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March 18, 1960 - Image 32

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-03-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Covers Lots of Ground on N. V. Visit
G
-
B
Buys Favorite Philosophical Books,

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS—Fridiy

Meets with,
with Statesmen and Students

Continued from Page 1
He spent most of the after-
noon touring New York book-
shops in search - of literature.
Asked what kind of books he
would buy he said, "I do not
read novels now. I did when I
was younger, but not now. I did
recently read 'Exodus' by Leon
Uris, but I read that book only
because I was curious to know
what the Americans were read-
ing about that phase of our
history."
He spent two hours visiting
two book shops and regretfully
canceled a visit to a third store
because he had to return to his
hotel. At Brentano's on Fifth
Avenue and at a Greenwich Vil-
lage bookstore, he purchased
books dealing with . psychology,
philosophy and Orientalia.
Among the books in the latter
category were one on Zoroas-
trian theology, another one on
Lamaism - and one dealing with
the Brahma Sutra. He also pur-
chased a book dealing with the
works . of _ the . late . American
philosopher__ John . Dewey.. and
volumes dealing with the works
of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle.

While speaking of literature,

he revealed that on Monday UN

Secretary General Hammar-
skjold presented him with an
English translation of a French
book, "The Phenomenon of
Man," by a Jesuit priest of the
Catholic Church.
Ben-Gurion met about 300 of
the foremost leaders of Amer-
ican Jewry Tuesday night at an
informal discussion of Israeli
problems that are of interest to
Americans.
(Leon Kay, Phillip Stollman,
Louis Berry, Morris Schaver
and Max Fisher were the De-
troiters who participated in the
Jewish leadership meeting with
Ben-Gurion Tuesday evening).
Tuesday the Israel flag flew
from mast in front of the Wal- ,
dorf Astoria Hotel, where Ben
Gurion made his headquarters.
The Israel flag was hoisted
Monday afternoon, immediately
after West Germany's Chancel-
lor . Konrad - Adenauer had left
the hotel. Until then only the
gernian flag was displayed next
to the American colors. In-
formally, it was said Israeli
circles had wanted it that way,
not to have the Israeli colors
flown next to the German flag:

faction through the fact that
through restitution to victims of
Nazism, a contribution was made
toward rehabilitation in Israel. I am
sure that the German people as well
as my government are convinced
that our mutual cooperation with,
and support of Israel will continue
to bear fruit in the future."

Prime • Minister Ben-Gurion
read the following statement:

"I was glad to meet. Chancellor
Adenauer. My people cannot forget
its past—but we remember the past
not in order to brood upon it, but
in order that it shall never recur.
"I said in the Knesset, the Pari-
ment of Israel, last summer, that
the Germany of today is not the
Germany of yesterday. After having
met the Chancellor, I am sure that
judgment was correct. I wish the
Chancellor every success in his
effort to guide Germany in its
path of democracy and international
coopetation."

. Neither Israeli nor German
circles would reveal immedi-
ately after the conference the
substance of what the long talks
entailed. The two statesmen
conferred, each in his own lan-
guage, Ben-Gurion using Arieh
Manor, Israeli Economic Min-
ister in New York, as his trans-
lator.
At a luncheon tendered Dr.
Adenauer by the American
Council on Germany, the Chan-
cellor told 100 Americans—in-
cluding Jewish leaders—that
"the spirit of Germany today is
far from being anti-Seinitic or
Nazi." He pledged that none of
West Germany's Jews "will suf-
fer any harm or damage." A
feature of the luncheon was the,
reading of the benediction in
Hebrew and in English by Rabbi
Joachim Prinz, of Newark, who
is president of the American
Jewish Congress.

Mrs. Paula Ben-Gurion was
the principal guest speaker
Tuesday at an inaugural
luncheon - marking the tenth
year of the New York Wom-
en's Division of the Israel
Bond campaign.

