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February 19, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-02-19

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of
March 8, 1879.

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

SIDNEY SHMARAK

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

FRANK SIMONS

Editor and Publisher

Advertising Manager

Circulation Manager

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the twenty-second• day. of Shvat, 5720, the following Scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Yitro, - Ex. 18:1-20:23. Prophetical portions, Isaiah 6:1-7:6, 9:5-6.

Licht Benshen, Friday, Feb. 19, 5:52 p.m.

VOL.

XXXVI—No. 25

Page Four

February 19, 1960

Interesting Division of Campaign Dollar

Being in the midst of the year's great
campaign effort—the Allied Jewish Cam-
paign—the community will be interested
in the manner in which the contributed
dollars are subdivided among the many
agencies represented in the over-all fund.
The campaign budgeting plan is to
give the United Jewish Appeal $537 out
of every $1,000 sum contributed and ALL
overseas and Israel agencies will receive
$557 out of each $1,000 item. Other
beneficiaries, in the $1,000 bracket, in-
clude the following:
United Hebrew Schools, $65—all the
local Jewish schools, including the UHS,

receiving $84; Jewish Community Center,
$44; Jewish Home for Aged, $40; Sinai
Hospital; $30; Jewish Community Council,
$22 — the amount, out of every $1,000
gift, going to all agencies in the national
community relations field, being $28;
Fresh Air Camp, $6.
Then there are the numerous national
educational and social service agencies
that benefit from the Allied Jewish Cam-
paign, as well as other worthy local
causes.
This evaluative break-down - should go
a long way in encouraging the continued
generous giving in our community.

Brotherhood Editorial and other Brotherhood Week Features on
Special Editorial Page on Pages 8 and 9 of Section B in This Issue.

Intimate Story of Herzl Told in
Account by His Zionist Associate

Of the many books published
about Dr. Theodor Herzl, the
architect of the modern polit-
ical Zionist movement and
therefore the creator of the
organized effort among Jews
to strive for the redemption
of Israel—now a reality—"Herzl
As I Remember Him," by Erwin
Rosenberger, published by Herzl
Press, is most revealing.
Dr. Rosenberger, now in his
85th year and a resident of
Florence, Italy, was 22, in 1897
—Herzl then was 37—when he
was called in by the creator
of the World Zionist Movement
and the World Zionist Con-
gress, and the organizer of
Die Welt, the organ of Zionism,
to become one of the editors
of Die Welt. He remained
Herzl's associate until the un-
t i m e l y death of the great
leader.
Rosenberger returned to
his medical studies a f ter
Herzl's death and turned down
an invitation from David
Wolffsohn, Herzl's succes-
sor, to become the permanent
editor of Die Welt. He re-
ceived his M.D. from Vienna
University in 1903, and from
1907 until the end of World
War I he was a ship's doctor.
He settled again in Vienna
until he had to escape from
the Nazis in 1938. He ;eared
that his trunk-load of manu-
scripts and letters, including
valuable Herzl papers, was
lost — until lie heard from
Viennese friends, that while
his former home was bombed
and wrecked, the trunk with
his possessions remained in-
tact. Thus lie was able to
compile his recollections of
Herzl. The letters from Herzl
quoted in his book are now
in the Herzl Archives, pre-
served in the Zionist Central
Archives in Jerusalem.
The current English volume
is a translation and an abridg-
ment by Louis Jay Herman of
the larger German edition.
Many important details in
Herzl's life become known in
the Rosenberger account. It had
been believed, for example, that
Herzl's home life was very un-
happy. The Zionist leader is
depicted as a loyal father and
devoted husband, as deeply
devoted to his parents — he
survived his father by two years
but was survived by his mother.

Frau Julie Herzl is described
as a "simple, unaffected woman
who had no inclination to play
the great lady." Rosenberger
states that it wasn't "easy for
Herzl's wife to take a sympathe-
tic attitude toward the Zionist
movement; indeed that sym-
pathy implied a substantial mea-
sure of self-denial. For what
Herzl gave in time and devo-
tion to his yearned-for Jewish
state, he inevitably took from
his family life, his wife and
children. His passionate absorp-
tion in a political cause could
not but distract, and sometimes
even blot out, his thoughts for
his loved ones. For Frau Julie
Herzl, Zionism represented a
rival. And it was only her love
for her husband that made it
possible for her to summon
love and understanding for that
`rival.' "
Herzl's tireless efforts, his
constant search for friends
for his movement, his crea-
tive genius emerge in an in-
teresting light in this book.
For instance, Herzl once said
to ROsenberger that the uni-
versal rule is first to have
a state and then to create a
parliament, but that -he was
reversing the rule by first
founding the parliament (the
Zionist Congress) and then
the state. He was confident
that the Jewish state he
envisioned would emerge.
The battle with the "protest-
rabbis" ("protest rabbiner")
and the role played by Dr. Max
Nordau are described by Rosen-
berger, who was the coiner of
the "protest rabbis" term that
was borrowed and used by
Herzl.
Among the many episodes
recorded by Rosenberger is one
about an elderly beggar who
confronted him and Herzl in
front of the Vienna University.
Herzl gave him a coin but later
said to his young companion:
"In the Jewish state, there will
be no beggars standing in front
of our university."
Herzl had great respect for
Jewish traditions. He made it
a point to dress formally when
he went to synagogue services
in Basle on Sabbath during the
World Zionist Congress.
He was devoted to Die Welt
and personally supervised the
editorial work of the world
Zionist organ. Rosenberger

writes with affection about
Herzl's devotions to every-
thing related to Zionism, and
he tells about the difficulties
he encountered with his em-
ployers on the Vienna Neue
Freie Presse because of his
Zionism.
Herzl didn't want to be por-
trayed as "playing the wag,"
and while he wrote humorous
feuilletons for the Neue Freie
Presse, he always kept his
Zionist writings in the most
serious moods. From the first
Zionist Congress in Basel, how-
ever, he did return with a
pun: "Basel-tov."

