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April 01, 1960 - Image 40

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-04-01

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, April 1, 1960 -- 40

Glueck Tells of Clues.to Scriptures Auschwitz Ghosts Emerge from Illoess Story
in Archaeology; Shylock Evaluated Bringing to Light Again Worst Nazi Crimes

the great extermination ma-
For these reasons, the
Just before the survivors -
A recent issue of Horizon— I made the Jew a bloodcurdling from the Nazi furnaces met statement by Lord Russell,
chine created by the Third
Magazine of the Arts carried I melodramatic villain, as most
Reich' is a reminder, never
re- one of the bravest exposers
a
in
New
York
to
mark
an important article by Dr. I of his sources had done. Or he
to be forgotten, of the ap-
of Nazism, is of the utmost
Nelson Glueck, president of I might have taken the kinder union of martyrs, there ap- importance.
palling and disastrous effects
peared,
from
the
press
o'
World
Hebrew Union College-Jewish course and made him comic,
Hoess' autobiography first of totalitarianism on men's
-Institute of Religion and fa- which is what I think he did db. Publishing Co. (2231 W. 110th, was published in a Polish trans- minds."
Cleveland 2) a book that will
mous archaeologist, under . the In the public mind, the progress
Lord Russell helps 'humanity
chill the hearts of even the lation as "Wspomnienia" by
title "The Bible as Divining of social adjustment moves
most toughened people. It is Wydawnictwo Prawnicze, War- to remember, and whatever
Rod," in which he shows how something like this: from the the confessional autobiography saw, in 1951. Deutsche Verlags- attempts at self-exoneration
"by following clues in the alien as menace to the alien by one of the world's cruelest Anstalt published it in German creep into the Hoess story are
Scriptures, archaeologists are as buffoon to the alien as hu- criminals—Rudolf Hoess—the in 1958 as "Kommandant in demolished by the great British
lighting up the ancient history man being. It is quite conceiv- man who confessed that he Auschwitz," and the English liberal.
of the Holy Land." able that Shakespeare actually "personally arranged on orders translation is from that edition.
—P.S.
* * *
furthered understanding by
Dr. Glueck's article is illus- nudging this process into its from Himmler in May 1941, The royalties go to Comite
trated with reproductions of second stage. do not say that the gassing of two million per- International D'Auschwitz to N. Y. Times Editorial
sons between June-July 1941 aid the small number of Pays Tribute to Memory
color paintings of many of his
findings in his archeological he did this deliberately; but and the end of 1943, during Auschwitz survivors.
he had noticed that a Jew— which time I was Commandant,
Hoess wrote his story in a of Auschwitz Martyrs
activities in Israel. They ap-
Paying tribute to the memory
pear as a special appendix to and especially a funny Jew— of Auschwitz." He wrote that Polish prison. -He was arrested
by British Military Police, of the AuschWitz martyrs, on
his article under the title "Ar-. had eyes. If we can imagine on March 16, 1946.
This is the beast whose story March 11, 1946, and then was the occasion of the reunion of
chaeology Illustrates the Bible."- and
an accepted
stereotype
slowly
on, is told in "Commandant of turned over to the Americans,
mysteriously
taking
the survivors from the most in-
under its manipulator's in- Auschwitz." As a result, the was taken to Nuremberg and famous of the Nazi concentra-
The highly enlightening
stincts, a broad and rather af- accusing ghosts are emerging later—May 25, 1946—was re- tion camps, the New York
article declares: "There are
generations and centuries of fectionate grin—as the super- from the cremation, pointing moved to Poland to be tried. Times, in an editorial, . entitled
additional work to be done stitious Negro did when Mark fingers of shame at him for He was executed in April 1947. "In Memory of Auschwitz,"
in the field of Biblical ar- Twain got around to Nigger cruelty that permitted the He wrote his book while in stated:
chaeology in the Holy Land Jim, or, more pertinently, as crimes.
prison.
"The barbed wire, the bar-
proper and in related • lands. the drunken Irishman did when
Lord Russell describes the racks, the execution yard, the
There is a fortunate thing
Sean O'Casey decided to make about this book, which was Nazi holocaust in which 12,000,- crematorium — these are the
Many of the pointers to b.e
followed and the places to be us fond of the loutish Captain ably translated from the Ger- 000 people were murdered, and silent reminders still standing
Boyle—we may have come man by Constantine Fitz- he shows specifically how even today that recall to a forgetful
excavated are already men-
