The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 25,
Gay and bisexual fraternity opens at University of Minnesota
, 1995 --7
The Minnesota Daily
MINNEAPOLIS -While fraternities are of-
ten grounded in tradition, an addition to frater-
nity row this fall is a sign of changing times.
Some members of Delta Lambda Phi, a na-
tional fraternity forgay and bisexual men, moved
into a house on fraternity row in late August.
The University of Minnesota chapter of the
fraternity is the first in the nation to get a house
of its own.
Rusty Robertson, the fraternity's president,
said having a house helps Delta Lambda Phi
provide social opportunities and stability to gay,
bisexual and lesbian students.
"This is a bold step forward," said Troy
Buckmeier, a fraternity member who lives in the
house. The building is home to seven fraternity
members and pledges, as well as to three straight
men, two straight women and two lesbians who
Buckmeier said he doesn't believe they could
have had a house on fraternity row 10 years ago.
Some members of the local gay and bisexual
community who graduated from the university
before the idea of having a house on fraternity
row existed, say the idea is "gutsy and crazy"
because of the risks involved, Buckmeier said.
Those risks include harassment and vandal-
ism, Buckmeier said. Some Twin Cities gay
men, lesbians and bisexuals have been the target
of such hate crimes.
But fraternity members said they aren't being
harassed and the house isn't being vandalized.
Other fraternities on the row are "cordial,"
Robertson said. "We haven't receivedbad things,
but we haven't gotten any warm invitations."
Todd Grothe, house manager of a neighbor-
ing Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, said the Delta
Lamda Phi house on the row doesn't bother him
or the other men living in his house. "As far as
neighbors they're fine," he said. "They don't
spill beer cans in our yard."
But Robertson said the fraternity has to deal
with a lot of stereotypes within and outside the
gay, lesbian and bisexual community.
"People think of us as a sex club," Robertson
said. "We combat that stereotype on top of
standard fraternity stereotypes."
Because of such stereotypes, the fraternity
has to be cautious, Robertson said. The group
established bylaws prohibiting pledges and
members from dating each other.
The fraternity also has a "strong no-hazing
policy," Robertson said. The gay, lesbian and
bisexual community is "hazed enough by soci-
ety," he added. "There are no sexual under-
tones," he said. The fraternity's philosophy is,
"Come meet us before you judge us."
The purpose of the fraternity and the house is
to help serve the gay, bisexual and lesbian
community at the university, Robertson said.
The gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender
offices and organizations on the campus provide
education, discussion and events for the commu-
nity, Robertson said. But the fraternity and the
house offer a different social atmosphere that is
often missing from such programs.
After going to classes students often don't
want to go to another lecture, Robertson said. In
talking to the gay, lesbian and bisexual commu-
nity Robertson said he thinks "what they want is
to meet people socially, hang out ... have fun,
laugh, joke and party."
The fraternity's social activities are similar to
activities of other fraternities, Robertson said.
Activities this fall ranged from barbecues and
movie nights to a party that more than 200
The house and fraternity can also provide
stability for some students, Robertson said..
It is difficult for gay and bisexual students to
always be themselves in the dormitories, espe-
cially if they have an unaccepting roommate,
- distributed by University Wire
Solar eclipse greeted
Los Angeles Times
NEW DELHI, India - It was only
8:15 a.m., but the sky was darkening
and birds were winging back to their
nests. Elderly Hindu priest Sooalal hur-
ried to light the sacred fire.
"The sun is suffering, and being
trubled by demons." explained the
barefoot pandit. "We are doing this to
soothe its soul."
Within minutes, the priest and a circle
of fellow Brahmins had a roaring fire
going in the indoor h'earth at New'
Delhi's Birla Temple and, to the drone
of divine chants, were tossing handfuls
of roots, herbs, nuts, rice, sugar, coco-
nut, dried fruits and millet into the crack-
ling flames to restore the natural order
Yesterday morning, a total eclipse of
the sun sent the moon's shadow racing
across 8,600 miles of Asia, from south
of the Iranian capital of Tehran to the
island-dotted waters of the Pacific
Millions on the continent scanned
the skies or watched TV broadcasts of
the spectacular celestial event, while
others, much like their ancestors, fret-
ted that the rare darkening of the heav-
ens during daytime might presage an
In mostly Muslim Bangladesh, for
instance, many people remained in-
doors, and pregnant women were espe-
cially careful, fearing that exposure to
the eclipse might cause fetal deformi-
ties or miscarriage.