The luncheon produced the
sale of $300,000 in Israel Bonds.
More than 600 social and com-
munal women leaders attended
the luncheon, at which Mrs.
Avraham Harman also spoke.
Chancellor Adenauer a n d
Ben-Gurion of Israel exchanged
pledges of mutual cooperation
Monday after a dramatic two-
hour meeting which was obvi-
ously a moving, emotional ex-
perience for both . statesmen.
Because Chancellor Adenauer
- is ten years older than the Is-
rael Prime Minister, interna-
tional protocol provided that
the conference take place in
the Chancellor's quarters.
In statements which each
read to the press following
their meeting, the two heads
of government spoke positively
of cooperation but neither men-
tioned the question of establish-
men diplomatic relations be-
tween the Gellman Federal Re-
public and the State of Israel.
Dr. Adenauer's statement de-
clared:

"I am deeply moved by rny meet-
ing today with Israel Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion. For a long time,
I have been an admirer of his
statesmanship and steadfastness as
the chief architect of modern Israel
and its remarkable development.
"The German people draw satis-

that this institution and this as-
sembly should accomplish one word
that we use in Hebrew in Israel
every day—shalom—peace. This
could be accomplished if you people
would assist us. There is a brother-
hood of nations throughout the
world—European and American,
Asian and African, black and white.
The press and other means of public •
opinion have great weight in this
respect and can help.
"We represent a small nation al-
though an ancient one. We were
brought up in the tradition of our
prophets that the time will come
that the nations will learn war no
more. If the prophecy of Isaiah is
accomplished, then we do not mind
who takes the credit for the achieve-
ment. This would be the great con-
tribution to humanity and is the
great task for our generation.
"As far as we- are concerned, we
will help you. Although you may
call this visionary, it may still come
true in our time—the time when all
people will be free and independent.
We are taught in our Bible that all
are made in the image of God and
that there is no difference between
races and nations. The task of peace
should be a task net in name only
but in - fact—we want a really
United Nations. The Secretary Gen-
eral will join me in the wish that
this house may become a really
United Nations. I say shalom—
which means peace."
Later, Mr. and Mrs. Ben-Gurion
were the guests of Hammarskjold at
an official reception at the United
Nations to which representatives
from various countries were invited.
They included representatives of
the United States, Britain, France,
the Soviet Union, Italy, Poland,
China, Argentina, Canada, Czecho-
slovakia, The Netherlands, Belgium,
the Scandinavian countries, India,
Yugoslavia and other lands.
At the luncheon given by Ham-
marskjold the guests included; in
addition to Mr. and Mrs. Ben-Gurion,
Mr. and Mrs. Tekoah; Dr. and Mrs.
Nahum Goldmann; Mr. and Mrs.
Jacob Blaustein; Andrew W. Cordier,

B-G Meets Herter

Ben Gurion confers with
Hammarskjold; stresses ur-
gent need for peace.

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.,
(JTA) — Premier Ben-Gurion
stressed Israel's desire for peace
in a brief address to about 200
journalists assembled at the
United Nations headquarters.
He spoke following a two-hour
private conference with United
Nations Secretary General Dag
Hammarskjold which was pre-
ceded by a luncheon given by
Hammarskjold to Mr. and Mrs.
Ben-Gurion at his private resi-
dence.
The Israel Prime Minister,
Who• was led into the chamber
by Hammarskjold, told the -cor--
respondents:

"The only thing that I can say is

executive assistant to the Secretary
General, with Mrs. Cordier; and Dr.
Ralph J. Bunche, Undersecretary for
Special Political Affairs, with Mrs.
Bunche.

During Ben-Gurion's visit to
the UN headquarters, a picket
line was formed across the
avenue facing the United Na-
tions building. There were about
20 pickets carrying the usual
Arab anti-Israel signs. The
pickets were orderly, being
guarded by almost an equal
number of New York City

policemen.
(The Times of London said
that Premier David Ben-Gurion

of Israel had been given "some
grounds" to hope. that President
Eisenhower will hint to Britain
and France that they might in-
crease their arms deliveries to
Israel. The British newspaper
said Ben-Gurion had made his
journey more to put over a gen-
eral point of view than to make
specific requests and added that
he had apparently been encour-
aged by the outcome. The Times
reported that there was no sug-
gestion that the United • States
itself should supply arms to

Israel.)

