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December 08, 1995 - Image 8

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1995-12-08

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8A - The Michigan Daily - Friday, December 8, 1995
International conference on Bosnia peace plan opens today

Planners still don't
know how much the
relief effort will cost
From Daily Wire Services
LONDON - Like doctors clustered
around an accident vistim, ranking
members of the international commu-
nity gather today in London to plot
ways of stitching up bloody Bosnia.
A key follow-up to the agreement on
a peace accord reached last' month in
Dayton, Ohio, the two-day conference
is the civilian flip side of NATO mili-
tary preparations to enforce the peace.
The overall international effort will be
launched once the peace agreement is
ratified in Paris next week.
Representatives of more than 50
countries and international agencies,
including the United States and other
nations providing troops for the mili-
tary operation, will produce a blueprint
at the London meeting for the civilian
reliefprogram and seek ways to coordi-
nate it with the military effort.
A conference document prepared by
the host British government for ap-
proval tomorrow examines humanitar-
ian, economic, political and constitu-
tional issues raised by the peace agree-
Karl Bildt, a former Swedish pre-
mier who has been the European
Community's Bosnia negotiator, will
become the senior civilian official in
Bosnia. Bildt, who is called the High
Representative, will have two princi-
pal assistants: a German and an Ameri-
Bildt's role will doubtless evolve,
but at the outset he will be the point man
astir rnnrrfina, tr for flp rt'irlan c,$p of

diplomats here say.
There appears to be no great dispute
on the overriding issues. "The com-
mon goal is to mobilize the interna-
tional community behind a new start
for the people in Bosnia-Herzegovina,"
a British official told reporters yester-
No one seems sure at this stage how
much the Bosnia relief effort will cost,
planners saidyesterday. But in the early
stages the funding, the subject of a later
conference all its own, takes second
chair to getting the programs running.
One priority at
the conference will
be humanitarian is- MUS,
sues, including
care for refugees come he
and displaced
people. Planners over our
say around 2.7 mil-
lion displaced bodigs$
people will need
international aid to
get through the Serb
Overthe next two days, political plan-
ners whose goal is to sow seeds of
democracy, tolerance and pluralism will
be exploring foundations for 1996
Bosnian elections, while international
economic planners will be planning re-
construction and mechanisms to jump-
start what they hope will be a free-
market economy in recovering Bosnia.
Some Serbs are not ready to turn over
their land, however.
Five thousand Serbs in a Sarajevo
neighborhood yesterday protested the
NATO accord that would turn their
district over to their enemies across the
Milljacka River.
"If I have to stav and defend my

his 8-year-old son, a brown-haired boy
named Srdjan, who he said was killed
by a Bosnian government sniper in
"I will not stay here under Bosnian
government authority."
The protest in the tense neighbor-
hood of Grbavica was in many ways a
microcosm of the countrywide di-
lemma that the NATO troops will face
as they try to match an accord written
on paper in Dayton, Ohio, with the
fierce reality of ethnic battle lines
drawn in blood.

m11s can
re only
- Dejan Korleta
student leader

As the potent
Western force
trickles into the
country, the war-
ring parties in sev-
eral places are
making an 11 th-
hour curtain call
of scattered ethnic
U.N. officials
say Serbs else-
where in the coun-

try are expelling non-Serbs from their
territories before the NATO army ar-
rives, while Serbs, Croats and Muslims
in other places have been looting or
burning areas they must give up to their
enemies under the agreement.
The rival sides appeared prepared to
continue the expulsions, looting and
arson until the NATO force is fully
deployed. That is expected to occur
within days of the signing of the peace
accord, scheduled for Dec. 14.
The people in Grbavica are among an
estimated 70,000 Serbs living in
Sarajevo suburbs that the Dayton ac-
cord mandates will be returned to the
Muslim-Croat federation that controls

Serb demonstrators try to destroy a United States flag during a demonstration against the Dayton agreement in Sarajevo
neighborhood Grbavica yesterday. Five thousand Serbs in Grbavica protested the peace accord.

