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April 14, 1961 - Image 17

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-04-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

All Germany Reacts
to Eichmann Trial;
Show Life Movie

Eichmann Trial Security Rigid

BONN, (JTA) —Bishop Otto
Dibelius, in an address over the
West German radio network,
said the Eichmann trial is of
"great moral significance to the
German people. We will not be
able to say that only a few Ger-
mans did this."
The Protestant clergyman said
that those responsible for the
wartime atrocities and mass kill-
ings "were human beings out of
our midst, of our blood and kind,
of our people." -
A 40-minute documentary film,
tracing the life of Adolf Eich-
mann from his birth at Solingen,
Austria, to his seizure in Argen-
tina, was shown on the German
national television network, co-
inciding with the opening of the
former Gestapo colonel's trial in
Jerusalem.
A pamphlet denying the claim REPORTERS wait to be searched before they can enter the
that most Germans knew nothing court building. They are searched in those cubicles beyond.
about Nazi burutalities toward
the Jews Until after the - Second
World 'War, was issued by the
Frankfurt municipality. Insist=
ing that all Germans who reached
their teens by 1938 were "eye-
witnesses of the horror or else
BONN, (JTA) — Chancellor friendly relations with Ger-
heard the screams of the tortured Konrad Adenauer, addressing a many, Chancellor Adenauer
stated: "For these words on
and, dispossessed," the pamphlet German television audience on
declares: "Whoever denies this the Eichmann trial, recalled the eve of the Eichmann trial,
"the shame and worry" felt by we are indeed grateful to
today is a liar."
Meanwhile, trials are being all those who attempted to re- him."
held in various parts of Germany, build Germany after her col-
The Chancellor said he was
highlighting the country's inter- lapse. The shame, he said, was speaking for the West German
est in prosecuting war criminals. based on the full realization of Government officially and for
One trial, opened today at Tue- the Nazi crimes, while the worry himself personally. "I believe it
bingen, charges two former mem- concerned the question of how is necessary before the Eichmann
bers of the Tilsitz E i n s at z to eradicate the poison in wide trial starts to lay before the
Commando with "complicity in sections of German thought.
public the attitude of the gov-
cooperatively committed murder"
ernment and my personal atti-
Referring
to
West
Germany's
of several hundred Lithuanians, restitution offer to help build tude," he said, adding that he
Jews and others during the war. the State of Israel, Chancellor wished that in this trial "the
, The men are Richard Wiechert,
declared: "Israel ac- whole truth will come to light
56, and Bruno Schultz, 58. They Adenauer
the
for her and that justice will be served."
cepted
had both been living peacefully upbuilding contribution
Meanwhile West Germany
and
for
this
we
in Baden-Wurttemberg, under' and still are grateful." were
But continued to intensify its efforts
their own names. Almost 50 wit- worry about the German people
to counteract the n e g a t i v-e
nesses have been summoned to is unfounded, he said, adding effects resulting from the Adolf
testify against the men.
National Socialism and Na- Eichmann trial in Israel, which
Another step illustrating gov- that
tional
'sentiments no are reviving worldwide reac,
ernment interest in the Nazi longer Socialist
tions against the atrocities com-
existed
in
past was taken by the Central German people. the life of the mitted by the Nazi - regime.
War Crimes Commission at Lud-
The gOvernment announced
•Referring to Prime Minister
wigsburg. The commission issued
a list of high-ranking SS leaders Ben-Gurion's statement that it is planning to subsidize a
"who are known to be dead." young Germans cannot be Franco-German film depicting
InclUded in the list is Eichmann's made responsible for the conditions at the infamous Da-
superior officer, SS Group Lead- crimes of their elders and re- chau concentration camp, based
er Heinrich Mueller, said to have calling the Premier's declara- on a book published in 1955 by
tion of Israel's interest in Edmond Michelot, now Minister
been killed in Berlin.
of Justice in France. Michelot
was an inmate of Dachau during
the war.

Adenauer Tells of 'Shame, Worry
in TV Address to German People

'

EAL

.

for other tens of thousands of
round the globe, hope for the
s with UJA. Ye almost two
and chi' d teenagers
ams fo
d,
supp •

JE ►

Speed i gration

immigra

panding welfare and training aid for
over 115,000 aged, handicapped and
youthful immigrants;

f

your dollars buy?
.r this
creased gift,. then, to the
i;Vish Appeal. Give today.

of 320,000' unabsorbed
in Israel by:

130,000 farm settlers the supplies
Givi
the need to become economically in-
d 'ndent;

• g, c

ing 7 s, you gift to UJA
re t re is hunger, brigh
et-is despair, health
IF a future wher • ere is

, THE UNITED
APPEAL MUST:

Housing many of 40,000 still in miserable

huts;

Receiving and absorbing 30,000 to 35,000
newcomers expected in 1961.

