By NORMA SUE WOLFE
Special to The Daily
Residents of Charlottesville, Va., the fourth community in the
state scheduled to desegregate its schools, differ widely on their
reactions to the opening of their schools in September.
White parents tend to regard the action of the city school board!
in assigning 11 Negroes to two public schools unfavorably. One father
believes there will be violence and definitely will not enroll his son
in an integrated school when he reaches school age.
A grandmother refused comment. The young , daughters of a
hospital worker said, "If they (the Negroes) come, mother said she
wouldn't like us to go to school here. She wants us to go to a
Answers from another youngster revealed that while she is influ-
enced by her parents' desire to have her attend a private school an
independent organization may establish, she would rather return to
her high school.
A graduate of a Negro high school 30 miles from Charlottesville
said about attending classes with white students, "It's all right
And although 40 Negro students have applied for admission to
all-white schools, several Negro residents indicated a preference for
maintaining "separate but pqual't schools. However, they said they
would comply with laws for integration.
A native author has maintained for several years that the resi-
dents of Charlottesville are readier than they think.
Despite the variety of reactions, Superintendent of Schools Fen-
dall R. Ellis said, "No difficulties are anticipated during the opening
of schools in September."
In fact, there is presently no official work being done by such
groups as inter-racial boards to educate the community-at-large and
prepare them for integration, he reported.
"In some places, that is a very desirable activity," Ellis said. "In
our particular locality, there has been and will be no such action on
any official basis because of the climate of opinion."
This sort of work can be done by unofficial groups, such as
church organizations, he added.
The school board expects a "considerable drop in white enroll-
ment-a goodly number," according to Ellis. Some of these students
may attend the new private school established by the Charlottesville
Educational Foundation; others will go to previously established
Applications Not In . . .
Since, the time for submitting applications for state tuition grants
to private schools has not yet arrived, Ellis said it would be difficult
to estimate the drop.
Of the community's school-aged population, 22 per cent are
Negroes, 78 per cent whites. The adult population of Charlottesville,
is 80 per cent white, he said.
In all cases of pupil assignment by the school board, with the
exception of two Negro students entering Lane High School (high
school attendance is not determined by the district in which a. stu-
dent resides), schools will be closer to the homes of the students
than those formerly attended, Ellis revealed. He emphasized the fact
See RESIDENTS, Page 2
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom WARM,
LXIX, No. 15S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 14, 1959 FIVE CENTS
LLOYD V. BERKNER
..- science's impact
Panel T alks
The role of the scientist in his
society, as expert and citizen,
came under the scrutiny of a
four-man panel last night.
Guided by questions from the-
audience, Lloyd V. Berkner, pres-
ident of Associated Universities,
Inc.; Prof. Lawrence Slobodkin, of
the zoology department; Prof.
James G. Miller, of the psychology
department and Prof. E. Lowell
Kelly, chairman of the psychology
department and panel moderator
discussed "The Impact of Science
on Culture and Society," the topic
of a speech by Berkner earlier in.
Much of the discussion centered
on the responsibility of the scien-
tist to the community, with
Berkner supporting the duty of
the scientist to point out to the
community the alternatives to a
problem such as birth control and
their consequences, as those in-
volved in the use of a contracep-
Prof. Slobodkin supplemented
the discussion with the theory
that "we (scientists) have no
authority" to force values on so-
ciety. Prof. Miller injected the
question of ethics involving the
scientist who discovers an effec-
tive "aphrodisiac" should he give
it to the government to enforce
values changing to At scinetific
fact soon appeared.
An "evolution that is by no
means complete," the growth of
this theory creates conflict as
"men cling tenaciously to 'out-
Values, he explained, govern so-
ciety's behavior and are dealt with
Science,, Berkner asserted, can
"be the handmaid of politics" in
this realm, but can never usurp
it because of the complexity and
subjectivity involved in human
As an example of the need for
social change, he said "we are re-
quired to modify our values relat-
ing to ,uman reproduction" to
avoid overpopulation of the earth;
traditional values," he said, "are
no longer moral."
At this point, he suggested, poli-
tics also enter the picture, for if
one segment of the earth's popu-
lation elects to control population
growth, it may be crowded out of
existence by another which
Politics and science are faced
with the challenge of 'finding
"those restraints that world so-
ciety can universally accept and
respect," Berkner said.
The Internaitonal Telecommu-
nications Union, he pointed out,
"broke the bonds of nationalism
to accept restraint and gain the
freedom of worldwide communi-
cation," but "no success whatever"
has been achieved in restraining
the application of atomic energy
or the exploration of space.
Emphasizing that the choice to
impose and respect restraints "lies
not. with science but with man
himself," he predicted a space war
and increased international ten-
sion if man does not reach an
agreement on limitations for the
application of science.
Science's "direct and more ob-
vious role" in politics, Berkner
said, lies in adapting ideas to the
immediate needs of a nation -
specifically, the development of
Tour of U.S.
MOSCOW (OP)--Deputy Premier
White House Talks
Make No Progress
NEW YORK Steel labor
peace talks, revived by President
Dwight ,D. Eisenhower, proved
fruitless again yesterday in efforts
to avoid a threatened industry-
wide strike at midnight tomorrow.
Even if negotiators reach agree-
ment on a new contract before the
Tuesday midnight deadline, indus-
try sources said, the closing-down
process has gone so far that it
would be a time-consuming job!
to return to normal production.
President Eisenhower's new ap-
peal for continued negotiations-
made after a complete deadlock
last night-resulted in getting the
stalled bargaining sessions going
again. But they got nowhere.
Another negotiating meeting was
scheduled for this morning but
neither side expressed any hopes
that a walkout could be avoided.
