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September 21, 1995 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-09-21

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2A -- The Michigan Daiy

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LXTO ind
TheWihington Post
;SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina
- NATO indefinitely suspended its
threat* bomb Bosnian Serb military
sitesy1sterday, saying the Serb forces
have withdrawn banned heavy weap-
ons :f oin around Sarajevo as de-
manded.
The decision to continue the bomb-
ing halt left international attention fo-
cusetihefforts to press Croatia and the
Miislii-led Bosnian government to stop
their xilitary offensives in western
Bosnia before they upset plans for talks
to ed4he 41-month-old Bosnian con-
flict: A
ThdBosniangovernmenthasresisted
calls: by,:the U.S. mediator, Assistant
Secieiry of State Richard C.
Hobr epke, to discuss a nationwide
cease-!Pre while the fortunes of war are
chging. The Serb forces have fallen
bac), and a wide corridor of western
Bosnia; they held for more than three
years bias been given up in a matter of
weeks.
Tens of thousands of Serbs have fled
their homes, adding to the enormous
dislocations of a country that is mostly
made.up of displaced people.
NATO's southern commander, U.S.
Adm. Leighton Smith, and Lt. Gen.
BernardJanvier, the French commander
of U. peacekeepers in the Balkans,
visited here yesterday and recom-
mended against resuming NATO bomb-
ing because, they said, the Serbs have

ry, September 21, 1995
efinitely suspends bombing threat

Bosnian Serb refugees reach for bread being handed off the back of a truck in
Banja Luka,135 miles northwest of Sarajevo.

cent months; U.N. relief convoys have
won use of two paved roads into
Sarajevo that skirt Igman. The city's
airport has reopened for relief flights.
Sarajevo has quickly become a sec-
ondary issue in efforts to bring an end
to the war. The focus has shifted to
the west, where Bosnian Croats and
Muslims, supported by Croatian artil-
lery, have been gaining territory long
held by the Serbs. Diplomats say that
further gains might upset proposed
talks on a U.S.-sponsored plan that
foresees a roughly even split of
Bosnia's territory between a Muslim-
Croat federation and a separatist Serb
republic.
Two weeks of conquests by the Mus-
lims and Croats have reduced Serb hold-
ings in Bosnia from about 70 percent to
about half the country, in line with the
peace plan.
The joint Smith-Janvier statement
pointedly remarked that the Serbs "have
expressed a willingness to discuss a
cessation of hostilities." The Muslim-
led government has refused to discuss a
cease-fire, U.N. officials said.
British Foreign Secretary Malcolm
Rifkind warned that neighboring Serbia,
which has sat largely on the sidelines
during the offensive against its allies
and ethnic kin, might intervene if it
goes on much longer. The United Na-
tions has called for an end to the fight-
ing, but those calls have yet to freeze
the action, U.N. military officials here
said.
Smith and Janvier were briefed on
the offensives by U.N. military offic-
ers. Fighting was concentrated in two
areas, U.N. military officials said: west
and southeast of Banja Luka, the largest
Serb-held city, and near-Doboj, a town
that commands several road junctions
in north central Bosnia.
Fighting continues, although the ad-
vance of the Muslims is stalled, and
the Croats appear to be taking a
breather. If peace talks were held now,
the lines now being formed militarily
could serve as a convenient basis for
negotiated frontiers, U.N. officials said.

complied with a pledge to withdraw
certain categories of heavy weapons
beyond 12.5 miles from the center of
the Bosnian capital.
U.N. monitors said they have ob-
served about 250 mortars, artillery
pieces and tanks leave the siege lines in
recent days. Their exit from the so-
called exclusion zone was the prime
condition set by NATO to stop a bomb-
ing campaign that began Aug. 30 and
was suspended six days ago to give the
Serbs time to comply.
The number of siege weapons cov-
ered by the NATO demand was origi-
nally estimated at 300, not including
antiaircraft guns the Serbs said they
needed to protect their civilians. U.N.
spokesmen would not specify yester-
day how many Serb heavy weapons
remain within the 12.5-mile zone.
U.N. officials said any subsequent
firing by the Serbs into the city will be
met by return artillery from the U.N.
Rapid Reaction Force, and perhaps by a