In recent weeks, inhabitants of pre-
dominantly Buddhist Thailand, which
like the rest of Southeast Asia experi-
enced its last total eclipse ofthe sun in
1955, had been busily burning black
incense and offering eight kinds of
black foods to appease the angry god
that ancient myths blame for eclipses..
Rahu, a fierce, four-armed dragon-
tailed titan whose symbolic color is
black, burns for vengeance against
the righteous gods and traverses the
heavens in his eight-horse chariot try-
ing to devour the sun and the moon, it
In New Delhi and Bombay, the
streets were eerily deserted yesterday
morning as millions of Indians stayed
At the same time, in Kurukshetra
north of New Delhi, as many as 1 mil-
lon pilgrims bathed in the sacred wa-
ters of two side-by-side lakes - a rite
considered especially holy during
eclipses - and chanted hymns, blew
conch shells and rang bells.
In Agra, where the eclipse was par-
tial, hundreds, of tourists watched the
fabled white-marble Taj Mahal slowly
take on a steely gray luster in the dim-
In Cambodia, at the temples of
Angor Wat, thousands of soldiers
stood guard against possible attacks
by Khmer Rouge guerrillas as Cam-
bodians and an estimated 2,000 for-
eign visitors watched the sun vanish
against the magnificent backdrop of
the 12th-century edifices.
In Vietnam, thousands of people
wearing sunshades thronged to beaches
in the normally tranquil fishing port of
Phan Thiet, about 90 miles east of Ho
Chi Minh City.
Bangkok, Thailand's capital, experi-
enced partial darkness, and the city's
traffic, always maddeningly slow,
groundto anear-halt as motorists peered
at the sky.
Global temps. to
rise in next century
Duck, duck, gooseA
Klaus Riechert walks amidst his flock of about 150 geese as he leads them over a dike to the Elbe river embankment to
have fresh grass yesterday. Riechert, a farmer in a village near Hamburg, said he performs this stroll two times a day to keep
his animals in good shape. However, just a few weeks from now, most of them will land in the oven as a traditional German
roast for St. Martin's Day (Nov. 11) or Christmas.
Student' habit tigger migaine
The Washington Post
Sea levels will rise and average glo-
bal temperature will increase over the
next century, but not as fast and not as
high as was feared a few years ago,
according to new estimates from two
scientific organizations that have led
the way in warning about the impact of
future climate change.
But the two reports released yester-
day also express a broad consensus
among scientists that human activity is
changing the world's climate, and that
governments can and should act to try
to avert some of the consequences.
The Environmental Protection
is a 50-50 chance that heat-trapping
"greenhouse gases" building up in the
atmosphere because of human activity
will raise the sea level at least 5.9inches
by the year 2050 and about a foot by
2100. That increase would contribute
to an ongoing rise that is apparently
occurring as a result of natural pro-
cesses, such as land settling, groundwa-
ter depletion and climate variability.
The total global sea-level rise most
likely to result from all these causes
over the next century is about 18 inches,
the report says. That contrasts dramati-
cally with EPA's last report on the
issue, in 1983, which projected arise of
more than three feet and prompted some
states to take legislative action.
"The lower estimates have resulted
from both a downward revision of fu-
ture temperatures and an emerging con-
sensus that (melting of ice in) Antarc-
tica will probably not contribute to sea
level in the next one hundred years,"
the EPA report states.
The projections of future warming
have been lowered in part because of
action taken by governments to reduce
industrial emissions, and in part because
ofscientists' improved understanding of
the complex interacting effects involved.