the agreement and has demanded that it
be renegotiated to keep the suburbs
U.S. Secretary of State Warren Chris-
topher signaled Wednesday that he was
ready to listen more closely to Serb
concerns over Sarajevo - but not to
renegotiate the Dayton plan.
Relief agencies fear that an attempt
to enforce the accord would result in an
instant exodus of Serbs across the moun-

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very neighborhoods, and
both sides of the river r
river cuts through a va
blasted high-rises wher
traded mortar shelling a
for nearly four years.
"Muslims can come h
our dead bodies," Dejan K
student leader, told theF
news agency SRNA.
The main link to the ne
a stone bridge called the Bi
erhood and Unity on the
the Bridge of Serb He
Most p
Los Angeles Times
appears to be planning la
tests like those that tor
States apart during the'
with cries of "Out now
Clinton's deploymentc
troops to Bosnia is being
prehensively by peace ac
"Sadly, there are times
no answer except time,"
sisters League said il a
ment. "The people of the
are finally beginning to
The forces of Northern I
nally beginning to make p
military force did not hel
Activists fear that the p
Balkans are so deeply r
quick fix will work.
"The U.S. will not be se
Serbs will view NATO for
pation. Violence is inevita
Resisters League said. "The
has no national interest in B
is a European problem,a
cannot solve it, it can't b
United States has nobusine
forces to enforce a peace a
Neither does the Ame
Service Committee end
scale U.S. military pre
troubled Balkans, wherei
of a 60,000-soldier N
Treaty Organization for
such a commitment all b
officials of the Philadelp
ganization said emphasis
maximizing the possibili
"Our primary concerni

I emotions on
un deep. The
lley of shell-
e combatants
nd sniper fire
ere only over
Gorleta, a Serb
Bosnian Serb
ighborhood is
ridge of Broth-
city side and
eroes on the

Grbavica side. To walk it is to take a
surreal, post-apocalyptic tour through
winding rolls of razor wire, concrete
pylons and gutted buildings. ;,
The bridge crossing is controlled
by a French army contingent of U.N..
peacekeepers who-escort small groups
of journalists, viskors and people with.
special permission to pass from one-
wrecked world to another, in many
ways mirror images of mutual en,
The rally was held at the foot of the
Serb side of the bridge.


Bosnia mission
force not act in any way as a partisan
ough no one force, and that NATO learn the art of
rge-scale pro- peacekeeping," said David Gracy, di-,
e the United rector of the AFSC's peacekeeping
Vietnam War project. "We are particularly worried
w!" President about the way in which the agreement;
of American has been written and the pressure that
g watched ap- (Republican Sen. Bob Dole of Kansas)
tivists. has been putting on the President to
when there is emphasize the training and arming of
the War Re- the Bosnian forccs."
recent state- "We think that ifwe really are talking
e Middle East about peacekeeping here, we have to be
make peace. talking about building down disarma-
Ireland are fi- ment and not this notion ... of achiev-
eace. Outside ing some kind of parity by building up
p." one side."
roblems in the Joanne Landy, president of the New
ooted that no York-based anti-war group Campaign
for Peace and Democracy, said her or-
een as neutral. ganization has not taken a formal stand
cs as an occu- on the deployment but she believes;
able," the War most members would oppose it.
e United States "As an organization, we were in fa-
Bosnia. Bosnia vor and are in favor of lifting the arms
and if Europe embargo," Laindy said. "From the be-
e solved. The ginning of the disintegration of Yugo-
ss dispatching slavia, there was no interest in defend-
agreement." ing the principles of democracy."
rican Friends Officials of Peace Action in Wash-
orse a large- ingtonsaidtleirmembership isdivided.
sence in the "Peace Action is against the use of
it will be part militarism and armed force as yielding
orth Atlantic apermanent solution," said Fran.Tepliti,
ce. But with director of the group's education fund.
ut inevitable, "At the same time, given this situation,
hia-based or- we applaud any action that promotes a
should be on cease-fire and negotiations. We hope it
ty of peace. will bring the profound reconciliation,
is this NATO that is needed."

~ nn.. . . 0 "


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