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November 29, 1995 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-11-29

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N~nu /i ' L

The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 29, 1995 - 7

Congress members
Government funding runs out four other Republi
crats at a narrow,
onl Diec. 3 . paneled Capitol m
"Serious and sor
Los Angeles Times nition," said Whit
WASHINGTON - White House and con- Panetta. "It is goin
gressional officials last night opened talks on Under the accoi
balancing the budget amid doubts that a deal is Clinton agreed to
possible before government funding runs out would be balanced
again on Dec. 16. cans promised the
Although nine days have passed since Presi- long list of Clinto
dent Clinton and Congress reached an agreement and the environme
that reopened the government after an unprec- But Republicans
edented six-day shutdown, neither side has made would move from th
- much of an attempt to bridge the huge gap be- is poised to veto,
tween their positions. balked at providing
"The mood is somber because we know the big balance the budget
job we have ahead of us," said Senate Budget Clinton will be
Chairman Pete Domenici (R-N.M.) as he sat with Panetta, who once

say mood at budget talks is somber

cans across from seven Demo-
rectangular table in a wood-
eeting room.
mber is probably a good defi-
e House Chief of Staff Leon
ng to be a tough job."
rd that ended the shutdown,
try to negotiate a budget that
in seven years, and Republi-
budget deal would preserve a
n priorities such as education
nt.
have refused to show how they
eir seven-yearplan that Clinton
while the White House has
g any clue as to how it would
in the seven-year time frame.
e primarily represented by
e headed the House Budget

(Negotiating a
budget) is going to be a
tough job."
- Leon Panetta
White House chief of staff
Committee. Domenici and House Budget Chair-
man John Kasich (R-Ohio) will lead the congres-
sional delegation.
Little of substance was expected to be dis-
cussed at the opening session, which will mostly
cover the ground rules of the negotiations, offi-
cials said.
"They're talking about talking," said White
House spokesman Mike McCurry.

This pre-talk stalemate has led some members
to assume that no deal will be reached in time
and that the budget turmoil, instead, will be-
come the central issue in the looming presiden-
tial campaign between Clinton and his Republi-
can challenger.
Both House Minority Leader Richard
Gephardt (D-Mo.) and Clinton political adviser
James Carville have advocated a strategy of
turning the presidential campaign into a sort of
national referendum on the differing budget
visions.
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) said
yesterday that Clinton would not get a new
stopgap funding bill unless progress was being
made in the budget talks.
Clinton, meanwhile, told Senate Democrats
he felt honor-bound to make a good-faith effort
to reach a deal.

I-

Japan revises national defense
policy for 1st time since 1976

Los Angeles Times
TOKYO - Japan yesterday re-
vised its national defense policy for
the first time in nearly two decades,
emphasizing a high-tech, streamlined
military force and reaffirming the
security alliance with the United
States.
The new policy, approved by Prime
MinisterTomiichi Murayama and other
Cabinet members ofthe Security Coun-
cil of Japan after extensive political
wrangling, also spells out new duties
forthe forces. Reflectingthe Kobe earth-
quake and poison-gas attack on Tokyo's
subways this year that shook the sense
of security this peaceful nation has long
taken for granted, the guidelines add
the duties of disaster relief and protec-
tion against terrorism. They also add
global peacekeeping activities amid
calls for Japan to play a more active
international role.
But some analysts said the policy
fails to articulate a new, post-Cold War
mission for Japan's Self-Defense
Forces. While the original 1976 de-
fense plan justified the nation's mili-
tary buildup as protection against what
it officially labeled the "latent threat"
of what was then the Soviet Union, the
revised guidelines do not specify any

perceived security threats.
Although it contains an oblique ref-
erence to China as a "great military
power (with) nuclear weapons in our
country's surroundings," the ambigu-
ity leaves the forces without a clear
mission, said Makoto Momoi, a former
Japan Defense Agency official andnow
security specialist with the Yomiuri
Research Institute.
"We can't say anything frankly about
the Korean peninsula, China or Rus-
sia," Momoi said.
"There is no new evaluation of the
strategic environment, so there is no
new mission under the new policy. We
get a new, compact, smaller army, but
the policy doesn't explain what they
should do," he said.
Momoi said the policy was a mish-
mash of compromises that leaves no
one happy and will be defined overtime
through parliamentary questioning,
leaks to the Japanese media and the
Defense Agency's own interpretations.
But it retains the nation's fundamental
defense policies, such as maintaining
the U.S.-Japan security alliance and
disavowing military action except for
self-defense.
Japan, whose defense budget tops
$50 billion, is the world's second-larg-

