Republicanism, Dwight Eisenhow-
er, Arthur Larson and fellow trav-
Uelers did not fit their needs the
only alternative was open warfare
between the two factions.
While it was impossible for them
(Continued from Page 4) rerns of these members of the to win control of the Party, Lip-
set says, it is entirely possible that
Status politics, on the other far right thit become itrwoves the Modern Republicans may take
hand, might be defined as an ap- with their politics. It is so because, over a few of the ultra-conserva-
peal to resentments of people who as one writer put it, political life tives issues in order to retain
want to maintain or improve thei, is an arena into which status as- some support from the followers
social status, or, as Hofstadter pirations and frustrations are, as of that faction.
the pas chologsatoulasayopi
puts it, "The clash of various pro- the psychologists would say, pro-
jective rationalizations ' arising jected.' WHAT SORT of an appraisal
from status aspirations and other A can be given, then, to Sen.
personal motives." ALL OF THE forces contributing McCarthy and the ultra-conserva-
In American history interest to the strength of ultra-con- tive movement? And if McCarthy-
politics come with economic re- servatism in this decade were sm has declined and died is there
form demands in times of depres- brought together in thea erly anything to fear from it and its
sion and unemployment. Status 1950's in the person of Sen. Mc- living disciples?
politics is on the upswing with good Carthy. Put very simply it has been said
times, prosperity, and full employ- that "ultra-conservative agitation
There is a considersble diver-z
ment when many people can im- has facilitated the growth of prac-
prove their economic position, gence of opinion among members tices which threaten to undermine
of the ultra-conservative group on the social fabric of democratic
BUT STATUS politics has no many issues. The single issue which politics."
clear cut objectives according unites it is vigorous anti-Com-,One of the better known con-
to Lipset. He sees in status politic munism, the force that was behind servatives who has already been
motivations, people moving up in McCarthyism. quoted extensively, Clinton Rossi-
the social scale (such as immi- An obsessive fear of Communism ter, said of the far right:
grants) and not being accepted by in the United States gave Sen. Mc- "They apparently do not realize
those already on a higher level, Carthy an opportunity to unite the the implications of their actions.
and people who are being moved ultra-conservatives. . They are dabbling dangerously in
down (such as old-family Ameri- McCarthyism was not a result of United Nations: nathema to Ultra-Conservatives a form of radicalism in their mania
can and the type of person who the Senator's sudden rise in the for amending the Constitution,
associates with such organizations public world but a direct outgrowth EN. McCARTHY strongly de- prr classes, by the prosperous, by their reckless assaults on the Pres-
as the DAR) by social change and of the fears and apprehensions of fended minority gcoups and the wealthy, by the well educated. idency, their wistful plans for a
do not like it. the far rigot on the numerous the underprivileged while attack- To the status-deprieved he is a new party, their disregard for the
Status politics is irrational in issues glready discussed. Com- ing the upper classes; his usual critic of the upper class; to the American traditions of fair play
character and has the tendency munism must be considered a image of the American Communist, privileged he is a foe of social and freedom of dissent, their en-
to seek scapegoats; there is also handy issue around which ultra- according to Lipset, pictured him: change and Communism." thusiastic support of the new
the common concern for "pro- conservatives could rally and use as an Easterner, usually of Anglo- demagoguery and their cult of ex-
tecting 'traditional' American as a sort of funnel through which Saxon origins; Episcopalian; and THE DECLINE of McCarthyism treme individualism. Men who en-
values." to vent their personal grudges on educated in schools such as Groton coincided with the decline of gage in this sort of political ex-
And so it is the personal con- a wide variety of topics. and Harvard. prosperity and the rise of economic tremism can only be classed as
- -___-------Typical was part of his famous difficulties in this country. 'pseudo-conservatives.'"
Wheeling speech at the beginning
of his anti-Communist crusade in Economic issues, however, are N SEN. McCARTHY, political
1950. not sufficient to explain the de- O analyst Roscoe Drummond had
"It is not the less fortunate, or cline of McCarthyism. this to say:
members of minority groups who Perhaps the biggest single factor "It seems to me that one of Sen.
w hile or tinted have been selling this nation out, that worked to destroy McCarthy- McCarthy's greatest unfairnesses
U.L but rather those who have had all ism, although there is considerable was his inability or unwillingness
the benefits the wealthiest nation question of its effect on the ultra- to concede loyal, patriotic, honest
They're all-the-world to a on earth has had to offer - the conservatives as a group, was Sen. differences of opinion among his
finest homes, the finest college McCarthy's break with the so- fellow Americans over the ques-
summer wardrobeI Ready educations, and the finest jobs in called Modern Republicans in the tion of what is the best and most
to answer every business the government that we can give. Party, effective means of dealing with the
colling and gay invitation. "This is glaringly true in the While the Republicans were out Communist conspiracy."
gay IState Department. There the of power and fearful of ever again The danger from the ultra-con-
iointed, hi or lttle-heel bright young men who are born getting back in, the ultra-con- servative movement has been
with silver spoons in their mouths servatives could be sure of no signaled by numerous writers who
operas in are the ones who have been the direct opposition from the moder- warn that a prolonged cold war
WHITE COTTON RIVIERA worst." ates in the party; thus a clash could result in an institutionaliza-
"Over and over again," says was avoided. But when the Re- tion of many of the restrictions on
we'll tint any color, * Lipset, "runs the theme, the com- publicans regained power and the personal freedom that are now
As seen in Mademoiselle ,mon men in America have been ultra-conservatives, Sen. McCarthy either law or government practice.
victimized by members of the up- included, discovered that Modern It seems only too clear that Sen.
-oenomoo ocon oco eo omo co McCarthy and the ultra-conserva-
"95tives have brought to this country
1imany practices which run counter
to the American tradition of poli-
FLOWERS They can be seen in the height-
ened security program, political
Olud ANDiG S (Scontrols on passports, political
tests for schoolteachers, increased
or all Spring occasions tightening by the government on
the release of information, and the
"increasing lack of respect for an
334 SouTni STATE STReET NO 3-5049 O-understanding of Constitutional
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN guarantees of civil and judicial
1 rights for unpopular minorities
Ja~~uIwieof Spring Sunshine
K 240 NICKELS ARCADE NO 2-9116
306 SOUTH STATE -ANN ARBOR
Page Six THE MICHIGAN DAILY MAGAZINE