Campaign Can Go Above $5,000,000 Mark
by Reaching 6,000 Yet ti 4'7 ,24 44 4 CO
4,4 , ,4 lie ited
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper, Incorporating The Jewish Chronicle
VOL. XXXVI I—No. 10 17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 35 lcsoct' rtildn ighop
May 6, 1960
Senate Defeats Fulbright's
Antilsrael Move; Acrimony,
Bitterness Noted in Debate
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
Success in o
Detroit's 1960 Allied Jewish Campaign of-
ficially came to a close Monday night, at a
dinner meeting at the Jewish Center, at which
it was announced that $4,500,670 — 95 per cent
of the 1959 income of $4,850,000 — had already
But the minimum expected to be raised this
year, Isidore Sobeloff, executive vice president
of the Jewish Welfare Federation, indicated in
a summary of the campaign, will reach at least
$4,913,000, and there is a possibility, he empha- -
sized, that the $5,000,000 mark may be exceeded
when all the pledges are in.
The confidence of the leaders is based on
the expectation of many increases on gifts al-
ready reported, and on the fact that the- sum
secured thus far came from 19,694, whereas
there are 26,000 potential givers in the com-
Thus, by reaching 6,000 more people who
have not been reached up to the time of the
closing meeting of the campaign, there is the
chance of exceeding the $5,000,000 mark. It is
in the power of the 6,000 who are yet to con-
tribute, therefore, to give the Detroit Allied
Jewish Campaign another $5,000,000 year.
The concluding campaign meeting was- .
marked by a . great deal of enthusiasm. Irwin I. .
Cohn, chairman of the drive, praised division
leaders for their efforts in an active six weeks
of general solicitations.
Paul Zuckerman, co-chairman of the cam-
paign, joined in expressing gratitude to co-
workers for their efforts.
Max M. Fisher, president of the Federation,
was one of the principal speakers.
The main address of the evening was given
by Prof.- William Haber, of the University of -
Michigan, and an additional inspiring address .
was given by Miss Miriam Hadar, "Miss Israel
Participating in presentation of reports in -
behalf of the various divisions were, in addition
to Cohn and Zuckerman: Jack Lefton, president
of the Detroit Service Group; Max Pincus,
Arthur Schlesinger, Irwin Green, Arthur
Howard, George Kyle, Dr. Jerome Hauser,
Arnold Frank, Charles Rosen, Alan Luckoff,
George M. Zeltzer and Mrs. Eugene Arnfeld.
Emphasizing "the step to maturity". that was
taken in Detroit's campaign, in view of the suc-
cess it attained without the need of - "resorting
to a response to a crisis," Dr. Haber, president
of the American ORT, who was adviser to
General Lucius Clay in Germany in 1948, and
who recently returned from the Jewish Welfare
and Reconstruction Conference in Geneva,
Switzerland, emphasized the need for advancing
the cause of Jewish education as a means of
retaining the youth in Jewish ranks.
Dr. Haber, who indicated that the drawing
of youth into Jewish ranks is being encountered
with difficulty, complimented the Detroit Jewish
community for the advances it is making in
overcoming such obstacles.
(Continued on Page 2)
The U.S. Senate Monday night voted 45 to 39 to table a proposed
amendment by Senator J. W. Fulbright to the Mutual Security Act aimed at nullifying last
week's Douglas-Keating amendment.
The Douglas-Keating amendment, which was retained intact in the adopted final ver-
sion of the bill, expressed the sense of Congress that mutual security and surplus food
assistance could be administered by the President in line with the principles of free naviga-
tion and non-discrimination.
(In New York, the U.S. Court of Appeals on Wednesday refused an injunction to halt
the picketing of the Egyptian ship Cleopatra and upheld the rulings of three U.S. District
Court judges in support of the actions of the maritime unions.)
Fulbright, in the course of Monday's debate, sought to blame Israel for alleged failure
to obey a United Nations resolution on readmission of Arab refugees. He also inferentially
attacked American aid to Israel.
The Senator, who is chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, called attention of
Senators to letters from Acting Secretary of State Douglas Dillon and Secretary of the Treas-
ury Robert Anderson which, in effect, support ..?.d his proposed amendment. He also alleged
that some American shippers backed his stand.
Fulbright's bitterest onslaught against Israel came when a Senator questioned aid to
the Republic of South Korea, noting that corruption developed in South Korea despite such
aid. Fulbright replied that if aid to South Korea caused corruption, Israel might be "the
most corrupt of all nations," since Israel had received so much American assistance.
Some proponents of the Douglas-Keating amendment defended it on grounds that the
President need not implement the measure if he so decided. It was also said by some Senators
that the President was only obligated to make a form of informal, perhaps oral, report on
measures taken by the administration to insure application.. But Senator Wayne Morse in-
sisted that the President was fully obligated to make a written report to Congress on imple-
mentation of the amendment. Defeat of the Fulbright amendment came on a motion by
Senate Democratic Leader Lyndon Johnson to table the amendment.
Fulbright attempted to persuade the S enate that Arab pressure was aimed against
Israeli shipping rather than American shipping. He claimed that the Douglas-Keating amend-
ment was a "political instrument" and gave an impression of anti-Arab bias. He said Senators
had no Arab constituents and suggested that his opponents were moved by "political con-
siderations" that caused action undermining American-Arab amity.
Senator Paul Douglas, co-sponsor of the adopted amendment, said the State Depart-
ment arguments advanced by Fulbright rested on a fundamental error. He said this was the
erroneous contention that the freedom of navigation issue merely involved a dispute between
the Arabs and Israel. This was not true, said Douglas, pointing out that the United Arab
Republic had violated treaties and international commitments involving the Suez Canal.
Nasser broke his word and Hammarskj old failed to gain Nasser's cooperation on the
Suez, said Douglas. He characterized Nasser's policy as increasingly repressive and deplored
State Department "appeasement" by increasing aid to the UAR to $100,000,000. The State
Department, said Douglas, apparently had decided that morality should play no part in for-
mulation of American policy in the Near East.
Fulbright attacked Douglas, alleging that Israel violated UN resolutions on Arab refu-
gees. Douglas replied that Fulbright was trying to "shift the subject."
Senator Morse said the true issue was whether the
United States was going to "bend at its knees" before totali-
tarian nations. He charged that the Arabs are seeking "to
destroy the only free nation in the Near East—Israel." Morse
called on the Administration to stand firm against Arab
"blackmail" by supporting international law.
Senator Kenneth Keating said there could be no com-
promise on the principle of free navigation. He said the Ful-
bright amendment would encourage Nasser to make "further
transgressions." He said the Douglas-Keating amendment
put "steel" into America's "pious statements." He added
that the Arab refugee issue that Fulbright sought to inject
had nothing to do with the blockade question affecting
The Douglas-Keating amendment retained in the Mutual
Security Authorization Bill passed Monday night is similar
to an anti-discrimination amendment in the House version
of the bill.
Speaking for the State Department, Undersecretary
Douglas Dillon warned that the so-called Douglas amend-
ment might play into the hands of Communist efforts to
exacerbate Middle Eastern tensions to penetrate the area.
At the concluding Allied Jewish Campaign Dinner, from the left: Dr. William
Dillon said the Arab boycott was an outgrowth of the Haber, Max M. Fisher, Irwin I. Cohn, Paul Zuckerman and Miss Miriam Hadar,
(Continued on Page 40)
"Miss Israel of 1959."