Tonight: Periods of rain,
low about 50%
Tomorrow: Cloudy, chance
or rain, high around 45-.
it t Itm
One hundredflve years of editorialfreedom
November 2, 1995
Vol. cvly Noo 75 u x IA
My project is due...
start in Ohio
NOPPORN KICHANANTHA/ Daily
Cram session: Jennifer Maigret, a graduate student in biology,
prepares for a systematic botany midterm.
I have a test tomorrow...
Chuck Dulin (ground) gets help from friend Chris Afdahl yesterday on setting up
his art project for his art performance class.
Leadership board gains student
The Washington Post
DAYTON, Ohio - Secretary of State Warren
Christopher opened talks here yesterday designed
to end the four-year war in Bosnia and other parts
ofthe former Yugoslavia, warning the politicians
who plunged the region into ethnic turmoil that
future generations would never forgive them if
they failed to achieve peace.
Shortly after the opening ofthe talks, Christo-
pher supported a key demand of the Bosnian
Muslims by calling for the removal from power
of two Bosnian Serb leaders who have been
indicted for war crimes by an international tri-
bunal in The Hague. In an interview with ABC
News, Christopher said the United States would
not feel "comfortable" sending troops to Bosnia
as peacekeepers as long as Radovan Karadzic
and Gen. Ratko Mladic remained "in a strong
command position" in Bosnia.
The talks at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,
just outside Dayton, mark the first serious at-
tempt by the United States to negotiate a peace
settlement in Bosnia. If successful, they will
prepare the way for deployment of up to 60,000
NATO troops, including as many as 25,000
Americans, to police a 700-mile demarcation
line between the warring factions.
In a gesture that U.S. officials said had been
carefully planned, Christopher maneuvered
Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic into shak-
ing hands with his bitter enemies, Bosnian Presi-
dent Alija Izetbegovic, a Muslim, and Croatian
President Franjo Tudjman, at the start of the
afternoon's opening plenary session. It was the
first time that the three leaders have met to-
gether since May 1993, when they attended a
peace conference in Athens, one of several ear-
lier unsuccessful attempts to end the war.
U.S. negotiators planned to hand the three
leaders detailed proposals for ending the war in
Bosnia, which has cost the lives of tens of
thousands of people and driven nearly 2 million
refugees from their homes. The American pro-
posals include ideas for a new constitution that
would preserve the principle ofa united Bosnian
state, as sought by the Muslims, while dividing
the territory roughly equally between a Muslim-
Croat federation and the separatist Serbs.
Addressing the plenary session of leaders from
the former Yugoslavia, as well as representatives
of the five-nation Contact Group of mediators,
Christopher said that failure to achieve a peace
settlement could plunge Europe into a wider war.
"If we fail, the war will resume and future
generations will surely hold us accountable for
the consequences that would follow. The lights
Major Players In
A 70-year-old lawyer
who has remained in
Sarajevo through the 3
1/2-year Serbian siege.
president in 1990, he
to avert the war.
The 54-year-old was
blamed for starting the
Balk an war and now
hold s the most control
over the conflict's
A 73-year-old former
general in the Yugoslav
Army. Headed the
Croatian charge for
independence in 1991.
By Amy Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
During the past year, students have formed a
new institute at the University to link campus
leadership programs and resources. Now, the
Michigan Leadership Institute is undergoing
two new changes - pulling Leadership 2017
under its financial umbrella and inviting a stu-
dent-appointed representative to its board.
Incorporating programs like Leadershape and
Leadership 2017, the Michigan Leadership In-
stitute is run by a board of 15 students, faculty
and citizens who plan initiatives and grant fund-
The funds for MLI come from corporate spon-
sors, the Engineering and Business schools, and
the Office of Student Affairs.
Leadership 2017, a summer leadership train-
ing program originally funded by the Office of
Student Affairs, joined MLI in September and
will be funded by the institute for the first time
next year. In the past, members of the Michigan
Student Assembly criticized Leadership 2017
for its invitation-only policy and the partici-
pants' salaries. Last summer, MSA President
Flint Wainess participated in the program.
Suzanne Safara, an MLI student board mem-
ber, said bringing 2017 under the MLI umbrella
will allow the leadership program to function
independently from the Office of Student Af-
"We're currently exploring ways to provide
alternative funding, which may come from the
University, but not directly from (Vice Presi-
dent for Student Affairs) Maureen Hartford's
office," Safara said.
Safara also said the institute plans to discuss
2017's invitation policy during the next year.
In addition, the board will add a new member
this year - a student who will be appointed by
MSA's Campus Governance Committee. Previ-
ously, new board members had to be nominated
by a current member. CGC Chair Probir Mehta
said the committee plans to distribute applica-
tions Monday for the position and that MSA
wants someone who is devoted to aiding the
"As a representative of the student body they
are a representative of MSA as well and will
have to follow MSA's resolutions," Mehta said.
"I think if we get a student who says, 'Look we
want to make some changes,' that they can make
Safara said MLI welcomes the new board
position and hopes the student will encourage
more involvement by the University community.
"I think the appointed student will definitely
be helpful and they will contribute an outside
opinion and perspective," Safara said. "They
will serve as an excellent liaison between MSA
and the board."
