A merica 9ewtsh Periodical Cc ter
CLIFTON ATENT.11 • CINCINNATI 10, OHIO
THE JEWISH ,CHRONICLE
MICHIGAN'S JEWISH HOME PUBLICATION
VOL V. NO. 10.
Record of 100,000 Jewish Men in
Army, Navy and Marine Is
Record of Fighting, Achievement,
Sacrifice and High Distinction
Julian Leavitt Makes Report on Facts Kept from Beginning of
War, Showing 10 Per Cent of Casualties, Many Brave Deeds,
and Medals Gallantly Won.
Jewish Wearers of Uniform Far More Than Proportion of
Population, With Regimental and Individual Records of
DETROIT, MICHIGAN, FRID1AY, FEBRUARY 7, 1919.
The Fighting Jew
Here's honor to Abe Kowalski and honor to Jakey Stein
And all his Hebrew brethren who stand in the firing line—
Friedmann, Mayer and Gruenbaum, Elia, , Eismsn and Cohen—
Daily we read about them as able to hold their own.
Once let the truth be uttered, nobody loved the Jew;
Said he was all for money; I did and so 'did you;
Watched him pushing his pushcart, thought he was out of place
land of freedom; his was the "outcast race."
heart might beat
Few of us deemed him human or figured
Under the ragged garments of the peddler of the street.
Dreams? Well, perhaps of money; never of aught so high
As what Old Glory waves for. You thought so, and so did
Well, we were wrong. Confess it I It isn't a race or creed
That makes • man • hero in nation's hour of need.
There's something else to manhood; or yellow, or black, or white,
Your man in the hour of peril will go to the front and fight.
Per Year, $2.00; Copy, 5 Cents
"Krotoshinsky" Is Strange $2,000,000 Relief Cargo
Name of Man Who Delivered For Poland Sufferers on
First Ship for Danzig
Argonne's "Lost Battalion"
Distinguished Service Cross for Polish Jews and Christians
Hero of Regiment of Heroes Meet and Bless Departure of
Recruited from New York "Westward-Ho" from Ho-
boken Pier to Stricken Land.
East Side Shops.
BRONX BOY FACED
PRAYERS OF TWO
DEATH FOR "PALS"
"If the great war has proved any-
NEW YORK—The first step to-
thing, it is that men of all races and ward the sending to Poland of food
from all climes are brave to a fault, and clothing for the relief of the
The Jews, as you see, now prove it. Their children were free at birth,
and that hereos may wear unfamiliar starving millions of that country was
branches of the serv- And now, in return, they are fighting for the freedom of the earth,
BY JULIAN LEAVITT non-combatant
names: the name of Abraham Krot- taken January 26. The steamship
Giving their lives if need be that children of later years
oshinsky, for instance."
Westward-Ho left from Hoboken un-
Although distinctions of this nature Shall be glad and shall live forever in the freedom that is theirs.
NVith these words the Nev: York der the auspices of the Joint Distri-
Director of War Records of American have become, in the organization of
'Fillies sums up editorially the hero. bution Committee of the American
Hirsch and Pollack and Feingold, Radski, Finkel and Pelz,
modern warfare, almost meaningless, Epstein, Jacobs and Mandel, Weinstein, Baruch and Setts,
ismin now being nationally accredited Funds for Jewish War Sufferers, of
and arc therefore not to be over-em- Feiner, Horowitz, Isaacs, Bashwitz, Levy and Franks,
to Abraham Krotoshinsky, a Jew- which Felix H. Warburg is chairman,
From the day that the United
ish lad from the Bronx, who among and the Polish National Committee of
States first entered the World War have been noted in this connection
several other millions of Americans America, of which John F. Smulski is
the Jews of America perceived the are so striking as to compel instant Then honor to Joseph Schnitzer and honor to Heyman Behr,
went across to fight the battles of president.
And all the Hebrew brethren in khaki over there.
The steamship is at-
wisdom of establishing an authentic, attention.
Put prejudice in your pocket. They fought in the days of yore,
tached to the U. S. navy and carries
contemporaneous record of Jewish
According to the latest official fig- And now when the world is threatened, tiey are fighting. Men can no more.
Of the deed for which this Jewish a $2,000,000 cargo.
service in the common cause.
Howard V. Sutherland.
ures available as to the strengths of
lad received the Distinguished Serv-
The ship is bound for Danzig on a
To this end the American Jewish the army as a whole and of each of
This poem appeared originally in the New York Herald under the title "To ice Cross, given only as a recognition trip that will require from 20 to 24
Committee, at its annual meeting in its component branches, the total Hester Street." The author, Mr. Sutherland, is a member of the National of extraordinary heroism, the New
days, On her voyage she will stop
November, 1917—the first since our strength was, in November, 1918, Security League.
