The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 16, 1995 - 7A
om Daily Wire Services
MOSCOW - Security forces dis-
osed little about the masked gunman
ey overpowered and killed early yes-
rday during ahostage-taking incident
ar the Kremlin, but the latest in a
ring of terrorist attacks spoke vol-
es about the soaring vulnerability of
ussians and foreign visitors.
The brazen seizure of a busload of
uth Korean tourists only yards from
main gate of the Kremlin sent an
mistakable message to Russian au-
orities andthepublic alikethatno one
safe from the spiral of terror and
Investigators forthe Russian Federal
curity Service- a domestic succes-
>r agency to the KGB -told joumal-
ts that they had not yet identified the
le gunman killed in a commando raid
But leaked reports said he had re-
ntly entered Moscow from souther
ssia,hinting at apossible connection
the 10-month-old war in the
eakaway republic of Chechnya.
Chechen rebels driven to the brink of
feat have vowed to spread terror
roughout Russia as long as troops
ntinue to occupy their republic.
The most deadly of the recent hos-
ge-taking incidents, in the southern
ssian town of Budennovsk in June,
stat least 140 lives and exposed fed-
I Interior Ministry forces as inept
health declined in
1993, study finds
defenders of public security. Local po-
lice officers were later charged with
granting access to the terrorists in re-
turn for bribes.
But the weekend's stunning standoff
in the heart of this capital city was a
sobering reminder ofthe dangersposed ;
by the outrage of aggrieved peoples.4
"When there is no workable crime-r
prevention system, people feel they .
can take hostages right in the heart of.
Russia, in Red Square!" lamented
Gennady Khokhryakov, a department
head at the Russian Law Academy in
He warned that the weekend attacks
would have a chilling effect on al-
ready flagging tourism, but he called
the "humiliation" for Russian domes-
tic security an even more devastating
In the weekend incident, the gunman.
forced agroup of27 South Koreans and
their Russian driver and guide to posi-
tion their bus on a main bridge over the
Moscow River near the Kremlin.f
A Federal Security Service communi-
que said the hijacker demanded $10 mil-
lion, a car to take him to Domodedovo 9
Airport and a getaway plane.
No documents were found on the
body of the slain gunman, who investi-
gators described to the Interfax news
agency as being in his early 30s and -5
recently arrived from southe nRussia.
Flights to the Caucasus regions origi- p yor en A&nes
nate from Domodedovo. Drivers prepare for the Texas A&M University solar ear race In Intdianapolis.
NEW YORK (AP) - The social poverty, child abuse,
health of the United States declined in coverageaverage wee
the first year of the Clinton administra- justed for inflation)
tion, even as the economy improved, health costs for senior
according to an index of government gap between rich and
data on social problems. For instance, Mirinj
Researchers at Fordham University centofthenation'schi
say their index reveals a startling trend below the poverty line
over the past 20 years: The nation's 14.9 percent in 1970.
quality of life has come unhinged from wages, calculated in P
its economic growth. $255, down from $29
"We really have to begin to reassess "Itis the first social
this notion thatthe gross domestic prod- the Clinton administr
uct - the overall
growth of the soci-
ety -necessarily is This is not
goingto produce im-
provements in the g ting better
quality of life," said
Marc Miringoff, di- under this
rector of Fordham's
Institute for Innova- paricuar
tion in Social Policy an
at Tarrytown, N.Y.
"Because if we - Marc Miringoff
lookatthisdata, par- director, Fordam Institute
it's kind of likea crocodile's jaw open- federal cuts in social
ing - the two lines, one going up and Miringoff said thei
aP PASTS one going down." dramatic improvemer.
Miringoff's institute has issued an in several are ,such
Index of Social Health for the past nine the elderly, infant m
years, using data - mainly govern- high school dropout r
ment statistics - that go back to 1970. outweighed by the de(
The index tracks how well American egories of social healt
society is doing in 16 areas, including He criticized goven
infantmortality,drugabuse,unemploy- focusing on the nat
oli- ment, access to affordable housing and growthtothe exclusioi
iof the gap between rich and poor. and said they were in+
t a After a brief upswing in 1992 - an touch with the lives4
san election year, Miringoff points out - zens.
ess theindex droppedin 1993,the firstyear "It's almost like fl,
of the Clinton presidency and the latest and the airplane is An
ake year for which figures are available. looking at one gauge-
The drop continues a trend that dates to product -and we're,
the mid 1970s. thing looks good. I m
an- The index charts social health on a and we're moving a
will scale of 0 to 100. For 1993, it dropped where we want to go.
aw two points to 41. Its lowest point was 38 plane, there's an incr
ing in1991; the high point was77.5 in 1973. something's wrong an
bar In six categories, the index hit its know why the passeng
lowest point ever in 1993: children in ing all the time."
