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November 05, 1920 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish Chronicle, 1920-11-05

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&Denton; jiwisii

the Poles were sincere they would
have accepted our suggestion that an
impartial international commission
should investigate the truth of the
By Dr. M. Soloveitchik, Minister of Jewish Affairs, and
l'olish allegation. Not a single Bol-
Mr. Slezevicius, ex - Premier.
shevik was on Lithuanian territory.
The Jewish Question.
Since the beginning of the war tine of the strongest party, the
"This political expose," said Dr.
Lithuania has been a storm center, Christian Democrats. The other Soloveitchik, "is necessary in order
and the Jewish population suffered not members arc Advocate Dr. Slezevi- that your readers may properly under-
the least of the inhabitants of that cius, formerly Prime Minister, who is stand the danger threatening the
land. Their prospects appeared to be leader of the Moderate Socialist Lithuanian Jews. You ask me what
somewhat better when the indepen- Party: Professor Czepinskis, former- Lithuania has done for the Jews. I
dence of Lithuania was proclaimed ly Lithuanian representative in Lon- prefer to put the question in a dif-
and confirmed by the Peace Treaty; don, who represents the Social Demo- ferent way. The Lithuanian Jews
but successive invasions by the Bol- cratic Party, and myself, representing have co-operated cordially with other
sheviks and the Poles, and particular. the Jews. As your readers are classes of the population in the fight
ly the campaign of violence pursued aware, the Poles have been pursuing for Lithuanian independence, and the
by the Polish Government, have once a policy of extreme violence towards Jewish question as such has not
more placed the Lithuanian Jews in the Lithuanians, whereas we desire to arisen. Lithuania, it must be remem-
a position of peril. An important submit the question at issue between bered, is part of old Russia, and it
deputation representing all Lithuan- ourselves and the Poles to the League would be natural that some trace,
ian parties is at present in London of Nations as an impartial and au- of anti - Semitient should. servive. My
for the purpose of placing the Lith- thoritative tribunal.
colleagues here, howCver, deny that
uanian situation before the British
The Capture of Vilna.
there is any anti-Setnitism in Lithu-
Government and the British people.
"In spite of the solemn declaration ania, and certainly so far as the Gov-
One of the members of this deputa- Made by the Poles to the League of ernment is concerned, there is noth-
tion is Dr. M. Soloveitchik, the Mini- Nations," Dr. Soloveitchik went on ing but the unmost good-will to-
ster for Jewish Affairs in Lithuania, to say, "the Poles have let loose a wards the Jews. In the Lithuanian
who, together with Mr. Slezevicius, so-called White Russian division, constitution, the Jews are not men-
the ex-Premier, received a representa- which has raptured Vilna and set up tioned, but a Ministry has been estab-
tive of the JEWISH CHRONICLE a Government which is falsely repre- lished for the purpose of looking af-
and explained the present position.
sented as being based on the will of ter Jewish cultural interests, Jewish
The Lithuanian-Polish Question.
the people. I should explain that, schools, etc. This Ministry was not
The conversation was conducted by except in Vilna itself, the l'oles are a established to protect the Jews
Dr. Soloveitchik, with occasional very small minority in Lithuania, and attacks, but solely to represent their
promptings front his colleague and consist almost exclusively of repre- culutral interests. Other aninorites
remarks by other members of the sentatives of the great landowners. have the same right, e. g., the White
The new Government is recruited Russians, The Poles in Lithuania
The purpose of our visit," ex- from this class, and its alleged popu- could have the same right if they
plained Dr. Soloveitchik, "is to sup- lar character is mere camouflage. We were prepared to throw in their lot
port the steps being taken by the are convinced that the Poles will not with the country, but we could not
official representatives of Lithuania to succeed in deceiving public opinion, tolerate a minority which looked to
influence Western European Govern- nor in overcoMng the Lithuanian Warsaw for its inspiration.
ments and public opinion on behalf people. In our fight for justice we
The Pogrom Danger.
of Lithuanian independence, and to are assured of the support of Eu-
"The Lithuanian Jews are vitally
expound the wishes of the united ropean democracy and of everybody
in the outcome of the Po-
population of Lithuania in regard to to whom peace is dear. If, however,
the Lithuanian-Polish question. Our we arc left to our own resources, we lish-Lithuanian question. The Poles
gratifications, as popular representa- shall continue to fight for our inde- represent a pogrom regime, and the
tives, are as follows: The control of pendence, but I feel sure that no Eu- Jews have to fear not merely for their
the unoccupied portion of Lithuania ropean statesman can view with lives and property, but economic op-
lies in the hands of a National As- equanimity the situation of anarchy pression and relegation to the rank
of second-class citizens. Vilna has
sembly, which was elected on the and violence that would ensue.
long been a spiritual center for the
democratic basis, over 90 per cent of
Lithuanian Jews, and they are as
the electors
much concerned in saving that city
sembly consists of 112 deputies, a
for Lithuania as the Lithuanians
comparatively small number
with the number who would have Bolshevism. By a wise agrarian pol- themselves. By a policy of ter-
the Poles have sought dur-
been elected had the whole of Lith-
uania, as defined by the I'eace Treaty, appeased the peasants within its bor- ing the last two and a half years to
Jews to silence, and it is
participated. The Diet held its first
sitting on the 5th of May of this land is seized by the great landown- difficult to understand the mentality
of a people which expects loyal citi-
year, and with the acclamation of
the whole population proclaimed the come acute. I should like to dispose zens from an oppressed and perse-
independence of Lithuania, with'Vilna once and for all of the legend spread cuted class. In successive Polish in-
as the capital. A Government was by the Poles that their campaign vasions of Lithuania the Jews have
elected by the Assembly and the dele- against Lithuania was rendered nec- been given over as a prey to the le-
gation at present in London consists essary in order to protect their own gionaries, and it is to be feared that
of representatives of all parties in the borders against the Bolshevists, who the Jews will suffer once more if the
Diet. The head of the delegation is they alleged were advancing through Poles retire from Vilna."
the Vice-president of the Assembly, Lithuania against them. Lithuania
Economic Situation of Lithuanian
the Rev. Mr. Staugaitis, representa- is at peace with Soviet Russia, and if