For example, they now know that certain
industrial emissions (sulfates and other
aerosols, such as arise from coal-burn-
ing and cause acid rain) have a cooling
effect that offsets some of the warming
by the greenhouse gases.
But even with the new estimates, the
projected rise in sea levels and tem-
perature over the next century could
result in severe ecological problems
worldwide, such as deforestation, dra-
matic reductions in agricultural pro-
duction in some areas, and significant
loss of life due to flourishing of is-
eases that thrive in warmer, drier-cli-
mates, according to a report released
yesterday by a working group of the
International Panel onClimate Change.
The EPA report's "best-guess esti-
mate" for global warming by the year
2100 is about 4 degrees Fahrenheit (2
degrees Celsius)-orhalfthe warming
that was projected by some analyses
done during the mid-1980s.
The IPCC, a group of top researchers
from 25 countries, has made similr ad-
justments in its temperature projections.
IPCC scientists now project a rise of2 to
7 degrees Fahrenheit (1 to 3.5 degrees
Celsius) in temperature by 2100. That
same panel in a 1992 progress report
estimated that a warming of about 6 de-
grees Farenheit. (2.8 degrees Celsius)
was most likely.
Some scientists note that a change of
only a few degrees in average global
temperature, say 6 or 8 degrees Fahren-
heit, can swing a moderate climate into
an ice age, or vice versa. Such swings
have, in fact, been occurring throughout
the planet's history, with accompanying
sea-level falls and rises ofup to 400 feet.
The new IPCC report projects a total
global sea-level rise of from one half
foot to three feet over the next century.
"I think we're in the same ballpark
using different methodologies," said
Vijay K. Narayanan of Technical Re-
sources International, who coauthored
the EPA report.
About two dozen climate researchers
- most of them authors of previous
studies by the National Academy of
Sciences and the IPCC - participated
in the EPA report. In order to convey
the high degree of uncertainty that rQ-
mains, they assigned probabilities 0
various amounts of sea-level rise After
running 10,000 computer simulations
taking into account "thirty-five major
uncertainties" that affect the outcome.
The report also indicates, along much
of the East and Gulf Coasts, it is most
likely that there will be about a two-foot
rise by the year 2100. But there is a 1
percent chance the sea level will rise
The Daily Northwestern
EVANSTON, Ill. - For many stu-
dents, their time at college is a time of
intense studying, little sleep, loud mu-
sic, roller coaster emotions, lousy eat-
ing habits and partying.
These are all things that our culture
tells us to accept, and even look for, in
a college experience. But these are also
behaviors that can "trigger" migraine
headaches, to which scientists say young
adults are especially vulnerable.
Migraine is characterized by intense,
throbbing pain usually ononeside ofthe
head. Nausea and sensitivity to light and
sound are other common symptoms.
Dr. Mark Gardner, director of
Northwestern's Searle Student Health
Services, said the headaches are fairly
common."We see about 12-15 students
per quarter," Gardner said. "But there
are probably many more who never
come into health services for treatment."
Northwestern first-year student Steve
Russell is among the majority of migraine
sufferers who have never seen a doctor.
"For me, it's lack of sleep or not
eating that brings on the headache,"
Russell said. "I also get a migraine
when I've been staring at a computer
screen for a long time. I don't consider
it an affliction, I just deal with it."
"I've had them for most of my life,"
said Northwestern first-year student
Deirdre Warshall. "But they've never
really been a big problem. My doctor
told me that I was imagining them."
But migraine sufferers should visit a
doctor to ensure that the headaches are not
symptoms of a more serious condition,
said Dr. Glen Solomon, director of the
headache section of the Cleveland Clinic
are the most common drugs used to treat
migraines, but a doctor may be able to
prescribe more powerful medication, said
Dr. Frank Skobieranda, also a headache
specialist at the Cleveland Clinic.
Ergotamines can be perscribed for
use during the onset of a migraine. Beta
Blockers can be taken daily for those
with severe problems.
Some people see an "aura" 15-30
minutes before the onset of a migraine,
consisting of"flashing lights, sparkling
lights or zigzag lines," Skobieranda said.
