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May 06, 1960 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-05-06

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

TEL AVIV, (JTA) — Israel
Sunday night started its big-
gest, most joyous celebration of
the year, the festival marking
the 12th anniversary of the re-
birth of the State which came
officially into being in May,
1948, when David Ben-Gurion
read Israel's Declaration of In-
dependence in a museum here.
One minute after a torch was
lighted at sundown atop Mt.
Herzl in Jerusalem, thousands
of fireworks flared into the
skies over the beach at Tel
Aviv. Throughout the country,
other torches were ablaze after
Kaddish Luz; speaker of the
Israel Parliament, sparked the
formal opening of the celebra-
tion in Jerusalem.
In Tel Aviv, 4,000 members
of youth organizations started
a mass dance which wound its
way through the city's streets,
pulling passers-by into the nro=
cession. Millions of electric
light bulbs flashed greetings
and congratulations to the State
of Israel entering its 13th year.
It was the most joyous cele-
bration Israel has held in many
years. The celebration this year
marks not only Israel's 12th
anniversary but also the 100th
birthday of Dr. Theodor Herzl,
the founder of political Zion-
ism.
Prior to the opening of the
anniversary celebration, Israel
spent a day in solemn observ-
ance of Memorial Day, honor-
ing the memories of those who
had died in the creation and
liberation of Israel.
In Haifa, Monday, Israel's
Army of Defense proudly dis-
played for the first time the
new weapons strengthening
its anti-tank defenses. These
included an American, jeep-
mounted recoilless gun; the
French remote-controlled
guided S-10 anti-tank missiles;
and French-made, ground-to-

ground, armor-piercing guided
rockets.

The new arms were displayed
in an impressive parade through
the streets of Haifa marking
the climax of Israel's annivers-
ary and opening Herzl Year.
To mark this occasion, the
Zionist flag — a blue and white
flag with seven gold stars —
which Dr. Herzel proposed to
the first Zionist Congress in
Basle in 1897, was raised above
the parade alongside the flag
of Israel.
More than 250,000 sepectators
lined the streets of Haifa to
watch the hour-long procession
of Israel's defensive might, to
marvel at the jet fighters and
other planes that roared and
manoeuvered overhead and to
applaud excitedly as units of
the Israel Navy slowly sailed
along the coast, outside the
port.
Taking the salute of the pa-
rading units from a vantage
point in the central reviewing
stand were President Izhak
Ben-Zvi, Prime Minister David
Ben-Gurion, Chief of Staff
Brigadier Chaim Laskov and Dr.
Nahum Goldmann, president of
the World Zionist Organization.
Mrs. Vera Weizmann, widow of
the first president of Israel,
had a place of honor in the
stand.

Ike Sends Greetings
to President Ben-Zvi

NEW YORK, (JTA) — The
City of New York fofmally
celebrated Israel's 12th Inde-
pendence Day Monday.
At impressive ceremonies
held on the steps of City Hall,
with a large number of digni-
taries of the State, the City
and the three major religious
faiths — Jewish, Protestant and
Catholic — participating, a
large crowd watched the pro-

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ceedings and cheered the ad-
dresses and the messages con-
gratulating Israel.
Loud cheering greeted the
reading of a message from
President Eisenhower to Is-
rael's President Izhak Ben-Zvi,
which stated: "It dives me great
pleasure to extend hearty best
wishes and felicitations to Your
Excellency and to the people
of Israel, from the people of
the United States, as well as
my own personal regards on
this 12th anniversary of the
independence of Israel."
After one of the city bands
played the national anthems of
Israel and of the United States,
an invocation was delivered by
Rabbi David I. Golovensky,
president of the New York
Board of Rabbis. Later, a 'e-
cial prayer for peace was of-
fered by the Rev. Dan M. Pot-
ter, executive director of the
Protestant Council of the City
of New York, while the bene-
diction at the close of the cere-
monies was recited by the Very
Rev. Msgr. Timothy J. Flynn,
of the Catholic Archdiocese of
New York.
Mayor Wagner delivered an
address and read a special "Is-
rael Independence Day" procla-
mation. Oother addresses were
delivered by Gov. Nelson A.
Rockefeller; Abe Stark, presi-
dent of the City Council of
New York; and Dr. Benjamin
Eliav, Israel's new Consul Gen-
eral in New York.
A special message was read
from Israel's Prime Minister.
David Ben-Gurion, who ex-
pressed the Jewish State's
"gratitude" for the celebration
both to Gov. Rockefeller and
Mayor Wagner.
Mayor Wagner told the as-
semblage he was "particularly
proud of the tremendous part
New Yorkers have always
played in helping the people
of Israel to build their new
land, and make of it an outpost
of freedom and a shining ex-
ample of the democratic way of
life."
Gov. Rockefeller, a f ter
lauding the State of Israel
for the country's achievements
during the past 12 years,
referred to the Jews behind
the Iron Curtain and said:
"Our thoughts go out on this
occasion to the hundreds of
thousands of Jews in many
parts of the world who suffer
in bondage and oppression,
but whose lives are sustained
by the prospect that they will
one day reach the promised
land of Israel."
Dr. Eliav, who made his first
public appearance here since
assuming the post of Consul
General last week, told the cele-
brants that Israel "hopes and
prays" that it may continue
"our work of construction and
upbuilding in peace and secur-
ity." On behalf of the Israel
Government, he expressed
"gratitude" to the American
people and Government for the
aid given to the Jewish State.
Mrs. Rose L. Halprin, acting
chairman of the Jewish Agen-
cy executive in the United
States, today issued a state-
ment on Israel's 12th annivers-
ary of independence, express-
ing "deep appreciation" of the
Jewish Agency to American
Jewry for its "unfailing sup-
port" in the development of
Israel.
Tributes to Israel and to The-
odor Herzl also were paid at
a celebration sponsored by the
American Zionist Council, cen-
tral body of all Zionist groups
in the country. Several hundred
Zionist leaders attended the re-
ception which was addressed by
Rabbi Irving Miller, chairman
of the Council.
Speaking on behalf of more
than 1,000,000 subscribers of
Israel Bonds, Dr. Joseph J.

Schwartz, vice-president of the
Israel Bond Organization, hailed
Israel's outstanding achieve-
ments on the occasion of its
12th anniversary.
Widespread celebration of
the anniversary was reported
in Jewish Telegraphic Agen-
cy dispatches from London,
Paris, Brussels, Johannesburg,
Stockholm and other world
centers of Jewish population.
In Rio De Janeiro, Brazilian
President Juscelino Kubitschek,
speaking over the radio Mon-
day, congratulated the Jewish
people and the State of Israel
on the anniversary.
At Israel anniversary services
held in New York's Cong. Bnai
Jeshurun, Israel Ambassador
Avraham Harman declared that
"Israel is ready for peace at
any time, and willing to pay
the price for it.
"However," he asserted, "one

price we will never pay is the
price of national suicide." The
price for peace, he added, "is
negotiation, no matter how dif-
ficult."
Pending peace with the Arab
states, Harman declared, self-
defense must be a "cardinal
policy of Israel, and will con-
tinue to be until we have a
peace that recognizes the right
of peoples to live, not one that
denies them the right of exist-
ence."

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7 -- THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, May 6, 1960

Fireworks, Street Dancing as Israelis Mark Liberation

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