16 -The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 25, 1995
JERUSALEM (AP) - Israel and the
Palestinians have quietly begun tackling
the most explosive issue on their agenda
- a solution for Jerusalem, the city
claimed by both as a capital.
Officials confirmed yesterday that Is-
raeli and Palestinian academics with
close links to their political leaders are
exploring various models, ranging from
Palestinian self-rule in the city to estab-
lishing two municipalities.
Among the Israelis involved is Yair
Hirschfeld, a history professor who
helped set up secret talks in Oslo, Nor-
way that led to the breakthrough 1993
Israel-PLO accord on Palestinian au-
Hirschfeld said yesterday he was in
the early stages of private research on
Jerusalem and has no public mandate.
Israeli Economics MinisterYossi Beilin,
Hirschfeld's mentor and a key player in
the Oslo talks, also disavowed a connec-
But Israeli officials have said the fu-
ture of Jerusalem is so sensitive the gov-
ernment would avoid writing position
papers in-house so no policy option
would appear to have official sanction.
The initial work was to be commis-
sioned to think tanks.
This is in keeping with the Oslo talks,
when Israeli academics initially devel-
oped an autonomy model with PLO of-
ficials. When thedialoguebecameprom-
ising, Israel sent in high-level negotia-
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.Perot says p to
Sbe on Calif. b ot
A resident of Jenin buys a Palestinian flag at an outdoor stall in the Jenin market yesterday.
tors from the Foreign Ministry to lead
Beilin, architect of the Oslo talks, said
yesterday that Israel would have to give
the Palestinians a measure of self-rule in
Jerusalem if it wanted to win the world's
recognition of the city as Israel's capital.
"We will not be able to, and we
shouldn't, ignore the 170,000 Palestin-
ians who live in Jerusalem and who are
entitled to live according to their own
culture and norms," Beilin said in an
"To deal with the matter. I suaiest
adopting the idea of the former mayor,
Teddy Kollek, who suggested self-ad-
ministration," Beilin said. "This means
neighborhoods, including the Palestin-
ian areas, will be able to elect their own
representatives and deal with day-to-
However, Beilin denied a report in
Israel's Haaretz daily yesterday that he
favored giving the Palestinians sover-
eignty in parts of the city of 565,000.
"There will be one municipality. The
only sovereignty will be an Israeli one.
These are the parameters and they haven't
changed," he said.
Israel-PLO talks on the final status of
Jerusalem are to begin by May 4. Until
now, both sides have stuck rigidly to
their opening positions.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin says he
will not relinquish sovereignty of any
part of the city, including the eastern
sector Israel captured from Jordan in the
1967 Middle East war. PLO chiefYasser
Arafat wants east Jerusalem as a future
Nevertheless, the Palestinians have
sent preliminary signals that they are
ready to make concessions to the Israe-
Last week, Palestinian geographer
Khalil Tufakji published a proposal un-
der which the city would be home to two
capitals, butthe Palestinians would share
the walled Old City, where major holy
sites of Judaism, Islam and Christianity
Israel, for example, would continue to
run the Jewish Quarter in the Old City -
a concession from hard-line Palestinian
positions of the past that all territory
captured in the 1967 Middle East war
must be returned to Arab control.
SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) -
Hours before the deadline, Ross Perot
declared victory yesterday in his quest
to put the new Reform Party on
California's 1996 presidential ballot.
But it could be weeks before state
officials can say for sure whether he
succeeded in the drive launched less
than a month ago.
The Reform Party had submitted at least
95,000 voter registrations by early yester-
day, Perot said. Thousands more were
expected to be submitted at county regis-
trar offices before the 5 p.m. deadline.
"As of this morning, we have 95,000,"
Perot told San Francisco television sta-
tion KRON via a satellite link from
Dallas. "We know it's done. But we're
going to work hard all day today and
turn in thousands more..."
Meanwhile, questions arose yester-
day over whether a top Clinton cam-
paign strategist offered to help the Perot
effort in California.
Gordon Black, a pollster who some-
times advises Perot, said the offer of
manpower was made by Clinton ad-
viser Dick Morris and was quickly re-
jected. Morris denied making such an
offer. The dispute was first reported in
the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The Reform Party needed 89,007
verified voter registrations to qualify
the party for the 1996 elections in the
nation's largest state, which also has
the earliest qualification deadline and
the toughest requirements,
Perot reportedly has spent $100,000
a week on the California effort, includ-
ing $360,000 on newspaper advertis-
ing. The Texas billionaire launched the
drive Sept. 28.
Perot's volunteer army staked out
shopping malls, and anywhere else
Californians gathered, persuading vot-
ers to change their registration to the
Reform Party - at least briefly - so
the party could meet its deadline.
Russ Verney, executive director of
Perot's United We Stand America, said
party workers had "counted and copied
94,956 voter registration forms as of 11
p.m. last night.
"That includes those we have signed
up. It does not include those that been
sent in by mail or hand delivered to the
counties," Verney said.
California Secretary of State Bill
Jones has until Nov. 13 to officially
verify the signatures, althoughthe vali-
dation likely will be announced early
next month, said spokeswoman Shirley
"Ohio is next and Maine follows right
on its heels," Verney said.
Perot has suggested strongly that he
won't be the party's candidate but he
won't rule himself out, either.
The party first tried to qualify for the
Californiaballot through petition, which
would have required 890,000 signa-
tures, he said.
The party switched to the more diffi-
cult voter registration route after the sec-
retary of state's office, acknowledging it
made an error, changed the deadlines.