York Times says:
at Falmouth, England, where she will
entrance into the war--assigned to its about 3,6653810, of which the infantry,
Ile volunteered for a service which
be joined by Leon Katnaiky and Bar-
Bureau of Statistics, as a rajor func- artillery, cavalry and signal-aviation
seemed certain death, for other men
net Zuckerman, representing the
tion, the task of collecting and col- branches constituted 60 per cent and
had fallen wounded, or had been kill-
Joint Distribution Committee, who
IS LOUISVILLE BOY
lating all data bearing upon the war the other branches such as ordnance,
ed, or were accounted "missing" in
will proceed with her to Danzig to
service of American Jews.
quartermaster's, etc., constituted 40
attempting the duty which the young-
assist in the distribution.
Within the year this work has pro- per cent. But among the 70,000 Jew-
I 01 ISVI LLE—I saac P. M arcos.
ster from New York sprang to per-
These supplies have been shipped
ceeded vigorously and systematically ish records in our possession the dis- son whose contributions to several
form with 110 111116011S about its per-
through the co-operation of the U. S.
in the face of many serious obstacles. tribution among the first named papers and more especially to the
Under these circumstances the prog- branches is fully 72 per cent, or 12 Saturday Evening Post, on Finance
The place was the Argonne For- Food Administration and will be de-
Fwards Special Plea to Peace est, where death became very famil- livered to the representatives of Her-
ress achieved in this first year has per cent greater than in the entire and \Val- Supplies, have attracted so For
much attention, was born iu Louis-
Congress in Name of Op- iar to the American soldier. It was bert Hoover, chairman of the Su-
well exceeded all expectations. The United States army.
preme Council of the Inter-Allied
time has not yet come to cast up the
The infantry branch constitutes 26.6 ville about 45 years ago, a member of p!ressed Brethern in Seven full of "Bloody Angles." The or-
count, for the information is still per cent of the United States army, an old and well-known Jewish family.
ganization to which Krotoshinsky be- Food Commission. The supplies con-
Ile served several terms as a re- Near Eastern Lands
pouring in—every mail brings pack- while of the Jewish total it consti-
longed was the "Lost Battalion." sist of 3,500 tons of flour, 1,500 tons
ages of cards from the agents of the tutes 51.7 per cent, or practically porter on the Courier-Journal of
Surrounded by the enemy and cut off of milk, 1,000 tons of packing-house
Louisville where he attracted the STRONG FAITH IN
Jewish Welfare Board in the camps; double the army ratio.
from the rest of the American army, products, 5)0) tons of cotton-seed oil
honor rolls front synagogues and
WORLD DEMOCRACY it had decided to die rather than sur- and $100,000 in clothing and shoes,
In artillery the proportion is 14 attention of Colonel Henry \Vatter-
the cost of which was met in equal
temples throughout the country; serv- per cent for the army as a whole son who introduced him to James
amounts by the Jewish and Polish
The Central Conference of Ameri-
ice rolls of fraternal, national and la- and 10 per cent fur the Jewish total. Lane Allen, the well-known Kentucky'
A Deathless Story.
bor organizations, etc.—nevertheless In cavalry the rate fur the entire author.
can Rabbis asks the peace confer-
Everybody knows the story now',
About the time that Mr. Allen be- ende representatives front the United
it may he possible to summarize, army is 2 per cent, for the Jews only
The vessel is in charge of Lieuten-
gan to make his headquarters in New St es to help in righting the wrongs a deathless story. Runner after run- ant-Commander Charles Boottger, U.
without danger of serious misinter- I per cent.
York young Marcosson went to the of he Jews in Russia, Poland, Gal-
S. N., and has a crew of 15 officers
pretation, certain outstanding facts
The engineer corps constitutes 11
Metropolis and 1st r, :\llen introduced icia, Roumania, Palestine and 'Tur- unteers—to get through the enemy's and 105 men.
that have already been developed in
per cent of the army strength, and
him to the New York City editors.
the course of the inquiry.
Iletween 200 and 300 members of
but 3 per cent among the Jews.
was a target as soon as he went
His rise, from that time was Very
The appeal follows:
the two committees gathered at Ho-
The signal and aviation corps rep- rapid. lie was fortunate enough to
The Conference of r1merican Rab- "over the top."
