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August 01, 1959 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1959-08-01

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BICYCLE PROBLEM
SOLVED
See Page 2

00,

Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom

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CLOUDY, POSSIBLE SHOWERS

VOL. LXII, No. 29S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 1, 1959 FIVE CENTS

FOUR PA

A University's Climate of Learning

--David Giltrow
ON A SUNNY AFTERNOON-With a grassy fragment near the Diagonal as their classroom,
University students meet with teacher for small group discussions.

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'U' Offieers View
UArmy.
U.S.Arm Cent0 Rse Cer
The United States Army wants to build a $317,000 Reserve Center
here, but University official/ are negotiating for a larger Center to
provide facilities for the ROTC programs and serve all non-campus
reserve uits.
Pending the outcome of Army-University talks, approval is be-
ing withheld on the sale of a 4.14 acre North Campus tract for a Re-
serve Center.
A $317,000 appropriation for a new Ann Arbor Reserve Training
Center was approved key the House of Representatives yesterday, and
" the Senate was expected to also
pass the measure.
ChargesFly Seeks Larger Center
Meanwhile, University Vice-
President for Business and Fi-
nance Wilber K. Pierpont said he
O n "hoped the federal government
would provide funds for an en-
WASHINGTON ()-A full-scale larged building for all reserve pro-,
investigation of the foreign aid grams.
program in Viet Nam was pro- "Until a decision is reached on
posed yesterday at a Senate hear- that, there will be no decision on
ing on charges that the program a North Campus site" for the
is marked by waste- and ineffici- $317,000 Center, he said.
ency. Other sites - none on North
"Viet Nam ought to be used as Campus - have been discussed
a basis for an investigation in as possible locations, Pierpont in-
Washington and in the field," said dicated.
Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore.). Inclusive Center Seen
Sen. Morse accused the Admin- The University is interested in
istration of hiding behind execu- a large campus Reserve' Center
tive secrecy labels in withholding for all area reservists, including
information he said was needed to the Army, Navy, and Air Force
evaluate foreign aid. ROTC students.
Several other members of a The expanded . Center would
Senate foreign relations subcom- probably have special classroom
mittee, including chairman Mike and laboratory facilities, a rifle
Mansfield (D-Mont.), suggested range, equipment and storage
that a staff investigator may be rooms and perhaps drill grounds.
sent to Saigon to check on charges Facilities would be for 2,500 to
that foreign aid in Viet Nam is 3,000 University ROTC men.
"an outrageous scandal." ' The Ann Arbor News quoted an
This was the substance of a Army official at Fort Wayne as
series of newspaper articles by calling the University's plan "im-
Scripps-Howard staff writer Albert possible."
M. Colegrove, which precipitated Explains Problems
the subcommittee hearing. He said the ROTC has no
United States officials called money with which to build train-
back from Saigon to testify denied ing centers and the Army is ob-
Colegrove's accusations of irregu- ligated by Congress to provide fa-
larfities in the awarding of a cilities only for its reservists.
$550,000 contract for steel bridge He explained it would take an
trusses in Viet Nam. act of Congress to permit reserv-
Arthur Z. Gardiner, foreign aid ists and ROTC Navy, Air Force,
chief in Saigon, testified that the and Army trainees to occupy the
cost of the bridge actually was same building.
$10,000 less than it would have The Army spokesman did say
been if a rival United States the University recommendation
bidder had been awarded the con- was forwarded to the secretary of
tract. the Army since the Fort Wayne
Colegrove told the subcommittee Corps of Engineers authority was
Thursday that Frank Gonder, an limited to building the new Ann
American businessman represent- Arbor Reserve Training Center on
ing Bethlehem Steel in Viet Nam, North Campus only.
was willing to testify he lost the "We're going to find a site in
contract despite a lower bid than Ann Arbor" for the Center, the
that of the winner. spokesman declared.
Colegrove also said Gonder -
would testify he had been told by
a confidential informant twou Set
weeks before the sealed bids were
opened that Eurasia would get Conference
the contract.
Gardiner told the subcommittee T
that after Gonder complained the In Puerto RICO
Eurasia bid was rechecked..
He said the head of the Viet- SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (P).-
namese central purchasing agen- The annual United States gover-
cy categorically denied the bid- nors conference, which opens here
ding was rigged in any way. Sunday, will be the object of a
- -demonstration by the Indepen-
SDl dence Party of this semi-autono-

