture the
communities of United States
Jews for the purposes of Zion-
ism;" noted the elaborate Zionist
`structure aimed at "education for
Aliyah"; and called upon lay and
rabbinical bodies to distinguish
between "education in Judaism';
and --."education for 'Jewish' pa-
The delegates also adoged a
resolution calling on the nited
States Government "to amine
the structure of the Is li-Zion-
ist organization" and t protect
United States citizens om .in-
voluntary identification . ith a
foreign nationalism." This
tion asserted that ''Zio
representation of the `Jewis
people' cannot be regarded as
applicable to United States citi-

Israeli Workers Honor May Day with Rallies

TEL AVIV, (JTA)—May Day dressed by Mayor Abba Khoushy,
a second organized by Ma-
was celebrated here and through-
ee rallies were held in
out Israel. Many plants and pam.
Israel Bond Rallies
where the Histadrut,
offices were
-ees Nazare
James G. McDonald, first U.S. took t
Mapam nd Communists cele-
o for parades
ambassador to Israel, told two po
demonstrations. No rated•parately.
Israel Bond meetings this week
spapers were publish d.
that the "problem of rescu
No incidents
will be with us for the n
any of
three decades."
1607 South Lafayette
held in
s p
of th
Royal Oak
"Some 400,000 Jews in
Ica try by
Across from Detroit Zoo
24 Hour Nursing Care
live in terror," said Amba dor Lions.
o separate
Take All Medical Cases
McDonald, "but not only
om gather'
re organized—one
LI 8-6644
Arabic-countries is it impor
istadrut, which was ad-
to have avenues of escape—but
also from other parts of the
"Israel must keep open its
gates to take in a million • or
ou like facts on the cost of attending college?
Write fo our booklet "College Costs" (data on 950 col
refugees; and the need mi
leges and niversities will be mailed without obligation).
become acute in a much shorter
'time than we think."
en Gold, C.L.U., General Agent
McDonald spoke at a brunch
of the Labor Zionist movement
and independent societ . on
Detroit 35, Mich.
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Sund at the
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ioneer Wo-
nday at Holiday
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Katchke, Women's Division co-
chairman, presided.




Dr. Samuel Belkin, President of Yeshiva University, will be the principal
speaker at a dinner honoring Edward C. Levy, sponsored by the Detroit
Friends of Yeshiva University, Wednesday, May 17, 6:30 p.m., at Cobo Hall.



Trustee of Yeshiva University and
General Chairman of Ed C. Levy Dinner



sponsored by Abraham Borman

WO 2-9330-31

1 1 — THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, May 12, 1961

Toynbee Attacked for Defamation Million Jews Need
in Equating Zionism, Anti-Semitism Rescue, Envoy Tells

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