tinned in Sacred Scripture. closer to measuring Shakes- Gibbon: it has a most valu- the Nazis who were tried as world a scene of as intensive,
They need only to be b& peare's peculiar achievement, able, clarifying introduction criminals after the war con- exquisite, man-made suffering
lieved in and followed up, and to the image in his mind by Lord Russell of Liverpool. firmed that nearly half of this as any that history has even
and there is no question but as well. The Shylock we find Without it, even the confes- number were Jews. He tells in known. And of all the sights at
on our stages is ambiguous,
that the historical reward of
sions of the commandant of detail the Manner in which the Auschwitz to make relive that
. pursuing them will be great!" nervous, not very attractive in Auschwitz might fool some veil of secrecy was lifted and camp of horror, there is one
spite of the tears; Shakes- people, because of the sadist's the Germans emerged in the that sears the heart more deep-
In the same issue of Horizon
total expose of their crimes. ly than all the rest. That is the
appears an expose of witch- peare's Shylock—if he was as distortion of the facts he him-
He gives an account of some
funny as the early tradition self recorded.
glass case containing the
craft delusions in an informa-
of the worst Nazi criminals,
tells us he was and as Thomas
While
Hoess
gives
a
thorough
frayed dresses and tiny shoes,
tive essay by the noted histo-
Pope might well have made account of his life, starting of the activities of Heinrich the pathetic remnants of babies'
rian, H. R. Trevor-Roper, under
him—may easily have been with his earliest youta, leading Himmler and Julius Streicher, clothing and a few dusty,
the title "The Persecution of
up to his military career and of the manner in which ghettos broken toys. These are what is
Witches." The eminent author, more likeable."
his selection to be the super- were set up for Jews, who later left of the children who died
who exposed Heinrich Himmler
visor
of the mass murders, he were taken to concentration and in this charnel house almost
and the 'destructive Nazi activi- Leaders OK Israel
posed
as one who was forced extermination camps.
ties, deals in his article with Foreign Currency Budget
Lord Russell repudiates the before they had lived, children
by loyalty to do what he did.
the Inquisition and the Jewish
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
attempts of some Germans to whose names are not known
He
tried
to
give
the
impres-
to The Jewish News)
but whose tragedy can never
persecutions in Spain. . .
sion that he "had a heart and exonerate themselves, and he
Another of the recent issues JERUSALEM — A minister- that he was not evil." He wrote maintains that "there is an be forgotten. They were among
abundance of evidence that a the four million victims, in this
of Horizon paid honor to "Seven ial committee of the Israel Cab- in his autobiography:
one place alone, of Nazi bar-
Keyboard InsurgentS," in an met Tuesday night approved a
"Unknowingly I was a cog large number of Germans knew barism.
article by Joseph Roddy. In- foreign currency budget of in the wheel of the great ex- a great deal about what went
"About six hundred of the
eluded among the seven is the $685,000,000 for he coming fis- termination machine created by on in the concentration camps.
cal year. This is $50,000,000
survivors of the Auschwitz-
"Hoess
admits,"
Lord
Rus-
eminent Detroiter, S e y o u r more than the foreign currency the Third Reich. The machine
Buna concentration camp are
has been smashed to pieces, the sell declares, "that the ex-
Lipkin.
budget of the current year.
termination of the Jews was meeting tomorrow at a 're-
engine
is
broken,
and
I,
too,
In the latter issue, also, is an Most of the added expendi-
`fundamentally wrong,' but union' dinner in New York.
exceedingly interesting article, tures requiring foreign cur- must now be destroyed. The that he should have refused They hope to establish a
world
demands
it.
I
could
never
"In Search of Shylock," by rency will be covered, it was
to carry out such criminal or- scholarship fund • to help the
Walter Kerr, noted critic who indicated, by an expected $40,- have brought myself to make ders never, for a moment, children of former inmates, and
this
confession
of
my
own
most
offers a solution to this theatri- 000,000 additional income from
secret thoughts and feelings crossed his mind. Therein lies in memory of the children who
cal riddle of Shylock who exporth.
had I not been approached with the warning which his story had no chance. No more appro-
"sometimes is played as a vii-
The Finance Ministry re- a disarming humanity and un- gives us. That a little bureau- priate memorial could 'be de-