Meanwhile, the industry was
well along in shutdown operations
to bring the far-flung steel pro-
ducing facilities to an orderly
closure before the strike developed.
The union tonight submitted a
proposal, quickly rejected by the
industry, that steel firms grant
the same approximate 15 cents per
hour annual contract gains pro-
vided under expiring three-year
R. Conrad Cooper, chief industry
negotiator, reiterated again, how-
ever, that the steel companies
have called a halt to granting
wage and ohter labor increases.
"The union negotiating team
continues in its determination to
extract another round of wage
and benefit increases of inflation-
ary proportions," Cooper said.
Russia Seeks East Germai
University Glee. Club
ains Honors in Europe
The University Men's Glee Club became the first American group
in history to win the male choirs competition at Welsh International
Eisteddfod at Llangollen, Wales.
The University group amassed a total 271 points of a possible 300.
As Glee Club Director Philip A. Duey stepped from the stage to
the thunderous applause of some
MOSCOW R) - Daring, the
white space dog, has made another
round trip --her fourth -to the
outer atmosphere in a rocket, the
Russians announced yesterday.,
Daring and another dog were
shot up in a 4,850-pound rocket on
July 10 and safely parachuted to
earth, the official news agency
She 'was one of the three pas-
sengers in the dog and bunny
rocket which the Russians sent.
into space on July 2.
All the animal space travelers,
along with packages of instruments
for testing conditions for a man-
carrying rocket, were safely re-
covered, the Russians have said.
10,000 spectators, he said "This is
our very first competition. And to
win this great honor in the cradle
of men's chorus singing-well, it
just doesn't seem possible."
Eighteen choirs from ten coun-
tries competed in the same cate-
gory as the Michigan club at the
Welsh "world series of music,"
where competition is so tough that
the men's choir even is called the
"battle of giants."
Placing second in the event was
the Felling Male 'choir from Dur-
ham, England, with a total of 264
Currently on a self-financed
tour of Europe, the Glee Club ar-
rived in Wales at 4 a.m. Saturday.
The group sang Palestrina's
"Confitemimi Dominao," Jasquin
des Pres' "El Grillo," and Aaron
Copeland's "Stomp Your Foot."-
Sydney Northcorte, one of three
judges in the competition, called
the club "thoroughly competent,
young, engaging and adventur-
WASHINGTON (R1P-A commit-
tee of top scientists yesterday of-
fered a set of recommendations it
said would allow certain radioac-
tive "garbage" from an expected
international fleet of 300 nuclear-
powered ships to be disposed ofI
"without undue hazard to human
The recommendations were made
by a committee of, the ;National
Academy of Sciences which pre-
dicted that such a number of nu-
clear-propelled surface and under-
water craft might be' in service
among the fleets of the world by
The group pointed out in its re-
port that the United States Navy
already has a fleet of nuclear, sub-
marines; that the Soviet Union
has announced the launching of a
nuclear-powered ice-breaker; and
that before the end of July the
United States will launch the S.S.
Savannah, a nuclear-powered pas-
senger and cargo vessel scheduled
to enter service in 1961.
In general, the suggested safety
rules called for disposal at con-
siderable distances at sea-in some'
cases more than 100 miles from the
Speech Department Prepares 'Rivals
The University speech depart-
ment reaches back to the 18th
century for technique in comedy
and stagecraft in producing Rich-
ard Brinsley Sheridan's 'The Ri-
vals," opening tomorrow at 8 p.m.
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
A classic comedy of manners
-. ..,and mistaken identity, "The Ri-
vals" was the first play evre pro-
, , duced by the department-in 1903.
The comedy's famed mistake-
maker, Mrs. Malaprop, will be
- 'portrayed by Prof. Claribel Baird
of the speech department, and
' wife of the show's director, Wil-
::::. . h > am P. Halstead.
By PETER DAWSON
A resolution to modify and re-
approve Ann Arbor's Urban Re-
newal plan was referred last night
by the City Council to an informal
Saturday Council meeting for dis-
The modifications are designed
to meet objections to the plan
made by Mayor Cecil 0. Creal in
his veto message of June 20. They
were proposed by a councilman,
Prof. A. Nelson Dingle of the en-
The resolution would modify
and reapprove the Council's three
actions of June 15 advancing the
plan, all vetoed by Creal, and pre-
sent the modified plan to the fed-
eral government for approval.
The resolution adds to the previ-
ous actions a provision that the
City would work with the Chamber
of Commerce "and other local in-
terested organizations and citizens
to accomplish the satisfactory relo-'
cation of all commercial enter-
prises within the area that which
would be displaced" by the plan.
It also provides that an election.
among all the city's registered
voters would take up the approval
of the plan itself, as well as the
question of the city's providing its
It was a day of speechmaking,
the longest day of the conference,
and all was going smoothly with
both East and West saying there
was now ,a basis of agreement in-
volving a lengthy freeze of the
Berlin crisis but Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko put a
period to that.
United States Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter, in the chair
as the conference resumed after a
three-week recess, had suggested
the Big Four Foreign Ministers
hold a secret session today. Gro-
"The Soviet delegation could
not show a positive attitude te
such a suggestion if it means that
some of the participants of the
conference are to be excluded
from discussion,", he said.
Sec. Herter replied that up tc
now the secret sessions had been
confined to participants in the
conference and that the East and
West Germans were here 'as ad-
visers, not participants.
As a result no meeting, at all
was scheduled for today. The next
session was called for Wednesday
The Soviet attitude posed a
threat to the success of the con-
ference. During the first six weeks
of the talks,'.the only serious ne-
gotiations took place at secret
sessions attended by Sec. Herter
Gromyko, Selwyn Lloyd of Britair
and Maurice Couve de Murville o
The big plenary sessions, it
which both German delegations
sat as observers, produced nothing