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One hundredfive years of editornralfreedom
October 26, 1995.
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8 Pediatric endocrinologist'
* First black surgeon general
0 Resigned from the post last fall
* Directed 6,000-member corps of
doctors, nurses, pharmacists and
Entered U.S. Army as a first
lieutenant at age 18
* Currently teaches at the
University of Arkansas Medcal
At her Senate confirmation hearings,
"I want to change the way we think
about health by putting prevention
first. I want to be the voice and
vision of the poor and powerless. I
want to change concern about
problems that affect health into
commitment. I would like to make
every child born in America a wanted
Elders to keynote MLK Day '96
By Zachary M. Raimi
Daily Staff Reporter
Members of the Martin Luther King
Day planning committee announced
yesterday that Dr. Joycelyn Elders, the
last surgeon general, will be the key-
note speaker of the University's sym-
posium in January.
"We thought she would be an excel-
lent speaker because of her outspoken-
ness regarding causes she believes in,
including the health care arena," said
Michael Jones-Coleman, coordinator
for MLK Day.
The committee will also plan at least
two panels for the day, and many of the
University's departments will sponsor
events on the day and throughout the
month of January.
This year's theme is "Affirmation
Through Action: The Challenge Con-
The committee - comprised of about
20 students, staffmembers and faculty-
selected Elders from a list that included
novelist Toni Morrison, Harvard Prof.
Cornel West and poet Maya Angelou.
Loren McGhee, president of the cam-
pus branch of the National Association
of Colored People, said that Elders was
a good choice. "I totally agree. I think
everyone has the right to speak on what
they believe," she said.
But campus conservatives object to
the selection. LSA senior Mark Fletcher,
the College Republicans' state chair,
was strongly opposed to the choice.
"I think it was an incredibly poor
choice," Fletcher said. "Most Ameri-
cans respect Dr. King because he en-
dorsed individual initiative and per-
sonal responsibility-two things which
are antithetical topositions Dr. Elders
has taken in the present and the past."
Jones-Coleman said he is not con-
cerned about the controversial air that
has surrounded Elders since she began
her term as surgeon general. "To date, I
haven't heard of anyone who's got a
problem with her serving as speaker,"
"Dr. Elders continues, to this day, to
speak out on causes she believes in. Cer-
tainly those who didn't support Dr. King's
message couldn't say he didn't speak out
on causeshe believed in," Jones-Coleman
said, adding that Elders would tailor her
speech to the theme.
The committee is meeting tomorrow
to plan more events. Jones-Coleman
said that Sunday, Jan. 14, the Boys
Choir of Harlem will perform with the
University Musical Society. "They are
extremely popular with individuals in
the greater Ann Arbor communities,"
Grammy-nominated gospel singer
Yolanda Adams is also scheduled to
Two years ago, the Black Student
Union boycotted the University's MLK
Day events to hold its own teach-ins. At
the time, the organization said that the
University was getting away from the
activism that the day was founded in,
and student input was lacking.
Last year, the University incorporated
the views of the BSU and other student
groups, and has done the same this year.
Jones-Coleman praised the
committee's efforts. "It's a good group.
All the feedback from our September
meeting was very positive," he said.
Several student groups are repre-
sented on this year's committee, Jones-
Coleman said, including the Native
American Student Association, Alianza
and the Black Law Student Alliance.
Former Swedish ambassador
Per Anger delivers sixth annual
By Jeff Eldridge
Daily Staff Reporter
"He was courageous," said Per Anger, a former
Swedish diplomat. "What's more, he was an idealist
and a very warm human being." -
To a crowd of about 500, Anger spoke last night
about his friend Raoul Wallenberg - a University
alum whose disappearance remains one of the Cold
War's greatest mysteries.
Wallenberg, who would be 83 if he is still alive,
graduated from the University's School of Architecture
in 1935, before serving in a central European trading
company and working as a diplomat for Sweden.
In the sixth annual Wallenberg Lecture sponsored
by the University Wallenberg Endowment, Anger
spoke to an audience at Rackham Auditorium about
Wallenberg's work saving thousands of Budapest's
Jews from Nazi extermination and his eventual disap-
pearance in the Soviet Union. Wallenberg led a group
of Swedish diplomats in granting Jews travelingpasses
to safe countries.
"He was very active personally," Anger said. "He
would go to railways stations to stop trains to Auschwitz.
Of course, he bluffed his way through the situations."
Anger, who served with Wallenberg in 1942-45,
described an incident when Wallenberg saved a group
of Jewish youths.
"He always invented a new way of saving people,"
Anger said. "He was standing around 50 Jewish stu-
dents about to be taken by Germans." Immediately,
Wallenberg distributed Swedish passes to the group
and helped them get to a safe house.
"We took away those people who they were going
to deport to Auschwitz," Anger said.
Anger said the Nazis tacitly allowed the Swedish
effort tooccur, in order to avoid diplomatic tension
with the neutral country.
Nonetheless, at least one unsuccessful assassination
attempt was made on Wallenberg, whose eventual
disappearance came not at the hands of the Germans
but of the Soviets occupying Hungary at the end of
World War 11.
"The KGB officers who were there knew we had a
contact in Stockholm who was an American officer,"
Anger said, "but who was also an OSS man, a CIA
agent. We didn't know that last part, but of course the
Wallenberg was taken in 1945 by the Soviets, who
reported that he died of a heart attack in 1947. Anger
- and many other experts on the Wallenberg disap-
pearance - are highly skeptical of the account.
debate on GOP
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - Facing a new
veto threat by President Clinton, Con-
gress yesterday opened a historic de-
bate on the Republican majority's revo-
lutionary agenda to curb federaloutlays
and reverse three decades of deficit
spending. The far-reaching plan, if
implemented, is supposed to deliver by
the year 2002 a balanced budget for the
first time since 1969.
