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November 30, 1916 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1916-11-30

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THE WEATHER
FOR ANN ARBOR-
THURSDAY-CLOUDY; COLDER
WITH PROBABLY SNOW

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UNITED PRESS WIRE
DAY AND -NIGHT SERVICE
THE ONLY JTOR I\G PAPER 1Y
AN ARBOR

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VOL. XXVII. No. 51. ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1916. PRICE FIVE CENTS

DEBA9TING TEAMS
CHOSEN TO ARGUE
FOR UNIVERSITY
AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE SE-
LECTED AFTER YESTER-
DAY'S TRIALS
TO CONTEST TWO OPPONENTS
Three of Men Picked on This Year's
Squads Have Had Experi-
ence in Past
In the final eliminations of the de-
bating squiad held yesterday after-
noon and last night in the law build-
ing, two teams were chosen to repre-
sent Michigan in the Central league
debate.
The affirmative team which will
meet Northwestern at Evanston, Ill.,
will be composed of G. C. Claasse.
'17L, W. P. Sandford, '19, I. S. Top-
Ion, '9L, and M. W. Welch, '17, alter-
nate. The negative team which will
meet Chicago in Ann Arbor will be
composed of W. T. Adams, '17, R. M.
Carson, '17, and A. R. Levine, '19L. The
alternate is L. W. Lisle, '17L.
The men as chosen, represent the
pick of 24 men who were selected in
the debating society tryouts, and were
then chosen b.y a process of three
elimination contests. Three of the
men have already had varsity debat-
ing experience. G. C. Claassen has
represented Michigan in two debates,
last year heading the team that won
from Illinois at Urbana by a two to
one vote. W. T. Adams was a mem-
ber of the affirmative team that won
a unanimous decision from Wisconsin
at Ann Arbor last year, and I. S. Top-
ion was also a member of this team.
The question to be debated this year
is, "Resolved, That the federal gov-
ernment should levy a progressive in-
heritance tax, granted that such tax
would be held constitutional." The
two debates will be held Jan. 19, the
negative team meeting the University
of Chicago at Ann Arbor, while the
affirmative team will debate North-
western University at Evanston, Ill.
This is a new arrangement of the
league, as in former years the affirma-
tive team has debated at home, while
the negative team has invaded foreign
territory.
SUGGESTS THAT U. S. CONTROL
- INTEREST ON RAILROAD BONDS
Washington, Nov. 29.-Government
eontrol and guarantee of bond divi-
dends and interest on bonds issued as
a middle position between private and
government ownership of railroads,
and a possible solution of the presert
problem, was suggested today by Rep-
resentative Simms at the hearing of
the Newlands committee.
A. P. Thorns, counsel for the rail-
road executives, said he believed a
government guarantee would be an-
enormous attraction to the investor,
but was doubtful of favorable national
legislation on this issue.