* *

*

Ben-Gurion Meets
Nixon and Herter

WASHINGTON, March 13.
(JTA)—Israel Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion Sunday con-
cluded his visit to Washington
evidently satisfied with the dis-
cussions which he held here
with President Eisenhower and
other top leaders of the Amer-
ican nation.
Ben-Gurion had lunch Sunday
afternoon with Vice President
Richard M. Nixon at the latter's
home. Nixon had arranged the
luncheon to be strictly kosher.
Accompanying Mr. and Mrs.
Ben-Gurion to the luncheon

NEW YORK—Prime Minister
Ben-Gurion expressed his "full
hearted" belief that •peace be-
tween Israel and its neighbors
is "not far off," in a statement
to 2,000 students and members
of the faculty of Yeshiva Uni-
versity Wednesday. During an
arduous morning, which , tried
most of his entourage of young-
er men but apparently left the
73-year-old Israel statesman still
full of energy, Ben-Gurion
visited first the Jewish Theolo-
gical .Seminary, which is Con-
servative, then Yeshiva Univer-
sity, Orthodox, and finally He-
brew Union College-Jewish In-
stitute of Religion, Reform.
He drew loud cheers from the
Yeshiva University group when
he told them; "I believe full-
heartedly that the day will come
—and it is not far off—that
peace will be established with
our neighbors. And I believe
that you youngsters, before you
reach my greying age, will see
complete peace throughout the
world."
In his address, Ben-Gurion
stressed two principal points:
1. That American Jewish stu-
dents, especially those studying
for the rabbinate, must round
out their education by spending
at least one year in Israel; 2.
that, in general, Israel needs

East. He said the world situa-
tion could not be discussed
without mention of the summit
conference. He thus indicated
that Near East aspects of the
coming Big Power meeting
were talked about.
Commenting on Israel's pros-
pects, he revealed that he spoke
of immigration, electrical and

atomic power, desert develop-
ment and expansion of industry
and exports. He also discussed
possibilities of development by
Arab states of their resources.
He pointed out that the Near
East could again become an im-
portant world center. He saw
"peace" as the ultimate solution
Herter, in the fashionable of the Arab. refugee problem.

were Israel Ambassador Avra-
ham Harman and Minister
Plenipotentiary Yaacov Herzog.
Other distinguished guests were
in attendance.
Following the luncheon, Ben-
Gurion went to the home of Sec-
retary of State Christian A.

Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion shakes
hands with towering Secre-
tary of State Christian Hertii,
in Washington, where they
conferred for 45 minutes.

Israel's

Georgetown section here. Her-
ter was forced to cancel a pre-
vious engagement with the
ISraeli Prime Minister because
the Secretary of State was taken
ill with a mild digestive upset.
However, since Herter wanted

Jewish. Students Urged by Ben-Gurion
to Study in Israel, Help Defend Jewish State

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

to greet and talk with Ben-.
Gurion before the latter's de-
parture from Washington, the
Secretary of State invited the
Israeli statesman to visit his •
home.
After the talk with Herter,
Ben-Gurion went to the Is-
raeli Embassy, where a Purim
. party was in :progress. Chil-
dren of the Embassy -staff
were dressed, at the party, in
the gay Purim costumes tra-
ditional of the festival. The
Prime Minister then departed
for New York by train.
Saturday night the Prime
Minister paid a surprise visit
to a Purim service in progress
at. Beth Sholom Synagogue,
an Orthodox house of wor-
ship, to hear the reading of
the "Megillah." Ben-Gurion
was called to the altar to ac-
cept the honor of reciting a
portion of the service.
During his stay in Washing-
ton, Prime 'Minister Ben-Gurion
appeared at a closed session of
the Senate subcommittee deal 7
ing with Middle East affairs.
Sixteen members of the Senate
Foreign Relations . Committee,
including Chairman J. W. Ful-
bright, attended the session.
After the meeting, Ben-
Gurion told newsmen that he
discussed the situation in the
Near East, the relations of Is-
rael and her neighbors, the
refugee problem, the Suez Ca- --
nal, and the general world sit-
uation as it. affects the Middle

