/The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 6, 1995-3
'U research funding for research reaches all-time high at $400M
Room bums at
.: A fire last Friday morning at a Michi-
gan State University fraternity house
destroyed a meeting room.
N one inside the Beta Theta Pi
'ouse was injured in the 8 a.m. fire,
though two firefighters suffered mi-
A:East Lansing Fire Marshal Gary
Waterman said the fire started on or
neara chair in the second-floor meeting
ft .was contained to the room-
called the "ritual room" by fraternity
members - though other areas had
,slight water damage, Waterman said.
Two third-year law students at the
Uniyersity of Florida surveyed 5Q0
OF students and faculty members to
find out what the community consid-
es to be sexual harassment.
4Te survey found that whilethemnia-
jority of the students strongly agreed
thetoa forced kiss in an employment
betting constituted sexual harassment,
jckes about sex and remarks about a
peon's clothing, body or activities did
hot. The majority also felt that if an
employer touches an employee's thigh
it'Was a form of sexual harassment.
'The survey was divided into differ-
entscenarios in which the people in-
vwed were different combinations
of males, females, blacks and whites.
'The two students, MelissaPodulsky
andCarolyn Montanus,conducted the
suW'ey for research they were doing
fort4heir employment discrimination
The survey was reported in the Alli-
gator, the student newspaper ofthe Uni-
Ceirty of Florida.
debuts at Yale game
"captain Crimson" made his first,
an- probably only, appearance as
14vard's mascot during the school's
Si'rivalry football game with Yale
tiyear. Harvard does not have an
official mascot, but the appearance of
Adam Stein, a Harvard student, as
"Captain Crimson" was the second
time in as many years that a tempo-
rary mascot has made an appearance
for The Game, as it is called as the
The Harvard Crimson reported that
Stein came dressed in an all-red cos-
fume, wore a Trojan-style helmet and a
cape with a large "H."
Last year, Rudd Coffrey, also a stu-
dent, was the "Angry Pilgrim."
Harvard beat Yale, 22-21,inthe 112th
game of this rivalry.
Fire scares Cal
State campus; no
About 4,000 students, prfessors and
employees were evacuated from the
California State University campus last
Week as a fire started by power lines
knocked over by wind threatened sev-
t niversity buildings.
one was injured and no build-
s were damaged by the blaze as the
Ots of the firefighters combined
i tha change in wind direction were
able to save the endangered struc-
Major traffic problems erupted when
hundreds of cars left campus after
classes were canceled due to lingering
5Tpke in the buildings.
Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
, sa .Poris from staff and wire reports
By Heather Miller
Daily Staff Reporter
University research expenditures have reached
a "landmark" by exceeding $400 million for the
1994-95 fiscal year.
"Increases in the annual research expenditures
demonstrate the continued leadership of the Uni-
versity in the advancement of knowledge and in
the application of leading-edge technologies for
the benefit of society," Homer A. Neal, vice presi-
dent for research, said in a statement.
Expenditures exceeded $409 million, a six-
percent increase over the last fiscal year's expen-
ditures of $386 million.
"It wasn't a significant increase in percentage
points," said Alan Steiss, director of the Division
"Budget adjustments are going to impact our
ability to maintain mom entum"'Y
- Alan Steiss
Director of the Division of Research Development and Administration
of Research Development and Administration.
Steiss said the University usually receives a 6-
7 percent increase per year.
"The landmark was we crossed the $400-mil-
lion mark," he said.
Two-thirds of the research money comes from
federal sources, such as the Department of Health
and Human Services and the Department of De-
"(Federal) moneys are allocated through a pro-
cess of review and competition," Steiss said.
University funds make up about 12 percent of
the expenditures and the remaining funds include
support from industry and private contributions,
which account for slightly more than 20 percent.
Research programs for applied technologies,
such as lasers and computers, received for the
greatest increase in funds. The Department of
Defense awarded the funds, and the research in
this area is geared toward peacetime, commercial
applications of computer and laser technologies,
Breast and prostate cancer research and optics
and laser research for applications in eye surgery
also received sizable expenditure increases.
However, Neal said that current budget resolu-
tions in Congress could mean reductions in feder-
ally sponsored research.
He said President Clinton's long-term budget
projections include reductions in discretionary
federal funds, which is a major source of the
University's research budget.
