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October 23, 1995 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-10-23

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NATo/WosRo

The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 23, 1995 - 7A

Clinton appeals to
UN. for help in
fighinIgterroiism

The Washington Post
UNITED NATIONS - President
Clinton appealed yesterday for new in-
ternational cooperation to fight terror-
ism and other kinds of cross-border
crime, an effort he inaugurated by freez-
ing the U.S. assets of dozens of compa-
nies-and individuals linked to the Cali
cocaine cartel.
. Speaking in the keynote speech at the
50th anniversary of the United Nations,
Clinton also threatened to impose fi-
nancial sanctions against nations that
tolerate money laundering.
"Criminal enterprises are movingvast
suis of ill-gotten gains through the
intemational financial system with ab-
solute impunity," Clinton declared. "We
nmust not allow them to wash the blood
off profits from the sale of drugs, from
terror or organized crimes."
While Clinton's speech was osten-
sibly to some 140 world leaders here,
much of the rhetoric and initiatives
were plainly aimed at a U.S. domestic
audience. His 14-minute address
barely touched on such pressing in-
ternational issues as Bosnia, the
Middle East, or relations with Russia
ani China.
Clinton himself has acknowledged
that the United Nations has tattered
popularity with many people in Con-
gress and the general public, and his
emphasis on crime underscored a point
he has made repeatedly - that the
distinction between domestic problems
and international ones is increasingly
blurred.
"in our global village; progress can
spread quickly, but trouble can too,"
Clinton said. "Trouble on the far end of
town soon becomes a plague on
everybody's house."
As part of the anti-drug campaign,
Clinton announced that prior to his ar-
rival in New York, he had signed an
executive order designed to stop flows
of illegal money by the Cali cartel, a
Columbian-based drug ring that authori-
ties have described as the world's larg-
est.
The order prohibits four men identi-
fied as leaders of the cartel, 43 associ-
ates, and some 33 businesses from hav-
ing access to any assets in the United
States, ordoing business with U.S. citi-
zens.
The businesses include Colombia's
largest drug store chain, import-export
firms, holding companies, automobile
dealerships and various stores. The four

"principal figures" of the Cali cartel
named in Clinton's order were Gilberto
Rodriguez Orejuela; Miguel Angel
Rodriguez Orejuela; Jose Longono
Santacruz; and Helmer Herrera
Buitrago.
Clinton acted under the authority
of the International Emergency Eco-
nomic Powers Act, which allows such
executive action with a finding that
someone is "an unusual and extraor-
dinary threat to the national security,
foreign policy and economy of the
United States." U.S. anti-narcotics
officials said they estimate the Cali
cartel is responsible for some 80 per-
cent of the cocaine brought into the
United States and 15 percent of the
heroin.
Clinton also said he was ordering
the Justice, State and Treasury de-
partments and other agencies to jointly
"identify and put on notice nations
that tolerate money laundering," forc-
ing violators to "bring their banks and
financial systems into conformity"
with international standards or face
sanctions. These sanctions, adminis-
tration officials said, could include a
ban on nations making electronic
transfers of money through banks in
the United States.
Clinton didn't offer names of likely
violators, but aides cited numerous
countries with allegedly poor track
records in money-laundering, includ-
ing Austria, Bahamas, Greece, Panama
and Turkey.
In addition to the efforts his adminis-
tration is taking on its own, Clinton
urged a series of multinational efforts.
These include, he said, an international
declaration against crime, with a "no-
sanctuary pledge so that we could say
together to organized criminals, terror-
ists, drug traffickers and smugglers,
you have nowhere to run and nowhere
to hide."
He also called for more international
police training centers similar to one
that exists now in Budapest, Hungary,
and heightened efforts to enforce and
extend existing treaties and conven-
tions against arms and deadly materi-
als.
After his speech, Clinton met with
South African President Nelson
Mandela, telling reporters "that the ex-
ample that (Mandela) and his country
have set really embodies the best of
what the United Nations is trying to do
around the world."

AP PHOTO
Japanese Prime Minister Tomichi Murayama (left) meets with Chinese President Jiang Zemin in New York City yesterday.

