Toilght: Mostly cloudy, low
Tomorrow: Chance of snow
showers, high around 30'.
One hundredfive years of editori'alfreedom
November 28, 1995
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0 Annual candlelight vigil
and march to be held
By Heather Miller
Daily Staff Reporter
Natasha Raymond, an SNRE doc-
toral student, knew the first gay man in
Boston who died of AIDS.
"All around me when I lived in Bos-
ton people were contracting (AIDS),"
she said. "For me, it's a very real
Raymond is now a volunteer for AIDS
Awareness Week, which started yester-
day and runs through Dec. 1.
Throughout the week, various Uni-
versity groups are sponsoring events to
heighten AIDS awareness including the
annual candlelight vigil and march Fri-
day at the Michigan Union.
"AIDS is not a gay disease, a minor-
ity disease or a disease that affects only
'them.' It belongs to 'us' and must be
stopped," said Jennifer L. Smith, assis-
tant coordinator ofNorth Campus Com-
mons Arts and Programs.
Posters on AIDS awareness are cur-
rently displayed in the North Campus
Commons Atrium. Prof. Marianetta
Porter's first-year Art students de-
signed the posters as part of a class
"AIDS has had such a devastating
effect," especially on student popula-
tions, Porter said. "I was glad the word
got out to University of Michigan stu-
"We tried to create posters that en-
lighten the public," she said.
Affixed to one poster is the cover of
an exam blue book. The cover reads:
"More students are getting back their
test results." Inside, is written: "HIV +
and it's 100% preventable. Learn the,
Also included in the week are a panel
discussion tonight by local residents
living with AIDS and an AIDS aware-
ness speak-out Thursday night.
LSA junior Laurie Kuhn, a member
of AIDS Education Is On Us, said the
two events would help "bring (AIDS)
to a personal level."
"My best friend is dying. I just saw
him last week," said John Luther, a
Social Work graduate student. "Every
time I look at him, I want to make sure
this doesn't happen to anyone else. No
Clinton says U.S.
troops crucial to
LSA senior Reginold Moss looks at panels of the AIDS Memorial Quilt at the Michigan Union.
A Wak of Awairne
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON -President Clinton last night
said U.S. participation in the peacekeeping opera-
tion in Bosnia means the difference between war
and peace there and said Americans, despite the
risks, "must choose peace."
Clinton laid out his rationale for using Ameri-
can troops to implement the Bosnian peace agree-
ment, brokered by the United States in recent talks
in Ohio, during a prime-time Oval Office address,
his 10th as President.
Its themes of a limited mission, a strict exit
strategy and an operation aimed at securing peace
rather than making war were all aimed at reassur-
ing a nation and a Congress wary of risky military
operations and concerned that the country might
be pulled into a civil war.
The United States cannot police the world or
stop warfare everywhere, Clinton said, but
"America-and America alone-can and should
make the difference" when it is called on to
"defend our fundamental values as a people and
serve our most basic strategic interests."
Clinton acknowledged the mission will not be
without danger, and he issued a blunt warning to
anyone threatening the peacekeepers: "America
protects its own. Anyone - anyone - who takes
on our troops will suffer the consequences. We
will fight fire with fire and then some."
Congressional leaders, particularly in the Sen-
ate, yesterday appeared likely to raise sharp ques-
tions and even to put conditions on the U.S.
involvement, but in the end to let Clinton go
forward. House members were more dubious.
In a speech on the Senate
floor a few hours before
Clinton spoke, Majority
Leader Bob Dole (R-Kan.) .
said Congress has a responsi-
bility to advise Clinton but '
said, "The President has the
authority and the powerunder '
the Constitution to do what he
feels should be done, regard-
less of what Congress does."
After Clinton's address,
Dole said in a television inter- Clinton
view that it was "a good
speech" and "a first step in the right direction," but
added that the President "still has a ways to go."
"I hope he'll have my support," said Dole, the
leading candidate for next year's Republican
presidential nomination. "It depends on the case
that's made and on how the American people
House National Security Committee Chairman
Floyd D. Spence (R-S.C.) said he was unswayed
by the President's speech. Acknowledging the
heavy toll war has taken on the Bosnian people,
Spence said in a statement: "We must weigh
American security interests as well as American
moral interests, and this is where the President has
a lot of convincing to do."
Spence questioned Clinton's claim that Euro-
pean stability is at risk and challenged the
President's call for America to show leadership.
"Leadership without clear direction is dangerous
and a recipe for disaster when it involves deploy-
ment of tens of thousands of American combat
troops," he said.
Clinton, who has heard numerous voices from
both parties raise significant questions over the
Bosnia operation over the past two weeks, tried to
answer some of those questions or at least offer
some reassurances. Beyond that he sought to make
the case that the United States must pick up the
mantle of leadership because no other nation or
collection of nations can.
"If we're not there, NATO will not be there,"
Clinton said in his 22-minute speech. "The peace
will collapse. The war will re-ignite. The slaugh-
ter of innocents will begin again."
"Let us lead," Clinton implored. "That is our
responsibility as Americans."
Troops Would Go
Any American troops sent to
Bosnia would be part of a 60,000-man
NATO force helping to enforce a 600-mile
long separation zone between the warring
would be based
in Tuzla, an Bosnia-
industrial city Herzegovina
that had 132,000'
residents before the Tuzla
war. More than
60,000 refugees have r
poured in, mostly Sarajevo
Muslims fleeing Serbs in
Critics note the troops
A.'would be in a mountainous,
Africaminestrewn countryside in
harsh winter conditions.
