2- The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 26, 1995
Arafat presents peace accord to Cabinet
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) -
Under attack yesterday from hard-lin-
ers, Yasser Arafat defended anew peace
agreement with Israel giving him con-
trol over one-third of the West Bank
and some of the trappings of statehood.
"The dawn has started for the Palestin-
ian people," a buoyant Arafat said yester-
day, after returning to his headquarters
following a week of talks that yielded the
accord on Palestinian self-rule in the West
Bank and Palestinian elections.
The agreement, which is to be signed
Thursday in Washington, was debated
yesterday in a special session of Arafat's
Cabinet. It was not clear whether there
would be a vote, but dissent from the
ministers was not likely.
Arafat faces the tougher of task sell-
ing the complex accord to his people,
many of whom appeared indifferent or
skeptical after months of delays.
Even some Arafat loyalists were
openly critical yesterday. Mustafa
Natche, mayor of the West Bank town
of Hebron, said he was disappointed
that the agreement permitted 450 Jew-
ish settlers to stay in Hebron, home to
"The symbols ofoccupation might dis-
appear, such as the military headquarters
from which the orders ofoccupation were
issued," Natche said. "But the main prob-
lem, the settlers, will remain."
In fresh clashes in the troubled town,
Palestinians and Israelis threw stones at
each otheryesterday. Israeli troops stood
by as one Israeli civilian hurled a stun
grenade at Palestinian teen-agers. It was
not clear if the man was a settler.
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Militant Jewish settlers,includingthose
in Hebron, have vowed to try and scuttle
the agreement, but settler reaction was
not expected before sundown today, the
end of the Jewish New Year holiday.
The Muslim militant group Hamas, a
leading opponent of the peace talks,
accused Arafat of selling out. "Hamas
will be committed to its pledge for
resisting the occupation," said spokes-
man Ibrahim Ghosheh.
The agreement was also denounced
by Libya and Iran. Syria said the agree-
ment was in Israel's favor and damaged
peace efforts in the region. Syria's peace
negotiations with Israel are deadlocked.
The accord is to be signed at the White
House on Thursday, with Egyptian Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak and Jordan's King
Hussein scheduled to attend.
The pact allows for Palestinian self-
rule in 30 percent of the West Bank -
containing most of its Arab population
-aftera step-by-step Israeli troop pull-
out from lands it has occupied since the
1967 Middle East war.
The troop withdrawal will clear the
way for Palestinians to elect a 82-mem-
ber self-rule council with legislative
and executive branches.
Asked whether the accord would
lead to statehood, Arafat was evasive.
"Look, no doubt it's our right to look
forward. It's a demand of our people,"
he said. "It's not very easy but we have
to work on it."
Earlier yesterday, Arafat briefed
Jordan's Crown Prince Hassan in
Amman and acknowledged that the
agreement was not all he had hoped for.
"We should always seek the best, but we
don't have to be perfect," Arafat said.
One of the immediate results of the
agreement will be the release of hun-
dreds of Palestinian detainees from Is-
raeli jails this week.
810 Scl 101
Bio Sci 112
Bio Sci 241
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Crim Just 101
Poli Sci 100
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WASHINGTON (AP ) - Con-
stantly criticized on foreign policy,
PresidentClinton is savoring a
rare moment of' success as Ameri-
can diplomats' oversee Bosnian
peace talks and the White H ouse
prepares for another Middle East
It's welcome news for an admin-
istration battered by the Republican
revolution on Capitol Hill. But,sadly
ments usually play better in the his-
tory books than in the voting booth.
Ask George. Bush, the political
hero of Desert Storm. Or Jimmy
Carter, the architect ofthe first major
peace agreement in the Middle East.
"Clinton will find that his for-
eign-policy record and 60 cents
will get him acupof colffeeand two
votes," said University of Virginia
political scientist Larry Sabato.F
"Except in times of war, Ameri-
cans don't care a lot about foreign
policy,"'Sabatosaid."The only time
they vote on foreign policy is when
there is a direct domestic interest."'
Foreign policy has never been
Clinton's strong suit.
For mst of his presidency, his
approval rating in that area has beenv
under 40 percent. Yet, there were
never great expectations on that
score.. After all, Clinton was elected
to fix health care and other domestic
problems, replacing apresident who,
many Americans felt, spent too
much time looking overseas. ;
Las Angeles Tunes
WASHINGTON - In a major tacti-
cal shift, congressional Democrats are
developing their own alternatives to the
GOP Medicare reform plan in an effort
to markedly soften the drastic changes
sought by the Republican majority.
The Democratic gambit - with
White House backing - injects a new
dynamic into the acrimonious and par-
tisan debate just as it nears a crescendo
in Congress, and is fraught with politi-
cal perils for would-be Medicare re-
formers in both parties.
For the nation's 37 million Medicare
beneficiaries, the reversal by Demo-
crats all but ensures Congress will fun-
damentally restructure a Great Society
program, with higher out-of-pocket
costs and a distinct move toward man-
aged-care delivery systems.
Although the plans are not complete,
House Democrats are striving to limit
reductions in future Medicare spending
by $89 billion over 10 years.
In the Senate, Democrats are work-
ing to find a somewhat greater level of
savings but still far less than would be
required under the GOP's goal of $270
billion over seven years.
