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January 15, 1991 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1991-01-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Vol. CI, No.74 Ann Arbor, Michigan -Tuesday, January 15, 1991 Tuyright ©iy
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U.S.S.R. (AP) - President
Mikhail Gorbachev yesterday said a
l6cal military commander decided to
Oise force in the breakaway republic
of Lithuania, where an assault by
Soviet troops on Sunday claimed 14
"The manner of defense was de-
cided by the commandant," Gor-
bachev said of the assault. "I learned
only in the morning, the early morn-
ing, when they got me up. When it
lappened, no one knew."
Lithuania's foreign minister, who
in Poland with instructions to
form a government in exile if
Moscow takes over the republic, said
the army is taking control in the
Soviet Union.
"In Vilnius, the Soviet army is
the enemy and nobody knows who is
c9mmanding it," said Foreign Min-
ister Algirdas Saudargas.
Gorbachev said Sunday's assault
ame after a group of what he called
workers and intellectuals" had asked
thle military commander in Vilnius,
the Lithuanian capital, to "give us
He referred to opponents of
Lithuanian independence who have
formed a self-declared National Sal-
votion Committee.
Sunday's deaths were the first in
the 10-month-old standoff between
the Kremlin and the republic of 3.7
million people, which was annexed
by the Soviet Union at the start of
World War II.
The storming of the republic's
main broadcast facility provoked
harsh condemnation from the United
States and the European Commu-
nity. Western governments expressed
renewed concern today about the sit-
uation in Lithuania.
!"I don't see how we could con-
tinue with the kind of programs of
help for reform in the Soviet
Union...if the Soviet Union has
turned its back on the West and on
the ideas of reform and gone back
into its Stalinist shell," British For-
eign Secretary Douglas Hurd told the
British Broadcasting Corp.
Gorbachev did not identify by
name the military leaders who or-
9dered the assault. Nor, during his 10-
minute conversation with reporters,
did he express regret for the deaths,
or explain why he waited until today
to comment on the violence.
In Lithuania today, the streets
were quiet, and the republic closed
its schools to begin three days of of-
ficial mourning.

allies support
Bush policy





At a meeting last night in Hutchins Hall to debate proposed actions in case of a declaration of war, Erin
Brennnan, LSA junior, discusses the heated debate taking place over actions in the Persian Gulf.
Anti war activists debate
acti0ons to protest Gulf war

prospects for peace in the Persian
Gulf grew dimmer yesterday, Sen.
Sam Nunn (D-Ga) said, "It's time to
rally behind the forces in the field."
President Bush approached the
last hours before today's deadline
for an Iraqi pullout with backing
from Congress for military action.
The president said Sunday his mes-
sage to Americans who do not want
to go to war with Iraq is: "We've got
to do what we have to do."
A senior administration official
said U.S. military allies were nearly
unanimous in agreeing to send their
forces into battle.
Nunn, an opponent of the con-
gressional resolution backing the use
of force, said that the debate was
"behind us," but he also cautioned
Americans to expect "confusion,"
and possible bad news from the bat-
tlefield if war breaks out.
Meanwhile, France offered a last-
minute proposal Monday to avert
war in the gulf, but the United
States appeared to reject the plan be-
cause it called for talks on the Pales-
tinian question in exchange for Iraq's
pullout from Kuwait.
In addition to the French plan, to
be presented to the U.N. Security
Council Monday night, Yemen and
the Palestine Liberation Organiza-
tion were also floating proposals.
Iraq's U.N. ambassador, Abdul,
Amir al-Anbari, said French Foreign
Minister Roland Dumas would go to
Baghdad, presumably to discuss the
proposal. U.N. diplomats said the
visit might occur today.

FBI Director William Sessions
predicted "terrorism may emerge
and may explode worldwide."
The president awaited word from
United Nations Secretary-General
Javier Perez de Cuellar, who met
with Saddam in Baghdad on Sunday.
The U.N. official said in Paris yes-
terday, "Unfortunately, I don't see
any more reasons to be optimistic. I
don't see any reason to have real
Secretary of State James A.
Baker was in Canada with Prime
Minister Brian Mulroney. Baker
expressed hope that "as the clock
ticks down to midnight today there
will be an opportunity to resolve this
crisis peacefully and politically. That
opportunity now must come from
Interviewed on "CBS This
Morning" Nunn, chair of the Senate
Armed Services Committee, said
that while there might be some last
minute diplomatic effort to avert
war, "It doesn't look good."
In the event of hostilities, said
Nunn, "No one should be surprised
if there's some confusion, that's the
nature of warfare." Nunn also said
Americans "certainly need to be
prepared for some bad news from
the battlefield. I don't think there's
going to be very much, I hope
there's not."
All the allies are in agreement on
using military might to evict the
540,000 Iraqi troops under an
undisclosed timetable proposed to
them- by President Bush, a senior
U.S. official said Sunday.

by Purvi Shah
and Lari Barager
Daily Staff Reporters
Students Against U.S. Inter-
vention in the Middle East
(SAUSI) debated proposed actions
in case of a declaration of war late
into the night yesterday.
SAUSI is a coalition of stu-
dents from the University, nearby
campuses, and members of the
Ann Arbor community opposed to
current U.S. policy in the Middle
The coalition has adopted an

