The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 10, 1995 - 7
after refusing to give
up negatives, face jail
y Staff Reporter
The Minnesota Daily has said it will
fy a court orderto turn over negatives
photos taken by a staff photographer
ring an anti-Nazi rally that turned
olent in 1993.
Now Michele Ames,the newspaper's
itor in chief, faces a possible jail
"My motivation is the same thing
at I Dope would inspire other j ournal-
the protection of the First Amend-
ent,'I Ames said.
A fight broke out between Kieran
nutson, a supporter of the group that
ganized the rally, and Daniel Sim-
er. The photos may indicate whether
nutson, who is charged with two
unts' of felony assault, acted in self-
fen!W at the Oct. 22, 1993 rally.
The negatives may indicate whether
mmer wore brass knuckles, an issue
contention. Witnesses have givenzv
nflitting accounts of the dispute.
Hennepin County Judge John Stanoch
'ginally allowed prosecutors to sub-
ena the newspaper for the unpub-
hed negatives and the testimony of a
porter in May 1994. The dispute re-
Ives around the paper's protection
der Minnesota's shield law, which
as created to prevent the courts from
rcing reporters and photographers to
In November 1994, the Court of Ap-
als" ruled that the reporter was not
otected under the law and had to
The Minnesota Court of Appeals
led Oct.30 that The Minnesota Daily
ust turn over the negatives for an "in
mera" review. On Nov. 6, the paper
nounced its intentions to defy the
"We have informed the court that we
ill not appeal, nor will we comply,"
es said. "We had guessed that this
holadecision was coming down to the
ikeand we have had numerous dis-
sskons.... This decision has involved
e whole staff."
University ofMichigan communica-
on studies Prof. John Stevens said
es could theoretically be held injail
n contempt of court charges until the
aper turns over the negatives. Stevens
mpared the situation to having "the
ey it your own pocket."
Explaining their decision not to ap-
eal, editors at The Minnesota Daily
id an appeal to the state Supreme
ourt'would be too costly and a higher
ling against the paper could set a
recedent for the future.
The Minnesota Daily has been fight-
g the order for two years. "It is diffi-
ult as a small newspaper to pay legal
ills forever," Ames said.
$100M to Princeton
PRINCETON, N.J. (AP) - Gordon
Y.S. Wu, who got through Princeton
University with "gentleman's C's" and
went on to become one of Hong Kong's
richest developers, is donating $100
million to his alma mater.
"I feel very proud to be able to do this
today," the 59-year-old Wusaid yester-
day. "Please work hard to make sure
that Princeton in the 21st century will
still remain a top-notch university, and
don't let it go down the drain."
The donation, which goes toward
Princeton's engineering school, is the
largest ever for the Ivy League univer-
sity and one of the biggest in the history
of U.S. education.
Wu, whose Hopewell Holdings Ltd.
has vast interests in China and South-
east Asia, received his bachelor's de-
gree in civil engineering in 1958. Wu
said he decided in his junioryear thathe
would make a million dollars, his me-
diocre grades notwithstanding.
"I was what they call a gentleman's C
student," he said.
He has already given more than $12
million to Princeton, where two of his
four children have gone to school.
Wu has designed and developed more
than 100 buildings, including his head-
quarters, the 66-story Hopewell Center,
" Please work hard to make sure that
Princeton in the 21st century will still
remain a top-notch university."
- Gordon Y.S. Wu
Former White House counsel Uoyd Cutler conceded yesterday he was wrong when
he said the White House had been cleared in the Whitewater investigation.
Cutler a ftshe W 1Nb u
which was Hong Kong's tallest building
for 10 years. His current projects includ-
ing a mass transit system in Bangkok,
Thailand, and amultibillion-dollarpower
plant in Pakistan.
The $100 million includes pledges of
$65 million in cash, to be received be-
tween now and the year 2000, and $35
million in matching grants.
The money will go to the university's
endowment for use by the School of
Engineering and Applied Sciences. Dean
James Wei said it will be used to improve
facilities, attract top faculty members and
provide scholarships for students.
Wu said he realized when he gradu-
ated that the $850 annual tuition paid by
the school's 13 engineering students in
1958 covered only a fraction of the sala-
ries of the 15 engineering professors.
"I was taking a tremendous subsidy
from the people who have come to
Princeton before, and it would only be
right" to reciprocate, he said.
