A Catholic for
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Reviesv
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newsr
VOL. XXXV—No. 21
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35, July 24, 1959 $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
Bpn-Gurion S. „. i s at Israel's Helm;
. Police Stem Rush of Immigrant Riots
'Reality Is Today's Miracle'
Premier David Ben-Gurion, unable to form
a new coalition government, will continue as
Prime Minister on a caretaker basis until the
national elections in November.
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
atively, lending honor and glory to Is-
TEL AVIV—Israelis who can visualize rael's kinsmen who are sharing in this
The first task of Ben-Gurion, who has
the immensity of the developments that great work. There is no doubt that all avoided meetings of the Cabinet since two
take place under their very noses, who parties contribute well toward the ad- parties in his coalition government voted against
see the woods in the midst of thick vancement of the great scheme that now the government-proposed arms deal with
forests, will tell,you that it is the second seems so much more secure, in spite of
Germany, was to prevent the spread of an epi-
visit in Israel that really counts: for, then the continuing surrounding enmities.
can really be witness to progress.
demic of rioting among new immigrants to the
A brief word about one of the projects,
of It is on our third visit that the truth the Kfar Silver activities that have been Jewish state. A second major problem is the
It such an observation becomes evident. established in honor of Dr. Abba Hillel issue of free passage for Israel shipping through
is on our third pilgrimage in less than Silver, the great American Zionist leader. the Suez Canal, which is currently being held
that we are witnesses to such T
tremendous accomplishments that wehe Silver Village, as the name of the in abeyance until complete reports are given
are awed by the greatness of the histori- project implies, is an agricultural experi- by United Nations. Secretary General Dag
ment station for boys and girls of 12 and
cal episode called Israel,
Hammarskjold to Joseph Tekoah, Israel's
There is less talk, now about MIR- older. There are 171 young students permanent representative at the UN.
ACLES: now the builders of Israel speak
of REALITIES. In Israel today, reality is prepared for agricultural work in the
land. There are plans for a capacity of
synonymous with miracle.
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish
You begin to travel, usually the ver320
students, and the impressive setup
JERUSALEIVI—The Cabinet met in extraordinary
please every Zionist who assists session Tuesday to discuss the riots which broke
moment you have cau
upon your arrival, and if ht you
been the ZOA Project whether it is through during the night in Beersheba and other disturbances
srael on another occasion you dis-
Sunday in Migdal Haemek in which 12 policemen were
cover that there are new roads, that con- similar undertakings throughout our injured. At the same time, increased police forces
struction goes on at a great speed, that
were sent to new immigrant centers where tension was
new factories are emerging. There are You Gain An Israeli Day
more and new people: your United Jew- When You Travel El Al
Following a four-hour meeting of the Cabinet,
ish Appeal contribution made it possible.
ATHENS, Greece, (Delayed) — You the government instructed police to employ all meas-
New afforestation projects attest to the gain a day of Israeli experiences even ures at their disposal to secure non-recurrence of the
Jewish National Fund's continued exist- before you get to Israel if you travel on
rioting. An official communique issued after the meet-
ence. When you inquire about the health an El Al plane. You enter at once into ing attributed the disturbances to small groups
of the people you learn quickly that an Israeli atmosphere. Hebrew as well instigators.
Hadassah is held in the affection of new- as English is spoken; the tourist meets
Police Inspector General Yosef Nachmias who
comers as well as natives (Sabras). Ort Israeli pilots and hostesses, and the intro- attended the Cabinet meeting told the press that there
has a new building. Pioneer Women's duction to Israel is thereby advanced by is no doubt that the current propaganda in connection
projects are part of the pride of Israel's 18 hours.
with the forthcoming national elections in November
There is good service and good food, was a contributing factor. He refused to elaborate on
It is when you get into the new plants and the "on time departures" as well as the government's statement regarding the groups
that you recognize the truth of the claims arrivals match the oldest existing lines. instigators.