1 if the 100300 records at hand about resent 69 per cent of the United
It as the valor of cold blood that boken. The ship bore a huge placard
be in Russia at the time when the bistinost respectfully submits the fol-
along her sides, "Food for Poland
8014)0 have been tabulated and class,- titans total, and 6 per cent of the
first revolution succeeded in deposing io Mg to you and, through your kind Made him take the risk. Ile would sent by the Joint Distribution Com-
tied in three great files, arranged (a)1 Jewish total.
the czar. His newspaper training 04, 0,.. s, to the members.. of the eons probably be the Victilli ttf, a suiper mittee Jo the American Funds for
alphabetically. (b) by branches of
The medical corps is KT t.er cent able(' hint to obtain a great deal of ference of allied nations now as- if a shell did not do the work. Death
Jewish War Sufferers and the Polish
service and (el by cities of origin.
by an ordinary wound is bad enough,
of the Jewish total.
information which was easily acces- sembled in l'aris:
Of these 80,000 records about 69,000
The quartermaster's corps is 6.2 per sible to him, and the result was a
Mr. Smulski, the president of the
are in the army: about 8,800 in the cent of the army total, 5.1 per cent number of contributions to the,oress
ized into the dispensation of Moses, tinction by a shell, the shattering of
Polish committee, journeyed from
navy; and about 1,700 in the marine of the Jewish total.
that attracted considerable attention. and of the moral worth of human the human frame into inextinguish-
corps. Of the 69,0no in the army
Chicago to he present at the vessel's
Ordnance is 1.7 per cent of the ar-
He is now in New York City and at life, as expressed in the idealism of able pieces, which accounts for so
departure. Ile brought with him a
about 35,000 are classified in the in- ,iy total, 1.5 per cent of the Jewish
present delivering a course of lectures Isaiah, we welcome the epochal as- many of the "missing." No man had
check for $1,000.00)) covering that
fantry, 6,500 in the artillery, 2,300 in tli;! total.
on Germany, warning the allies that sembly of the European and Ameri- gotten through, for there was no
committee's share of the expenses.
medical corps, 3964 in the signal and
she is not yet thoroughly beaten, and can peoples and offer them our con- cheering or relieving of troops, no
Albert Lucas, secretary of the Joint
aviation corps, 1,895 in the engineer
1f, therefore, such distinctions are it is possible she will make further fidence in the performance of their signal of all coming,
Distribution Committee, delivered a
corps, 1,213 in the cavalry. 1,1)19 in the
for a volunteer was made again.
ordnance, 3,521 in the quartermas-
Krotoshinsky spoke first, stepped check for a like amount to Howard
Knowing that the peace con-
ter's corps.and about 8.814 in other
went over in full 51. Smith, assistant secretary of the
MANY FAITHS HONOR
gress will lay down principles that tip to the tcleal.
Food Administration Grain Corpora-
branches (incluilinc, men in training). Jews in the combatant branches is far
express the conscience of a re-awak- view - of the •nemy, and was off to
tion, who, with Mr. Lucas, carried
There are 5,021 ir wish c4,11111OSSion
ened world and will earnestly and sin- save the "Lost Battalion."
the details of securing the sup-
General Pershing says that "patrols
cerely demand their equitable atri-
Additional evidence as to this point
CH IC\60-1Fhe pre-eminence of
are colonels or licittetiant - colonek ,
cation, we call attention to the intim- and runners had been repeatedly shot
The ceremonies before the ship sail-
the Jewess in cultural hells has often
202 majors, 782 captains and 4,007
timate condition of the Jews in Rus- (low IL" There seemed little hope, a
hr" branches of the service differ-
lieutenants. In the navy there arc of
been exemplified, but perhaps no finer sia. Poland, Galicia, Roumania, Pal- ghost of a chance, for the private ed included a blessing pronounced by
2115 commissioned officers, including
tribute to her has been paid than by estine. Turkey and eastern countries. from the Bronx. NVItat a sight it Dr. Philip Klein, Rabbi of Temple
quartermaster's corps and the marine
one rear admiral. and in the marine
the selection of three Jewish women These Jews, though native to the soil, must have been, the race against Ohab Zudek, New York, and aonth.
corps 25 commissioned officers, in- corps.
to head the Chicago League of Re-
death! .Nt Port Hudson the Confed- er by Rev. \V. Zapala, a Polish priest,
In v iew of the fact that the quarter- ligious Fellowship within the last faithful in the performance of their
and' several addresses, and a response
cluding one brigadier-general.
civic dillies. and useful to the weal erates cheered the Massachusetts
master's corps is essentially the busi-
What is the total number, and per-
quarter of a century. Mrs. Israel nil progress of their respective coun- hero, Colonel 1Villiam Francis Bart- by the vessel's commander.
ness organization of the army and
Representatives of the Joint Distri-
centage of the Jews in the Army and
Cowen heads this organization daring
tries, are debarred from the privileges lett. jumping the tree roots of their
that the Jewish recruits, as a class,
Navy of the United States?
the current term. and two other Jew- and responsibilities of citizenship and abatis, as lie led the men to the bution Committee present were Mr.