American Brings
Down Five Planes
Ralph Lubery, with French Aviation
Service, Designated "Ace"
by Officials
By Henry Wood
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the Franco-American Aviation
Squadron on the Somme, Nov. 29.-
The American aviation corps has just
gained a new distinction. Adjutant
Ralph Lubery, an American. has been
designated an "ace."
An ace is an aviator who has
brought down five enemy aeroplanes,
that is, five whose destruction has
been officially confirmed. There are
just 21 aces in the French aviation
service and Lubery is number 21. In-
cidentally that number 21 represents
the exact number of German aviators
which the Franco-American flying
squadron has brought down, accord-
ing to official count. Many more have
probably been downed, but French of-
ficial lists take cognizance only of
machines whose destruction has been
officially confirmed.
The American squadron as it is now
constituted, in addition to two French
officers, Captain George Phenault and
Lieutenant De Laage, consists of 12
men. The corps has had three men
killed.
MICHIGAN CONGRESSM
DECIDES HOUSE BALNCE
Completion of Lower Body Hinges on
Election of Beakes or
Bacon
Washington, Nov. 29. - Whether
Mark Bacon or Samuel W. Beakes
holds the certificate of election issued
by the Michigan canvassing board for
the second congressional district, will
determine the political complexion of
the house of representatives, accord-
ing to computations by both Republi-
cans and Democratic leaders.
"We will have a certain majority of
on," said Chairman Frank P. Woods,
of the Republican congressional com-
miittee, and the one to spare was
figured as result of word from Michi-
gan that Mr. Bacon would have the
certificate of election.
The Democratic figures practically
agree with those of Mr. Woods, al-
though both sides claim a number of
very close districts, apparently against
them, as likely to swing their way.
Latest returns indicate that the
Democrats have'defeated Congressmen
Barchfield and Coleman, Republicans,
of Pittsburg. It is this double blow
in the steel city which turned an ap-
parently substantial Republican lead
in the first returns to a virtual tie.
The Republicans will contest these
districts in the courts, and they are
also contesting the defeat of Congress-
man Britt, the lone Republican from
North Carolina.
There are several Progressives and
others of odd party affiliation, but
their positions in the organization
fight is pretty well determined. Rep-
resentatives Martin, of Loiusiana, and
Schall, of Minnesota, Progressives,
will vote with the Republicans, as will
Fuller, Independent, of Boston. Rep-
resentatives London, socialist; Kelly,
Progressive, and Randall, Prohibition-
ist, will vote with the Democrats.
The Democrats believe Mr. Beakes is
entitled to the certificate, as a result
of the plain failure to credit him with
votes in the disputed Jackson precinct,
but theytave very little hope that he
will be seated if the Republicans or-

ganize the house.
Mr. Bacon, if he holds the certificate,
can vote in the organization, and
thereafter Mr. Beakes must obtain
the appointment of a special commit-
tee to investigate his claims. Even
assuming Beakes' title was entirely
clear, it is in the power of the ruling
majority to so delay consideration of
a minority contest as to prevent the
sitting member's displacement during
his two-year term.
Chuan to Address Chinese Students
Mr. F. J. Chuan, natinoal secretary
of the Chinese Students organization,
will address Chinese students in New-
berry hall Saturday evening at 6
o'clock. After the address by Mr.
Chuan-the Chinese students will march
in a body to Barbour gymnasium,
where they will be the guests at a
banquet given by President Harry B.
Hutchins.

SAY1MARINA SUNK
"IN COD BLO1OD"
Forty Survivors, Arriving in America,
Describe Destruction of
Ship by U-Boat
NINETEEN DROWNED IS REPORT
New York, Nov. 29.-"Cold Blooded
murder" was the description given to-
day by survivors of the torpedoing of
the British steamer Marina by a Ger-
man submarine. Forty of them, all
horse tenders, arrived on the Tuscania
from Glasgow. Jesse T. Hancock,
RichmondQ Va., printer, was one of
those who termed the action of the
German commander murder.
"There was a heavy sea running,"
he said, "when we heard an explosion.
There had not been the slightest
warning but we knew the Marina had
been torpedoed. The Marina started
to settle at once, but did not keel over
on her side. Captain Brown set the
men to work on the boats.
"They acted so promptly that 104
out of 123 got clear of the vessel. The
19 others had some trouble in lower-
ing their boat and when they were
still working at it the submarine
arose to the surface only about 60
yards distant and deliberately dis-
charged a second torpedo. This split
the vessel in two and she sank like
a rocket. The 19 men were either
drowned or blown to pieces."
TRANSCRIPT OF RAILROAD CASE
FILED WITH SUPREME BENCH
Washington, Nov. 29.-The trans-
script in the case of the Missouri, Ok-
lahoma and Gulf railroad, chosen to
test the constitutionality of the Adam-
son law, was received late yesterday
by the clerk of the supreme court.
The department of justice was asked
for instructions as to whether the case
would be immediately docketed or tem-
porarily withheld by the government
authorities
Instead of immediately docketing the
case, Clerk Maher sent the transcript
to Solicitor General Davis by messen-
ger. It is expected that the depart-
ment of justice within a few days will
formally file the transcript and have
the case docketed.
Next Monday, when the court recon-
venes, a motion to advance the case
for early hearing probably will be pre-
sented by the department of justice
with concurrence of railroad counsel.
STTEIOFIERS CANNOT
REMEDY HIGH FOOD COST
Governor Ferris Declares Relief Must
Come Through Agency of Fed-
eral Government
Lansing, Nov. 29.-Except for the
suggestion of State Dairy and Food
Commissioner James W. Helme, of
Adrian, that speculation in foodstuffs
be made a crime punishable by im-
prisonment, state officials today had no
remedy to offer for the high cost of
living that is just now convulsing a
number of other commonwealths.
All of them from Governor Ferris
down admitted that under present laws
relief would have to come from the
federal government, if it came from
any government at all.
"It's up to the federal government,"
said Governor Ferris tonight. "Corner-
ing of eggs or boosting of prices for
them should be stopped, but I am un-

