Ask Knesset to Authorize
49-Year Oil Pipeline Lease
The concessionaires will have
exclusive rights on oil imports
4 The Distressing Andrija Artukovic Episode
JERUSALEM — Finance Min- to Israel, both at Eilat and
Andrija Artukovic is a free man. Responsible leaders,
ister Levi Eshkol asked Israel's along the Mediterranean. They
including Dr. Joachim Prinz, president of the American Jewish
Parliament Tuesday to ratify an will be- guaranteed an eight
P--: Congress, had asked that his case be reviewed, that a private
agreement giving a 49-year con- per cent return on their invest-
:-: bill for his relief, presented in Congress, should be rejected.
cession on a 16-inch oil pipeline meat for 15 years, during
,. But these efforts failed. Artukovic, by action of a Los Angeles
from Eilat, on the Gulf of- which the Israel government is
court, is now a free man in the t
Aqaba to Israel's refineries in obligated to transport 1,500,000
It is important, nevertheless, that the issue should be
Haifa, on the Mediterranean, to tons of oil annually for domes-
an International syndicate head- tic requirements.
Writing from Munich, some time back, in a report to the
ed by Baron Edmund de Roths-
New York Post, Seymour Freidin described the Artukovic
The government will hold in
child, of Paris.
abeyance for 15 years $4,000,000
"Jail doors have swung open and shut in three far-flung cases bound
Eshkol and Baron de Roths- in payments to the concession-
together by the bitter past they raked up.
child signed a preliminary aires. The concessionaires will
"An old SS commander did time as a war criminal. His name is Sepp
Dietrich. and once he had the power of life and death over millions of
agreement last weekend, subject pay $19,000,000 before the end
to ratification by the Knesset. of 1960 and another $1,000,000
Bonn, a court meted out life sentences to a couple of SS guards
syndicate will invest more in 1961.
whose records left spectators frozen with horror. They were part of
Dietrich's command. One was called 'Iron' for his inhumanity. His real
$20,000,000 in the opera-
name is Gustav Sorge (`sorge' means worry in German). His accomplice,
Eshkol named as members of
Wilhelm Schubert, was known to campmates as 'Pistol.'
the concessionaire group the
"These two cases are examples of the West German government's
current effort to show that the past is a dead letter. Chancellor Adenauer
Palestine Economic Corporation,
new pipeline would enable the American Palestine Corpor-
A doggedly keeps trying to refresh the memory of his countrymen.
the Haifa refineries to work at
"The third case happened in California. There were complications
(AMPAL), a Miami group
because a Communist-ruled country, Yugoslavia, entered the complaint.
Injured in an automobile ac- full capacity and would be a ation
im Westerners usually become wary these days when Communists level the cident last Thursday while visit- major contribution toward the of private investors, Sam Roth-
berg, former top leader of the
Artukovic is wanted for trial in Yugoslavia. ing England, Detroit communal further development of the
He is charged with participation in mass murder. A California court leader and b u i 1 d e r Joseph Negev. He urged early ratifi- Israel Bond Organization, the
ruled that there was no 'reasonable cause' to believe Artukovic guilty
Bank Leumi L. Israel, the Israel
more Holtzman will be hospitalized cation of the de Rothschild con- Discount Bank, the Swiss-Israel
of the crimes. Extradition was denied.
"Artukovic's name probably doesn't ring a bell with you. any go
al his for the next 12 weeks in the cession.
Bank, PAZ (the Isaac Wolfson
than did Sorge's or Schubert's. Beginning in 1934, Sepp Dietrich g
measure of publicity by carrying out Hitler's blood purge. In the next town of Carlisle.
The Finance Minister disclos oil interests), which took over
decade he set up murder factories throughout Europe. One of these was
Holtzman suffered a broken
puppet state of Croatia. That was a Nazi-created satellite
Shell's holdings in Israel, and
auleiters. The record is clear hip in the accident, when the ed that the concessionaires
installed in the -
were organized in two com- Delek, Ltd., the National Fuel
and unmistakable in that respect. Artukovic was the Minister of Interior car in which he was driving
panies, Tri-Continental Pipe-
for 1.,Ta.z_i.-run Croatia.
skidded on wet pavement near line, Ltd., with offices in Can- Co.
