The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 15, 1991 - Page 5
The fourth annual Gifts of Art ice n
sculpting demonstration was held
:.yesterday in the University
' Hospital courtyard. The event,
Sfeatured 12 area chefs and culinary
' ...arts students carving exotic
,'.. creations out of blocks of ice.
Steve Clawson (photo at left), a K
chef at Couzens residence hall,
carves a fish out of a block of ice.
Clawson feared yesterday's warm
temperatures would melt the ice
work too quickly. On the right,
passersby admire the works of art.
KENNETH SMOLLER/Daily KENNETH SMOLLER/aily
irt refuses to recognize right to machine guns
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Supreme Court today refused to rec-
ognize a constitutional right to own
Instead, the court let stand what
the National Rifle Association called
"the first ban on firearms possession
,.by law-abiding citizens in American
. The justices, without comment,
left intact a federal appeals court rul-
ing that said Congress in 1986 pro-
hibited individuals from possessing
or transferring machine guns.
NRA lawyers, representing a
Smyrna, Ga., gun collector, had con-
tended the appeals court wrongly in-
.terpreted the 1986 federal law. And
they argued that such a flat ban vio-
lates the Second Amendment right
"to keep and bear arms."
Bush administration lawyers
urged the justices to reject the ap-
peal, calling the constitutional ar-
guments "plainly without merit."
Today's action is not the equiva-
lent of a decision on the Second
Amendment's scope. The nation's
highest court has not explored that
scope since 1939 when it upheld fed-
eral prohibitions on the interstate
transportation of unregistered
In other action, the court:
Said it will decide the consti-
tutionality of a federal law that gives
the attorney general broad power to
classify drugs as illegal substances.
The justices, in an appeal by a
New Jersey couple, will study a law
aimed at giving the government
emergency powers to crack down on
what are called designer drugs that
can be produced from readily avail-
able chemicals in home laboratories.
Left intact the 1986 criminal
convictions of eight sanctuary
movement members who helped
Central American aliens smuggled
into this country.
The justices, without comment,
refused to review a federal appeals
court ruling that the prosecution of
eight religious leaders and lay work-
ers of churches in Arizona and Mex-
ico was valid.
Agreed to decide whether states
may ban political parties from tak-
ing sides in non-partisan elections of
judges and local government offi-
The court said it will consider re-
viving a voter-approved ban on party
endorsements in such races in Cali-
Refused to lift limits on anti-
abortion demonstrations at a Dayton,
Ohio, abortion clinic and a ban on
protests at the homes of its staff and
The justices, without comment,
let stand rulings that said a perma-
nent injunction against a "class" of
unnamed protesters was justified.
Agreed to decide whether
communities may regulate the use of
The court said it will hear an ap-
peal by the rural town of Casey,
Wisconsin. The appeal was sup-
ported by state officials.
The Wisconsin Supreme Court
ruled in March that local regulation
of pesticide use is pre-empted by the
Lexington, Ky., newspaper to scut-
tle a libel lawsuit stemming from its
Pulitzer Prize-winning reports on re-
cruiting scandals in college athletics.
The court, without comment, let
stand a ruling that forces the Lexin&-
ton Herald-Leader to defend itself at
trial against libel allegations by
name to reflect ne
by Purvi Shah
Daily Women's Issues Reporter
After 10 years of fighting nuclear
weapons, Women's Action for Nu-
clear Disarmament (WAND) is
searching for a new direction.
Some members of WAND want
o change its name to Women's Ac-
tion for a New Direction in order to
reflect shifts in thinking.
Although WAND still considers
nuclear weapons a problem, they
have decided the whole system is
faulty. "We realized it wasn't just
the bombs, the real culprit is the
whole military system," said New
Direction proponent Valerie Acker-
man, who unsuccessfully ran for
Ann Arbor City Council last April
on the Democrat/Green ticket.
Although the official change will
be proposed Feb.10, Ackerman said
some members will form the new
group with or without WAND ap-
"Something is going to change
for sure. It's sort of a do-or-die time+
for WAND," she added. "I'm with
the faction that's definitely chang-
ing. Everybody who is involved in
action is going to change."
Sarah Cooleybeck, member of
both the Washtenaw County and
campus WAND, agreed with Acker-+
man. "Our focus is already changed+
to a new direction - not just nu-;
clear disarmament. It's almost defi-i
nite that it will be (changed). The
people who are active want it," Coo-
Campus WAND has not yet de-
cided how to handle the situation. "If
the national WAND does change, we+
will for sure," said LSA junior and7
campus WAND member Lissa
The University is a special con-
cern for Women's Action for a New
Direction because the group wants to
get younger people involved, Ack-
erman said. "One of our goals that
we talked about is empowering cam-
pus groups, especially women,"
Those hoping to rename the
group "Women's Action for a New
Direction" currently oppose U.S.
military intervention in the Persian
Gulf. The group advocates immedi-
ate withdrawal of U.S. troops with
the replacement of a U.N. peacekeep-
ing force, continued use of economic
sanctions, international diplomacy,
and a U.S. energy policy based on
conservation and renewable fuels.
To demonstrate the gravity of the
Gulf crisis, members are urging
people not to drive their cars Jan.
15, or to drive at least five miles per
hour below the speed limit and turn
on the emergency flashers.
RC Senior Lysa Stein said, "I
think that's a great idea. Americans
tend to be purposefully oblivious or
they give themselves the most rudi-
mentary education and form solid
Actions taken by Women's Ac-
tion for a New Direction do not re-
flect the opinions of WAND as a
whole. "That's not necessarily what
the group's decided to do. They (the
representatives of Women's Action
for a New Direction) are just being a
little civil disobedient," Cooleybeck
WAND has not officially decided
how to handle the anti-war move-
ment. "The group as WAND isn't
organizing things. We're just going
through growing pains. We're prob-
ably not going to do anything until
February," Cooleybeck said.
Bush administration lawyers urged the
justices to reject the appeal calling the
constitutional arguments without merit
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Reggie Warford, a former University
Rodenticide Act of 1972. of Pittsburgh assistant basketball
U Turned away an effort by a coach.
C UTS Blanchard's pet projects were axed,
including a program to install com-
Continued from page 1 puters in classrooms and the Say
recipients will be turned away, some Yes to Michigan promotional cam-
3,300 state workers will be laid off paign.
and some prisons and mental hospi- Budget Director Patti Woodworth
tals will be shut down under the told lawmakers she tried to maintain
proposed cuts. programs that would have statewide
The plan wipes out General As- benefits.
sistance for everyone except the few "We can no longer afford to keep
welfare participants considered chron- all of the state's programs. Our pro-
ically unemployed or handicapped. posal has a large but somewhat hid-
It also does away with an equity den group of beneficiaries, and those
package that includes grants to the are the Michigan taxpayers," Wood-
Detroit Symphony Orchestra and the worth said.
Detroit Institute for the Arts. - The Associated Press con-
A slew of former Gov. James tributed to this report.
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