FEDERAL SHUTDOWN CONTUES
Michigan Daily - Thursday, November 16, 1995 - 9
would affect them
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON -What if the gov-
ernment shuts down and no one notices?
That thought apparently occurred to
quite a few Americans yesterday dur-
ing the second day of the partial shut-
down in the nation's capital.
"The media has built this up like it's
a hurricane on the way, but it has no
impact on us," said Dick Busby, owner
of a construction company in Dayton,
Texas. "I don't even know anybody
who has felt the impact."
"It breaks my heart to think I can't go
out to the national park at Hot Springs and
get a guided tour from a genuine federal
employee," said Mary Jane Rebeck, a
Little Rock, Ark. businesswoman.
Reports of 800,000 "nonessential"
government employees being sent home
may not have prompted widespread fret-
ting about a loss in services, but rather
wonderment about why the government'
has so many unnecessary people on the
"About 90 percent ofthe callers want
to talk about why we had all these'non-
essential' workers in the first place,"
said Tom Isenberg, who hosts a radio
talk show in Seattle.
In Miami, coffee shop owner Larry
Rapaport admitted he was glad he was
"not going to Africa tomorrow and need-
ing a passport, or turning 65 and need-
ing to file for Social Security."
But otherwise, most people say they
have not been affected by the govern-
ment shutdown and are not worried
about how long it will last.
"I bet if you asked 1,000 people on
the street, no one would know what
shutting down the government does,"
The GrassRoots Researchservice asked
1,000 people by phone about the govern-
ment shutdown, and 60 percent of the
respondents said they were in favor of it
-if it led to a balanced budget.
Callers were given three choices.
Should Congress and the president do
whatever it takes to reach an immediate
agreement even if the budget is not
balanced, suspend nonessential services
until a balanced-budget agreement is
reached, or eliminate all nonessential
Scott W. Rasmussen, president of the
Charlotte, N.C., polling company, said
36 percent chose the first option of
doing whatever it takes to reach agree-
ment now. Meanwhile, 35 percent fa-
vored suspending nonessential services
to reach a balanced budget agreement,
while 25 percent said nonessential sbr-
vices should simply be eliminated. A
small percentage were undecided.
Capitol Hill police officer Travis Smith walks through the empty Statutary Hall in the Capitol yesterday as the partial shutdown of the federal government continued.
Hundreds of thousands of government workers got another day off, closing the Library of Congress, national monuments and many other federal offices.
Chton s action may
win cnses in public's eye
Both sides forgot escape
hatch' in budget battle
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - Two days into
the great budget standoffof 1995, Presi-
dent Clinton has emerged a clear politi-
cal winner over Senate Majority Leader
Bob Dole and House Speaker Newt
Gingrich - in the short run, at least.
"Look at how worried they look!" a
Clinton aide crowed yesterday morn-
ing as the furrowed visages of Gingrich
and Dole appeared on television.
A CNN/USA Today poll found that
the public blames the Republicans for
the deadlock more than Clinton by a
wide margin of 49 percent to 26 per-
cent, with 19 percent blaming both sides.
Republicans acknowledged that the
President has bested them in the tactical
battle for public opinion this week. But
they said they are confident they can turn
the tide-ifthey can change the focus of
the debate from the government shut-
down to budget-balancing plans.
"We can't win a fight over 24-hour
(spending) resolutions," lamented GOP
strategist Eddie Mahe. "Clinton just
goes into the White House press room
and beats us every time.... But once we
pass a balanced budget, the burden will
be on him."
White House aides, on the other hand,
were gleeful. "We're tryingnotto gloat,"
said one senior Clinton adviser, "but he
has hit everything just right this week."
In the view of the President's politi-
cal handlers, the budget battle is not just
about whether Clinton will accept Re-
publican spending cuts: It's a chance to
show their sometimes-irresolute Presi-
dent drawing a line in the sand and
fighting for something he believes in.
Clinton aides said that he accom-
plishedthat by relentlessly warning that
the GOP spending plan would damage
Medicare and other popular programs..
The CNN/USA Today poll gives some
support to that theory: Asked whom
they trusted to cut the budget while
maintaining necessary programs, 49
percent named the Democrats and 36
percent the Republicans - a reversal
from the beginning of the year.
Republican leaders, meanwhile, hope
to change the question - by demand-
ing that Clinton accept or veto their
proposal to balance the budget in seven
years. Clinton already has said that he
would veto the bill because of its cuts in
Medicare and education spending.