resumption of the 16-day NATO
airstrike campaign.
The joint statement from Smith and
Janvier said the Serbs "have withdrawn
defined heavy weapons from the
Sarajevo exclusion zone" and"airstrikes
should be suspended."
The pullback sets back Serb hopes
of driving both the Muslim military
and the city's civilian population from
Sarajevo through a prolonged artil-
lery assault. Since April 6, 1992, ar-
tillery fire from the Serb-held hills
around the Bosnian capital has sowed
terror in the city, causing an esti-
mated 10,000 deaths and heavy dam-
age to buildings.
The siege remains partially effec-
tive. Civilians cannot easily leave, and
the limited commercial traffic must
make an arduous journey over a slip-
pery, unpaved road crossing Mount
Igman southwest of the city.
Nonetheless, reliefsupplies and food
have arrived in large quantities in re-

M NATIONAL REPORT
Forbes to enter GOP presidential race
WASHINGTON-Publishing magnate Malcolm S. "Steve"
Forbes Jr. said yesterday he will enter the Republican presi-
dential race, using his personal fortune to campaign for higher
economic growth and lower taxes.
"I'm going to do it," he told The Associated Press in a
telephone interview from his office in Bedminster, N.J. "The
need is there."
Forbes, a soft-spoken multimillionaire, enters a field al-
ready crowded with nine politicians and better-known faces.
He sees his lack of political experience as a plus in the current
anti-Washington political climate.
Forbes, 48, will make his official announcement tomorrow Forbes
in a speech at the National Press Club and launch a national TV campaign the same
day, aides said.
He will travel next week to key primary and caucus states, including New
Hampshire, Iowa, Arizona, Florida and New York.
Forbes said he will espouse "pro-growth, pro-opportunity, get-America-mov-
ing themes." He said he would try to provide a hopeful antidote to the "glum view
of the rest of the crop" in the GOP race.

Earthquake shakes
Southern California
RIDGECREST, Calif. - A moder-
ate earthquake centered beneath this
Southern California desert town yester-
day rocked an area from the Pacific
Ocean to Nevada. There were no imme-
diate reports of injury or damage.
"The earth bucked. That's what it felt
like," said Scott Farwell, managing
editor of the Ridgecrest Daily Indepen-
dent, "It shook for a good long while,
maybe as long as 30 to 40 seconds."
He said he was at a bowling alley
when the quake hit at 4:27p.m., "and all
the pins fell down."
The magnitude-5.5 quake was cen-
tered 10 miles north of Ridgecrest, said
Jay Aller, a spokesman for California
Institute of Technology in Pasadena. A
magnitude-5.4 earthquake centered in
the same area hit on Aug. 17.
Jim Mori, a U.S. Geological Survey
seismologist at the institute, said
Wednesday's quake was probably not
an aftershock to the earlier temblor.
Wednesday's quake was felt in Los
Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino and
Orange counties, and as far away as Las

Vegas. Ridgecrest, population 28,000, is
about 100 miles north of Los Angeles.
Floyd Hickey, who lives in
Tehachapi, about 65 miles southwest of
Ridgecrest, said he was lying on the
couch "and the couch just started mov-
ing and I thought the house was being
exorcised or something."
FBI agent defends
Ruby Ridge review
WASHINGTON - The FBI agent
who conducted a controversial review
of the FBI's performance at Ruby Ridge
said yesterday that he did not recom-
mend any disciplinary action for two
senior FBI officials who have since
been suspended.
Testifying before a skeptical Senate
subcommittee, the agent, Charles
Matthews III, defended his report as
fair and said he saw no reason to inter-
view the FBI field commander who
received the stiffest punishment as a
result of his report.
The Ruby Ridge field commander,
Eugene F. Glenn, was censured, sus-
pended for 15 days and demoted last
January.

"... Controversy over the Student
Non-Violent Coordinating Commit-
tee's Fishbowl sign continues, as
Ajpha Phi Omega's charges against
SNCC come up before the Joint
Judiciary Committee tomorrow.
APO charges the sign, which ac-
cused American troops in Viet Nam
of war crimes, was illegal because
the space used had been granted for
4 dif Brent purpose.....

