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January 27, 1961 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-01-27

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Eichmann Case Moves Toward Court Stage

Defense Counsel Servatius Goes
Back to Germany without Charges

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV — Dr. Robert
Servatius, defense counsel for
Nazi mass murder specialist Adolf
Eichmann, left Israel Wednesday
for West Germany with the ex-
planation he was doing so because
he still had not been given a
charge sheet or a copy of the
evidence against his client.
He had arrived in Israel Sun-
day with announced plans to re-
main for the trial, now sched-
uled to be started March 15, of
the former, Gestapo Colonel who
directed the extermination of six
million European Jews.

Asserting he -should have
been informed of . a decision
to postpone presentation of the.
charge sheet, he told reporters
at the airport -that if he had
been notified he • would have
postponed his arrival earlier
this week. A last minute -de-
cision by the prosecution to
introduce changes in the charge
sheet caused delay in its _com-
pletion. •

about the refusal of Israeli au-
thorities to allow him to meet
privately with Eichmann. He said
the Israelis insisted there should
be no direct contact between
Eichmann and anyone and that
even now his talks with his client
were held through a special room-
to-room aparatus.
He said that during his stay
in West Germany he planned to
meet with the chairman of the
local bar association to discuss
with him that refusal. He said he
expected to return to Israel soon
with his . aides, another West
German attorney and a secretary.

He said also that he would
not agree to the plan of the
prosecution to read at the trial
only those parts of the 4,000
pages of evidence it intended
to introduce during the pro-
ceedings. This stand raised the
possibility that all 4,000 pages
might be read during the- trial.
Meanwhile, Prof. Robert M.
W. Kempner, noted German-
born, American. political scien-
tist and international lawyer,
who in 1945-46 was American
deputy chief counsel for the
Nuremberg War Crimes trials,
arrived here at the invitation
of Attorney General Gideon
- Hausner to act as an adviser
in the forthcoming Eichmann

The statement of charges, it is
understood, will contain more
than a dozen accusations under
various clauses of the ISraeli
criminal code. Some of_ the
charges, it is understood, will re-
late to crimes against the Jewish
people, while -other charges will
be • concerned with general war
Kempner, a Jew, will advise
crimes. .
The attorney also complained Hausner in regard to documents



, By, s45 F

Hamilton Fish Back in the Limelight

and exhibits to be entered before
the special Eichmann trial court.
Among other posts he held,
Kempner was chief prosecutor in
the Allied case against Nazi diplo-
mats from 1947 to 1949.
Dr. Kempner described Dr.
Servatius as an "excellent de-
fense counsel who is a great legal
fighter." He recalled that Serva-
tius defended a number of Nazis
in Nuremberg, some of whom
were later hanged.
Dr. Kempner dismissed any
possibility that Servatius would
succeed in his plan to dispute
the validity of Israeli laws against
Nazi war criminals. He Said that
many courts throughout Europe
had overruled objections to try
Nazi war criminals under such

hilation of Jews. He asked not to
be delivered to Israel where
Eichmann is now awaiting trial.
(In West Germany, the Frank-
furt prosecution office announced
it was considering a request to
Austria for the extradition of
Nowak. It was explained that the
request would depend on Nowak's
Nowak, a printer by profession,
was arrested shortly after a radio
announcement that a search war-
rant for him had been issued in
Frankfurt. After the German oc-
cupation of Austria, Nowak
worked in the headquarters of
the Nazi deportation offices for
Jews and then was transferred to
Berlin in 1939 when' he was as-
signed as an "expert on technical
questions" in connection with the

(A proposal that Israel con-
duct only an inquest into the
Eichmann case, leaving trial
and conviction of the Nazi
war criminal to West Germany
or to the United Nations, was
made in the New York Times
by former Brig. Gen. Telford
Taylor, an American who was
chief prosecutor at the Nurem-
berg War Crimes Tribunal in

It was also reported here that
John R. Catchpole, Rhodesia's of-
ficial hangman, has offered his
services to Israel to hang Adolf
Eichmann, if the Nazi leader is
found guilty. Catchpole said he
had made his offer in "the desire
to be of assistance to Israel and
to humanity in what is a difficult
job." He added he would perform
the hanging without charge.