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - In their rush to-
ward confrontation over the budget,.
the White House and Congress thought
of virtually everything - except the
"You don't get into fights like this
unless you have an exit strategy, and
neither side has one," said Sen. John
Breaux (D-La.) referring to the budget
impasse between President Clinton and
the Republican-led Congress that has
forced the government to shut down for
lack of money to fund its operations.
Partly by design, partly by accident,
each side has cut off the other's avenue
Just last night, Republicans decided
to pass a new temporary spending mea-
sure to keep the government funded,
clean of all provisions unacceptable to
the White House, save one: the demand
that the President accept a seven-year
balanced budget based on Congressional
Budget Office economic forecasts. Re-
publicans do not have the votes to pass
a spending bill without that provision
and the White House cannot accept that
demand. So, they stand, poised over a
shuttered government, attempting to
shout, maneuver and bludgeon each
other into submission.
In earlier years, even the most intrac-
table impasses between Presidents and
lawmakers were resolved by compro-
mise and deal-cutting. More often than
not, one side would withdraw after
claiming to have made a point. In the
case of spending disputes, it was rela-
tively easy to split the difference. Some-
times other concessions were made,
such as promising hearings or appoint-
ing study commissions. On rare occa-
sions, "summits" were called to settle
the disputes at the highest levels.
That kind of business-as-usual ap-
proach, however, is out of vogue in the
new GOP-controlled Congress, which
interpreted its election last fall as a
mandate for fundamental change in the
way government conducts its business,
including the goal to force a balanced
budget over the next seven years.
The new climate tests not only the
will of the president but the dexterity of
his leading Republican rival, Senate
Majority Leader Bob Dole. Dole made
his mark in Congress as a master deal-
maker who rivaled Houdini in his abil-
ity to escape disasters. Now he marches
in step with those who have shunned
this method of governance, attempting
as best he can to look thoroughly com-
fortable in the new role.
"The differencehere is that a balanced
budget is at the core of who we are as
Republican members of Congress....
It's a question of resolve and our resolve
is strong as steel," said House Republi-
can Conference Chairman John A.
Almost from the start, House Speaker
Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) and other GOP
leaders, cheered on by the party's large
freshman class, made it clear they would
use hardball tactics to force Clinton to
deal with the budget and other legisla-
tive issues on their terms.
In retrospect, Clinton, dogged by his
reputation as a waffler, may have had no
choice but to draw a firm line and dig in
behind it. In any case,. he did so and is
encouraged to keep on doing so by polls
showing that most Americans approve.
Republican leaders (from left) Rep. John Kasich (R-Ohlo), Speaker Newt Gingrich
(R-Ga.), Sen. Bob Dole (R-Kan.) and Sen. Pete Domenicl (R-N.M.) meet to work
out budget details.
Continued from Page 1
Brandt said the shutdown would
not have a large impact on most indi-
viduals. "It's really not a shutdown.
It's a curtailing of government ser-
vices," he said. "It's non-essential
personnel who have been temporarily
"They have said probably anyone
who has been furloughed will end up
getting paid anyway. That has been past
WhileRivers said she believes fed-
eral employees should receive back pay,
she has problems with the politics in-
"It seems highly irresponsible to make
a political point by sending everyone
home, when in fact we are going to pay
them," Rivers said.
As for an end, Brandt said: "It's re-
ally up to the President. I would expect
by the end of this week Congress will
send another continuing resolution to
keep the government running."
Rivers placed the blame on Con-
gress, and said she expects to work up
until Thanksgiving and after the holi-
day to seek a resolution. "We have
been told to expect to stay in this week-
end," she said. "I'm hoping that reason
Associate Vice President for Gov-
ernment Relations Thomas Butts, the
University's lobbyist in Washington,
said the shutdown is only an inconve-
nience for the University. He said the
greatest impact would be on grant ap-
"In terms of operational impact, a
day or two doesn't have much direct
impact," Butts said. "The longer it
goes, the more disruptive it is likely
to be to the University. The world is
not going to come to an end ask we
"I have been doing this for 14 years,
and we've had 10 of these exercises
during that time. This one could run a
at J.P. Morgan
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seniors will be held on fi dnesda, January 17, 1996
for positions in
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by .londa, November 20, 1995 to:
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