Source The Associated Press Daily Graphic
The Washington Post
BUDAPEST, Hungary - A U.S.-led NATO
force of up to 60,000 troops will face enormous
risks in Bosnia as it seeks to implement a complex
peace deal hammered out over 22 days of negotia-
tions in Dayton, Ohio, Western officials and
Balkans experts say.
Enemies as banal as the brutal winter weather
and as mysterious as a cabal of Balkan business-
men could conspire to turn the U.S.-led initiative
into a morass, Western officials and military of-
Casualties are inevitable, they note, pointing out
that in the three years since the United Nations has
deployed troops in the former Yugoslavia, 214
U.N. soldiers have been killed and 1,451 wounded.
Many of the wounded have been maimed by
mines. Gen. Dennis Reimer, the U.S. Army's
chief of staff, estimated recently that 6 million
mines have been planted in Bosnia - many of
them in uncharted fields, currently covered by
snow. Most of those fields lie in the 2-mile-wide
"zone of separation" between the warring fac-
tions, where U.S. and other foreign troops are to
"While the U.N. job was difficult, they avoided
trouble, often didn't shoot back and generally
tried to keep a low profile," a Western military
officer said. "NATO's work will be a lot harder
because it will be viewed by some as an aggressor.
I expect there will be a lot of angry men gunning
for us and hoping to spill blood. After all, we
bombed the Serbs for two weeks, kept the Mus-
lims waiting (for military intervention) for almost
four years and continually criticize the Croats."
U.N. officials and Western officers say the
most serious threat to NATO peacekeepers will
occur during the surrender of territory as negoti-
ated in the Dayton agreement.
Under that plan, the Muslim-Croat federation
will have to give back 15 square miles of land in
northwestern Bosnia captured in a September
offensive against the Serbs. Already, Croat gun-
men are reportedly burning Mrkonjicgrad and
Sipovo, the towns slated to be returned.
The fate of the key facility in this territory -the-
Bocac hydroelectric power plant, which will re-
vert to the Serbs so that they can light their biggest
city, Banja Luka - is unknown.
one should have to die like this."
University alum Nikki Neustadt at-
tended the vigil last year. "The march.
represented a cross section of the
population affected by AIDS - he-
mophiliacs, heterosexuals, gay men,
drug users. Anyone can be affected
by AIDS," Neustadt said.
Elise Bryant, whose theater group,
Common Ground, performed at the first
World AIDS rally, said vigils are im-
portant to bring public attention to an
issue. "It's easy to ignore something
that is painful," she said. But she added,
"If people remain unknown and unrec-
ognized, then more and more people
will die from (AIDS)."
AIDS awareness videos from 11 a.m.-3 p.m. at the
School of Public Health I, third floor lounge..
Discussion with local residents from
7:30-9:30 p.m. in the Michigan Union.
Quilt panel-making sessions from 6-8
p.m. in the North Campus Commons
Lisa Tiger, an HIV-positive Native
American will speak from 8-9:30 p.m. in.
the Michigan Union Ballroom.
AIDS awareness speak-out from 8:30-10:30 p.m. in
the Michigan Union Kuenzel Room.
Panel sgets campag change
LANSING (AP) -A Democratic task force
combined its recommendations yesterday on
revamping political campaigns with an attack
on Republican legislation billed as a betterway
of doing the same thing.
The House Democratic Task Force on Cam-
paign Finance Reform and Ethics spent 10
months gathering public testimony and study-
ing how campaigns are financed and conducted.
It found the public's perception has not
changed since Republicans concluded their
own study four years ago: Michigan residents
are disgusted with the high cost and negative
tone of campaigns.
"We bring to the table today what the citizens
of Michigan have asked for - meaningful re-
form of a political system which has made the
public more cynical of government today than it
was after Watergate," said task force Chairman
Rep. Pat Gagliardi (D-Drummond Island).
The key recommendations by the task force
include the following:
Limit expenditures and contributions by an
independent committee to the maximum al-
lowed for an individual contributor ($500 in a
House race and $1,000 in a Senate race).
Require political action and independent
committees to notify a candidate when an
expenditure is made on the candidate's behalf.
Prohibit lobbyists from making contribu-
tions in state buildings.
Enact a Code of Ethics for legislators and
establish an Ethics Commission made up of
legislators and private citizens.
Enact the Clean Campaign Act that passed
the House in 1994 but died in the Senate. It
includes a code of fair campaign practices.
The recommendations would continue to
allow any number of caucus committees that
A Republican bill, scheduled to be dis-
cussed by a House committee today, would
combine those committees into four "Super
PACs" -one for each Republican and Demo-
cratic caucus in the House and Senate.
Furthermore, those four committees would
have no limits on the number or dollar amount
of contributions to House and Senate cam-
Also, it would define Native Americans as
any other contributor. Native Americans may
now contribute an unlimited amount of money
to any political action committee or candi-
Faculty say Dean of Students
Office should be better-known
By Stephanie Jo Klein
Daily Staff Reporter
The Dean of Students Office should
make its functions
known to more of
$5.5-million budget, has been one of
Vice President Maureen A. Hartford's
Karnopp noted the benefits of the
dean's office, which was established in
"Anv office which sets out to heln
for Student Affairs.
Karnopp suggested making presen-
tations at faculty and student orienta-
tions to clarify the office's mission and
encourage everyone to use it.
Some SACUA members expressed
reservations about the internal work-