lain, sometimes as a tragic ported that Israel's foreign in- derstanding that I had never crat like Hoess could, as he vised, looking back to the past
hero." He traces the back- debtedness totals $617,000,000. dared to expect. It is because himself has written, have be- with sorrow, and forward to
ground of the story, the sources This includes a debt of $360,- of this humane understanding come 'a cog in the wheel of the future with hope."
from which Shakespeare bor- 000,000 outstanding on Israel that I have tried to assist as
...0.....—...-0.........---.............,......,—,.....„....,—.0........ „........„....-...... 1
rowed, and states: Independence and Development best I can in throwing some r
"Shakespeare . . . might have Bonds.
light on matters that seemed I
I
Boris Smolar's
obscure."
i
N
That's Hoess' story. But be-
11"1 1 "■
B
tween the lines in his account
1
of his life the reader still finds
evidence of hatred for Jews.
There is evidence of an attempt
(Copyright, 1960,
to whitewash himself. While he
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
I
had written a story of his and
`1111 - trjR1
his fuehrers' cruelties, he fails Facts and Figures:
ApprOximately $60,000,000 a year is spent on maintaining
tr 4y 440 honestly to admit his guilt—
nn?
and he was one of the cruelest the Jewish school system in this country ... A third .of this huge
sum is being spent in New York alone . .. This includes also
, of all the Nazi butchers.
12t#
over $1,000,000 channeled through the Jewish Education Com-
York by the State Education Department . . .
Hebrew Corner mittee in New
vntg --n:P rz.g
The subvention comes in the form of surplus food from the
ltvpr) nn it -11 27pr'
U.S. Department of Agriculture and milk subsidies • . . These
Rosh Zohar
subsidies are provided to about 140 Jewish all-day schools in
travelled
with
I
Some
years
ago
it?P4."r3li7 1 ? ta'7wn a nail group of geologists in the New York-'—of all types—and to many school-sponsored day and
between Beersheba and the out-of-town summer camps . . . In addition to the subvention
;"1`.`'P4 nrite ? vicinity
Dead Sea. They were looking for from the State Education Department, the New York Board of
r);7.114
suitable sites to drill for oil.
After a long journey through the Education provides for Jewish school busses free or partially-
wip 114nr1
nipp
mountains we reached a wonderful paid transportation in the amount of over $500,000 . . . Such
spot in our Jeep, where a number
of signs of oil were found. The privileges are enjoyed by all, public schools in New York . . -
n'47?'9 '1 1..t 7?4
place is called Rosh Zohar.
There are today about 740 Jewish schools of all types in New
time after I had been there
n7r177:Fr .tpp4t7tU vIciti I Some
read in the newspapers that an York and its suburbs compared with the 3,400 schools all over
oil company had begun to drill at the United States . . . They have an enrollment of more than
Rosh Zohar.
A number of months ago the 150,000 pupils .. . Of these about 33,000 attend all-day schools,
name Rosh Zohar once again ap- more than 53,000 are registered in one-day schools and 64,000 in
peared in the newspapers. It is true
" n " .11 Int? ;"1.
that the drillings there did not dis- weekday afternoon schools . . .It is estimated that in New York
cover an oilfield. but a large field and its suburbs there are more than 350,000 Jewish children of
of natural gas was found. The ec ,
onomic value of gas is not as great school age . . . This means that quite a large number of these
as that of oil, but gas can also be children get no Jewish education whatsoever . . . However, the
nnx
used for many purposes - (needs).
Not far from Rosh Zohar are the total number of pupils attending New York Jewish schools is
- tjg). potash and bromide works of the growing from year to year . . . Three years ago there were
Dead Sea. This is a large and im- only about 120,000 pupils in these schools . . . And ten year
T
industry, requiring large
'4.PL ? portant
quantities of electricity. The plan ago their number was only about 60,000 .. -. In the 3,400 Jewish
1 21.3 -pr. nry?
is to utilize the . natural gas from schools all over the country, including New York, there are
Zohar to produce cheap elec-
nrit - tth‘t'l nVrt 17'Ori Rosh
ntiw?1,
trie power for the Dead Sea works. today about 355,000 pupils .. . They attend about 1,400 one-day
Slowly but surely (with slow but schools, 1,800 afternoon schools, and about 200 all-day schools
. t$ .nn sure steps) the State of Israel is
St? r2 F
trrylipri
advancing towards economic inde- . . . The percentage of children • attending Jewish schools is
pendence.
1;7
(rrntpiv 1-1 ,
larger in provincial towns than in New York, but New York
. t4 7 ?4 ro t) t
Translation of Hebrew Column
has the largest number Of all-day schools.
Published by Brit Ivrit Olainit

;71 71:1Erl

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