The Christian and other sup-
porters of Zionism who were
enrolled in the movement are
delineated by Rosenberger.
Among them were Reverend
Hechler, Bertha von Suttner
and others. Rosenberger also
describes Herzl's meetings with
the German Kaiser Wilhelm in
Jerusalem and near Mikveh
Israel. He also describes the
affection in which Herzl was
held also by the Jewish masses
and the tribute that was ac-
corded him by a weeping and
mourning people when he died
on July 3, 1904.

Rosenberger's "Herz/ As I
Remember Him" is a note-
worthy book. It must find a
permanent place in all Jewish
libraries, and Zionist and
Herzlian shelves in libraries
and in home book collections
will be incomplete witholit it.
—P.S.

The Sabbath

By DR. ABRAHAM HESCHEL

He who wants to enter the
holiness of the day must first
lay down the profanity of
clattering commerce, of being
yoked to toil. He :lust go away
from the screech of dissonant
days, from the nervousness and
fury of acquisitiveness and the
betrayal in embezzling his own
life. He must say farewell to
manual work and learn to under-
stand that the world has already
been created and will survive
without the help of man. Six
days a week we wrestle with
the world, wringing profit
from the earth; on the Sabbath
we especially care for the seed
of eternity planted in the soul.

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
. , . and Me'

(Copyright, 1960,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, hie.)

Pertinent Questions

Is not the American Civil Liberties Union going a bit to
the extreme by defending in court neo-Nazis who disseminate
handbills calling for the gassing of American Jews? . • . And isn't
it even more extreme on the part of the American Civil Liberties
Union to assign Jews as the lawyers to defend the neo-Nazis?
One can understand defending the principle of free speech, but
can open incitement to murder be considered "free speech?"
. . . Would the American Civil Liberties Union have defended
Hitler's call to annihilate the Jews? . . . Would the ACLU consider
sending Jewish lawyers to defend those in Germany who are
being put on trial there for their inciting anti-Jewish remarks
in public? . . . Would this American organization apply the
principle of "free speech" also to those in Germany who smear
swastikas on the walls of Jewish institutions? . . . Does not the
ACLU realize that by defending in court people who publicly call
for pogroms on Jews it actually encourages these elements to
go on with their dangerous propaganda? . . . And is it not poor
judgment to choose Jewish lawyers for the defense of rabid
anti-Semites ill court? . . . Does not the ACLU create an op-
portunity for the neo-Nazis to claim—if they lose—that they lost
the case in court because Jewish lawyers were assigned to defend
them? . . . Is it right for ACLU to treat notorious anti-Jewish
propaganda in this country as a routine matter of "free speech?

*

*

*

Middle East Affairs

There will be no surprise in. Washington if Israel renews
its application for American arms upon which no action has been
taken for several years .. . Although the United States is now
substantially increasing its financial aid to Nasser, the Egyptian
ruler continues to accept arms from Russia and other Soviet
countries . .. No recent Egyptian arms figures are available to
Washington but it is known that the Soviet bloc is practically the
sole source of arms for the United Arab Republic . . . In the
recent clashes on the Israel-Syrian frontier, the Israelis'captured
new types of Soviet arms hitherto unknown to the Israel mili-
tary command . . . It is estimated in Washington that Egypt and
Syria—now joined as the United Arab Republic—have received
Russian credits worth more than 1,000 million dollars . . . This
includes the two big Soviet credits for the building of the Aswan
darn in Egypt which amount to at least 300 billion dollars . . .
In the fight now going on between Nasser and the pro-Com-
munist Premier Kassem of Iraq, Moscow clearly considers Nasser
as "the big man" in Middle East affairs . . . The Aswan aid
agreement has given Russia a certain hold on Egypt's economy
for more than two decades . . . Egyptian cotton crop is, under this
agreement, committed to Russia for many years, and Moscow
can hamper Nasser if he decides to take really a strong stand
against Communist encroachment in Iraq . . . Nasser cannot
really take a strong stand against any Soviet activities in any ,
part of the Middle East without jeopardizing his Aswan project
. . . So until the dam is built, Nasser must get along with Moscow
even though he does not want to come under the Russian thumb.

Cultural Reflections

Those who believe that Yiddish literature is "dying" in this
country will be pleasantly surprised by two elegantly published
Yiddish books that made their appearance this week . . . One
is Joseph Rubinstein's "Megilath Russland"—a book by the
noted Jewish poet on Jewish woes in Russia which he left after
World War II . . . The other is Jacob Pat's "Shmuesan Mit
Shrayber in Isroel," chats which the author had with prominent
writers in Israel . . . The first book is published by "Cyco,"
Jewish cultural institution, the second by "Der Kval," private
publishing house of which I. London is the owner ... The fact
that one book deals with Soviet Russia and the other with
Israel is symptomatic of the interest now felt in American Jewry
with regard to the two countries.

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