At the present time, the Haifa
"Ministers of Interior in Europe control state security. In totalitarian Carlisle, 90 miles south of the
ada, and Israeli Pipeline Ltd.,
society, a minister of interior bosses the police and secret agents. Artu-
refineries are working at only
kovic could not have been responsible for a Nazi satellite's police setup border of Scotland.
which is registered locally.
a fourth of their capacity be-
Other passengers in the car,
without the approval of Himmler and Sept) Dietrich.
For their investment, the con- I
"Artukovic denied that he had anything to do with the mass execu-
cessionaires will obtain the ex- cause of the lack of crude
tions that occurred in Croatia. But he had held a job in which, in the
last analysis, he was responsible to men like Himmler and Sepp Dietrich. Helen, and his brother and sis- isting 16-inch line from Beer-jsupplies. Prior to 1949,
"There were. for example, SS units in Croatia and unspeakable
tortures were inflicted upon their victims. Police of the puppet Croatian ter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Al sheba northwards to Haifa and!, fineries received their crude
state helped to round up the prisoners. Artukovic stayed on the job Holtzman, of Los Angeles, es- the new line being built from !via a pipeline from the
until the Nazi collapse.
caped without serious injury
Eilat to Beersheba.
"When that occurred. Artukovic fled, for obvious reasons. What is although Mrs. Etta Holtzman
not obvious is how he was able to enter the U.S. His immediate boss in
bygone Nazi days was Ante Pavelich, founder of a group tha worked has a broken wrist.
The two couples had been
in collaboration with Mussolini and then Hitler. Pavelich cannot enter
the U.S. How come his police chief did?
"The West Germans, after many false starts, are currently re-examin- enjoying a vacation through
ing the case of old Gestapo and SS hands. Often the defense has been Europe, and had been gone
that a Communist trap was baited to snare men 'who managed to evade about a month. Mr. and Mrs.
"In Artukovic's case it seems that sympathy for a man wanted by Holtzman were expected to re
Communist regime clouded the other aspects of his past. The entire turn to Detroit in two weeks.
Artukovic episode needs careful re-examination."
Although resting comfortably„,
This case apparently now is closed. But those who had
suffered under the Nazis, the victims of the horrible ten-year and in no danger, Mr. Holtzman-
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
suffered the sort of injury, in
i htmare in Europe, can not forget either Artukovic or
others who survived the tortures of one of the worst el as in I which he must remain immo- Communal Affairs
A new avenue of aid to Israel—with benefits for American
In a message to his family
Jewish organizations and institutions — has been opened by
of Literary Treasures
If we are to judge by the advance announcements of books I staying in a ward. He quipped Dr. Joseph Schwartz, executive vice-president of the Israel
get to know Organization . . . There are many millions of dollars today lying
to be published in the coming months, we are due for many ! shat he expects to
1 the English people quite well idle in American Jewish organizations small and large . . . These
great literary treats. - -
The Jewish PubliCation Society always enriches our knowl- ' in the next three months.
millions of dollars are earmarked as funds to be spent for new
edge with the scholarly selections that are made by an able I Holtzman is at the Cumber- buildings for various Jewish institutions—synagogues, hospitals,
publications committee and a distinguished editor, Dr. Solomon j land Infirmary, Carlisle, Cum-
schools, centers, homes for the aged . . . But the building projects
berland County, England.
the time being in their planning stage, an d
JPS's Covenant Books, published jointly with Farrar, Straus
are f or
years before the actual construction work will be started . . .
and Cudahy, will continue to head the list of Jewish children's
b ks The. two Covenant
the meantime these ui cl
Rothchild's "Keys to a Magic Door: Isaac Leib Peretz,'' an
accounts yielding small interest . . . Why not have these funds
Emily Hahn's "Aboab: The First Rabbi of the Americas."
NEW YORK (JTA) — The invested in Israel bonds which provide four percent interest and
We are especially interested at this• time in the announce-
ment of Jewish titles for the coming months made by Farrar. state does not have to give cor- can be redeemed whenever the money is needed? . . . Under this
Straus and Cudahy. They include: "No Easy Answers," by porate charters to groups which scheme, the organizations or institutions holding the Israel bonds
Philip M. Klutznick; "Great Jewish Personalities in Ancient practice hate and bias, a justice can redeem them for American dollars at any time on 30 days'
and Medieval Times" and "Great Jewish Personalities in Modern ruled in Queens C o u n t y Su- notice . . . Thus, the dollars are immediately available whenever
by Rabbi Simon Noveck; "Across the Threshold: A preme Court. He denied the the institution finds it is ready to commence building.
