14- Tuesday, November 14, 1995 -The Michigan Daily
Bombing casts spotlight
on aid to Saudi Arabia
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The car bomb
attack against Americans in Saudi
Arabia has cast a spotlight on U.S.
assistance to that country's national
security apparatus that both Washing-
ton and Riyadh have tried to hide.
Fearful of the outcry among funda-
mentalists in Saudi Arabia and from
U. S. critics ofthe undemocratic oil king-
dom, both governments have toiled in
secret to help transform the Saudi mili-
tary from a disorganized, ill-equipped
force into a formidable fighting organi-
zation able to counter moves by Iran or
Iraq - and to defend the regime from
So tight-lipped are both countries
that Pentagon officials at a briefing
yesterday refused to say how many
U.S. military personnel are in the coun-
try or what they do. U.S. soldiers and
airmen in the country rarely, if ever,
dress in uniform and many of their
buildings, like the one bombed yester-
day, are unmarked. The many employ-
ees of U.S. defense companies working
there, many of whom are retired U.S.
military officers, are instructed to ob-
scure their connection to the United
"We keep as low a silhouette as pos-
sible," said Edward Atkeson, a senior
associate at the Center for Strategic and
International Studies. "It is an anath-
ema to the whole psychology of the
Saudis to have anyone else there de-
fending their holy sites."
"Our employees in Saudi Arabia are
on a heightened alert, and we've issued
directives so everybody there knows
how to conduct themselves," said Dan
Reeder, a spokesman for Hughes Air-
craft Co.,which has 500 employees and
dependents in the oil nation finishing
work on an $800 million air defense
radar system. "We're concerned about
Security personnel examine debris outside a building housing Americans and Saudis yesterday.
Israeli troops withdraw, hand over West Bank town to Palestinians
WASHINGTON (AP) - In its first
such estimate, the Pentagon said yes-
terday the remains of more than 500
American servicemen killed in the Viet-
nam War will never be recovered. It
said recovery remains possible for about
1,500 others who are missing.
These conclusions are based on a
yearlong review of individual cases of
U.S. troops missing in Vietnam, Laos
and Cambodia - all of whom the Pen-
tagon says were killed but their remains
not recovered for a variety of reasons.
It is the first time the Pentagon has
reviewed each case and concluded that,
for a specific number, it was hopeless to
continue trying to recover the remains.
It has long said, more generally, that
some cases would go unresolved.
The Defense POW-MIA Office,
which conducted the review, concluded
that of the 2,202 cases on the books as
of July 21, there was sufficient infor-
mation available to continue actively
pursuing 1,476 cases. It said action on
159 cases was being "deferred" until
additional information is found, and
that for 567 cases, there was "virtually
no possibility" of ever finding the re-
mains "regardless of any future effort
put forward by" the U.S. or other gov-
Bev Baker, a Pentagon spokes-
woman, said the 2,202 figure has since
fallen to 2,170 because additional re-
mains have been identified and repatri-
ated since July 21. She said that means
the 1,476 cases that were active in July
now stands at 1,444.
Declaring 567 cases to be hopeless is
a sensitive matter. Many MIA activist
groups and some in Congress assert
that the Clinton administration has done
too little to find the missing servicemen
and that some may still be alive.
Delores Alfond, head of the National
Alliance of Families, an MIA activist
group, said she had not seen the Penta-
gon report but was outraged that 567
cases were being dropped.
Los Angeles Times
JANIN, West Bank - Making good on slain
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's peace plan, Is-
raeli troops pulled out of this northern West Bank
town on schedule early yesterday and handed the
city over to Palestinian authorities.
Throngs of Palestinians poured into the
spruced-up streets of Janin before dawn to wit-
ness the end of a 27-year occupation and wel-
come their own people into power. Singing,
dancing and wild gunfire - shots fired into the
air in celebration - greeted the Palestinian po-
lice who arrived wearing crisp new uniforms.
After raising the Palestinian flag over the former
Israeli military government compound, Palestin-
ian leaders paid tribute to Rabin, who was gunned
down Nov. 4 by a right-wing Jewish student
opposed to relinquishing West Bank land.
"This is the crowning of the efforts for which
Rabin gave his life," said Gen. Nasser Yusif, chief
of the Palestinian security forces.
The crowd erupted in glee when Tayyeb Abdel
Rahim, the top Palestinian official at the cer-
emony, declared, "We hereby pronounce Janin a
liberated city forever."