Several medications can be taken
during the aura stage to prevent a full-
fledged migraine, Gardner said.
Russell said he receives some kind of
aura but cannot describe it."I don't think
I see lights or lines but I can definitely
tell when a migraine is coming," he said.
Students with a parent who suffers
from migraine have about a 50-percent
chance of inheriting the condition,
Solomon said. That chance is increased
to 75 percent if both parents get them.
- distributed by University Wire
Catbloic bishops in U.S. condemn sexual abuse of children
Only God can absolve
The Associated Press
After a decade in which the sins of
pedophile priests placed their church
on the defensive, U.S. Roman Catho-
lic bishops are issuing a forceful pas-
toral message that condemns the sexual
abuse of children.
The bishops, whose church lauds
the sanctity of family, declare it is
better for families to break up than to
leave their young ones at risk.
The Associated Press obtained a
copy ofthe document yesterday; it is to
be formally released tomorrow.
In the 'statement, the bishops ac-
knowledge their own vulnerability and
damaged credibility concerning
pedophilia. For years, abusive priests
traditionally received counseling but
then were sent on to new parishes,
where more abuse sometimes occurred.
While forgiveness is often seen as
charitable and Christlike, all acts of
child sex abuse are morally evil and
only God can absolve abusers, the bish-
ops say in "Walk in the Light: A Pas-
toral Response to Child Sexual Abuse."
"We emphasize that the community,
including the family, needs to call the
abuser to accountability," the bishops
said. "We need to say: Abusive behav-
ior is wrong and we will hold you
accountable for it."
The statement, developed by the Na-
tional Conference of Catholic Bish-
ops' committees on Marriage and Fam-
ily and on Women in Society and in the
Church, was approved by the church's
50-member Administrative Commit-
tee. It will be distributed as a booklet
to churches, parochial schools and
church day-care centers.
No one has been able to come up
with solid numbers on clerical
pedophiles, but experts from every faith
say the problem exists in all religions
"Whenever people, especially men,
have authority over children, there's
some percentage of sexual abuse go-
ing on," said the Rev. Jim Poling, a
Presbyterian psychotherapist and au-
thor of "The Abuse of Power: A Theo-
In one of the most recent examples,
four Catholic priests in Washington,
"Whenever people, especially men,
have authority over children, there's
some percentage of sexual abuse
-Rev. Jim Poling
D.C., were arrested in February and
charged with sexual abuse. One of
them, the Rev. Thomas S. Schaefer,
was sentenced last week to 16 years in
prison for molesting altar boys in
Washington and Maryland over three
decades. A second isto be sentenced in
December, and the two others go on
Because of such cases, the orga-
nized groups of victims and the Catho-
lic church's own sheer size and num-
ber of priests, it is the 60 million-
member church that has seemed espe-
cially mired in the murk ofpedophilia.
Before making their statement, the
bishops debated whether Americans
would see them as having the credibil-
ity to address child sex abuse, say
people involved in developing the state-
They decided that child sex abuse
thrives on silence and that their voices
were needed to pierce the victims'
isolation, said Dolores Leckey, execu-
tive director ofthe Secretariat for Fam-
ily, Laity, Women and Youth.
"You've got to bring things to light.
That's the Gospel, isn't it?" she said.
The pastoral statement acknowl-
edges the "havoc and suffering" caused
by those within the church.
"We are compelled to speak, even
knowing that the Church carries a
heavy burden of responsibility in the
area of sexual abuse," the bishops said.
"We state firmly and clearly that any
act of child sexual abuse is morally evil.
It is never justified," they said.
Addressing an issue of special con-
cern to victims, the bishops empha-
sized that abusers need to suffer the
consequences of their actions; they
urged church workers to become -fa-
miliarwith civil reporting requirements
as well as church policies.
The healing of victims comes first,
the bishops said, even at the cost of
dividing families to remove abusers.
"You can't keep them intact at the
cost of children being abused," Bishop
John J. Snyder, chairman of the Com-
mittee on Women in Society and in the
Church, said yesterday.
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