Guide for the Jewish Homemaker," by Shonie B. Levi and application of the "Association
Sylvia R. Kaplan; and "The Birthday of the World," by Moshe for Preservation of Freedom of
Choice, Inc.," for a state char- Personnel • Problems
Davis and Victor Ratner.
The shortage of professional personnel in Jewish communal
Scores of other books, due from other publishers, assure ter.
institutions is still severe, but all indications point to the
down by Justice J. Idwin Sha- that the problem is well on its way to a solution . . . The
piro who indicated his conclu- of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds — which first called
sion that the purpose of the attention to the growing shortage in 1955 — is now in a position
organization was to foster and to report that recruitment plans during the last few years Jewish
encourage discrimination f o r stimulated hundreds of students to become interested in
social work careers . . . These recruitment efforts are being
upon the basis of their inherent reasons of religion and race.
conducted by national Jewish institutions as, well as by grad-
WASHINGTON, ( J T A ) —
worth. The worship of national
Jewish communities and have helped boost enrollment at hope
Michigan Sens. Philip A. Hart
origins should be eradicated corporators as individuals are
and Patrick V. McNamara were from our immigration statutes." concerned," the c our t held, uate schools of social work . . . Jewish community leaders com-
crack the shortage of trained professionals in Jewish
two of 11 Democratic Senators
The bill would establish a "they may indulge in their prej- to
to join Sen. Hubert H. Hum- numerical limitation on the udices and bigotries. But their munal service through three major programs . . One project
provides for national scholarships . . . The most recent
phrey (D., Minn.) in co-sponsor-
basis of one-sixth of one per- purposes and intended practices
ing a new immigration bill ask-
cent of the most recent popula- should not be sanctioned by in this direction is
ing "complete revision and re- tion census—allocated without receiving the imprimatur of this Jewish Communal Service, which is creating a central assist i i n
placement" of the McCarran- regard to origin, race or creed.
the professional training of local candidates . . . The second
Walter Immigration Act. -
Incorporation under state law, program provides for summer work replacements, giving students
The - bill, which would di:card
the national origins quota sys7 to reuniting families, to bring- he pointed out, is a "privilege." the opportunity to obtain jobs in Jewish agencies and institu-
ing needed skills to the United Since state public policy op- tions—at a salary—during their vacations . . . This gives them
tern, was referred to the Senate
States and to providing asylum poses discrimination he said, real social work experience and, at the same time, tests their
to political refugees seeking "this court does not conceive it
Paying tribute to former Sen.
interest in the field . . . The third method to attract
Herbert H. Lehman of New
Other Senators who joined in approve for incorporation an students
York, author of similar legis-
co-sponoring the bill were Har-
lation in the 84th Congress, rison A. Williams, New Jersey; organization which by its very Jewish Welfare Board have conducted career conferences with
Sen. Humphrey declared that Eugene McCarthy. Minnesota; intendment negates these basic Hillel Foundation students on many campuses . . . These con-
principles of our land."
ferences have influenced many students to pursue social work
the new bill was required 'in
order to conform to our demo- Wayne Morse and Richard Neu-
as a career . . . Jewish communities which have established
Berger, both of Oregan; Joseph
The Jews are not hated be- various programs to attract students into the field of Jewish
cratic traditions, our Interna- Clark, Jr., Pennsylvania; John
tional declarations, and our con- 0. Pastore and Theodore F. cause they have evil qualities; communal service include New York, Detroit, Boston, Clevel,
evil qualities are sought for in Cincinnati, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Chicago, Columbus, Mon-
cepts of fairness."
Green, both of Rhode Island;
Condemning.. the quota sys- James E. Murray, Montana; and them because they are hated.— treal and others.
hre said "hu-
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to the Jewish News
Hurt in AccidentItton.
in Great Britainlthe
. and Me
NY State Charter
Senators Hart and McNamara
Support New Immigration Bill