Many ofthe registrations appeared to
be coming from San Diego County -a
Perot stronghold - and Los Angeles
and Orange counties, all in southern
California, Washington said.
Also yesterday, the Natural Law Party
said it had submitted 128,000 signa-
tures as it tried to qualify for the 1996
ballot. The Iowa-based party, which is
rooted into the Transcendental Medita-
tion movement, has been quietly col-
lecting signatures for eight months.
Clinton meets with Balkans leaders to set up talks
NEW YORK (AP) - Two Balkan
leaders took tough stands yesterday as
President Clinton tried to smooth the
way for Bosnia peace talks opening in a
Croatian President Franjo Tudjman
said his country "will not be pressured
into any settlement."
And Bosnian President Alija
Izetbegovic said his government and
army would not accept any division or
disintegration of the country.
"The division of Bosnia will leadto the
continuation of war, immediately or later,"
the Muslim leader said in a speech to the
United Nations on its 50th anniversary.
But Clinton, bolstered by new Rus-
sian backing, urged Tudjman and
Izetbegovic in ajoint meeting to make a
success ofthe U.S.-led negotiations open-
ing next Tuesday at Wright-Patterson
Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio.
He assured them the United States
was committed to an honorable peace
in the former Yugoslav republic - one
that preserves Bosnia as a unified state.
"It is clearly the best chance in the
last four years," he said.
In Belgrade, John Shattuck, a senior
State Department official, gave Serbian
President Slobodan Milosevic a list of
1,200 Muslims and Croats missing in
the Banja Luka region of Bosnia. The
Clinton administration suspects many
were killed by Bosnian Serbs in atroci-
ties last week.
Milosevic promised to do what he
could to find the missing. And he said
the Red Cross and other international
organizations would be permitted to
investigate in the area, according to the
Milosevic, in offering his assurances,
said investigators also could go to any
other sites where brutalities were sus-
Secretary of State Warren Christo-
pher will open the peace talks, and
Clinton's chief envoy to the Balkans,
Richard Holbrooke, will mediate among
Tudjman, Izetbegovic and Milosevic.
Backing up Holbrooke will be Igor
Ivanov, Russia's deputy foreign minis-
Milosevic was granted a visa for the
peace talks, provoking Senate Republi-
can leader Bob Dole to condemn what
he called a shameful decision. Dole, a
leading candidate for the 1996 GOP
presidential nomination, said that any
visa issued to Milosevic for the talks
should "confine him to Wright-
Patterson Air Force Base," where the
talks are to be held. "He does not de-
serve to be treated like other foreign
dignitaries," Dole said in a statement
But Clinton said no one "should do
anything to undermine the prospects of
bringing this horrible war to a close."
He recalled Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin's admonition that "you
cannot make peace with your friends."
Milosevic did not attend the U.N.
celebration. Yugoslavia's membership
in the General Assembly was suspended
in 1992 over reports of Serb atrocities.
But he is expected to attend the peace
talks and bring Bosnian Serbs with him.
Russian cultural and religious ties to
the Serbs could prove beneficial in the
talks. And while President Boris Yeltsin
balked again Monday at placing Rus-
sian peacekeeping troops under NATO
command, he told Clinton that he sup-
ported the peace effort.
"The first and most important thing is,
make peace in Bosnia," Clinton said
after his four-hour meeting with Yeltsin
at Franklin D. Roosevelt's ancestral
home in Hyde Park, N.Y. "We have the
responsibility to work together and make
the peace work. And we will do that."
Mouse used in ear research
BOSTON (AP) - It sounds like
something from a carnival side show:
"The Mouse With A Human Ear On Its
Back." But it's real. It's alive.
That mouse, and others of its kind,
are at the leading edge of a science
known as tissue engineering, which al-
lows laboratories to grow skin and car-
tilage for transplant in humans.
The mouse in question, in the labora-
tory of University of Massachusetts
anesthesiologist Dr. Charles Vacanti, is
helping researchers refine the technol-
ogy that someday will allow them to
regrow ears and noses for people.
LindaGriffith-Cima, an assistant pro-
fessor of chemical engineering at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
who helped Vacanti grow the first ears
on mice, said she did it at the request of
a plastic surgeon from Children's Hos-
pital, Dr. Joe Upton.
"He said, 'I see these kids who are
born without ears. And I have boys who
come in whose ears have been chewed
off in playground fights, and I can't sew
them back on because they're so chewed
up,"' Griffith-Cima said.
So she set about creating an ear-like
scaffolding of porous, biodegradable
polyester fabric. Then she and Vacanti
distributed human cartilage cells
throughout the form, and implanted
the prototype ear on the back of a
The mouse, specially bred to lack an
immune system that might reject the
human tissue, nourished the ear as the
cartilage cells grew to replace the fi-
ber. The mouse remains healthy and
alive after the ear is removed, the re-
"You end up with a piece of carti-
lage in the shape of an ear," Griffith-
Griffith-Cima's and Vacanti's re-
search follows in the footsteps of
Vacanti's older brother, Dr. Joseph
Vacanti, a surgeon who does liver
transplants at Children's Hospital,
and his close friend Dr. Robert
Langer, professor of chemical engi-
neering at MIT.
Twelve years ago, when Joseph
Vacanti became head of the hospital's
transplant program, he started search-
ing for ways to grow new liver tissue in
sick children instead of waiting for
donor organs. Too many of his pa-
tients died before they could get trans-
Now Joseph Vacanti can implant a
polymer scaffolding in a diseased rat's
liver and transplant new liver cells.
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