Vol. Cl, No. 78 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Monday, January 21, 1991 Teprign 0,
SAUDI ARABIA (AP) - The Iraqis
struck back with their biggest missile
barrage yet against Saudi Arabia - a
nighttime shower of Scuds on Dhahran,
a key allied military site, and Riyadh,
The incoming missiles were be-
lieved intercepted by U.S. Patriot anti-
missile batteries. But the explosions
high over the desert kingdom were a
booming reminder that Saddam Hus-
sein's dug-in military, though down, is
far from out.
The air war stepped up yesterday,
with the biggest mission yet from Op-
eration Desert Storm's new northern,
base in Turkey.
The allied pounding of Baghdad
was unrelenting. Bombs fell all through
the early-morning darkness} yesterday,
CNN correspondent Peter Arnett re-
ported from the Iraqi capital."
Saddam Hussein, Iraq's president,
went on radio to rally the Iraqi people,
telling them: "The tyrant's missiles
and aircraft are being destroyed."
Allied air losses mounted. A total of
15 warplanes have been reported lost,
including nine American aircraft, in
the four-day-old military campaign to
drive Iraq out of occupied Kuwait.
Grim-faced soldiers described as
downed American and allied pilots
were put on display yesterday.
At Desert Storm headquarters in
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, the U.S. military
said the allies had flown 7,000 sorties
in almost four days of air war.
In the biggest mission yet from
Turkey, 45 warplanes streaked south
from the Incirlik NATO base in south-
ern Turkey yesterday afternoon. It was
the second flight of the day. A high-
ranking Turkish government official,
speaking on condition of anonymity,
confirmed the jets were flying into
The use of the base is politically
explosive in Turkey, where many peo-
ple fear a bloody land war with Iraq.
Opposition legislators stormed out
of the Turkish Parliament Saturday,
saying the legislature should have been
informed of the U.S. missions. Mean-
while, hundreds of thousands of people
have joined in an exodus away from
the Iraqi border.
The Iraqi government, in its first de-
tailed description of allied air raids,
said yesterday bombers had struck the
city of al-Qulim, site of a nuclear and
chemical weapons research and devel-
Desert Storm's overall U.S. com-
mander Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf,
who gave a round of U.S. television in-
terviews yesterday, said he had "very
high confidence" that Iraqi nuclear re-
actors had been knocked out of action.
Iraqi casualty reports have been
sketchy, but Arnett said the govern-
ment newspaper yesterday said 40
civilians and 31 soldiers had been
killed thus far.
The Iraqis also now say they have
downed at least 154 allied warplanes.
Baghdad's high figures have been dis-
missed as wild exaggerations by allied
officials. The allies, meanwhile, raised
to 15 the number of Iraqi planes re-
ported shot down. m
Saturday night, Iraqi TV first
showed two blindfolded men, identified
as American POWs, being paraded
through Baghdad streets, the news
agency in neighboring Iran said. Yes-
terday, the TV broadcast interviews,
with men said to be downed pilots.
CNN, which monitored the broad-
cast, said the POWs identified them-
selves as three Americans, two
Britons, one Italian, and one Kuwaiti.
They were subdued, one had a ban-
daged hand, and two had bruised faces,
the report said.
The three Americans identified
themselves as Marine Lt. Col. Cliff
Acree, Navy Lt. Jeffrey Norton Zaun,
and Marine Chief Warrant Officer Guy
Hunter Jr. - three previously listed as
missing by the U.S. military.
In English, the men were asked
questions by an interviewer and an-
See WAR, page 7
500 gather to
Diag ralliers seek to deliver
soldiers a message of support
by Henry Goldblatt
Daily Staff Reporter
A patriotic mood swept the
Diag Saturday as more than 500
people gathered for a rally spon-
sored by the newly-formed group
Support Our Soldiers (SOS).
Flag-waving participants sang
the "Star Spangled Banner" and
recited the Pledge of Allegiance
to show support for troops sta-
tioned in the Persian Gulf.
SOS is a group of University
students and local residents ded-
icated to supporting the soldiers
in the Persian Gulf, organizers
said. Its members range from
people who favor of military ac-
tion to those who believe the
United States should pull out of
the Persian Gulf immediately.