aware of any way that it can be done'
by Michigan authorities.
"As for the boycott, I am philoso-
phically opposed to a boycott in any
form."
The state market department, an ad-
junct of the Michigan Agricultural col-
lege, and controlled by the state board
of agriculture, was created by the leg-
islature expressly to find markets for
the products of Michigan farms and
see to it that the Wolverine farmer got
all that was coming to him. There its
jurisdiction ends, and only Commis-
sioner Helme with his broadsides
against the middleman is left.
"Speculation in foodstuffs ought to
be made a crime," declared Commis-
sioner Helme over the long-distance'
telephone from his home in Adrian to-
night' "I don't know of any authority
under which I could act now, but the
whole system ought to be changed.
"One thing that's wrong is that the
(Continued on Page Six.) l

Wilson Will Carve Own Turkey
Washington, Nov. 29.-The president will do his own carving of
the turkey tomorrow, regardless of what vest he has on at the
time. The bird is a monster gobbler sent by an Oklahoma admirer.
It is said to weigh in the neighborhood of 45 pounds. President Wil-
son and Mrs. Wilson plan to spend a very quiet Thanksgiving. They
will attend either St. Margaret's Protestant Episcopal church or
the Central Presbyterian church in the morning. Mrs. Wilson is a
communicant at St. Margaret's. An automobile trip into Maryland is
planned for the afternoon and the turkey dinner is set for' evening.
HOLD WAR PRISON CAMP IVLAS FORCES CLOSE
MEETING DECEMBER 6f FORAGE LINES OF US.

Gathering's Purpose to Interest Stu-
dents in Y. M. C. A.'s Work
in Europe
A mass meeting for the purpose of
getting students interested i Y. M.
C. A. prison camp work will be held
in Hill auditorium next Wednesday,
Dec. 6. An effort is being made to
secure Dr. John R. Mott, international
secretary of the Y. M. C. A., and C.
W. Whitehair, general secretary of the
Cornell University "Y," as the prin-
cipal speakers at this meeting. The
movement has met with the approval
of representative bodies on the cam-
pus, such as the Michigan Union, the
Y. M. C. A., the Y. W. C. A., The
Michigan Daily, the Women's league,
and the student council.
John R. Mott, who will probable
be one of the speakers, while attend-
ing the convention of international
secretaries of the "Y" in Cleveland
last year, became interested in this
work through hearing the Russian
delegate describe the condition of the
prison camps in Russia. This dele-
gate said that he had secured the per-
mission of his government to visit the
prison camps where German prison-
ers were confined in Russia.
Mott at once decided that work
could be done along this line by other
governments. He left for Europe and
spent the next three months visiting
prison camps, noting the necessities
of the men. He found that the worst
condition in the camps was the in-
ability of the men to break the monot-
ony of prison life. They became al-
most insane from the ennui and their
living conditions were deplorable. The
men suffered much more than their
trench brethren exposed to the hard-
ships of battle.
After going through many of the
camps, Mott then visited the courts of
all the governments engaged in the
war. He put before them a plan that
aided the men confined in the prison
camps and that would not interfere
with their governments. This plan is
impartial, as it aids men who come
from the central powers and from the
allied countries.
Mr. Mott has recently returned to
America to interest Americans in the
men in the prison camps. The move-
ment has already spread through
many colleges in the east, and it is
with this idea that the mass meeting'
will be given and the conditions of
the camps explained to the students.
M. W. Welch, '17, president of the
Y. M. C. A., is general chairman of
the committee. Committees of f-,
nance, campaign, publicity, and can-
vassing will be appointed soon.