The biggest gift to an American
school was made to New York Univer-
sity in 1994 by Sir Harold Acton. His
donation, valued by the university at
more than $125 million, includes a 57-
acre Italian estate and a collection of
In 1993, publishing magnate Walter
Annenberg made twin$120million cash
donations to the University of Pennsyl-
vania and the University of Southern
Former Coca-Cola chairman Robert
W. Woodruff gave $105 million worth
of stock to Emory University in 1979.
A 1981 gift of stock and gas and oil
royalties by Claude B. Pennington to
Louisiana State University could reach
$125 million when the full amount is
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Former White
House counsel Lloyd Cutler conceded
yesterday he had been wrong when he
toldCongress last yearthe White House
had been cleared by government ethics
lawyers investigating leaks to the ad-
ministration about the Whitewater
Armed with a letter from Stephen D.
Potts, director of the Office of Govern-
ment Ethics, Republicans on the Senate
Whitewater committee forced Cutler to
admit he had "transgressed" in declar-
ing during 1994 testimony to Congress
that the ethics office agreed with his
assessment that White House aides had
violated no ethics rules.
The ethics office did not evaluate the
conduct of White House aides, Potts
said, and his office "did not 'informally
concur,"' as Cutler testified, that no
ethical standards were violated. During
the much-publicized 1994 congres-
sional Whitewater hearings, a bevy of
top White House aides repeated Cutler's
claim in defending their actions.
"I may have gone too far when I
testified before this committee," Cutler
White House officials used Cutler's
assertions as a shield to defend their
actions in obtaining confidential infor-
mation about the Whitewater investi-
gation from political appointees at the
Treasury Department, who themselves
had learned about it from supposedly
independent federal regulators.
Cutler's assurance that the ethics of-
fice had sanctioned their behavior "was
like getting the Good Housekeeping
seal of approval," which White House
aides paraded before Congress, said
committee Chairman Alfonse D'Amato
"I can't be responsible for the en-
largement of what I said by anyone
else," Cutler responded.
D'Amato and Sen. Lauch Faircloth
(R-N.C.) contended the fruits of an in-
dependent investigation by the ethics
office were co-opted by Cutler's paral-
lel review for use by the White House
Cutler and White House lawyer Jane
Sherburne defended the integrity of the
report on the White House-Treasury
contacts they made to the President.
They denied using preparation of the
report as a means to facilitate collabo-
ration among the Clinton aides who
were being called before Congress
around the same time to account for
The report concluded that White
House aides sought information about
civil, and criminal Whitewater investi-
gations simply to respond to expected
Committee Democrats complained that
Republicans spent three days of hearings
hashing over minuscule questions ofpro-
cedure and that neither Cutler's review
nor congressional testimony by White
House aides was compromised.
Sen. Christopher J. Dodd (D-Conn.)
said the committee was lost in a "hall of
mirrors ... in an investigation of an
investigation of an investigation."
Republicans presented new details
about how the White House prepared
forthe 1994 hearings, aprocessinwhich
aides "substantially altered their testi-
mony so it would not be contradicted,"
Cutler acknowledged that he had tran-
scripts of depositions from some White
House and Treasury aides that he used
in going back to reinterview some White
UN. tribunal charges Serb
soldiers with war crimes
The Washington Post
PARIS - A U.N. tribunal charged
three senior Yugoslav army officers
with crimes against humanity yester-
day for complicity in the mass execu-
tion of more than 260 men who were
removed from a hospital in eastern
Croatia in November 1991.
The indictments accuse the three of-
ficers of being responsible for the at-
tack and occupation ofVukovar, a city
near the Serbian border that was devas-
tated by the Serb-led Yugoslav army
after a bloody siege.
The three men are the first Yugoslav
army officers to be charged with war
crimes by the international criminal tri-
bunal for the former Yugoslavia, which
was established in The Hague two years
ago by the U.N. Security Council.
The indictments appeared to bring
investigators closer to Serbian Presi-
dent Slobodan Milosevic, who has been
accused of masterminding the violent
quest for a "Greater Serbia" but lately
has emerged as a key player in the
search for a peace settlement.
Chief Prosecutor Richard Gold-
stone of South Africa said in a recent
interview that in the absence of an
effective "paper trail," he was deter-
mined to follow a strategy of moving
up the chain of command to find those
ultimately responsible on all sides for
crimes against humanity committed
in the Balkan wars.
