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November 09, 1995 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1995-11-09

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4A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, November 9, 1995

he Lichigai&tiu

420 Maynard
Ann Arbor, MI,

Challenges to the Israeli sense


Edited and managed by
students at the
University of Michigan

Editor in Chief
Editorial Page Editors

Unless otherwise noted, unsigned editorials reflect the opinion ofa majority of the Daily 's editorial board. All
other articles, letters, and cartoons do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Michigan Daily.
Students should donate blood, defeat OSU

'With the Michigan-Ohio State game
W looming, it is not just up to the foot-
ball team to defeat Ohio State, but to all other
University students as well. The only differ-
ence is that their battle takes place in the
blood banks.
The 14th annual Michigan vs. Ohio State
blood battle is taking place until Friday, Nov.
17, and there is no reason for University
students not to bring the pride of victory to
Ann Arbor. Until the 17th, the Red Cross
bloodmobile will be making periodic stops at
all parts of campus, allowing students to
conveniently donate blood. The event, spon-
sored by Alpha Phi Omega co-ed service
fraternity, aims to collect 2,300 pints ofblood
by the deadline.
Giving blood during the battle is a rela-
tively painless and useful way both to help
the community and defeat an archrival. The
process of extracting the fluid is very simple
and offers no health risks. Neither of these
factors should have any impact on the deci-
sion to give blood.
Donating blood is also a great service to
the community. For every pint donated, up to
four lives' can be saved. Yet despite this
return rate, southeast Michigan - which uses
1,000 pints of blood per day -still is in dire
need of blood. If something is not done
quickly the Red Cross will be forced to im-
port from a different region.

The blood-extracting process takes about
an hour, and it is recommended that donors
eat a good meal before giving. The only
requirements for donors are that they are at
least 17 years old and weigh more than 110
pounds - requirements the majority of the
campus fulfills. Many University students
have already donated and many more are
expected to sacrifice the time. It is a very
small price to pay when the gains are so large.
As of yesterday - the third day of the
blood battle - Red Cross officials said they
are 100 pints short of their projections. They
expect to make up that shortfall in the days
ahead, but they can't do it without student
participation. Since the blood battle began in
1982, the Red Cross has collected 73,701
pints of blood - potentially saving thou-
sands of lives. However, the University's
record since the battle's inception is less than
stellar. In the unlikely event of an OSU
victory this year, the schools would be knot-
ted in a 7-7 tie. One can only hope the
University will defend its winning record
this year after losing the last three battles.
Time is of the essence in a University
student's life, but lack of time is no excuse
for not donating blood. Everybody's sched-
ule can spare an hour over the next two
weeks, and this hour should be spent sup-
porting the blood battle against the Buck-

Him.oft/ en tity
I heard about the assassination of Israeli socially, politically
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in a rather Created in the
unusual forum. It was during a question- caust, Israel, too,1
and-answer session conducted by one of the opposition to otherr
actors in the traveling company of Tony It is a Jewish state
Kushner's "Angels in America," which was home for all Jews f
playing in Detroit last week. Someone asked Yet while mos
a question about American identity, one of mourn Rabin, Israe
the main themes of the play, and the actor fied in their sense+
responded that he had been discussing that this assassination e
very issue backstage, because Yitzhak Rabin Many are shoc
had just been killed - by an Israeli Jew. what happened on5
The actor went on to say how difficult it think Rabin provok
was for him to imagine choosing one part of a situation that end
his identity -an American, a Jew, a man - Jewish state.
over the others, to hold it dear in exclusion of Instead of create
all else, and then to act upon it, to murder tion to others, Isra
because of it. form identities in o
Over the past few days, the world has For those of us1
heard eulogies and tributes to a great man, Jews, especially for
we have reflected upon the irony of his areas where a Jew
murder occurring at the largest peace rally f icted with what w
Israel has ever held and we have predicted American, the con
the political repercussions that the assassi- Jews is difficult to
nation will have - every time stressing that Whenever myI
it was a Jew who killed this Israeli leader, field trips, we were
Yet the more it's been discussed, the our best behavior be
more I find myself going back to the words who saw us would
of that actor from Saturday afternoon; it was were Jews, and thus
he who has best highlighted for me the an entire people on
important issue in this tragedy. When the Intif
The question, after all, is really about a remember the assis
sense of identity: the assassin's, the Israelis', brew school telling
the Jewish people's. to always support I
Historically, Jews have always been able regardless of its ac
to create an identity for themselves in oppo- We grew up kr
sition to those around them. Even when their disagree intellectu
sense of religion was not strong, they were socially and politic
reminded of their Jewish identity by others: the face of all othe

, they were always Jews.
aftermath of the Holo--
has built its identity in
nations, to other peoples.
surrounded by Arabs, a
from all backgrounds.
t may join together to
li Jews are far from uni-
of identity; if anything,
mphasizes the point.
cked and devastated by
Saturday night, but some
ed the attack by creating
angered the future of the
ing an identity in opposi-
eli Jews have begun to
pposition to themselves.
brought up as American
'those ofus brought up in
ish identity often con-
e were told was that of an
ncept of Jews opposing
Hebrew school went on
always warned to be on
ecause some of the people
remember only that we
s we had the reputation of
our shoulders.
fada began full force, I
tant principal of my He-
us it was our obligation
srael in the public sphere,
nowing that Jews could
ally, religiously, but that
ally Jews were unified in
rs. We were one people.

