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Historians Speak Highly of India
Before Advent of British Rule
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In the last installment of the third
article of a series of 12 about India,
Dr. N. S. Hardikar, grad., writes of
the early history of that country.
Alexander the Great left an army
behind him when he went to Europe
which was overwhelmingly defeated
by the Gupta's. After Alexander, King
Selmens of Greece, sent Magasthenes
as an ambassador to India. He did
this as a result of a peace treaty be-
tween himself and the King of Pat-
aliputra (in India).
Magasthenes, who was in India in
300 B. C., wrote a-history of the peo-
ple and the government of the coun-
try where he was stationed as an am-
bassador. In the fragments of his
history that have remained, we have
very interesting account of the Hindu
life, manners and administration.
People Are Happy
He says, "The people live happily,
being simple in their manners and
frugal ... . . . Truth and virtue they
hold alike in esteem . . . . The soil
yields, moreover, not a few edible pro-
ducts fit for the subsistence of ani-
mals. It is accordingly affirmed 'that
famine has never visited India, and
that there has never been a general
scarcity in the supply of nourishing
"The people lived in peace in their
village communities, managing their
own village concerns, enjoying the
most complete harmony in their vil-
lage administration, and paying to
their king's representative the tax as-
sessed on every village. These self-
governing communities existed in
India from the dawn of history to the
close of the eighteenth century after
Christ; they survived the fate of dy-
nasties and empires; they escaped
i Broken by British
But these village communities were
utterly broken by the British, caus-
ing thus a terrible loss, to the people
WhenBuddhist missionaries went to
China they aroused great curiosity in
the people of that country. In 400 A.
D., a small band of Chinese, headed by
Fa HIian, left China and came to India.
Fa Hian speaks in glowing terms of
the government and says: "The inhab-
itants are prosperous and happy. Only
those who farm the royal estates pay
any portion of the produce as rent,
and they are not bound to remain in
possession longer than they like."
Mr. Rawlinson, in his book, "Indian
Historical Studies," says, "India under
the Gupta's (second to fifth century A.
D.), must have been a country of ideal
prosperity. Few things in all history
are more, attractive than this peep into
India's Golden Age where the law of
Piety was actually carried into piety."
Fa Hian has also given a description
of the free hospitals that he found in
Another Chinese traveller came to
India in 655 A. D. He has also left
some records of India's prosperity,
richness and the wonderful method
of adminstration. From 700 A. D. to
1000 A. D., India was in the dark ages.
Mohammedans were attracted by the
wealth of India, and they invaded and
looted India many times until they
finally settled there.
India's wealth always remained in
India through all these invasions. But,
under the British rule, this state of
things changed and the pepole became
in reality paupers.
danger and destruction
chiefs or races strove for
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University of California: By defeat-
ing the Oregon Aggies, 29 to 11, in the
final basketball game of the series-,
California finishes the Pacific Coast
Conference season, tied with Washing-
ton State for first place. The tie will
not be played off because Washington
has completed its schedule.
University of Indiana: Degrees will
be conferred four times a year in-
stead of once at the university in the
future, according to the announcement
given out by the president's office.
University of Minnesota: After sev-
en months of work, the new ball room
at the Minneapolis Union has been
completed. Three thousand dollars
were expended in making the room as
complete as possible.
University of Minnesota: From
statements obtained from faculty
members at this school, the honor sys-
tem is still in favor, but the members
believe that the students lack the
moral force to back it up.
Princeton: Over 400 guests attend-
ed the Junior Prom held in the gym-
nasium last Friday night.
Syracuse: With the Michigan meet
over, Coach Tom Keane is turning his
attention toward developing the men
he will take to Philadelphia for the
indoor intercollegiates which are to
be held next Saturday in that city.
Wisconsin: Despite the local short-
age, the university is experiencing no
trouble in securing coal, for it buys
direct from the mines. Coal has not
been purchased from local dealers for
The Michigan Daily for service.
STUDENT COUNCILMEN LEAVE
FOR BIG NINE CONFERENCEI
A. S. Hart, '17, and M. F. Dunne, '17L,
Attend Meeting at Purdue; GIive
Views on Honor System
Replying in person to the invitation
sent to Michigan from Purdue Uni-
versity, A. S. Hart, '17, and M. F.
Dunne, '17L, leave tonight to attend
the annual conference of the Big Nine
student council delegates which is to
be held at Purdue, March 1, 2, and 3.
The letter from Purdue stated that
the conference would like to hear the
views of the representatives from
Michigan on the honor system as it
now exists at that University and the
attitude of the students and faculty
toward the resumption of athletic
relations with the conference teams.
Michigan's delegates at the confer-
ence will be the guests of the Purdue
No Delay in Moving Postal Station
Plans made to move the State street
postal station to the west; end ofI
Nickels Arcade by March 1 will not
be interferred with, in spite of the
fact that some of the necessary fix-
tures have not yet arrived, according
to a statement given out by Post-
master Abbott last evening.