Arrested Nazi Admits He Was
Eichmann's 'Right Hand' Man

VIENNA, (JTA) — Franz No-
wak, a former Gestapo officer,
who was arrested here as a for-
mer aide to Adolf Eichmann, ad-
mitted that he had been Eich-
mann's 'right hand' in the anni-

deportation of Jews. Later he was
a member of a special Eichmann

unit in Budapest.
After the war he lived under
a false name in Austria for sev-
eral years, but in recent years felt
so secure that he lived under his
actual name in Langenzersdorf
while working in a Vienna print-
shop. He was arrested on a tip
from an anonymous caller.
The report from West Germany
had announced that the Frank-
furt State Prosecutor had offered
10,000 marks ($2,380) for infor-
mation leading to the arrest of
Nowak and two other former
Eichmann aides, SS Majors Rolf
Guenther and Hans Guenther.
Nowak said the "G uenther
brothers had committed suicide
iby gassing themselves in 1945.

Israeli Police Department Special
Unit Gathers Evidence on Nazis

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

TEL AVIV — Evidence

against 70 Nazi war criminals
has been prepared by a special
department for the investiga-
tion of Nazi crimes in the
Israeli police department and
will be transmitted soon to
West German authorities.
It .was expected that this ma-
terial would help West German
officials bring to trial many
war criminals who are still at
The special department 'also
provided evidence against five
Nazi criminals recently detain-
ed in West Germany. Police
Inspector Gershon Landsberg,


himself a former inmate of a
Nazi concentration camp, inter-
viewed 45 Israelis and several
tourists mostly from Poland in
preparing evidence against the
They are Dega Richard, com-
mander of the Zagrovla Camp;
Peter Blum, commander of the
Piaski Camp; Richard Rokita,
commander of the Tarnopol
death camp; Afleh Ernst, com-
mander of the Korvitze Camp;
and Adolf Kolomko.
Aiming the most notorious of
the five is. Rokita, a musician
who wrote a tune later known
as the "Death Tango" which
Jewish inmate musicians played
during executions.

o•am.n.m.,....o...Hmm.K.n...mwo ■ esmmo ■u■o■o■ wo..... ■, oio...o ■ uawo.am. oe■o■wo

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
.and Me'