DISORDER:
Oust Reds
In Kerala
NEW DELHI {P)-Prime Minis-
ter Jawaharlal Nehru's govern-
ment ousted the Communists yes-
terday from control of the state
of Kerala.
Nehru held that the regime
headed by the Communist theo-
retician E.M.S. Nambudiripad is
unable to maintain order as re-
quired by India's constitution.
Kerala, in southwest India, has
had the only Communist-run re-
gime among India's 14 states.
To some persons in New Delhi,
the takeover is another step by
Nehru away from coexistence with'
Communism.
Nehru's attitude in general has
been tough toward India's own
Communists but friendly toward
Moscow and Peiping.
Indian feelings against Red
China hardened after Peiping took
over Tibet this year.
Tile announcement of the Ker-
ala ouster was made- after New
Delhi's order was delivered to Chief
Minister Nambudiripad at his state
capital, Trivandrum.
Executive power there was as-
sumed technically by India's Pres-
ident Rajendra Prasad, but prac-
tically by Nehru.
Legislative power was assumed
by the federal parliament.
. The announcement said Prasad
acted on the basis of a report from
Rao "and other information." Of-
ficial sources predicted a full ex-
planation later.
Kerala was quiet and reports
from Trivandrum said Nambudiri-
pad told his ministers to hand over
their duties to senior civil servants.
He expressed hope he and his
cabinet will be returned to office.
Elections are expected within six
months.

YOUTH FESTIVAL:
Bombing'
Attempted.
At Vienna
VIENNA, Austria' () - A hot
dispute over press freedom and
an attempted bombing of an anti-
Communist publishing office en-
livened the Communist-sponsored
seventh world youth festival yes-
terday.
Onthe sixth day of the -mass
"peace and friendship meeting" of
17,000 youths, non-Communist stu-
dents opened up the debate about
the press at a seminar for aspir-
ing newspaper men.
When a number of anti-Com-
munists arrived carrying bundles
of Western newspapers, Commu-
nist door guards seized the papers
and tore them up.
Inside the meeting, Phillip Cron-
in of Harvard University immedi-
ately introduced a resolution de-
nouncing the act of 'the guards as
"a violation of freedom of the
press.",
The resolution demanded that
all newspapers be freely admitted
to the festival area.
An Irish student editor from'
Belfast, strongly seconding the
resolution, also denounced the
destruction of the newspapers as a
violation of press freedom.
The resolution never got to a-
vote, however. An Indonesian in
the chair ruled the resolution out
of order and said: "We have come
here for discussion, not for resolu-
tions."
Meanwhile, an acid bomb was
thrown into the office of the
Russian Book Publishing Co.,
fountainhead of much of the anti-
Communist material being pub-
lished attacking the youth festival.
Police said the bomb apparently
was an incendiary but it failed to
go off. They said they suspected
the bombing was inspired by Com-
munist agents.
Eu rope Polio
Rate Lower
LONDON (P) - A general de-
cline in polio cases was reported
across most of Europe yesterday
and most of the cases reported
are mild.,
Health authorities in many
countries credited the Salk vac-
cine developed in the United
States.'
Of nine West European coun-
tries, only two reported an in-
crease in polio over 1958.
France is -one of them - with
713 cases registered up to mid-
July compared with 689 in the
same period a year ago.
West Germany recorded an in-
crease of 24 cases over 1958.
Up to the middle of the month;
389 people were stricken with the,
disease compared with 265 a year
ago.
French authorities said this,
summer's severe heat wave could
be one cause of the slight increase
this year.
Anti-polio inoculations using a
French vaccine are available in
sufficient quantities and are given;
free of charge in vaccination cen-
ters.

Negotiators,
See Hope
In Tax War
LANSING (P)-A bipartisan team
of negotiators reported "substan-
tial progress" yesterday in efforts
to lay groundwork for final settle-
ment of the seven-month legisla-
tive tax battle.
Key to agreement lay in pro-
posed increases in the Business
Activities Tax, now the major
point of difference in House and
Senate tax packages.
Two Senators and four House
members who huddled all day be-
hind closed doors reported they
had agreed to look for ways of
cutting the BAT on firms that
don't make a profit.
Raise Business' Share
Rep. T. John Lesinski (D-De-
troit), co-author of a House tax
package carrying a two per cent
corporation tax, said any agree-
ment also should raise business'
share of the new tax program by
15 to 20 million dollars.
Sen. Carlton H. Morris (R-
Kalamazoo), chief GOP tax strate-
gist in the Senate, wanted a bare
minimum increase in the BAT
base rate of 6% million dollars,
with other changes limiting any
boost in net yield to nine million
dollars.
The groun put state revenue
officials to work on various pro-
posals and scheduled another
meeting Tuesday.
. Return Monday
Lawmakers return next week to
renew efforts to set up a tax
package and go home for the rest
of the year.
A procedural snag Thursday