Networks gearing up
for Simpson trial cihmax

The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The networks
are gearing up to cover the denouement
of the O.J. Simpson trial, certain to be
one of the most-watched television
events of all time.
CBS plans to carry the closing argu-
ments and the verdict, followed by
prime-time specials.
"There are more people watching
our middle-of-the-night broadcast than
watching CNN," says Lane Venardos,
vice president for hard news. "Having
followed this story at the beginning,
we think we should be there at the
end."
ABC will carry the start of closing
arguments "and make a decision
whetherit warrants continuing live cov-
erage," says Terry O'Neil, executive
producer for special events. "It depends

how compelling and sustaining the event
is."
NBC isn't sure about the final sum-
mations. "One of the things we're try-
ing to determine is how many days
closing arguments are going to go,"
says Bill Wheatley, vice president for
news. "I expect we'll be on for some
period of time before and after the ver-
dict."
The problem facing all the networks
is that no one knows how much notice
there will be before the verdict, or
whether jurors will be made available
for courthouse interviews. All are
sending reinforcements to Los Ange-
les, but it could be a long wait. "A
senior producer calls me every day
and wants to slit her wrists because
she's trapped in a hotel room," O'Neil
says.

lo AROUND TE WORLD
Russian high oficial under a bridge in Grozny, the Chechen
gt capital, after Lobov's car had crossed,
surves assassinaion Russian news agencies reported. The
car behind it was wrecked by the blast
L&empt in Chet nya while starting onto the bridge but
e Bstopped short of the part that collapsed
MOSCOW - Presidenty Bersb into the Neftyanka River.
Yeltsin's personal envoy to the rebel
Russian republic of Chechnya escaped Huriane ctims
an assassination attempt there yester--r
day when a mine explosion destroyed a Wait Or upplies
bridge on the path of his motorcade and
wounded four subordinates in another CHARLOTTE AMALIE, St. Tho-
car. mas - While thousands of people
The attack was the first against ahigh waited, tons of supplies flown in by
official on either side of the Chechen military cargo planes sat in warehouses
war since a July 30 peace accord, and it because there weren't enough trucks to
added tension to a deadlock that has move them to three distribution centers
halted the disarming of separatist guer- on St. Thomas, an island of 51,000
rillas and the pullout of Russian troops. people.
With Russia's parliamentary elec- Tempers frayed as islanders, endur-
tions three months away, the continu- ing a fifth day without electricity, run-
ing unrest and cease-fire violations in ning water and telephone service, re-
Chechnya are of growing concern to called weeks of the same hardships
Yeltsin, who lost much of his popular- after Hurricane Hugo devastated the
ity by starting the war and wants no Caribbean in 1989.
reminders that it is not really over. There was drinking water yesterday,
Yeltsin's envoy, Oleg I. Lobov, was but people who didn't know they needed
put in charge of the tiny southern repub- containers had to go home to get some-
lic a month ago with a mission to com- thing to store it.
plete the disarmament, forge apolitical But there was no ice, and people
settlement and oversee local elections. complained they needed it to freeze
A longtime Yeltsin loyalist, Lobov is a chicken and give something cool to
deputy prime minister, secretary of the their children.
Security Council and a key planner of In the countryside, people were bitter
the Russian incursion last December. that only three centers had been opened,
Two remote-controlled mines pack- and all of them were in towns.
ing 125 pounds of explosives went off - From Daily wire services

Hi. I'm your only friend, the state of Idaho, and
I Want you to join the staff of Gargoyle humor
magazine now! But, unfortunately I'm going to have to wait 'til

this evening-that's when w
meeting for anyone who wa
writing, cartooning, illustr
nance. We need regular sta
occasional contributors. A
Thursday Sept.21 (
Student Publication
420 Maynard St., gr
ou can't not

e're holding our mass-
nts to try their hand at
ating, layout or Fi-
affmembers as well as
Also, is free snack!
'today!) 6:30pm
ms Building,
round floor

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PHOTO Jonathan Lurie, Editor
STAFF - Tonvn Arnd Mikreitzhusnh Mark friedmen.t e nhania Grac L im Elinhath I innman, Jdith Park in Kristan Schaefar.

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