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January 22, 1960 - Image 32

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-01-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Fr.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS—Friday, January 22, 1960-32



Student Demonstration Protests Anti-Semitism

Continued from Page I
ing of the bill to make anti-Se-
metic vandalism punishable by
law . . In Rome, Chancellor
Adenauer was heckled Wednes-
day and there were leftist dem-
onstrations in protest against
the -anti-Semitic resurgence in
Germany and the retention of
Nazis in the Adenauer cabinet.)
Members of the Social Demo-
cratic Party sharply attacked
Chancellor Adenauer for the
weekend speech in which he
advised Germans to give a
thrashing to hoodlums caught
in -anti-Jewish activities. Party
spokesmen said they were "sur-
prised • and concerned"- over
this advice and would always
oppose "lynch law."
When Minister of the Interior
Gerhard Schroeder was asked
about the Adenauer advice at
his press conference, he replied.
that he hoped it would "be in-
terpreted in a healthy manner
by all our people who have a
healthy respect for the legal
processes."
Foreign Office officials ex-
plained to foreign newsmen that
the Chancellor had. been "speak-
ing symbolically."

sity, told the assembly that no
restitution could ever make up
for the crimes commited against
the Jews during the war. A stu-
dent leader, Gerhard Gruen=
beim; told his fellow-students
that "we have neglected . so
much that we are all respon-
sible for what has happened re-
cently." A member of the West
Berlin City Senate, Joachim
Lipschitz, also addressed the
throng.
West Berlin police have ar-
rested Rudolf Kemmerich, 20,
federal chairman of the neo-
Nazi National Student Union,

Congressman Rejects
`Communist Plot' Theory
In Swastika Plague
WASHINGTON, (JTA)—Rep.
Edward A. .Garmatz of Mary-
land told the House that there
was "no real evidence of a Com-
munist.plot" behind recent anti-
Semitic vandelism in West Ger-
many and that the Bonn govern-
ment was obligated to confront
the issue directly instead of
discounting it as a "Communist
plot."
Rep. Garmatz told the House
there were indications that
West German youth has not
West Berlin Students Act
been taught in school about the
Against Nazi Revival
Hitler regime's "monstrous as-
WEST RERLI N, (JTA)— sault on humanity." He said that
Thousands of students from all the West Germany government
colleges and high schools in "would do well, even at this
West Berlin participated in a late date, to re-examine its edu-
demonstration against the recent cational policies, as well as its
anti-Semitic incidents organized laws, in order to extirpate the
by the student body and faculty Nazi influence from German
of the West Berlin Free Uni- life."
versity. The demostration, held Don't Use Anti-Semitism
at the site of West Berlin's
memorial to the victims of to Spur Aliya, Eban Says
Nazism, attracted additional TEL AVIV, (JTA) — Abba
Eban, former Israel Ambassa-
thousands of non-students.
Prof. Edward Neuman n, dor to the United States, ex-
Chancellor of the Free Univer- pressed disagreement at the

Dingell Condemns Anti-Semitism; Inserts
Jewish News Editorial in Congress Record

Members of Congress con-
tinued this week to condemn
the anti-Semitic incidents and to
repudiate all manifestations of
bigotry.
Congressman John D. Dingell,
in a statement inserted in the
Congressional R e c or d, con-
curred with the Jan. 8•editorial
in The Detroit Jewish News and
inserted that edithrial in the
Record.
In his accompanying state-
ment, Rep. Dingell said:
"The Jewish News editorial
sets forth very well the real

root of the rash of outrages
against Jewish temples, homes,
and businesses. The painting of
swastikas may look like a
childish prank or th6.act of an
immature mind to a casual
observer, but in fact it is a
manifestation of a dangerous
sickness which we have wit-
nessed abroad in the w or l d
more than once before. Like all
other forms of racial and reli-
gious intolerance, if left alone
long enough it can grow to a
situation of immense danger to
all."

In the Detroit Teen-Age Nazi Club

.

first world conference of the
Association of Youth Pioneers
with a resolution which con-
tended it was a "false idea"
that Jews could integrate into
the general life of countries
outside Israel.
Eban, now a Minister Without
Portfolio, told the delegates
that anti-Semitism should not
be a slogan for the encourage-
ment of immigration to Israel.
He said the crisis confronting
Jews outside of Israel was
spiritual and not economic nor
social, and warned that there
would be no security for • Israel
and the entire Jewish people if,
for example, the safety of
American Jewry were in dan-
ger.
It is in the spiritual field that
Israel's call to Jews should
come, he said, stressing that
emphasis should be put on the
positive side of building Israel
in appeals to Jews to settle in
Israel.