But all want to prevent the
negative public opinion of sol-
dierswhichthey say pervaded
the United States after the Viet-
"Wherr soldiers came back
from Vietnam, they were spit on
and called baby killers. We
didn't want to let that happen
again," said Perry Thompson, a
first-year engineering student.
"It's not a question of
whether we wanted war," said
LSA first-year student Jong Han,
a SOS founder. "It's there. We
thought what the soldiers need is
not people fighting about
whether they should be there,
but backing and support."
Many of the participants had
not attended any previous war-
related protests at the University
because they had been disturbed
by anti-war groups' political
stances. Participants were drawn
by the upbeat message of the
"Other groups never stress
See SOLDIERS, page 7
no halt in
WASHINGTON (AP) - Congressional leaders
called yesterday for continued vigorous prosecution
of the air war against Iraq, and House Speaker
Thomas Foley said any bombing pause would give
Saddam Hussein an opening for "schemes and
maneuvers" to prolong the conflict.
Foley spoke as an administration source said the
United States was sending a seventh aircraft carrier
to the Persian Gulf region as part of a continuing
move to bolster Israel's defenses against Iraqi
The source, who spoke on condition of
anonymity, said the USS Forrestal, currently in
Mayport, Fla., would be dispatched "in the near
future" to the eastern Mediterranean.
Iraqis "are being pounded very heavily and I
think we ought to keep that pounding up and hope
that we can prevail in the shortest time possible,"
Sen. Sam Nunn, chairperson of the Senate Armed
Services Committee told reporters at the Pentagon
after receiving a private briefing.
"Saddam Hussein can request an opportunity to
remove his troops if he wishes to," Foley said in a
interview with Cable News Network.
"But I think a pause would merely give him an
See US, Page 7
.JJN NIFER UUINE Jaily
first year engineering student Tony Pitts joins others in a "Support Our Troops" rally held
on the Diag Saturday.
by Stefanie Vines
Daily Faculty Reporter
While students and faculty
members prepare for Martin Luther
King Jr. Day events, staff members
plan for another ordinary day at
University President James
*Duderstadt, along with Provost and
Vice President for Academic Af-
fairs Gilbert Whitaker and Vice
Provost for Minority Affairs and
Charles Moody, sent a letter last
month to Department chairs outlin-
ing the University policy for staff
and faculty members on MLK day.
The letter said, "it is important
for every member of our campus
community to understand that his
* or her participation in 'MLK Day'
'U' gears up for third
MLK Day celebration
by Shalini Patel
Daily Staff Writer
In 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King,
Jr. spoke of the urgency of the civil
rights struggle in his famous "I
Have a Dream speech."
As the University commemorates
what would have been MLK's 62nd
birthday today, students and faculty
still work to make his dream a real-
"Making his Dream our Reality"
is the theme of the third MLK Day
symposium designed to honor the
civil rights leader the Rev. Dr. Mar-
tin Luther King, Jr.
"The whole point is to get people
to take responsibility for combatting
all forms of bias and work towards
social justice," said Andrea Monroe-
Fowler, the University's symposium
In addition to the annual Unity
March and Diag rally, the sympo-
sium will feature a number of panel
think about their own own level of
Another panel discussion entitled
"Environmental Racism: Issues and
Dilemmas" examines the psycholog-
ical, racial, and economic impact of
pollution on people of color.
Monroe-Fowler said today's
symposium will feature more local
involvement and campus speakers
than in previous years. A number of
University professors and researchers
will facilitate events in conjunction
with nationally-renowned speakers
MLK symposium committee
member Jamal Young, a second-year
graduate student in the School of
Education, noted another new aspect
See PREVIEW, Page 2
Establishment of MLK holiday
won in Congress, University
by Shalini Patel
Daily Staff Reporter
Since the assasination of Rev.
Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968,
members of Congress have intro-
duced bills to establish a federal
holiday in honor of the slain civil
, And since the winter of 1987,
students here have demanded the
Voters in Arizona - which,
along with Montana, is one of only
two states without a King day -
sparked a nationwide controversy
last November when they rejected
a state referendum establishing a
King holiday. As a result, the Na-
tional Football League pulled the
1993 Super Bowl from Phoenix