Lithuania and the Jews



What is the economic situation of
the Lithuanian Jews?
"Before the war the Jews were the
principal mercantile class in the coun-
try, and they were also strongly rep-
resented in industry and the liberal
professions. The war, and especially
the forcible evacuation of the popu-
lation from the war zones, greatly
altered the economic position of the
Jews, who are now almost entirely
engaged in mercantile pursuits. Meas-
ures will have to be taken to increase
the productive class of the Jewish
population and to restore their eco-
nomic position by means of people's
banks and other steps.
Culutral Conditions.
"The Lithuanian Jews," added Dr.
Soloveitchik, itt conclusion, "enjoy
complete autonomy in regard to the
conduct of their schools in which Yid
dish or Hebrew are the media of in-
struction. There are several high
schools, and steps have been taken
to found Chairs of Jewish Science
at the Universities of Vilna. So far
as their communal organization Is
concerned, the Jews receive a pro-
portional share of the State cultural
budget. This is at present estimated
on the basis of the proposition of Jew-
ish electors to the National Assembly,
viz., seven and ■ half per cent, but
this proposition will be increased to
about fourteen per cent when the na-
tional borders of Lithuania are res-
tored. The Jewish communities also
have the right of self-taxation. Un-
fortunately, the great industry of Jew-
ish book production, formerly cen-
tered in Vilna, has been destroyed by
the war, and it will take a very long
time to restore this even if peace was
assured. We have every hope," said
Dr. Soloveitchik in conclusion, "that
the enlightened Jewries of Britain and


For Gentlewomen



2 3 2

us The Thanksgiving Linen Sale
at Healy 's Beckons You to Gome


Wonderful reductions Is the outstanding feature
' of this timely event. Damask Cloths, Center Pieces,
Napkins, etc., are presented In an endless array.
beet .

America will support us in our just



••••e•• ■
••• ■
••• ■
.f...."4"..."*.e.4%."4"• ■•■


WARSAW. — Dr. Bogert is expected
in the city shortly, and the local Jew-
ish press gives wide publicity to his
recent plan calling for the adoption
of 50,000 war orphans. While the pa-

You Need This White
Porcelain Kitchen Table

pers report Dr. Bogen's proposal they
refrain from adding any comment on
the matter.