and wants the American youth
to come to the Jewish State.
"I want you to come to Is-
rael," he told the Seminary
students, "to work, to build, to
create, even to suffer with us—
and if, God forbid, the necessity
should arise, to fight with us."
At the time he left home,
Ben-Gurion said, "it seemed we
would face one of the most
crucial of situations." Compar-
ing the - recent tensions with
those that faced the new State
of Israel when it was born 12
years agO, and evidently referr-
ing to the evaulation of the
tensions by the ' Arab states,
Ben-Gurion.said: "Many thought
this would be like May 15,
1948. Many thought it would
be only a matter of a very feW
days before they settled with
the Israelites. But I knew that
I could leave. The Guardian
of Israel does not sleep or rest."
At this point, as Ben-Gurion
made the statement in the
crowded Seminary auditorium,
a bearded man, wearing a skull-
cap, jumped up and yelled:
"Who do you mean—Haganah
or God?" Student ushers and
policemen quickly drew the
man out of the hall as Ben-
Gurion implored: "Leave him
I be."
Then Ben-Gurion continued:
"The Israel defense forces are

on guard. 'You see, I was able
to leave Israel without too much
worry." However, he added:
"The Worry , could grow
greater."
In all three addresses, Ben-
Gurion emphasized one of the
points he has been making
since coming to this country—
that Jewish education is incom-
plete without at least a year in
Israel. 'Repeatedly addressing
himself to the Rabbinical stu-
dents of Orthodox, Conservative
and Reform Judaism, Ben-
Gurion told the young men and
women: "To complete your Jew-
ish education, one year in Is-
rael is necessary to crown and
to fructify your Jewish learn-
ing. Come to us for at least one
year—, and the best of you will
probably remain forever."
Premier Ben-Gurion left
Wednesday afternoon for Lon-
don where he met Thursday
with Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan.

Knesset Backs Ben-Gurion
for His Talk with Adenauer

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM — A Commu-
nist motion of no-confidence in
the Ben-Gurion Government for
the Premier's meeting Monday
with, West German -Chancellor
Adenauer was defeated in the
Knesset Wednesday by a vote

of 59 to 3.

Senator Fulbright told the
press that the Israel Prime Min-
ister, in addressing the mem-
bers of the Senate Foreign Re-
lations Committee, made no re-
quests for American military
aid, nor did he mention that
matter. 'The issue pursued that
the Senators found most inter-
esting, said Sen. Fulbright, was
the prospect of a peace settle-
ment. In a broad sense, the
issue of "self-determination" for
Egypt, Syria, and other states
was stressed by Ben-Gurion, ac-
cording to Sen. Fullbright.
The chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee
commended *Ben-Gurion as a
"fine leader of the free world."
He termed the lengthy meeting
"very interesting and eduea-
tional." He said the Israel
Prime MiniSter was "a very able
man" who expressed himself
well. According to' Sen. Ful-
bright, Ben-Gurion did' not in-
dicate anxiety over. Israel's de-
fense situation, nor express' ap-
prehension of any immediate
war danger. He said Ben-Gurion
made a "slight discussion of - the
disturbing element of Russian
arms shipments to the United
Arab Republic." •
Senator Fulbright revealed
that a SovietAinerican accord
on the Near East arms embargo
might be sought at the coming
summit conference. He indi-
cated likelihood that the arms
embargo would be discussed,
but expressed doubt of agree-
ment by President Nasser of the
UAR, even if America and the
Soviet Union agreed. Neverthe-
less, said Fulbright, America
and the Soviet Union could try.
*
*

Report of Eisenhower,
B-G Meeting on Page 5

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