Bandits Burn Bridges
80 Miles South of
Border

Near Guzman,
American

El Paso, Nov. 29.-By cutting the
Mexican Northern railroad line near
Guzman early today, Villista bandits
closed the channel by which forage
supplies were forwarded to General
Pershing's American expeditionary
forces. A little band of Villistas to-
day burned several bridges on both
sides of Guzman, about 80 miles south
of the border, according to a report
made to United States authorities here.
Unless the bridges are repaired it
will be necessary for Pershing to haul
forage overland from Columbusb N.
M., by trucks. At the present time
the expedition has a large reserve
supply on hand.
El Paso, Nov. 29.-Fearing a whole-
sale massacre, should Villa capture
Juarez, 300 Chinese there are procur-
ing permission from United States au-
thorities to cross the river to the
American side in case of emergency.
The Clinese exclusion act prevents
the international line being crossed ex-
cept by permission.
SUGAR TALKS TO SOCIALISTS
Advocates Amendment in State Con-
stitution in Favor of Labor
"The way the courts construe the
laws at present in regard to labor
disputes makes them nothing more
than tools in the hands of capitalists,"
said Maurice Sugar, '13L, in address-
ing the Michigan chapter of the Inter-
collegiate Socialist society last even-
ing in Newberry hall.
"The struggle of the laboring man
for better living conditions has al-
ways been a struggle against law," he
remarked after he had cited "several
cases showing the interpretation of the
laws against the laboring man in la-
bor disputes from the days of feudal-
ism to the present time.
Mr. Sugar's talk was on the subject
of "The Injunction in Labor Disputes."
He advocates an amendment to the
state constitution restraining the
courts from issuing injunctions
against the laboring men during
strikes. He says that the capitalists
can at any time get an injunction de-
feating the purpose of the strikers,
while if the .conditions are reversed
the laborer has no legal ground for
action.
Mr. Sugar is at present a practic-
ing attorney in Detroit. During his
college days in Ann Arbor he was a
well known campus orator as well as
a member of both his Junior and senior
law campus championship football
teams.
'NAVAL RESERVES MEET AND
FORM SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
At the regular weekly meeting of
the naval reserves last night, a so-
cial organization was formed and of-
ficers elected for the first semester.
The men chosen were: President, K.
W. Heinrich, grad.; secretary, J. F.
Maulbetsch1, '17P; treasurer, C. E.
Netting, '18.
The social organization is for the
purpose of promoting smokers, din-
ners, and other social functions for the
corps. The plans include, among
other things a military full dress ball
to be held sometime during the late
winter.