U.N.
Continued from Page1A
all peoples.
There were times when the clock
seemed to turn backward to memorable
moments in U.N. history. There was
Palestine Liberation Organization
Chairman Yasser Arafat, who 21 years
ago brandished a gun in this same cham-
berto dramatize the Palestinian struggle
for a homeland, talking yesterday of
how the PLO's peace accord with Israel
had caused him to return "with the olive
branch hoisted over the peace of the
brave."
There was South Africa's President
Nelson Mandela, wearing a gaily col-
ored shirt, reminiscing about his
people's struggle against apartheid. And
there was Castro, who came here 35
years ago to flamboyantly thumb his
nose at U.S. efforts to undermine Cu-
ban communism.
The anniversary is taking place as the
United Nations faces its greatest finan-
cial crisis, brought on by demands for
peacekeeping operations in the former
Yugoslavia, Somalia, Angola and else-
where, as well as the failure of member
states to pay their dues.
Members owe the United Nations $3
billion. The biggest debtor is the United
States, which owes $1.3 billion.

Clinton, who spoke nine minutes
beyond the five-minute limit allotted
each speaker, said he was determined to
meet the United States' financial obli-
gations to the United Nations.
But he added: "The U.N. must be
able to show that the money received
supports saving and enriching people's
lives, not bureaucratic overhead."
General Assembly President Diago
Freitas do Amaral of Portugal, who opened
the session, urged reform, but cautioned,
"We must not allow this organization to
die at the hands of its critics."
In welcoming remarks, Secretary-
General Boutros Boutros-Ghali said the
United Nations had a vital role to play
in such fields as human rights, interna-
tional law, peacekeeping, development
and the environment.
"But the United Nations cannot play
this role if the present trend continues,"
he said. "The problems of globalization
and fragmentation have caused vast re-
sponsibilities to be given to the U.N.
But the U.N. has not been given the
resources required to accomplish the
tasks imposed."
He asked members to consider call-
ing a special session of the General
Assembly to deal with the financial
crisis, an action some world leaders
also promoted.
As the gathering progresses, the world
leaders will also hold scores of one-on-

Chinas
Jiang set to
meet with
Cinton
The Washington Post
BEIJING - For China's President
Jiang Zemin, tomorrow's summit with
President Clinton in New York is the
latest rite of passage in his quest to
replace 91-year-old Deng Xiaoping at
the helm of Chinese power.
Like the labors of Hercules, Jiang
must meet a series of tests to stake his
claim as the true leader of China's 1.2
billion people.
The most important challenge -
control of the military - Jiang demon-
strated a convincing mastery of last
month when he appointed two of his
strongest supporters to the powerful
Central Military Commission. He fol-
lowed itupearlierthismonth by presid-
ing over an impressive display of Chi-
nese naval strength that included land-
ings on beaches and missile firings.
He already owns the three top titles in
the Chinese hierarchy - the posts of
president, general secretary of the Chi-
nese Communist Party and chairman of
the Central Military Commission.
In what many viewed as his first
serious attempt to create a body of"Jiang
Zemin Thought," the 69-year-old
Jiangsu province native with a pen-
chant for opera and poetry delivered his
most important speech at the recent
plenary meeting ofthe Communist Party
in Beijing. In the 10,000-word address,
Jiang borrowed from the text of a fa-
mous speech by the late Chairman Mao
Tse-tung about the "10 Major Relation-
ships" and upped the political ante by
describing what he called the "12 Ma-
jor Relationships." For the first time
ever, his words were splashed all over
the front page of the People's Daily.
Finally, he spent much of the past
year aligning himself with the "white
hats" in the continuing struggle against
corruption inside the Communist Party.
The anti-corruption drive culminated
at the party plenum with the formal
expulsion of the highest-ranking Com-
munist leader ever to fall for corrupt
practices: Politburo member Chen
Xitong, a former mayor of Beijing, was
stripped of all party posts for his in-
volvement in a $23 million kickback
scandal in the Chinese capital.
In the view ofmany scholars,though,
Jiang still needs to be taken seriously on
the world stage. Hence, Clinton and the
New York summit.
"The biggest issue with Jiang is that
he wants to be treated with respect,"
said University political science Prof.
Kenneth G. Lieberthal, a specialist on
Chinese domestic politics.
The Chinese- seeking compensation
for the injury they felt when the Clinton
administration broke with decades of
policy and allowed Taiwan President Lee
Teng-hui to visit New York in the spring
- would have preferred a full-blown
state visit to Washington..

AP POTO0r
Cuban President Fidel Castro speaks
before the U.N. General Assembly.
one meetings on issues ranging from
the war in Bosnia to U.S.-China rela-
tions and peace in the Middle East.
Outside the U.N. complex, city police
and federal agents mounted one of New
York's biggest-ever security operations,
wrapping a thick defensive blanket around
the dignitaries. Streets were closed, anti-
sniper teams were deployed on rooftops
and police boats with frogmen patrolled
the nearby East River.

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