But a Jewish identity, like any other
kind, can not be distilled into one. While
Jews in the diaspora have been busy worry-
ing about their duty as representatives of
their people, Israelis have been learning how
to accommodate the differences in Jewish
Many Israelis now identify with the
movement toward peace, a great deal do not.
To some the state has God-given borders, to
others the promise for an end to the fighting
is worth more than that.
Along with the luxury of being able to
identify in opposition to each other comes
the responsibility for Jews to recognize the
validity of their differences. Otherwise the
one-dimensional view of Jewish identity
with which I grew up will once again reign
What Yigal Amir showed by killing
Yitzhak Rabin is not that the Jews are losing
their moral high ground, as some have sug-
gested. Baruch Goldstein gunning down 29
Muslims in Hebron and stories published
last summer about Israeli treatment of pris-
oners of war have already taken care of that.
What he did show is that some Jews are
prepared to pare down their own sense of
right and wrong for the sake of what they
have now taken to be their sole identity.
These people have done more than take
away one man's life, and they have done
more than threaten the peace process, they
have challenged the Israeli ability to accept
and encompass more than one sense of iden-
tity. It is this challenge, more than any other,
that the Jews worldwide must answer.
- Judith Kajka can be reached over e-
mail atjkafka@umich.edu

comefrom witkkz


Goodbye, PAC men
Bill would bring much-needed finance reform

There is arguably one issue on which
voters from the most conservative Pat
Buchanan supporter to the most liberal Bill
Clinton backer agree: the need for campaign
finance reform. They have good reason: The
influence of legal special-interest money on
U.S. legislators undermines Congress' cred-
ibility and accountability. Now, however,
lawmakers may finally be ready to do some-
thing about it.
Sens. John McCain (R-Ariz.) and Russ
Feingold (D-Wis.) are the main authors of a
new and comprehensive campaign finance
reform bill -the first bipartisan reform bill
in years and the first ever to be introduced in
'both the House and Senate in almost identical
form. Along with having an actual chance of
passing through Congress, this bill, unlike
previous attempts at reform, has real teeth.
First, the legislation provides for volun-
tary campaign spending limits. While many
fear the voluntary measure will be ineffec-
tive - and thus favor mandatory spending
limits as in Canada-the constitutionality of
mandatory limits is questionable. Voluntary
limits, which would be curved to account for
each state's population and size, are a reason-
able alternative.
Candidates who stay within the voluntary
spending limit will be provided up to 30
minutes of free television air time. Because
incumbents have a great advantage in com-
manding news attention (campaign publicity
that costs nothing), challengers must spend
enormous amounts of money on air time to
get their message out. Making air time avail-
able for free would lower the overall amount
of money a candidate must raise to have a
realistic chance ofwinning. When the amount
each candidate must raise shrinks, so does
the influence of big money.
Second, the bill places serious restrictions
on political action committees. PACs, which

exist solely to influence legislators on behalf
of one specific group, are rightly seen as
influence-peddling tools of corporations and
lobbies. The bill either would ban them out-
right or severely curtail the amount of money
they can donate to candidates and parties.
Last, and what some consider most im-
portant, is a provision to abolish "soft money."
Currently, unions and corporations are for-
bidden from donating to federal campaigns.
To get around this, they contribute directly to
the party with the "suggestion" that it be used
to help a particular candidate. The party then
hands down the money to the state election
committee, which uses it to help the chosen
candidate. The McCain-Feingold bill would
eliminate this loophole in the law.
While it may not seem obvious, passing
this legislation would help many lawmakers.
With less pressure to raise huge campaign
war chests and reduction of special-interest
influence, lawmakers would have more free-
dom to follow their constituents' wishes.
Many members of Congress find the line
between special-interest and constituent ac-
countability very treacherous indeed.
Many questions remain unanswered. First,
no one knows whether House Speaker Newt
Gingrich (R-Ga.) or Senate Majority Leader
Bob Dole (R-Kan.) will insist that the bill be
watered down. Dole consistently stymied
debate on finance reform as majority leader
in 1985-86. As well, this bill will not elimi-
nate the influence of big money, which has
deftly circumvented existing laws on cam-
paign funding. There is no reason to believe
new laws will completely deter rich special
interests. However, this bill would be an
excellent, perhaps even revolutionary, change
in campaign financing. Sens. McCain and
Feingold deserve credit for drafting this bill.
Lawmakers should do voters a service and
themselves a favor and vote it through.