est spender on military needs after the
United States.
Momoi addedthat President Clinton's
canceled Japan visit, which had been
scheduled for last week and was to have
focused on security issues, contributed
to the ambiguous language.
Defense officials had hoped Clinton
would prod Socialist Prime Minister
Tomiichi Murayama toward a stron-
ger defense posture - perhaps horse-
trading concessions regarding the con-
troversial issue of U.S. forces on
Okinawa in exchange for Japanese
pledges to beef up air reconnaissance,
naval power or technical cooperation,
he said.
But analysts also said the blueprint
reflects Japan's modern realities.
The plan reduces military personnel
to 145,000 from 180,000, and creates'a
new reserve force of 15,000. But the
reduction may have no actual effect,
because the nation's unpopular Self-
Defense Forces have never been able to
recruit the maximum number allowed.
The number of personnel now stands at
about 158,800 and is projected to de-
cline further, as demographic shifts re-
duce the number of youths and a recov-
ering economy provides morejob alter-
natives.

AP PHOTO
Guerrillas of the Hezbollah or Party of God examine the wreckage after a bomb explosion that killed Saeed Harb, an official of
the Iranian-backed Hezbollah, in Jibchit, South Lebanon, yesterday.
8M inure when Lebanese guerillas
fire waves of rockets bn Israel

Does waiting in line bug you?

Los Angeles Times
JERUSALEM - Tens of thousands
of Israelis were ordered into bomb shel-
tens yesterday after waves of katyusha
"-rokets fired by Lebanese guerrillas
injured eight people in the northern
town of Kiryat Shemona.
The rockets began to fall as parents
were taking their children to school
-yesterday morning. Children were
'hustled into shelters and classes were
--canceled.
Rockets smashed into homes and
parked cars, and knocked down power
lines. Hospitals and neighborhood clin-
ics reported only minor injuries from
shrapnel, but dozens of people suffered
from shock.
Israel responded with air raids on
katyusha-launching sites and pounded
Lebanese villages north of its so-called
security zone in southern Lebanon with
hundreds of shells. Prime Minister

Shimon Peres made an unannounced
visit to Kiryat Shemona in the afternoon.
He toured the damage area, spoke
with the wounded and warned Leba-
non, Syria and the Shiite Muslim mili-
tant organization Hezbollah that the
attacks must stop.
"We regard with grave severity the
events," Peres said at a news confer-
ence. "We can tell by the targets and the
time of the attack that the goal of the
Hezbollah was to hit people, to kill."
Hezbollah claimed responsibility for
the shelling and said it was retaliating
against the Israeli Army's demolition
of several Lebanese homes in recent
days and the Israeli Navy's refusal to let
Lebanese fishermen fish off the south-
ern Lebanese coast.
Peres said that Hezbollah violated an
agreement the United States brokered
two years ago during aparticularly heavy
exchange between Israel and Hezbollah.

In that agreement, each side promised to
refrain from hitting the other's civilians.
The prime minister said Israel passed
a message through U.S. Secretary of
State Warren Christopher to the Syr-
ians, warning them to rein in Hezbollah.
With 30,000 troops in Lebanon's east-
ern Beka'a Valley, Syria controls the
supply routes for Hezbollah.
"We see a great contradiction be-
tween the calls for peace and the firing
of these katyushas," Peres said. "They
do not go together and they cannot."
At a Mediterranean economic con-
ference in Barcelona, Spain, on Mon-
day, the Israeli and Syrian foreign min-
isters exchanged public reaffirmations
of their willingness to negotiate peace.
U.S.-brokered peace talks between
the two enemies have been stalled for
months, but U.S. peace envoy Dennis
Ross is expected in the region next
week to try to get them restarted.

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