If Your

Fur or

Special for


one week

24 in. wide


42 in. long


It will tell you we steam it
better than any other concern.
We alter, reline, repair, put
on a new for collar and cuffs,

Rare values never to be duplicated

for at least 25% cheaper than
other furriers.
We have ou rown patented
steaming machine and guar-
antee to give you the beet work
of Its kind.
Fur remodeling, repairing,
cleaning, glazing, etc.
Guaranteed skilled workman-
ship at reasonable prices
Get our estimate before going
Buy our furs, take them with
you and compare prices. We
guarantee to return your money
If you find the same grads gar-
ment cheaper elsewhere.

Durable and well finished White Enameled
Chairs to Match, each


Make your kitchen look light
and cheerful

You need this all white Porcelain Kitchen Table

ommowsw ■ msmissminia


The Vogue Fur Co.

Fur Manufacturers of the Better

1201/2 Farmer St.

A Store With a Conscience

Knowison Bldg., 2nd Floor
Between Grand River & John R.


TELre,-iCtee PAINI M


Nine Floors of

Nine Floors of

Fine Furniture

Fine Furniture


Our Dining Room Furniture is now mraked at special reduced prices. These special prices will
prevail during the month of November, which enables you to buy furniture between now and Thanks-
giving at great savings.

Suttee from such well-known factories as Shaw Furniture Company, Luce

Furniture, and Berkley & Gay Company are Included in this collection,
and the pricings are as low as



Momentarily, Detroiters who want "the most rug for the money" may secure them tar be-
low the ordinary market values in our Rug Department. No such bargains in floor coverings
may be expected to recur, once these rugs have been sold.

The Hartman Furniture Co.

340-342 Woodward Avenue
Upper Woodward
Lower Prices


Probably one of the meet enjoyable
evenings during the present season
was participated In by
the young
folks at the "Harvest Musicale and
Dance" which was staged by the
Young People's Society of Temple
Both El on Sunday evening. October
31st. A brief business meeting was
followed by a splendid entertainment
program which was enthusiastically
received by therm present. Birdie
Michelson In "songs of the hour" was
thoroughly enjoyed In her vocal se-
lections. Herbert Philips and Dr.
Lowenstein In a Saxaphone duet, Mrs.
Cooper's vocal nunmbers and the
"Gassels" In their "Family Revue"
also made a very favorable impres-
The same Y. P. S. special orchestra,
which bas added so greatly to the pop-
ularity of Young People's affairs,
played for dancing. Decorations con.
elating of autumn leaves, corn husks
and pumpkins together with refresh.
Mg apple eider added to the atmos-
phere which the oceasion represented,
An Idea, entirely new In the Young
People's activities, Is their affiliation
with the newly organized Council of
Temple Clubs whose purpose Is to
function affairs of mutual Interest to
members of the Temple Congrega-
lion and the younger folks. This
Council Is to consist of two &Seem
and one director of the Ladles' Auxil-
iary. Temple Wee Club and the
Young People's Society. Also one
member of the Board of Trustees to
represent Temple Beth El congrega-
The next Young People's "Mid-0-
Month" dance will be held on Sunday
evening, November 14th. All mem-
bers and their friends are cordially
invited. Preparations are being made
Jo assure everyone of a most pleas-
ant evening.


The Chronicle is in 'receipt of sev-
eral Inquiries from subscribers regard-
ing Jewish school girls In the city, not
under parental roofs, who are desks
outs of being placed In refined Jewish
homelike surroundings.
If there are any young Jewish girls
attending school In the city who are
looking for a congenial Jewish family
to live with, they may communicate
with the Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Glendale 8326 or call 850 West High

street (new number.)


WARSAW—An appeal to fellow-
townsmen in the United States made
by Grodno was published in the local
newspapers. It is said that the Ghetto
of the town has been entirely de-
stroyed. Hundreds of Jewish families
were left without a roof over their
heads, people are literally dying of
hunger, and diseases of all kinds. in-
. le,' ss typSes. •e raging unrlucked

dear relief is imperative.