Wainess said that allowing a students to ap-
point a representative to the board of MLI is an
encouraging first step.
"The essential concern with 2017 and MLI
has been a lack of accountability as well as
concerns about potential conflicts of interest in
terms of funding," Wainess said. "With MSA
appointees to an independent board such as
MLI, both of those concerns begin to be ad-
dressed. Students now have a voice on where
that funding goes."
so recently lit in Sarajevo would once again be
extinguished, death and starvation would once
again spread across the Balkans ... threatening
the region and perhaps Europe itself," he said.
All sides regard the Dayton talks as the best
chance yet of bringing peace to the former
Yugoslavia. They come at a time when the
warring factions have fought themselves to a
rough balance of power on the ground, with the
Serbs and the Muslim-Croat federation each
controlling roughly half of Bosnian territory.
All sides also agree, however, that the negotia-
tions are likely to prove both very difficult and
protracted. U.S. officials say the talks - with
three parties and six teams of negotiators -are
significantly more complex than the 1978 Camp
David talks, where President Carter played host
only to the leaders of Egypt and Israel.
MSA solicits input on president
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (center) goes over budget proposals with Rep. John Kasich (R-Ohio)
and Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole (R-Kan.) in a committee meeting yesterday.
to H debate over
budget impasse heats up
By Michelle Lee Thompson
Daily Staff Reporter
Calling all students: Michigan Student As-
sembly President Flint Wainess wants your in-
put on the selection of the next University presi-
Ever since President James J. Duderstadt an-
nounced his resignation last month, Wainess
has been gathering student opinion over e-mail,
and says he plans to continue.
Wainess said he has received 40 "substantive
responses" to a message he sent last week.
"Students have the potential to have a power-
ful voice in the selection of a new president,"
Wainess said. "I think MSA is the body to work
through to exercise that voice."
Wainess is working with University Secretary
Roberta Palmer to organize an open forum for the
regents to hear student opinions outside of the
public comments sessions ofthe board's meetings.
Vice President for Student Affairs Maureen
A. Hartford said the regents plan to discuss
getting input from students and faculty at their
meeting later this month.
"They have to organize the input that they
said they want to get from
the community," Hartford.
Wainess said he would.
also like to organize a forum
between MSA members and
Vice President for Univer- t
sity Relations Walter
Harrison said he has taken a
similar request from the Wainess
faculty's Senate Advisory
Committee on University Affairs. Harrison said
he, Palmer and Provost J. Bernard Machen will
propose forums to the regents.
"At the moment, we haven't finalized our
thinking, but we want to make sure we have
forums for student input," Harrison said. "I agree
with the spirit of Flint's proposal - students
clearly ought to be involved in the process."
Regent Andrea Fischer Newman (R-Ann Ar-
bor) said she thought the proposed forums were
"I would be interested in hearing from whom-
ever had something to say," Newman said.
"Whether or not there needs to be a meeting
between the regents and MSA I will leave to
Bernie, Walt and Roberta."
Wainess said he and MSA Vice President
Sam Goodstein will compile students' written
opinions to submit to the regents.
Wainess spoke as a guest on The David
Neuman Show on WXYT (1270 AM)last week
about what students are looking for in the next
He said the appearance made him realize that
he needs to do more research and solicit more
student input to find out what qualifications
"I really want students to get back to me on
this," Wainess said, adding that e-mail is the
best way to send input.
Wainess can be reached over e-mail at
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Clinton
and Republican congressional leaders came face
to face yesterday to address their budget im-
passe, all but daring each other in public to
trigger an unprecedented federal default.
In his latest threat to force a halt in federal
borrowing that could prevent the government
from paying its creditors, House Speaker Newt
Gingrich (R-Ga.) said Wall Street investors told
Republicans yesterday morning that "the mar-
ket would shrug it off' if the government went
if administration officials "are willing to be
serious" about discussing spending and tax cuts.
Administration officials and many econo-
mists say that if the government's $4.9 trillion
debt ceiling were reached and a first-ever fed-
eral default occurred, the results probably would
include higher interest rates and a resounding
shock to financial markets.
Gingrich's remarks drew a quick response
from administration officials, who sounded just
White House spokesman Mike McCurry said
Terulla, a social gathering, with Roberto
Rodriguez, Mason Hall, Latino Studies
lounge, 7:30-9 p.m.
Reception with Angel Cervantes, Vivian
Brady and Roberto Rodriguez, Trotter
House, 11:30 a.m.-1 p.m.
Panel discussion: "Latino/a Student Activism
oa Chicano cultures
Week nromotes Mexican.
By Kiran Chaudhri
Daily Staff Reporter
LSA senior Cassandra Munguia, co-chair of
La Voz Mexicana, is hoping to promote Mexi-
can cultural awareness this week.
LSA senior Darilis Garcia, a member of the
Latino/a Task Force, says she hopes to motivate
that existed then and now, (although) there really
aren't many differences," Garcia-Roberts said.
Thepanelists include Angel Cervantes, Vivian
Brady and Roberto Rodriguez.
Cervantes is a Chicano graduate student at
Claremont State University. He recently formed
the Four Winds Student Movement in Califor-
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