Goldstone said he would not be de-
terred either by continued fighting
'91 ki lligsi
among the warring Bosnian Serbs,
Croats and Muslims or by delicate ne-
gotiationsto reach a lasting peace agree-
ment that are now taking place under
American supervision in Dayton, Ohio.
"These are matters that will not af-
fect the decisions that we take, but they
may affect how well we are able to do
the job," Goldstone said. "We are inter-
ested in building up a body of legal
evidence, regardless of the political
The charges brought yesterday date
back to the fierce six-month war that
broke out in Croatia after Serb separat-
ists rebelled against the country's June
25, 1991, secession from the Yugoslav
federation. The Croatian Serbs, backed
by the Yugoslav army, captured about
one-third of the country, including a
mountainous swath along the Bosnian
border known as the Krajina region and
the oil-rich Eastern Slavonia section
along the Serbian border that includes
Vukovar and is the last part of Croatia
still in Serb hands.,
The indictments accuse soldiers of
the Belgrade-based Guards Brigade of
the Yugoslav army, under the corn-
mand of the three Serb officers -- Col. a
Mile Mrksic, Capt. Miroslav Radic and
Maj. Velelin Sljivancanin - ofremov-
ing 261 non-Serb men from the Vukovar
hospital and transporting them to a farm
building in Ovcara, two miles from
Vukovar, where they were beaten for
Later, the prisoners -described in
the indictments as "wounded patients,
hospital staff, soldiers and Croatian
political activists" - were taken in
groups of 10 to 20 to a site near the farm
where Yugoslav soldiers and Serb para-
military gunmen under Mrksic's com-
mand shot and killed them. After the
killings, their bodies were buried by a
bulldozer in a mass grave at Ovcara.
Tribunal spokesman Christian
Chartier said all relevant documents ..
had beenstransmitted to the Belgrade.
government with a request that the three
officers be arrested and turned over to
the tribunal to stand trial. Mrksic is now
the top commander of the Croatian Serb
forces, while Sljivancanin commands"
an army brigade based in Montenegro, -
the small southern republic thattogether
with Serbia forms the current Yugoslav
federation. The third officer, Radic, is,:,
believed to be stationed in Serbia.
Up to now, Belgrade has refused to
recognize the tribunal or cooperate with
?liowing crash, U.S. safety board
-equests pilot perfonmnance ratings
WASHINGTON (AP)-The airline
dustry should develop a system for
>llecting and sharing information on
lot 'performance, the National Trans-
>rtation Safety Board said yesterday.
The recommendation follows aboard
iling; Oct. 24 blaming a fatal 1994
ash on a pilot hired by an airline that
d not know he had been recommended
>r dismissal by another carrier.
Fifteen people died in the North Caro-
na crash of an American Eagle turbo-
op last Dec. 13 that the board has
amed on errors by pilot Michael
The board said that a contributing
ctor was the failure of airline man-
ement to identify and remedy prob-
'ms in pilot performance and training.
Hillis was hired by Flagship Airline,
Aerating as American Eagle, after be-
ig recommended for dismissal by an-
her airline, Comair. Flagship was not
aware ofthat recommendation or Hillis'
training problems, investigators found.
The board delayed issuing some of
its recommendations at the time of the
ruling on probable cause because of
concerns about how information on pi-
lots would be handled. It finally issued
four recommendations yesterday.
The proposals call on all airlines and
private pilot training facilities to collect
and maintain standardized information
on pilot skills, abilities, knowledge and
This material should be provided to
the Federal Aviation Administration for
storage and distribution, the board said.
And it said airlines should be required
to obtain this data from the FAA when
To protect privacy,.permission from
pilots would be needed for release of the
information, the NTSB said.
Walt Coleman, president of the Re-
gional Airline Association, issued a
statement saying his group supports the
intent of the recommendations and will
work with federal regulators to improve
employee background information.
The North Carolina crash was the
fourth fatal accident the board has in-
vestigated involving airlines not hav-
ing all crew performance records on
problem pilots, said NTSB Chairman
The accidents involved 72 deaths. In
some cases, airlines failed to seek out
pilot background, and in one earlier
case, a pilot lied to get a job, Hall
Hillis, 29, had once been recom-
mended for dismissal at Cincinnati-
based Comair, but was allowed to re-
sign, safety investigators learned. A
fellow pilot there said he was concerned
that Hillis would "freeze up or get tun-
nel vision" in an emergency.
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