'the best available evidence indi-
Kamaiky and Mr. Zuckerman, who
women to be thushnn,;e t
are not infrelinentIV victimized by op- charge. far in advance of them—he
training and greater capacity for or- ish
Mrs. Henry 1.. Frank and Mrs. Ilarry pressions and malicious persecution. went do w n at last, once more crier- are to sail on a passenger liner for
cates that there are from 150,0( 0 ), or
ganization than their non-Jewish com-
England, Louis J. Robertson, Morris
about 3.9 per cent. The estimate is
\Vt believe that an adjustment o f Dusty WMInded•
rades, it may reasonably have been Ilart
Engelman, Stanley Bore, Sholem
based upon two independent calcula-
The Jewish membership of this or-
zation is fairly negligible in num flew wrongs will not only redeem the One cannot imagine the Germans
tions which tend strongly to confirm
Bronx Aseh. Jacob Carlinger, Dr. Klein,
s Who have been gr i evo usly b ar . cheering the private from the
Morit z Neuman and others.
one another. One is a study of the
gent but thev are given precedence 1,
centage of the Jews than all other bet% of their distinctive mental at- asset, but also these governments as he faced the hell of their fire, now
casuality lists. The total number of
is one of the stumbling, note up again, always go-
branches. The evidence at hand, r: use
casualties in the American Expedi-
ing forward undauuted to save the PALESTINE FUND IS
the peaCe conference.
however, points definitely to the con- tatuments. 'I he
tionary Forces published to Nov. 1,
outgrowth of the Parliament of Re- tasks of
battalion, but if ever a fighting man
personnel in the
1918, was 6•,157. The total number of trary. \\init. the
0.2 per cent of
4. It is pathetic that we must ask deserved to be cheered by a generous
Jewish casualties not. .I to that (late Q, NI. C. constitutes
Columbian Exposition, 189;,.
IN BIG DRIVE WEEK
the peace conference to draw the enemy it was this courier who was
was 2,502—or about 3.9 per cent of
Jewish question into consideration in captain of his soul and dared all for
the total. 'this would indicate that
Of these 451 were killed in action, its ''^cision as to the reliability of love of his comrades.
The marine corps, on the other
NE\a' YORK—Three hundred and
the Jews constitute about 4 per cent
Colonel Roosevelt extolled two of
hand. is essentially a lighting organ- 142 died of wounds, 96 died from dis- these nations which are demanding
sixty-three thousand dollars was add-
of the army and marine corps.
ization. Every man in this corps is a ease, 73 died from accident and other political independence and enroll- his Rough Riders, one of whom sue- ed to the three million dollar l'aleS•
.\s these two arms of the service
run through the
volunteer, etili•teil with the full causes. lffic total number of deaths is mem in the comity of nations. But rived, for making a
tine Restoration Fund during the sec-
numbered, at the close of the war.
know ledge that he would be sent :qt.?, or 4.1 per cent of the total in uu nation is worthy of confidence and lire of the Spaniards in Cuba, but ond week of the drive bringing up the
about 3,700,000 men, this would make
lier•Ver the fighting is thickest. Now the American Expeditionary Forces. the partnership of other nations un- what a sprinkling of bullets it was collection to date to nearly one mil-
the total of Jewish soldiers and ma-
of the 6000!. marine corps records The total wounded is 1,597. or 3.8 per less it binds itself to an all-inclusive compared with the inferno of the lion five hundred thousand dollars or
rines about 1.45 0410. And as the same
o tee rent of the American forces.
justice and is responsible to the com- crater-making shells and machine-gun half of the quota for the United States.
ratio probably applies to the navy, examined to date about 1,700rhr
Honors and Citations.
bined conscience, sincerity and intel- volleys of the great war!