Featuring Decided Savings in an

Attractive Sale of
Dresses for Stout Women

Siizes 39 to 56
Dresses for Street, Afternoon and Dinner Wear

VERY woman of Stout and Ilard-to-Flt figure will want to take advantage of this
rare economy offering that presents high-grade garments at an exceptionally
drastic underpricing from our former manufacturer's prices, always conceded low.
These dresses represent the fornous Lane Bryant slenderizing effects, while faithfully
adhering to the current vogu.

$49.7 5

Values to $79.50

'69 •__

Values to $110

'89 •_

Values to $175

Theirs and gowns for very occasion, developed of Tricotine, Silk Duvetyn, Crepe Satin,
Canton Crepe, Crepe de Chine, Chiffon, Georgett, Serge, Jersey and Poiret Twill
in handsome new shades and fashions.

Scond Floor
Washington Arcade

Pontiac Notes

an ogryaa


Tuesday night, Nov. 2. Flint 13'nel
The Jewish Ladies Aid Society will
B'rith Lodge held a grand rally In con-
meet Wednesday, November 3rd at
nection with their regular business
their club rooms . Election of officers
will take place.
Arrangements had already been
made and a contract signed with the
Mrs. Joseph Barnett was hostess to Western Union Telegraph Co. to fur-
the members of Pontiac Temple Beth nish first hand election returns right
El Club at a Hallowe'en party at her o ffthe wire from 6 p. m. Tuesday
house on Franklin Boulevard Thurs- evening until the early hours of Wed.
day evening, October 28th. Games nesday morning. The business meet-
and dancing were the entertainment Ing began promptly at 8 o'clock and
for the evenitig. and a three-course was made as brief as possible, which
luncheon was served.
permitted an early adjournment and
thus made way for the great social
Mrs. George Lewis of Toledo left session to follow.
for her borne after @pending a week
The members were entertained with
as guest of her sister, Mrs. Wm. Pres- musical numbers and other features
between th rading of th dispatches of
electon returns and a delicious lunch-
Mess Alma Buckner is visiting Mr . eon was served between the hours of
and Mrs. Max Hirshberg of Saginaw, 10 p. m. to midnight.
Members, candidates and their la-
dies were present.
"Flint Ldge has had a phenomenal
Mrs. Saul Orman returned to her
home on WhitteMore Street after awakening and actual figures show
spending two months In New York that it Is growing faster than our en-
terprising city by comparison.
visiting relatives.
expect to add at least 60 new mew.
Miss Dorothea Barnett ie in Flint bers to our roster within the next
visiting her slaters, Mrs. Edward Ro- three or four weeks. The real workers
senberg and Mrs. Samuel Magdisohn. In our lodge are also showing a re-
markable Increase in numbers. Next
Mrs. Sidney Netsors entertained Tuesday evening, which is, of comae,
with a charmingly planned dinner Irnal 13'rith evening, will witness a
warty at her home on Mary Day Ave., tremendous turnout of members. The
wunday. Oct. 31st hnnnrine Mies Hat- bueinese meeting sill be brief and to
••• ye•-e- -. who is a bride-elect of the point—balloting on candidates, re-
ports of standing committees, and
ihe season.

255 Woodward

plans for a bigger and more power-
ful organization will conclude tin
meeting part and then for a real

night of fun and Interest."


Society S • r • • d 3,100 Indi•idual
Lunches at Bishop School
During 1919-20.

The Jewish Woman's Club an-
nounces the opening of its Permy
lunch service in the public schools on

Monday, Nov. 1. The penny lunch,
inaugurated by the Jewish WORM 'S
Cl ub several years ago, has since
been followed by other organizations
in the city who pronounce it one of
the important forward movements of
the present day.
It is interesting to note that mem-
bers of the Jewish Woman's Club
served 3,100 individual lunches last
year to the pupils of the Bishop
school and the Bishop school annex.

New President of

PHILADELPHIA Oct. 2 7 — Arthur
K. Stern, of Philadelphia was elected

president of the Jewish Chautauqua
Society to succeed Dr. Jacob S. Gold-
baum at a meeting of the board held
here last week. The twenty-ninth an-
nual meeting. which will be held in
Cleveland Dec. 26 to 30, will be one
of the most successful in the history
of the society, according to the re-

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