GERVMNS0ADVNCE
INITH RPIDITY ON
CRAYOVA INHABITANTS STATE
ALLIED FORCES RETREAT-
ED WEEK AGO
OTHER FORTS STILL QUIET
Sir John Jellico, Hero of Sea Fights,
Made Chief Sea Lord of
Great Britain
By Carl W. Ackerman
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the German Armies at Crayova,
Roumania, via Berlin, Nov. 29.-Mar-
velous rapidity is marking the German
invasion of Roumania. The Teutons
have averaged an advance of 10 to 15
kilometers (6.21 to 9.31 miles) daily.
Crayova inhaitants assert that Rou-
manian troops evacuated the city a
week before the Germans entered.
When the Teuton forces did arrive,
they found the village slowly resum-
ing the normal peaceful life it lived
before' the war. The inhabitants
watched the passing of the German
soldiers through the streets from the
windows and sidewalks, apparently
enjoying the spectacle.
Today's War Moves.
In Roumania: Roumanian forces
continue moving. "Victorious along
the entire Wallachian front," accord-
ing to Berlin. Paris reports transfer
of all legations and banks from Bu
{;harest to Jassy.
Around Monastir: Reports of bril-
liant advance by Serbians northwest
of Geniutza; capture of heights north-
east of Monastir by French Zouaves
and advance of Italian forces in the
mountains around Creznastena. Ber-
lin admits partial advance by allies.
In France: Violent fighting south
of the Somme; intermittent shelling
souvi of Arras, and trench mortar
warfare around Morquissart and
Neuve Chapelle. Berlin claims re-
pulse of British attacks near Givenchy.
In Bukowina: Petrograd claims
capture of ridges and heights east
and south of Kirlibaba.
Greek crown council and cabinet
both decide to refuse surrender of
arms demanded by allies.
'Sir John Jellico made chief sea lord
of British admiralty.
Admiral Sir DavidrBeattyrappointed
commander of the British grand fleet.
Berlin, Nov. 29.-Pitesti has been
captured, the night official statement
from the war office announced in re-
porting fighting on the Transylvanian
front. Pitesti is north of Crayova,
and is a railroad junction point on
the line leading to Bucharest.
"Along the Transylvanian east front
the Russians have repeated their at-
tacks. North of the Somme near
Serre and Sailly lively fire is re-
ported. Monastir front quiet."
London, Nov. 29.-All of Great Brit
ain's colonies and the dominions form-
ing part of the British empire will
have a voice in determining what shall
be the terms of peace in Europe, ac-
cording to a promise made in the
house of lords today by Lord Isling-
ton, parliamentary under-secretary of
India. Lord Islington reiterated that
the opinion of all such leaders will be
carefully consulted and said that the
crown council would consider arrange-

ments for a, conference.
Berlin, Nov. 29.-Charges that the
allies on the western front are com-
pelled to fill up the gaps in their
armies by recruits from the French
colonies in South America were made
in a newspaper article circulated by
the press bureau today. Among re-
cent prisoners there were, it was said,
Algerian Jews and negroes from
Cayenne.
Berlin, Nov. 29.-"The paniky flight
of the Roumanians admits the con-
clusion that their morale and power
of resistance are vanishing," declared
the press bureau in a review of the
Roumanian fighting today. "This is
also shown by the large number of
prisoners made during the last few
days. Captured trenches illustrate the
demoralization and blind panic during
which they were evacuated. They are
(Continued on Page Six.)

* * -* * * * * * * * * *
TRADITION COMMITTEE
EXPLAINS TOQUE RULES
Students are classified accord-
ing to what toque they should
wear by the following rules,
which the student council re-
quests them to observe:
Fresh toque-Those who are
taking their first year of work
on this campus and have had no
other collegiate work.
Soph toque-Those who have
had one year of work on this
campus, or in any school whose
credits are recognized as equiv-
alent to ours.
Junior toque-Those who have
had two years of work on this
campus, or equivalent credit.
Senior toque-Those who have
had three years of work on this
campus, or equivalent credit,
and who expect to receive their
degree at the end of this school
year.
These simple regulations must
be followed, in order to keep the
toque tradition significant.
TRADITIONS COMMITTEE,
Student Council.
* * * * * * * * * * * *

DODGE BROS. SUIT IN

COURT

Ford ArgumentslHeard by Three Cir-
cuit Judges in Detroit
Detroit, Nov. 29.-Arguments i4 the
preliminary hearing of Dodge Broth-
ers' suit against the Ford Motor com-
pany were completed in the Wayne
court this afternoon. Judges Wiest,
Hart, and Chester, who sat together
on the case, will take a few days to
reach a decision. Judge Wiest prob-
ably will come from Lansing in per-
son to deliver the opinion.
The hearing just concluded was on
the question of whether a temporary
injunction should be issued pending
the trial of the suit on its merits, ty-
ing up the surplus earnings of the
Ford company and preventing any ex-
tensions beyond those now under
way. The suit was brought to com-
pel distribution of the surplus in the
form of dividends.

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