"Budget adjustments are going to impact our
ability to maintain momentum," Steiss said.
curator studies photos
of Victorian 'ghosts'
By Jeff Eldridge
Daily Staff Reporter
As Rob Cox goes about his work as
curator of documents at the Clements
Library, he is occasionally haunted by a
Over the last year, Cox has assembled
and studied a collection of approxi-
mately 20 spirit photographs.
The pictures were popular in the years
immediately following the Civil War
and depict living people with ghost-like
forms near them. Frequently, these
ghosts resembled a deceased member
of the subject's family.
"My initial interest in spirit photog-
raphy grew out of combining my inter-
ests in the history of photography with
my research interest in the history of
spiritualism," Cox said.
Cox said he is not concerned with
whether the photos contain actual ghosts
or if they were fabricated.
"Whether today we recognize all or
some of them as hoaxes, we shouldn't
allow that to overlook the deep emo-
tional response Victorian Americans
had to spirit photos," he said.
In an era when the railroad and tele-
graph were major technological devel-
opments, spirit photographs were
"Spirit photos seemed to be another
form of technology that allowed com-
munication across the life-death bar-
rier, as opposed to geographic barri-
ers," he said. "Communication with the
dead was thought of as taking place
through some electrical phenomenon,
like Morse code."
We know there
is a fine image of
Mrs. Lincoln in
with the deceased
behind her ...
Clements Library curator of
Cox said one of the most revealing
parts of the spirit photography move-
ment came when the apparitions of
Arabs, African Americans and Native
Americans became common in the back-
ground of the photos.
Cox said that while white Americans
of the era sought to segregate them-
selves from other races, the appearance
of these spirits appealed to members of
the upper classes who viewed other
races as exotic. Spirit photographs al-
lowed an association with these races in
a very secure setting.
"It was a tame way to have a connec-
tion," Cox said.
At the height of its popularity, spirit
photography extended into very elite
and powerful circles.
"We know there is a fine image of
Mrs. Lincoln in mourning clothing with
the deceased Abe standing behind her,
By Stephanie Jo Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
Indiana's loss is Michigan's gain.
Early this summer, Indiana Univer-
sity is expected to relinquish Prof. Anjan
Thakor to the warm welcome of the
University of Michigan's School of
Business Administration. One of the
country's most prominent financial ex-
perts, Thakor was lured to the Univer-
sity by an endowed professorship.
With a donation of $1.2 million to
the University, the Grand Rapids-based
Frey Foundation helped to establish a
new faculty post: the Edward J. Frey
Professorship of Banking and Finance.
Business Dean B. Joseph White said
the department was "thrilled" to gain
such an esteemed faculty member.
"He's superb in his research on bank-
ing, also in his degree program teach-
ing," White said yesterday. "He does
well in all that we at the Business
White said the position was created
to honor Frey's memory and to reward
"We use the chairs to attract the
(best) faculty," he said. "We wouldn't
have attracted him without this en-
d6wed professorship. He simply
wouldn't have come."2
The school currently has 20 such
posts in areas of accounting, marketing
and finance that help contribute to the
school's national stature.
Thakor is currently chairman of the
finance department at Indiana's Busi-
ness School. With special expertise in
banking policy, regulation and strat-
egy, he has emerged as a leading thinker
in financial intermediation, the Uni-
versity said in a statement announcing
Thakor edits five academicjournals,
with more than 50 published articles to
his credit. Hehas also published a bank
The post was named after Frey, a
graduate of the University's Business
School, who served for 31 years as
CEO of Union Bank and Trust Co.,
now the National Bank of Detroit.
He also founded Foremost Insur-
ance Co. in Grand Rapids in 1952.
The Frey Foundation has assets of
more than $100 million. David Frey,
vice chairman and trustee of the foun-
dation, said he was gratified that his
father's memory was being honored by
helping further the prominence of an
Photo courtesy ot GLMENS HISTUKIAL LIBRARY
Photos like this, with the ghost pictured standing behind the subject, were
popular In the years immediately after the Civil War.
with his hand on her shoulder."
At one time, spirit photography was
common and widely acknowledged. Ar-
ticles on the subject appeared in many
popular magazines, including Harper's
The number of adherents faded in the
1870s when the upper class began to
lose interest in the photos. The medium
remained popular with other groups
until the end of the 1800s but passed
away by the turn of the century.
MSA elects treasurer, vetoes another nomination
: 1 11 - I . I - I'M ,,Z, 11, ; : -
By Michelle Lee Thompson
Daily Staff Reporter
The Michigan Student Assembly ap-
provedone of President Flint Wainess's
nominees to executive office, but voted
down the other last night.