Extend relief,

medical and rehabilitation
aid to some 255,000 distressed Jews — al-
most half of them children — in Europe,
Africa and Asia. -

Provide resettlement assistance for 5,500
refugees seeking new lives in the United,
States.

E ALLIED JEWISH CAMPAIGN

jefigthen the Settlements

ISH APPEAL
.. $72,740,000

TED ISRAEL APPEAL

OCIATION FOR NEW AMERICANS •

UNITED HIAS SERVICE

West Germany Seeks to Prove
Validity of Atonement Efforts

West German Government of-
ficials are feverishly stepping up
their efforts to prove to the
world, and especially to world
Jewry, that they are seriously
attempting to atone for the Nazi
crimes and that they acknowl-
edge the guilt inherent in the
Hitlerite crimes.
Numerous recent publications
emphasize the sense of guilt and
seek to prove that not all Ger-
mans were criminals, that there
were German martyrs who fought
Nazism and who defended Jews.

A brochure, "A Moral Obli-
gation," issued as an official
West German Government
d o c u m e n t, emphasizes that
"from its inception, the Federal
Republic of Germany has en-
deavored to make amends to
the Jewish people for the suf-
ferings and wrongs inflicted
upon them by the Nazi re-
gime."

One of the latest pamphlets to
arrive from Germany is entitled
"Fifteen Years Afterward—Doe-
uments About People Who Dared
to 'Love One Another' While
Terror Ruled Their Nation." Its
author is Karl Marx and the pub-
lisher is the Allgemeine Wochen-
zeitung der Juden in 1) -utsch-
land, the German Jewish weekly
of which Marx is the editor. This
pamphlet contains more than a
score of incidents indicated to
show how a German - Jewish
friendship existed and flourished
and the martyrdom of those who

propagated and practiced it.

The most effective of the
books aimed at showing that
there was a German liberalism
and heroism in the battle
against Nazism was published
in London by Vallentine-
Mitchell. It is entitled "Con-
science in Revolt" and contains
64 stories of resistance in Ger-
many 1933-45.

The stories were collected by
Annedore Leber, who was assist-
ed in this task by Berlin's Mayor
Willy Brandt and Dietrich
Bracher.

Mrs. Leber's husband was
executed by the Nazis, and his
memory is being hallowed as
that of one of the most coura-
geous fighters against the Hitler
menace.

The book contains contribu-
tions from Hilde Walter, Wolf-
gang Steglich and Harald Poel-
chau.
In an introduction,. Robert
Birley, Headmaster of Eton Col-
lege, declares that "the men and
women who raised the Revolt for
Conscience against the Nazis are
not yet merely figures in a page
of history. They fell in the strug-
gle against the totalitarian state
which still continues, and it will
be long before the cause for
which they died will have been
won."
In a preface to the original
German edition, Annedore Leber
wrote about the martyrs: "Hu-
man beings, seeking, hoping,
straying, struggling, suffering —
that is what they were."

The significance of govern-
ment interest in the Michelot
work is that, while the book
recounts the Nazi atrocities,
it also offers advice on how to
bring about a reconciliation
between present-day Germany
and the rest of the world.
When it was issued in 1955,
the book carried two prefaces,
written 'by Adenauer and by
General Charles de Gaulle,
now President of France.

Four hundred cases are pend-
ing in West German courts
against "a large number" of
Nazi war criminals, many of the
cases involving two or more
suspects, the Federal Republic
of Germany announced here.
The announcement, in the Gov-
ernment's official Information
Bulletin, was candidly tied to
the Adolf Eichmann trial in
Israel, in an effort by the Gov-
ernment to show that it is doing
all it can to clean up the record
of Nazi atrocities against Jews
and others.
The Bulletin shows that, in
several of the West German
states, vigorous prosecution has
been undertaken against Nazi
war criminals. T h e figures
show that, in Bavaria, 1,721
trials were held in such cases,
resulting in convictions against
991 persons. In the State of
Baden - Wurttemberg, 585 per-
sons have bene convicted of
war crimes.
A special filmed documentary

based on the life and crimes of
Adolf Eichmann, was televised
the day Eichmann went on
trial in Israel.

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