Anti-Nazis Try to Break Up
Reich Founding Celebration

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

HAMBURG — Mounted po-
lice were called in Tuesday
night to restore order when
anti-Nazi demonstrators tried
to break up "a Reich founding
celebration" . held by the right
wing German Reichs Party.
The demonstrators c a r r i e d
posters with the slogan "fas-
cists get out."
Otto Hess, chairman of the
party, declared it had nothing
to do with the two suspects in
the Christmas Eve desecration
of the Cologne synagogue.
The suspects now awaiting
trial in the incident were ex-
pelled from the party imme-
diately after they were ar-
rested. Hess accused "German
politicians and the press" of
responsibility for the incidents.

Bonn Finds No Evidence of
Communist Tie to Vandals

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

BONN — No evidence of ties
with world communism was
found in an investigation of
the Christmas Eve desecration
of the Cologne synagogue, "but
nevertheless there is a com-
munist background" in the
spate of anti-Semitic incidents
in West Germany, "which must
be investigated," G e r h a r d
Schroeder, West German Min-
ister of the Interior declared
Wednesday.
He said that the Cologne syn-
agogue smearing, which
touched off a wave of similar
incidents in the Federal Repub-
lic and throughout the world,
was the only one which might
have political implications. He
said the Bonn government
would issue "a white book" on
the excesses.
It was reported that the Jew-
ish community in Amberg in
Bavaria revealed an attempt
was made last Wednesday to
fire its synagogue. The an-
nouncement was withheld for a
week because Amberg Jewish
leaders felt the publicity would
encourage similar incidents
elsewhere.
The blaze in the arson at-
tempt, which was carefully
planned, was put out before it
could do any damage.

`Thrashing on the Spot'
Urged by. German Bishop

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
(Copyright, 1960,

These homemade Nazi uniforms and banners were found
in the home of the 14-year-old "fuehrer" of the Detroit teen-age
Nazi club. Pat Zabkiewics, a police department secretary, exam-
ines a book on Germany with a Nazi eagle emblem on its cover.
The pistol on the table was carved of wood.

LONDON — The British gov-
ernment is of the opinion that
there may be no particular
anti-Jewish or political signifi-
cance behind the smearing of
swastikas in England, since
Christian churches have also
been daubed, Home Secretary
R. A. Butler told Parliament
Tuesday.
He was replying to a request
by Socialist Deputy Gordon
Walker, urging punishment of

culprits.
The archbishop of Canter-
bury, Dr. Fisher, addressing a
convocation at Coventry, warned
not to pay attention out of all
proportions to the anti-Jewish
incidents. He said these inci-
dents did not represent the
general feelings of the com-
munity. A resolution deploring
anti-Semitism in England and
abroad and asking for unity of
all nations was adopted at the
convocation.
The Archbishop of York ad-
dressing the convocation, called
the r e c e n t manifestations
"loathesome." He urged all
members of the convocation to
do their utmost to bring about
solidarity of all religions within
the country.
The church and the schools
of West Germany have failed
in their attempts to eliminate
the anti-Semitic teachings of
Nazi Gerrhany, Dr. Otto Dibe-
lius, Bishop of the German
Evangelical Church, declared
here. The Bishop is taking part
in a weeklong meeting on Chris-
tian unity and will preach in
the Coventry Cathedral. He said
he agreed with Chancellor Kon-
rad Adenauer's suggestion that
young West German offenders
caught in anti-Jewish acts
should be thrashed on the spot.