citizens, and the
goff said, 22 per
in 1993, up from
987 dollars, were
9 in 1970.
health reading of
ation, and I think
we can say with
this is not get-
ting better under
He said he
the drop, but
that it might be
a reflection of
index has plotted
nts over the years
as poverty among
tortality and the
ate. But they are
cline in other cat-
nment leaders for
ireasingly out of
of everyday citi-
ying an airplane,
nerica, and we're
ean, it's growing
nd we're going
'And yet, in the
easing sense that
d the pilots don't
ers are complain-
unpermits abound in Cali city
ISLETON, Calif. - The tiny city of California Attorney General Dan best in civic stewardship, but note
etonhas some weighty problems,but Lungren has similar qualms, and re- "Beggars can't be choosers."
Mme is definitely not one ofthem. The cently accused Byrd of breaking the Not surprisingly, Longhoferandmo
st loathsome lawbreakers here, lo- law by charging anexcessive fee forthe of Isleton's other city fathers ha
Is say, are bicycle thieves and adoles- gun permits. Earlierthismonth, Lungren backed their police chief 100 percen
nt vandals with mischief on their said the state will stop approving The City Council gave him two meat
inds. Isleton's permit applications until the raises - hiking his annual salary fro
Yet despite its peaceful streets, chiefexplains why he charges $150 per $24,000 to $36,000 -earlier this yea
eton has become notorious in the permit -50 times what Lungren says As for Byrd, he is defiant: "It
rld of law enforcement. In less the law appears to allow. going to take more than some sil
an a year, the city's police chief has The attorney general's crackdown threat from the attorney general
nded out 700 concealed weapons puts Isleton, pop. 833, in a perilous scare me," he fumed in an intervie
rmits - enough to arm every man bind. In a curious civic twist, the city "If he's serious, he's going to have
d woman in town. makes a good piece of its living off the throw me in jail."
In reality, most of the permits have gun permits. At last count, permit fees Under Califormia's penal code,
ne to people who live outside of applicant foraconcealedweaponpi
eton, asleepy town wedgedbetween mit must be of "good moral chara
eatfields andthequiet,green waters I ter" and pass a criminal backgrou
the Sacramento River 45 miles south t check. Anyone convicted of a feb
thestatecapital. Another7,000crime- is ineligible. Applicants must al
ary Califomians are on the police ermit anyone demonstrate ajustifiable need for c
artment's waiting list, aiming to rying a gun, such as a proven thre
rry agun just as soon as their applica- who asks." from an estranged spouse or eviden
ns are approved. of stalking or some other immine
To these people, Isleton Police Chief - Ron Scott danger.
gene Byrd is a hero, a man who Livermore police chief In addition, many sheriffs and poli
cognizes the terrifying realities of chiefs require applicants to complete
odem life and believes law-abiding accounted for nearly one-third of the course in firearms training, provide l
izens deserve the right to pack a city's meager municipal budget. ters attesting to their good charact
stol for protection. Without that income, no one is quite obtain the written endorsement of th
Others, however, say Byrd has sure what Isleton will do. Once a thriv- family physician, and undergo a ps
ped over the line. Critics-includ- ing village known as the "Asparagus chiatric exam.
g-many who wear a lawman's badge Capital of the World," the city is now Byrd's demands areless burdensom
say thechiefistoogenerous with the one of the poorest in the state, strug- Insteadofrequiring apsychiatricexa
n permits, arming just about anyone gling to supplant its withering farm he relies on a face-to-face, 30-mint
o can squeeze a trigger. economy and stay fiscally afloat. interview with an applicant to asse
"It seems like this guy is giving a "We are counting on money from the person's mental fitness. No lette
rmit to anybody who asks," said Ron those permits-there's no denying it," of recommendation are needed, but t
ott, police chief in the San Francisco said Mayor Vein Longhofer, a stout, chief does insist that applicants tak
y area city of Livermore. "Would we affable man with a neatly clipped white class in firearms safety. And he ws
I be safer if everyone carried a gun on beard. He concedes that relying on such arm no one with a history of domes
e street? I don't think so." a funding source may not represent the abuse.
i e Da
es: ..For the past four days a s
tary protester has stood in fron
st the Fishbowl for up to five hou
ye day with a slight smile and a s
nt. reading "Take midterms, oppi
m He also has a sign reading"M
ar. love, not grades..."
ly The fate of the annual Michit
to Michigan State football classic'
w. be decided today in Washter
to County Circuit Court in a heat
on a request for an injunction to
an the game.
er- -Wolverine coach Glenn "
ac- Schembechler is not concerned
ny it," he said last night, "all I'm v
so ned about is beating Michi
- SH ARRY
SN AL. MICHIGAN T-SHIRTS,
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