The assembly voted 19-13 to approve
LSA Rep. Scott Sandler as treasurer,
but 9-23 against the nomination ofLSA
Rep. Jonathan Winick as student gen-
Winick acknowledged that he has
taken, unpopular stands in recent as-
sembly votes - voting in October
against a resolution supporting affir-
mative action at the University -which
may have cost him the vote.
"I've never really shied away from
what I believe," Winick said. "I just
think it's customary for the president of
the assembly to pick their executive
officers and have them elected."
After the meeting, Wainess asserted
that members of the Students' Party
collaborated to vote against Winick.
"Jonathan Winick has done good
work for the students at the University
of Michigan and spiteful people on the
assembly that have personal differences
with him hide behind the facade of him
boing incompetent," Wainess said.'
LSA Rep. Paul Scublinsky served
for a year as student general counsel
until he was elected last month to the
chair of the Rules and Elections Com-
mittee. To take on the chair position,
Scublinsky resigned last night as coun-
sel, but agreed to serve until a new
appointment is made.
Wainess said he was pleased that
Sandier will serve as treasurer.
"I think he will rejuvenate the of-
fice," Wainess said.
As treasurer, Sandler will work with
the Budget Priorities Committee, which
doles out funding to student groups.
BPC was budgeted $83,000 for this
purpose for the academic year, but has
only $25,000 left in its coffers less than
halfway through the year.
"There's plenty of funding left for
deserving groups," Sandler said. "We'll
just have to deal with the ($25,000) we
The assembly also elected Music Rep.
Susan Ratcliffe as North Campus Task
Force chair, removing Engineering Rep.
Tracey Gallinari from the position,
which she has held since the task force
was created in October.
really shied away
froin what I
- Jonathan Winick
Ratcliffe said she hoped to "get MSA
involved in North Campus and get North
Campus involved with MSA, because
right now there is no interaction there."
Ratcliffe serves as president of the
Music School Student Government,
which she created this year.
The assembly elected Susan Golladay
as co-chair of the Child Care Task Force,
upon a recommendation from current
co-chair LSA Rep. Fiona Rose. Rose
said Golladay's status as a mother and
Big savings on color printing
for all clubs, businesses, and
her position on the Family Housing
Resident Board would give her insight
on child care options at the University.
At the recommendation of Campus
Governance Committee chair Probir
Mehta, the assembly appointed.LSA
Rep.:Srinu Vourganti as A liaison tothe
Senate Advisory Committee on Uni-
The assembly also appointed LSA
Rep. Andy Schor as MSA representa-
tive to the Michigan Union Board of
Representatives and LSA sophomore
Erin Carey to the Dean of Students
The assembly made several other
appointments last night as well.
What's happening in An Arbor today
$2.99 Cheeseburger & Fries
1/3 lb. of lean ground chuck
$1.00 off all English Pints of Beer
1338 S. State
Q American Baptist Student Fellow-
ship, free meal, meeting, 663-
9376, First Baptist Church, Cam-
pus Center, 512 East Huron, 5:30-
Q AIESEC Michigan, general member
meeting, 662-1690, Business
Administration Building, Room
1276, 6 p.m.
La Voz Mexicana, meeting, 994-
9139, Michigan League, Room D,
Q Ninjutsu Club, beginners welcome,
761-8251, Intramural Sports
Opportunities," sponsored by Of-
fice of Student Biomedical Re-
search Programs, South Lecture
Hall, Medical Science Building II,
0 "Art and Cognition," sponsored by
Students of Objectivism, Michi-
gan League, Conference Room 6,
0 "Fall Term Wrap-Up," sponsored by
Hindu Students Council, Michi-
gan Union, Pond Room, 8 p.m.
U "Jewish Feminist Group Rap Ses-
sion," sponsored by Hillel, Hillel
Building, 7:30 p.m.
Q "Pattern Recognition: Applica-
dence Education, Michigan
League Ballroom, 4-6 p.m.
U "Westernizers Despite Themselves:
Paradoxes of Ukranian Anti-Colo-
nial Discourse," MykolaRyabchuk,
brown bag lecture series, spon-
sored by Center for Russian and
East European Studies, Lane Hall
Commons Room, 12 noon
U Campus Information Centers,
Michigan Union and North Cam-
pus Commons, 763-INFO,
email@example.com, UMoEvents on