The missing fixtures which have
been delayed in shipping, have been
traced and it is thought by the postal
authorities that they will arrive to-
day or tomorrow.
For live, progressive, up-to-date ad-
vertising use The Michigan Daily.
LACK OF FUNDS HOLDS
UP IMPROVEMENT PLAN
GRtOUND lS DEPARTMENT MEETS
DIFFICULTIES IN BEAUTI-
Lack of funds has greatly handi-
capped the buildings and grounds
committee in its work toward campus
beautification. The board of regents
usually make up a budget for expend-
itures early in the spring but no action
in this direction was taken at the last
Lyman R. Flook, superintendent of
the buildings and grounds, said yester-
day that the funds now on hand would
have to be used in repairing damage
done by students who carelessly wear
paths across lawns and destroy shrub-
bery. "The problem of beautifying
the campus is a particularly discour-
aging one," he said, "and if we are to
make any progress whatsoever we
must be given the co-operation of
every Michigan student."
Several trees have been removed
from the vicinity of the Library and
placed in other parts of the campus.
It is expected that new shrubs will
be planted this spring, but little will
be done in the central part of the
campus, until the new Library has
Shirts made to measure. G. H. Wild
Co., Leading Merchant Tailors. State
A shriek, a wail, a nightingale
Was singing tenderly.
A hum, a buzz, I saw it was
A little bumble bee. I
SPIRITS OF SPRING
A cough, a sneeze, a gentle breeze *
Came merrily o'er the lea.
A bird, the third, that I had heard
Was twittering in the tree.
A splash, a swish, a little fish
: :n : .
Came by without a sound.
A groan, a grunt, an elephant
Was gamboling o'er the ground.
An am'rous sonnet, an Easter
A glass of cool Bock beer.
A* modest flower, an April
And Spring is surely here.
TO PRESENT OLD SONGS AT
SARAH CASWELL ANGELL HALL
Songs gleaned from the counties of
England, Scotland, Ireland, and the
islands of the North sea will be sung
to harp accompaniment by the Misses
Dorothy Rosalind and Cynthia Fuller,
of Dorset, England, Tuesday evening,
March 6, in Sarah Caswell Angell hall.
The Misses Fuller will appear in cos-
tumes of the early Victorian age.
A part of the proceeds of the enter-
tainment, which is under the auspices
of the Women's league, will be for
war relief. An invitation concert will
be given in the afternoon at the home
of Mrs. Charles F. Lockwood.
Tickets will be on sale in Barbour
gymnasium for 35 cents.
Use the advertising columns of the
Michigan Daily in order to reach the
best of Ann Arbor's buyers.
Additions to the Ann Arbor tele-
phone exchange amounting to more
than $50,000 are about to be made
by the Michigan State Telephone com-
pany. The proposed improvements
will more than care for present neces-
sities and immediate prospects. The
bulk of the improvement is for addi-
tional cable, largely for the eastern
and southern portions of the town,
and the campus. The cable, it is esti-
mated, will cost $45,000, while addi-
tions to the local switchboard will
care for the rest.
The film version of "The Last Days
of Pompeii" will be shown in this city
in the near future by the King's
Daughters of the Congregational
A lecture for boy scouts will be
given tonight in the city Y. M. C. A.
building. Prof. E. C. Case will talk on
"Hunting Big Game of the Past," and
will illustrate his lecture with pic-
tures taken in Canada and this coun-
PLAN TO EMPLOY GRADUATES IN
NATIONAL BANK OF NEW YORK
A representative of the National
Bank of Commerce of New York city
on Monday consulted with members
of the economics faculty in ank attempt
to employ from one to two Michigan
Prof. G. W. Dowrie stated that plans
have not been fully made, but expects
that final arrangements will be com-
pleted soon. Only graduates from the
banking courses will be eligible.
The applications for the National
City bank scholarship 'must be in the
hands of Professor Dowrie by March
Use The Michigan Daily Want AdAs
Grinnell Bros.' Music House
WANTED- Student wants work for
odd hours any afternoon and Satur-
days. Address Box H-4, Michigan
PRIVATE BOARD $5 weekly. Inquire
at 410 Church street. Phone 450-R.
FOR SALE-Buescher cornet and case
B-fiat, with C and A slides, triple
silver plate and gold bell. Call Mc-
Cutcheon, 1038-M. 502 E. Liberty
FOR SALE-2 Choral Union coupons
with tickets for, tonight's concert.
$8.50 value for $4.00. Call 1925-J. 28
See us for anything in the
Realm of Music.
TRY OUR VICTOR RECORD APPROVAL SERVICE
For March Records out February 28th
116 S. Main St.