may want to
pledge his
salary raises
To the Daily:
In recent months, one of the
events that has had a significant
impact on academia, and specifi-
cally the University, was the at-
tack on affirmative action pro-
grams, epitomized by the vote of
the University ofCalifornia Board
of Regents. In response to that
decision, among others, President
James J. Duderstadt stated that
any similardecision by the Michi-
gan Legislature would be unac-
ceptable to him and he would
resign. This seemed most appro-
priate as his Michigan Mandate
(i.e. commitment to diversity) had
indeed gained him extensive vis-
ibility and a national reputation.
Relatedly, the Board of Regents
approved a $28,288 raise for the
president, not just in recognition
of his accomplishments, but to
bring his salary "more in line
with" other University presidents
(e.g. the UC presidency for which
President Duderstadt was suppos-
edly a candidate). Well, as we are
all aware, despite the Michigan
Legislature not deciding to fol-
low the California lead (at least
not yet), President Duderstadt did
indeed decide to resign.
It is obviously not known
whether or not the new president
will choose to continue the Man-
date and/or Agenda for Women.
However, perhaps President
Duderstadt, as a farewell gesture


1I gratefully
respect Engler.'
- University Regent
Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor), after Gov. John
Engler announced h
would not supporti
Baker 's re-election


it is personal sacrifices, similar to
that of Chancellor Tien, that truly
reflect the type of commitment
that is required for causes such as
providing equal access and op-
portunity to education for every-
one. Is the originator ofthe Michi-
gan Mandate, or for that matter,
any of the other top University
administrators, committed
enough to follow the lead of the
UC chancellor and donate a por-
tion of their raises to this most
important agenda?
Thomas D. Landefeld
Associate professor of
Article fuels
myths about
giving blood
To the Daily:
I am writing to you in regard
to the article appearing in the
Daily titled "Ohio State, 'U' aim
for 4,600 pints in annual blood
drive" (11/7/95). I1am the coordi-
nator of publicity for Alpha Phi
Omega, which, by the way, is a
national co-ed service fraternity,
not a sorority as reported in the
It is very difficult to encour-
age people to give blood. It is a
scary thought to many. I feel this
article may sway many people to
not give blood, because it pre-
sented student testimonials ofbad
experiences and made poor at-
tempts to discourage fear in giv-
ing blood. In reality, very few
people experience problems when

The blood-supply level is
extremely low right now. The Red
Cross will have to import blood
from other regions if our drive
does not go well.
Ear piercing is rated to be
more painful.
All blood is tested and test-
ing is confidential.
0 The fluid you lose while
giving is replaced in about 1 hour.
For every pint donated, up
to four lives can be saved.
Donating blood is a very im-
portant thing-lives will be saved
from these donations. Having
pride in your school and showing
support in a competition like this
is just as important I think it is
your job, if you are going to offer
to do an article on it to make sure
people understand this and are
excited about it.
Beth A. Clark
Sergeant at Arms
Alpha Phi Omega
LSA senior
Ignoring the
Code won't
defeat it
To the Daily:
This is in response to Mr. lan
Goldenberg's letter to the Daily
titled "Why all the Code fuss?"
(11/7/95). Mr. Goldenberg com-
plains the Daily editorial page
spends too much time "complain-
ing" about the Code, on a daily
basis in fact. Mr. Goldenberg, I
have but one question for you.
Are you the type who does not
mind when the Fourth Amend-

disregard for the principles o
country was founded on? Y
say and I quote, "If the code we
strengthened, I don't see how
would affect anyone. The co
has absolutely no impact on st
dents who go to class and beha
themselves." On this point Stali
Idi Amin and I agree with yo
but let's define our terms. Wh
do you define as behave ou
selves? Some may conclude p
litical dissent like that oozing fro
some neo-communists within t
RC and the rest of the campus
inflammatory and therefo
should be banned. While I veh
mently disagree with such rhet
ric, I defend those who speak
because I realize an informed ele
torate will dismiss it as rubbis
That is the process ofdemocrac
it is ever changing and forev
evolving. We cannot beco
complacent when there is abrea
of democracy such as that illite
ate document they call t
"Code." Remember dictatorshi
are not revolutionary, they a
comfortable. Our generati
seems to enjoy being told what
do, not having to engage in re
thought for ourselves so if
become complacent we dese
our fate. Our democracy isapriv
lege we borrow from our ch'
dren, not inherit from our ance
tors; therefore-we have a duty
protect it from those who seek
take the comfortable path a
eliminate it by removing due pr
cess protection or by mandati
closed-door proceedings or
nally by not allowing that m
derer or rapist to confront his a
cusers. Lastly Mr. Goldenber
you also referred to the "Ja

UniversityRegent Daniel Horning

University Regent Rebecca McGowan



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