11-point statement of principles
based on the National Campaign
for Peace in the Middle East's
The statement demands imme-
diate withdrawal of U.S. troops
from the Middle East, peaceful
diplomatic settlement of all Mid-
dle East conflicts by an interna-
tional peace conference under
United Nations auspices, and an
end to all military research at the
SAUSI voted to change plans
to hold a noon rally in the Diag to

11:30 tonight due to a conflict in
time and location with another
rally held for Students of Color
Against the War.
The use of non-violent action
was hotly debated. "I propose we
pledge to non-violence in all of
our actions. That way we can
protest the war and keep ourselves
from being killed," said meeting
chair and Michigan Student As-
sembly President Jennifer Van Va-
Not everyone agreed. Graduate
See MEETING,-Page 2

Engler's new budget cuts will not affect 'U'

by Bethany Robertson
Daily Government Reporter
Higher education is the only state
program not planned to receive cuts
under a proposal announced by the
state budget director yesterday, reaf-
firming newly-inaugurated Gov.
John Engler's campaign pledge to
support Michigan's educational sys-
State Budget Director Patti
Woodworth outlined the second
round of state cuts to occur this fis-
cal year. Engler will officially pro-
pose cuts of $265.2 million to the

state's general fund and $102.9 mil-
lion to the state's "rainy day" fund
before the legislature tomorrow.
Engler's plan must be addressed
by both the House and Senate Ap-
propriations Committees within 10
days of the announcement, said
House Fiscal Agency Associate Di-
rector Greg Rosine. If it is passed,
the cuts will become effective im-
University officials said they
were pleased by the initial an-
nouncement, but added that it is too
soon to know if the legislature will

approve the proposed cuts.
"I think it's really too early to
tell what the final results will be. Of
course we're pleased with this first
step, but I think there's a long way
to go," Executive Director of Uni-
versity Relations Walter Harrison
Higher education received a one
percent cut last December, while all
other state agencies, excluding ele-
mentary and secondary education,
sustained a 9.2 percent across-the-
board cut. The University's Ann Ar-
bor campus lost $2.47 million in

funding due to the one percent cut.
Statewide cuts totaled $536 million.
University Provost and Vice
President for Academic Affairs
Gilbert Whitaker formed an advisory
committee in December to recom-
mend University reductions in re-
sponse to the original state cuts. He
said last night the committee has
just begun their work, and no defi-
nite decisions will be made until the
legislature approves Engler's plan.
Engler's refusal to cut any addi-
tional money from the large higher
education portion of the budget is in

*Council votes to
use stadium dirt

by Lynne Cohn
and David Rheingold
Daily City Reporters

The city of Ann Arbor recently
looked to the University for a solu-
tion to its most recent dilemma, and
the University provided one, dirt
At a special work session last
night, members of the Ann Arbor
City Council unanimously passed a
resolution to fill the excavation
called Schneider hole with dirt from
Michigan Stadium.
The hole, located where Packard
meets Main Street, was the begin-
ning stage in the groundwork for
The Seasons, a complex of residen-
tial condominiums. The contractor
for the project bailed out last sum-
mer when the plan fell through.
"They (contractors) apparently
started the project before they got the
money to finance it," said City
Attorney Bruce Laidlaw. "They never
received the money to finish it."
City estimates for the cost of fill-
ing the hole ran between $140,000

grow to ensure that the football team
will be able to play in the fall.
"Four inches of top soil plus
backfilling meet the cost of
$25,000," Donaldson said. "We will
go back in the spring for reseeding
and removal of portions of shoring,
which will add $15,000 to the initial
The hole has caused undercutting
of nearby property including a side-
walk. The city is not currently liable
for the excavation, but if it is filled
improperly, they will be, Laidlaw
With the recent state budget cuts
and the possibility of war holding
the prospect of extra spending, using
University dirt would save the city
budget a hefty cost at a crucial time.
"We sent tickets to the property
owners stating that they must sub-
mit a plan for excavation to the city
by Jan. 7," said City Building Direc-
tor Jack Donaldson. "After this
deadline, we have the right to go in
and fill the hole."
"(In using this dirt), we have a

keeping with his campaign promises
to make education a main focus of
his administration.
"It's always been the governor's
position that education would be
held harmless during budget restruc-
turing. That was his position
throughout the campaign, so we
didn't expect anything different," said
John Arundel, administrative assis-
tant to Senate Education and Mental
Health Committee Chair Paul Wart-
ner (R-Portage).
However, about 90,000 welfare
See CUTS, Page 5
rape on
by Tainl Pollak
Daily Crime Reporter
An Ann Arbor woman told police
that an armed assailant grabbed her
as she was crossing the Diag,
dragged her to an isolated area, and
raped her early Sunday evening.
The woman, 22, was crossing
central campus at about 7:30 p.m.
Sunday night on her way to a
friend's house when a man armed
with a knife attacked her from be-
hind, according to Ann Arbor police
The man forced the woman into
a remote residential area, which po-
lice suspect was somewhere in the
vicinity of North Ingalls Street.
According to the University De-
partment of Public Safety and Secu-
rity's report, the man forced the

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