Issue Raised in Congress
by Rep. Leonard Farbstein

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

WASHINGTON — Rep. Leon-
ard Farbstein, New York Dem-
ocrat, Tuesday raised a ques-
tion in Congress of whether
the German people, "in view
of the presence of so many
former Nazis in their govern-
ment, interpret the attitude of
their government to be one of
tolerance of Nazism," despite
expressions against anti-Semi-
tism by Bonn leaders.
Rep. Farbstein, a member of
the House Foreign Affairs
Committee, made known that
he is examining the presence
of former Nazis in the Bonn
Government hierarchy. In a
House speech, Rep. Farbstein
said that although a world war
was fought to denazify Ger-
many "we still find former
Nazis in high places in the
West German government. He
said he could not understand
the "lassitude" on the part of
the United States Government
to anti-Semitic developments in
West Germany and elsewhere.
In Bonn, Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer's government made
known Tuesday night that it
has prepared a special decree
to deal with state emergencies
in West Germany. The proposed
legislation, which requires an
amendment of the constitution
would give the government
strong powers to deal with in-
ternal threats to the security
of the state. These powers in-
c l u d e curtailment of free
speech, free press, freedom of
assembly and other civil rights.
* * *
Treason charges filed last
week against three Queens,
N.Y., youths who had set up
their own Nazi party and had
planned on "beating up some
Jews" were not expected to
be sustained. The charges,
made for the first time in
New York judicial history,
were ordered by Magistrate
Milton Solomon in Ridgewood
Felony Court when the three
young hoodlums were ar-
ringed on disorderly conduct
charges.
The Ainerican Jewish Con-
gress criticized the filing of
treason charges against three
hoodlums in Queens, New
York, and said "these youths
and their evil actions must
not become the opportunity
for martyrdom or confusion."
Two hoodlums were to be ar-
raigned in Queens Felony
Court for attacking - a Jewish

family in a restaurant. Stu-
dents demonstrated before the
German Consulate in New
York.
Milan police swooped down
tonight on the headquarters of
the neo-Fascist Ordine Nuovo
(New Order) organization and
arrested nine men, charging
them with having sent threat-
ening letters to Milan Jews and
with having painted swastikas
on walls in the city.
Queen Juliana of the Nether-
lands was personally represent-
ed last night at a demonstra-
tion against anti-Semitism held
in one of Amsterdam's largest
churches. The Dutch Minister
of Justice, A. C. Beerman, at-
tended the meeting at which
clergymen of several Dutch
congregations spoke and con-
demned the outbreak of inci-
dents.
Austrian police pressed a
search for Albrecht Alberti, the
"fuehrer" of a neo-Nazi youth
organization in the province of
Carinthia modeled after the
Hitler Youth movement. Three
officials of the organization
were arrested.
The chairman of the En-
field, London, police court
imposed fines on three youths
for having painted the words
"Death to the Jews!" on a
fence and told them: "What
you were doing was connect-
ed with something -that hap-
pened before you were born.
Thousands of people died
through no fault of their
own. It doesn't do for English
boys to go around painting
those words on fences."
At Lytham, St. Armes, a sea-
man and a student were fined
15 pounds ($42) each for daub =
ing swastikas on the walls. Two
small swastikas were carved on
the door of a synagogue in
Stepney Green, in East London,
last night. In Hendon, another
suburb, swastikas were daubed
on the Hendon Reform Syna-
gogue, on private houses and
parked cars.
The Montreal Police Depart-
ment warn e d that "anyone
caught defacing public build-
ings or other property with
swastikas will be prosecuted for
public mischief or damage."

Women's Organizations
Join Anti-Segregation Unit
NEW YORK, (JTA) — Five
Jewish women's groups have
joined with 12 other national
women's organizations in the
formation of "a new body to
fight segregation in American
public schools, it was announced
today. The new body, "National
Organizations of Women for
Equality," includes the National
Women's Division of the Ameri-
can Jewish Congress, Hadassah,
the National Women's League
of the United Synagogue 'of
America, Pioneer Women, and
the Women's Branch of the
Union of Orthodox Jewish Con-
gregations.

Expect' Resignation
of Bonn Minster

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News -

BONN.—Dr. Theodor Ober-
lander, West German Minister
for Refugees, who is under fire
for alleged participation in war
crimes, will resign his post as
soon as an inquiry into one 'of
the charges is completed,: the
usually well informed West
German newspaper-, Die Welt,
reported Wednesday. •
- Die Welt said he would re-
sign, regardless of the findings
of the Former Resistance Com-
mittee, now sitting in • The
Hague. The committee is in-
vestigating the charge that the
West German Cabinet Minister
took part in the 1942 massacre
of the Jews of Lemberg in what
was then Nazi-occupied Poland.
He has denied the charge.

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