Janin is the first West Bank city given over to
Palestinian control under the interim peace accord
signed by Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser
This is the crowning of the efforts for which
Rabin gave his irfe."
- Gen. Nasser Yusif
Chief of the Palestinian security forces
Arafat inWashington in September. Underthe agree-
ment, Israeli troops are to pull out of five more Arab
cities and most of the sixth - Hebron - by the end
of the year. Palestinians are to hold their first elec-
tions for a governing council on Jan. 20.
Rahim emphasized the partnership between the
Israeli government and Arafat's Palestinian Au-
thority - formerly armed enemies - adding that
Palestinians must appreciate "the efforts of the
peace camp in Israel, while demanding they be
alert to all attempts on the Israeli side to undermine
the peace process."
Arafat has ruled over the West Bank town of
Jericho and the coastal Gaza Strip for the 1 1/2
years under his 1993 peace accord with Rabin.
Many Palestinians had feared that the agreement to
expand their control in the West Bank would never
After the soldiers left, hundreds of Janin resi-
dents forced their way into the compound -
hostile territory when it housed the Israeli military
governor's office, police interrogation rooms and
the jail. All day long, young men and women
toured the buildings in awe, unable to believe they
were there as free citizens.
"This is the first time I've come in here with-
out handcuffs," said Hisham Sadakah, a 31-
year-old Palestinian who had been jailed several
times for political disturbances. "The dream has
turned into reality."
Mustafa Abu Kharaj, who uses a wheelchair
due to a spinal injury incurred during the intifada,
the Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupa-
tion, said he felt "a great deal of happiness and
relief' to see the soldiers leave.
Around town, drivers smiled at the Palestinian
police directing traffic, and shop owners hung
signs encouraging residents to register to vote for
the upcoming Palestinian election. Arafat was the
first to sign up in Gaza on Sunday when the
registration campaign began in front of foreign
Pictures of Arafat and balloons in his likeness
blanketed the town. "Today Janin, Tomorrow
Jerusalem," said one billboard, alluding to the
disputed city whose status will be decided in the
final phase of peace negotiations.
Muslim women with covered heads danced
together in circles, singing for the "freedom fight-
ers" and "martyrs" of their struggle for a Palestin-
ian homeland. One of them, Wafika Kandil, 50,
raised her arms, looked skyward and shouted, "I
jubilate, I sing. I hold my head high."
A few young men expressed regret that there
had not been a military victory over the Israelis.
Others noted that Israeli troops would remain in
control of 70 percent of the West Bank, which
they consider to be the budding state of Palestine.
Religious Israelis and the approximately
120,000 Jewish settlers on the West Bank call
the same area by its biblical name, Judea and
Samaria, and believe that God gave the land to
Jews. They fear the presence in the West Bank of
armed Palestinian police, whom they still con-
sider terrorists of the Palestine Liberation Orga-
New discovery may treat
BedauSe today is5
Los Angeles Times
SAN DIEGO - Following up on
the discovery two years ago of the
gene that causes Huntington's dis-
ease, researchers have identified a key
protein involved in the progression of
the disorder- a discovery that opens
the possibility of the first effective
treatment for the mystifying disease.
Shortly after the Huntington's gene
was identified, researchers found the
protein it produces, an unusually large
molecule they called huntingtin that
was unlike any protein previously iden-
But they did not, and still do not, know
what either the healthy huntingtin pro-
tein or its aberrant form does in a cell.
Huntington's is one ofthe more com-
mon inherited brain disorders. About
25,000 Americans have it and another
60,000 or so carry the defective gene
and will develop the disorder as they
age. The slowly progressing disease,
which killed folk singer Woody
Guthrie, among others, usually comes
on between the ages of 30 and 50 and
causes the degeneration of brain cells.
It is characterized by jerky, involun-
tary movements called chorea and by
dementia, a progressive deterioration
of thought processes. Children of vic-
tims have a 50-percent chance of devel-
oping the disease.
A team from Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity reported in San Diego yesterday at
a meeting of the Society for Neuro-
science that they have found a second
protein, called HAP-1, that binds to the
huntingtin molecule only in the brain.
HAP binds much more tightly to defec-
tive huntingtin than to the healthy form,
and it appears to be this tightly bound
complex that causes damage to brain
"Finding (HAP-I) is like finding a
gun at a murder scene," said Dr. Chris-
topher Ross of Johns Hopkins.
Ross and his colleagues hope to find
simple drugs that can weaken this bind-
ing, thereby preventing progression of
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