on many signs that "Bonds build Israel." It was heartening to note that during the
Bihor Shitreet, Minister of Police, and Mordechai
In the power plant in Ashdod, where a
past few weeks, 37 of 46 flights were Namir, Labor Minister, told the special Cabinet meeting
new harbor and an immense city are en- on time, and only nine were delayed. Of that there was no relation between the incidents which
visioned for the approaching future, and the delays, three were under 15 minutes. occurred at Migdal Haemek and Beersheba, or to
in the water pipe manufacturing plant
third riot in Haifa, which occurred last week. Each in- a
The El Al captains and their crews
in Yuval Gad we saw the fruits of the
are cooperative and courteous. Captain cident had special characteristics, they said.
labors made possible by the Bond dollars B. Lenson, with whom we began our
Joseph Avidar, Director General of the Ministry
that come from our American communi- flight, began to fly in 1941 with the RAF, of Labor, reported on the system of relief work pro-
then he went into the Israel Air Force vided for jobless immigrants at development centers.
Do not underestimate this tribute to and has been with El
He said that Migdal Haemek workers were set "norms"
Al for 10 years.
Israel: these are only the first da ys of
for daily pay which, he said, could be completed easily
another memorable visit and a study of flight, includ
in six hours but, acting on agitation from "instigators,"
ing an H
what has happened in Israel during a
they sought to reduce the norms to the equivalent of
lapse of 19 months since our last visit.
Windsor, the Yiddish actor Leo Fuld and
The Jewish National Fund, which employs the
We shall relate the story of Yuval Dr. L. Axelrod,. New York psychiatrist,
Gad and Ashdod and scores of other at- who was on the way to Ginegar to estab- Migdal Haemek workers at afforestation projects, issued
a statement in which it was asserted that the norm
tainments in the coming week. Suffice lish a children's home in memory of his
to say at the outset that the genius of wife who was a national leader in the
system had been tested by long experience and found
Israel is functioning with dignity, cre- Pioneer Women's movement.
to be of maximum fairness to the worker since he was
able, if he wished, to exceed the minimum requirements
s Great Progress
Unwanted Polish JewUncertain of Future
(Continued on Page 32)
By DAVID MILLER
(Copyright, 1959, JTA, Inc.)
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is
the second article from Po-
land by David Miller, special
Correspondent of the Jewish
Telegraphic Agency, who is
7119W touring the countries
behind the Iron Curtain on a
Pulitzer Scholarship from
Columbia University graduate
school of journalism.)
The road lead-
ing from the railroad junction
of Auschwitz in southern Po-
land is marked by an occasional
arrow reading "Museum."
On the asphalt road dozens
of cars and buses pass each
week. Yet the townspeople
stare at the never-ending stream
as if the visitors were intruders
from another world.
The 12,000 villagers of
Auschwitz know of two rea-
sons to come to their damp,
marshy home. One is to get
to Cracow, the medieval Po-
lish fortress 30 miles away
and untouched by the war.
The other is the more likely
—to see at first hand the
iginals were torn down by
furnaces of Auschwitz Con-
Soviet Army in January,
1945), the preserver) human
Poles, Germans, Americans, hair, the crutches, the
Japanese — a vast
galaxy of cases, the solitary cells, the
humanity — continue to stream firing squad, the railroad
to the bare remains
of the vouchers, the lists of the vic-
notorious camp at the rate of tims,
the gas pellet cartridges.
800 a week. There isn't much In a small reception hut,
left, just enough to stir the visitors are asked to write
imagination. their reaction in a thick volume
On conducted tours, groups filled with messages in many
of 20 to 30 walk through the languages.
remaining brick barracks, see
Just opposite the but stands
the gas chambers, the ovens the gallows where Rudolf
(reconstructed after the or-
Hoess, the Nazi commandant
of Auschwitz, was hanged after
sentencing by a Polish court.
It was 19 years ago last
month (June 4, 1940) that the
first shipment of 700 unknow-
ing victims arrived in Ausch-
witz from Cracow. Some
4,000,000, including 2,000,000
Jews, were to perish at this,
the largest of all Nazi camps.
Do present-day Poles remem-
ber? Do they remember the
Jews who perished? Do they
share a feeling of pity?
"The answer is — no,* an