"I've been waiting 40 years for this
... defining moment," said Senate Ma-
jority Leader Bob Dole (R-Kan.).
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-
Ga.), characterized the debate and up-
coming votes on the giant budget bill -
set for today in the House and tomor-
row in the Senate - as an "extraordi-
nary 48 hours" that amounted to change
"on the same scale of the Great Soci-
Rolled into the giant budget bill are
provisions to dramatically scale back
the growth of Medicare, Medicaid,
welfare and a host of other assistance
programs. The bill also incorporates
tax cuts that have already been ap-
proved separately by the House and
Unable to derail the GOPjuggernaut,
outnumbered but energized Democrats
pressed their campaign of resistance in
the court of public opinion, attacking
Republicans for effecting unprec-
edented changes in Medicare, Medic-
aid, welfare and other social programs
without adequate public scrutiny or
debate while at the same time providing
a $245 billion tax cut for the well-to-do.
"This is a tragic day and an historic
day. But I think it is a day the Republi-
cans will regret ...," said Senate Minor-
ity LeaderTom Daschle (D-S.D.), re-
ferring to the 1996 elections.
Daschle said the GOP's plan to cut
$482 billion from the projected seven-
year growth in spending for Medicare
and Medicaid amounted to "the biggest
rollback of health benefits this country
has experienced in its history."
President Clinton yesterday renewed
his intention to veto the measure, say-
ing that the GOP's "misguided budget
priorities" were "the wrong way to go,
and I don't intend to let it happen."
At a White House news conference,
Clinton described the Republican bud-
get as "extreme" and said it "absolutely
shreds our values...."
By Ronnie Glassberg
Daily Staff Reporter
Two Senate Democrats plan to in-
troduce an amendment today to the
budget reconciliation bill that would
maintain current student loan pro-
The amendment, which will be of-
fered by Democratic Sens. Edward
Kennedy of Massachusetts and Paul
Simon of Illinois, would cut $2 to $3
billion from student loan programs
over the next seven years, compared>
to more than $10 billion in the plan
passed late last month by the Senate
Labor and Human Resources Com-
The Senate is expected to vote to-
morrow or Saturday on the bill, which
- in addition to student loans -
includes changes to Medicare, Med-
icaid, farm programs and a $245 bil-
lion tax cut. The plan would balance
the federal budget by 2002.
"There are continuing discussions
with some Republicans to try to have
this as a bipartisan amendment," said
Associate Vice President for Gov-
ernment Relations Thomas Butts, the
University's Washington lobbyist.
"Obviously, we would like to see
something like this pass."
The Senate plan would cap the fed-
eral direct loan program at 20 percent
of all loans, charge a 0.85-percent fee
to universities based on the total loan
value and eliminate the six-month
interest-free grace period following
graduation. The amendment would
eliminate these provisions.
"Senator Simon differs with Re-
See HIGHER ED, Page 7A
The budget bill before Congress is
the centerpiece of the Republican legis-
lative agenda, and it dwarfs any other
matter that either the Senate or the House
has taken up this year in the wake of the
GOP's stunning victories last Novem-
ber, in which voters gave them control
See VOTE, Page 7A
Per Anger, a former Swedish diplomat, speaks last night to a crowd of 500 at Rackham Auditorium. In theA
sixth annual Wallenberg Lecture, Anger praised Raoul Wallenberg's work saving Jews from Nazi extermination.
Engineering Prof. Andrew Nagy (left), who was indirectly saved by Wallenberg, also spoke.
"We have witnesses who saw him in prison in the
'50s," Anger said. He also cited an account by a Soviet
doctor who claimed to have seen Wallenberg in a
mental hospital outside Moscow, and dismissed theo-
ries of an execution.,
After perestroika, there was more information avail-
able. Anger found a copy of Wallenberg's old pass-
port. "I was very anxious myselfto see the passport, he
said. " The document was found to be valid while he
was kidnapped by the Soviets, so the Soviet claim that
Wallenberg was detained because ofpassport verifica-
tion problems was proved erroneous.
Students in attendance said they found the speech
moving and enlightening.
"I came because it's an amazing event," said RC first-
year student Sara Bursac, "to hear someone who knew
Raoul Wallenberg, to hear about somebody who helped
so many thousand Jews."
"Raoul Wallenberg's story is something my father
and I shared ever since I was young," said Jennifer
Bradley-Swift, an RC first-year student. "It's been
something that's been with me through my life. Hearing
Per Anger's speech was very moving."
Anger reflected on the fate of the man who changed
so many lives. "The whole world has a right to know
what happened to a man who has become a symbol of
humanitarianism for modern times and has become a
symbol in the fight for human rights," he said.
After six-month vacancy, council
OKs Berlin as city administrator
By Maureen Sirhal
Daily Staff Reporter
About six months of search and debate
ended as the Ann Arbor City Council
awarded the position of city administra-
His request left several council mem-
Councilmember Jane Lumm (R-2nd
Ward) said she disagreed with the four-
year term provision proposed in an ear-
Councilmember Stephen Hartwell
(D-4th Ward) began what some citi-
zens of Ann Arbor called a lynching of
a quality candidate.
Hartwell distributed a memo blasting
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