The largest contribution received
it personnel of 500,000 would furnish per cent, proved to be Jewish, th
'Hie private from the Bronx is now
The reports .of citations for gal- ligence of the world.
was from Cleveland, Ohio, $50,000.
approximately 20,000 Jews. The total probable another 10 per cent
4. We have the utmost faith in the numbered among the bravest of the .1t Youngstown, Ohio, $5,800 was
for all branches of the service would Jewish. but not definitely traceable by lantry in action, and of other honors
and decorations, are too belated to justness of democratic organization.
raised at a meeting addressed by Dr.
therefore, according to this method of our inetliods..\nd of these 1,700 Jew-
This revelation coming at this time
calculation, approximate 165,000. ish marines fully 3)1 per cent joined provide sufficient data for the purpose \\,e feel, therefore, that the rehabili- is not astonishing. From the very Ben Zion Mossinsohn, director of the
How does the percentage of Jews immediately after June 5th, the (lay
Hebrew gymnasium in Jaffa, Pales.
published to the world howe ■ er, that the number of Jewish desired by Jews, should be arranged first days when General Pershing's tine.
in the service compare with the Jew- when it was
alloy lined up at its appointee' sector
The W'omen's Committee of the
ish population of the United States? that the Maiiiita had turned the tide
and French decorations is consider- desire fur that land liberty and to do battle with the enemy, the col- Palestine Restoration fund announces
'the entire Jewish population of the at Chateau Thierry--in other wools,
the .77th C.(.Ipton) Divi- equality of all in opportunity and umns of the newspapers have been that Mine. Bertha Kalich, tragedienne,
country, according to the latest esti- when they knew definitely that the able:: It was
sion that was in the thick of the civic obligation and respect and pro- replete with the (lash and heroism of will give a benefit performance of
mate, is about 3 per (ant of the total marines had become the "shock
fighting at Argonne Forest, and it tection of the conscience, in accord- soldiers of the Jewish faith, none of “The Riddle-14,'onian" for the Pales-
population. The Jews in the mill- troops" of the E. F.
What is the total number, and per- was a Jewish battalion belonging to ance with the all-inclusive justice of whom had ewer before been trained tine Restoration fund Sunday eve-
tary and naval forces of the United
the famous 303th—that won deathless the civilized world. The Holy Land, in war, and some of whom came from ning, March 2, at the Fulton theatre.
States. however, constitute from 4 to tentage, of Jewish casualties?
At this writing the official casualty glory for itself and for the honor in fact, should be exemplary for civil- very humble callings in civil life.
5 per cent of the total personnel.
This "Lost Battalion" which decid
The principal reason for the high lists are still far from complete and if the Jewish name in the Argonne.
ed to die rather than surrender to the mind the case of Captain Adler, who
The list of all citations will, there -
NVith profound regard, yours,
percentage of Jews in the service it is therefore impossible to state ac-
enemy was composed mainly of Jews only two weeks before the end of the
rests elsewhere. It is to be found curately the total of Jewish casual- fore, be made public as soon as it is The Central Conference of American from the sweatshops of the East Side. warwar made headliners in the New
in the remarkable number of Jewish ties. A reasonably conservative esti- completed and revised.
The nation wonders as it reads the York newspapers by capturing a vil-
In conclusion it has become ap-
LOUIS GROSSMAN, I'resident.
volunteers. The evidence as to this mate, however, would place the total
annals of the achisvements of its lage from the Germans with the help
1.01.1S \VOLSEY, Secretary.
This death s f rom all causes at ab out 2,500 parent, from the information at hand,
army in France. And while it won- of only a few men behind him—and
is definite and conclusive.
killed in that the record of Jewish \Vat - Serv-
would indicate that there are front (of which about 1.500 were
ders it learns. These humble un- these men mainly Jews.
ice, when fully developed, will dem.
30,000 to 40,000 Jewish volunteers in action or died of wounds) and the
As the details of the American ex-
assuming people who pursue very
the service today. In other words. total Jewish casualties at about 10900. sustrate incontestably that the Jews
IS N. 0. JURIST practical and sometimes unlovely perience conic out, there will appear
This estimate is based on a careful of America have contributed' their full
the normal Jewish quota of 3 per cent
and more such names as Kroto-
seems to have • been contributed check of all casualties reported to ;pima to the winning of the war, and
t generous margin beyond their quo- BATON ROUGE—Dr. Max Dink- are yet of a rare human fibre. For shinsky and Adler—names as yet un-
through the draft, and the excess to Nov. 1, 1918. The total number of
casualties with the A. E. F. reported a; that they enlisted cheerfully, elspiel, of New Orleans, has been in- the test of battle is mankind's abso- familiar but to he written with golden
letters in the annals of American
have been supplied by volunteers.
How are the Jewish soldiers dis- at that time amounted to 6•,157, o. fought gallantly and died bravely for ducted as judge of the Court of Ap-
The case of Krotoshinsky recalls to history.
the United States. peals of Orleans Parish.
tributed among the combatant and which at least 2,502 were Jewish.
Central Conference of
Rabbis Calls for Just
Treatment of All Jews