When Hamilton Fish was a member of Congress from
York, he gained fame as the author of the resolution fav
Israel Ambassador
• •
the establishment of the Jewish National Home in Palestine.
• •
(Copyright 1961,
Some years later, he marred his good record by joining Testifies in Spy
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
rs ers. His constituents repudiated him and a
merica Fit
th e A
man who could have risen to great heights as a public servant Case; Tells of Agent Israel's "Know-How"
TEL AVIV, (JTA) — Walter
was relegated to the background.
Israel has greatly benefited from American "know-how" ..
He 'is baCk in the limelight, however. Last week he wrote 'Eytan, Israel's Ambassador to
Israel is repaying the United States with its "know:how"
a letter to the New York Times, angrily protesting against France and former director- in a field vital for every inhabitant of this country . . . the de-
David Ben-Gurion's statement regarding "godlessness." general of the Foreign Ministry, salting of sea water for drinking purposes and for irrigation .. .
One can hardly blame Hamilton Fish. If Jews_ who should testified in Haifa district court Little does the average American know of the urgency faced by
•have known better, and especially spokesthen for the largest that:a "foreign agent" left 'Israel the United States in finding fresh water . . . American scien-
Jewish organizations, could have _fallen prey to a minor item immediately after the arrest of tists who specialize in water sources and water usage all agree
Aliaron Cohen, leader of the left- that a water shortage will soon blight the nation's economy unless
i_n 'an important speech, why not the former Congressman?
There were many people who were so blinded- by a news- wing Mapam who faces trial on remedial steps are undertaken now . .. Government experts
paper headline that really misrepresented ' the Israeli Prime espionage charges.
are of the opinion that more than 1,000 cities will have to convert
Minister and did an injustice not only to him but to all Israel,
Eytan testified that a "certain salt and brackish water for drinking purposes within the next
that their letters to newspapers reflected a lack of understanding embasSy _urgently requested from ten years . . . Within 15 years, shortages of fresh water will
the Foreign Ministry an exit visa affect every region in the country . Because-the supply of
_ .
of- Jewish values and of- Jewish attitudes.
•' Thus, one man writing to the New York Herald Tribune, for one, of its employes acting water is unevenly distributed, there are already shortages in
from Paris, said that he found "a great hatred in _Israel for all as secretary to a scientific re- several sectors of the country . . . President Kennedy advo-
Jews living out of Israel." Another letter-writer to the New Search, mission which is 'a branch cates a far-reaching expansion of the Government's research on
York Herald Tribune saw fit to bring up the matter of dollars of a known academy in the coun- the conversion of sea water into drinking water . . . "The,first
donated to Israel by the "godless" American Jews. • A corres- try which the embassy repre- country that will be able to desalt sea water will earn far more
pondent to the Philadelphia Jewish Exponent was moved by sented."
than we lost by being second in outer space," he said
Unlike the typical request, prestige
the debate to declare that "the Bill of Rights supersedes the
the urgency . . . The first country to win the
which is usually lodged at least race for desalination
of sea water may be Israel • . . It was
It was a heyday for anger—and now those who seek the one week before the departure in Israel that the Zarchin
method of desalination of sea water
line of least resistance will glory in the demand that Zionism of the diplomats, • Eytan testified, was invented . . In the United States this method is now
should be liquidated. Dr. Joachim Prinz, head of the American in this case the request was for being developed and tested . . . The completion of the first
Jewish Congress, probably never. dreamt that he Would -be pull- issuance of an exit permit within mass-production type of machine for desalination by the Zarchin
two days. Such a request, he process has now been announced jointly in Israel and in this
ing chestnuts out of the fire for the Council for Judaism.
Like - all similar issues, they blow over, and the fittest sur- added, is regarded as "a most country . . . The Israel government and the American firm pro-
vive. Who will dare say that the Zionist idea is not among urgent and irregular departure." ducing this machine have worked together for more than a
The diplomat testified that the year . . . Tests were made in Wisconsin and, as a result, the
the fittest? It's true: it needs new approaches, it must find a
way into the hearts and minds of the youth. But there isn't work of the research mission was Zarchin process was proclaimed the most economical method
a movement in Jewish life today that is not devoid of youth not limited to what he considered in desalting known to date . . . Saline water conversion plants
participation. When Zionism finds the way, it will no doubt "reasonable limits of scientific are in operation in California and Pennsylvaia, but experiments
contribute - towards the elevation of other Jewish movements. research." After Eytan gave his
have •shown that conversion at a large scale plant would
That's how it's been; that's how it's due to be again. Let the evidence the court heard testi- there
$4 per 10,000 gallons . . . The Zarchin process, it is
mony from the Israeli Security
skeptics- measure our augury ,in the izonalsw, 01.4#00
here, would reduce the cost to - $1 per 10,000 gallons.
Services which was given in
Dr. Alexander M. Dushkin at 70
Dr. Alexander M. Dushkin dates back his interest in Jewish
The prograin of developing young leadership originated by
educational planning to the pioneering period when educators Jewish Divorce Rate
the Council of JewiSh Federations and -Welfare Funds, is now
sought to introduce modern methods of study in contradistinction
program in American Jewish commun-
to the old time heder. He was an associate of Dr. Simon Benderly
bodies outstanding in this work is the
and the group of educators who defied the old ways and introduced . NEW YORK, (JTA)--:-The tra- Jewish Community Council of Essex County, , in Newark, N.J.
ditionally low Jewish divorce rate
modernism into Jewish schools.
Its able executive director, Herman M. Pekarsky, has suc-
For a number of years, Dr. Dushkin has been a distinguished has been increasing to a point . . .
in stimulating a two-pronged prograth for the develop-
member of the staff of the Hebrew University. About a year ago, where it has almost caught up ceeded
ment of community responsiblity and leadership among younger
he spent some time in the United States assisting in conducting
men and women . . . The program for men is being carried out
the survey. of Jewish education, as a result of which it is hoped reported here by Rabbi Bernard through the Young Men's Service Group, while the program for
Mandelbaum, director of the
women is a part of the work of the Women's Service Group
that some of our educational shortcomings will be corrected and
more effective ways will be found to advance our educational Religio-Psychiatric Institute of As a result, more than 100 members of each of these two groups
the Jewish Theological Seminary
are now serving on boards and committees of 'the Jewish - Com-
Dr. Dushkin has just marked his seventieth birthday. On this of America.
munity Council and its local agencies • . . Quantitatively a new
has developed
occasion, he has the good wishes of Jewish educators in the United
of one in 10 marriages
point where the
States, as well as his associates in Israel. He has rendered impor- divorce
the rate is nearing the one out of young leadership — aged 19 to 35 — to a
tant services to Jewry, and he has the good wishes of many ad- four national divorce statistic," general chairman of the local United Jewish Appeal was a
mirers, who wish him at least another decade of leadership in Rabbi Mandelbaum declared.
Service Group "graduate."
Jewish educational circles.


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