Although the plans are not complete,
House Democrats are striving to limit
reductions in future Medicare spending
by $89 billion over 10 years.
"We're telling ourmembers: we don't
have to fall into the Republican trap and
be forced into doing things we don't
want to be doing," one Democratic
House staff member said yesterday.
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Governors question Medicaid proposals
WASHINGTON - For years, governors from both parties clamored fot
Congress to free them from Medicaid's straitjacket of mandates and red tape.
Now that it's likely to happen, they may get almost 20 percent less federal
money to care for society's neediest children and adults, elderly nursing home
residents, the disabled and the severely retarded.
"It is heartening to see Congress come to conclusions we at home have known
for a long time - that those who live in the states know what's best for their
people," said Kansas Gov. Bill Graves, a Republican.
But across the border in Nebraska, Gov. Ben Nelson, a Democrat, is worried.
"I'm extremely concerned that in their haste to balance the budget back there,
they'll bust the budget down here," he said.
Republicans say they will allow for 39-percent growth in Medicaid grants over
seven years when they turn the program over to the states. Washington would send
$772 billion to the states through 2002.
But if Medicaid were left alone, the states would get $954 billion during those
same years, according to the Clinton administration.
What the GOP calls a 39-percent increase, the White House terms a 19-percent
reduction. In 2002 alone, spending would be 30 percent below Medicaid's current
AROUND THE WORLD
Simpson trial enters
LOS ANGELES - After a grueling
eight months of testimony and legal
wrangling, the lawyers in the O.J.
Simpson case are girding for closing
arguments that begin today before a
long-suffering jury and a worldwide
"It is in summation that lawyers earn
their keep," New York University law
Prof. Stephen Gillers said yesterday.
Both sides labored through the week-
end on what will be their last chance to
prevail in the case. At 10 p.m. Sunday,
prosecutors were still at work trying to
hammer out a compelling and cohesive
narrative that points to Simpson's guilt
in the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson
and Ronald Goldman.
Gillers was one of several legal
experts interviewed yesterday who
said the prosecution had lost ground
during the trial and was now in a
come-from-behind position. Part of
the problem, Gillers and others said,
was with lead prosecutor Marcia Clark
herself, who is regarded as brilliant,
but not particularly well-liked by the
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Secretary of State:
UN. must reform
UNITED NATIONS - Secretary of
State Warren Christopher told the 50th
anniversary meeting of the U.N. Gen-
eral Assembly yesterday that ifthe world
body is to retain the support of the
American people, it must undergo ma-
jor reform to slim down and focus "on
the tasks it performs best."
"On this 50th anniversary year, we
must shape the U.N.'s agenda as if we
were creating the institution anew,"
Christopher said as he used the opening
ofthisyear's assembly meeting to press
the Clinton administration's call for
reforms capable of defusing growing
anti-U.N. sentiment in Congress.
He called on the United Nations to
become leaner and more efficient, taking
on fewer tasks and performing more ef-
fectively for less money. He also made
clear that the United States believes the
member countries must stop using the
of patronage, and crack down hard on
waste, fraud and corruption that provide
an inviting target for its enemies.
"It is time to recognize that the U.N.
must direct its limited resources to the
world's highest priorities, focusing on
the tasks that it performs best," Christo-
pher said. "The U.N.'s bureaucracy
should be smaller. ... Each program
must be held to a single standard-that
is, it must make a tangible contribution
jury because of her combative man-
ner in the courtroom.
"The great lesson here for trial law-
yers around the globe is that optimism..
and confidence are contagious," Gillers
said. "And Johnnie Cochran knows how
to broadcast both. He has barely faltered
at all in telegraphing these qualities."
Diverse black arop
WASHINGTON - The rousing vi-
sion of a million black men, heads held.-
high, marching through the nation's
capital has united diverse black groups
despite misgivings about the two mea
who are leading the way.
The males-only march being organized
and ousted NAACP chief Benjamin
Chavis is on its way to becoming reality,
in spirit if not in numbers, on Oct. 16.
The popularity of the march's mes-
sage has largely overshadowed con-
cerns about its two founders.
Farrakhan has alienated many black
leaders; Chavis was fired from the
NAACP amid accusations that he misap-
to the freedom, security and well-being
of real people in the real world."
Christopher proposed ending certain
U.N. programs , consolidating programs
with overlapping functions and being
more selective in peace-keepingmissions
Suspect arrested in
MEXICO CITY - Federal agents
yesterday announced the arrest of.
one of the two principal gunmen alt-
leged to have fired on Guadalajara's
Roman Catholic cardinal more than
a dozen times two years ago, a mut-
der that continues to test the cred-
ibility of President Ernesto Zedillo's
The Mexican attorney general's of-
fice said Edgar Nicolas Mariscal,
known as "El Negro," was captured
Sunday in the Pacific coast state of
Sonora, carrying an Uzi submachine'
gun and "fake" papers identifying him
as an official of the state's transit
The official communique stated that
another gunman - one of 24 suspects
already in custody in the case - identi-
fled Nicolas Mariscal as one ofthe drug-'
cartel hit men who participated in the
killing of Cardinal Juan Jesus Posadas
Ocampo outside the Guadalajara Air-
port on May 24, 1993.
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