NIXON LISTENS-Vice-President Richard M. Nixon cups' his.
hand to his ear as he listens to an interpreter relay words from
a Soviet worker at Sverdlovsk, Siberia.
IN CONGRESS:
Agree on Defense 'Bil,
MyInclude Missiles
WASHINGTON (IP)-House and Senate conferees agreed yester-
day on ,a compromise $39,228,239,000 defense money bill which in-
formed sources said contains funds for 170 to 200 ocean-spanning
Atlas ballistic missiles.
Details on costs and numbers of the big missiles, now under test
at Cape Canaveral, Fla., are tightly guarded secrets. Information on
the number planned came from congressional sources familiar with
terms of the big appropriation

Nixon

Readies

TV Repli

bill.
The committee which workedout
a compromise of Senate and .House

To Questions of Russiam

Governors

4'

squelched a drive by majority GOP versions also agreed on a direct
Senators to push through their mandate for more National Guard

four per cent use (sales) tax pack-
age which its framers estimated
would be worth 116 million dollars
in fiscal 1959-60.
A compromise House tax pack-
age passed last week would carry
the Use Tax boost and the two
per cent surtax on corporated
profits, worth 44 million dollars.
"We made it plain to the Sena-
tors yesterday that we would not
accept a plain use tax increase,
and nothing else," said Lesinski.
"Business has to pay a share,
too."
Rep. Joseph J. Kowalski (D-
Detroit), House Democratic floor
leader, said he would ask a public
haering to give businessmen a
cshance to- express themselves on
"how much they are willing to
pay as their share of the increased
cost of government."
"It is my opinion that Michigan
industry is willing to pay a fair
share o fany new taxes."
The hearing would be conducted
by a conference committee which
almost certainly will be named to
settle inter-chamber differences on
the tax program.

manpower but stopped short of
that in dealing with the Marines
' and the Army 'reserve.
The conferees accepted a Sen-
ate provision for nearly 100 million
dolars more than President
Dvwight D. Eisenhower "asked to
raise Marine Corps and Afmy re-
serve strength above levels pro-
posed by the administration.
But the conferees scrapped an
accompanying Senate directive and
"provided merely that the extra
'cash cannot be spent for any other
purpose.
Thus the Administration would
be free to impound the money,
as it has sometimes done in the
past with extra funds voted for
military manpower.
A mandate on manpower
strength was retained in accept-
ing the Senate allotment of an
extra 73 million dollars to raise
the National Guard by 40,000 men
to a total of 400,000.
The Marines drew an extra 43
million dollars to raise strength
from the proposed 175,000 to 200,-
000.

IKE-KHRUSHCHEV MEETING DISCUSSED:
Geneva Parley Still Futile, To End Wednesday

Support Visit
WASHINGTON (') - Nine
United States governors just back
from Russia pressed on President
Dwight D Eisenhower yesterday
the idea that he and Soviet Pre-
mier Nikita Khrushchev visit each-
other.
They urged it in the name of
world peace, Gov. Leroy Collins of
Florida told reporters after the
governors's White House call.
President Eisenhower, didn't say
yes and he didn't say no, Collins
said, but he did indicate that the
idea interested him.
Red Visit Beneficial
Collins said the governors were
convinced that a Khrushchev visit
t 'the United States, at the earliest
possible time, would be very bene-
ficial.
And as for a visit to Russia by
President Eisenhower, Gov. Luther
H. Hodges of North Carolina told
a reporter:
"The Russians are just crazy
about Ike. The man in the street
seems not only to know him but to,
love him.
Collins, the principal spokesman,
said the governors told President
Eisenhower they were in agree-
ment that it would be a good thing
for him to visit Russia--when it
could be arranged.
The President didn't react with
any hostility to the idea, Collins
added, but he gave no indication
of agreement.
Doubt Welcome
Hodges told. a reporter the gov-
ernors did not feel competent to
say whether Khrushchev would get
as warm a welcome in this country
as President Eisenhower would in
Russia.
In this connection, Gov. Robert
B. Meyner of New Jersey said there
are many refugee groups in this
country-taking refuge from Com-
munism in Europe - and there
might be some incidents souring a
Khrushchev visit.
Meyner said Khrushchev would
have to be told, so he could under-
stand, that the American govern-
ment does not control its people
in anything like the Russian way.
i etan Lama
Seeks U.S. Aid

Ends Tour

Of USSR,
Plans Talk
Vice-President's Talk
To Be Televised Only
In Western Section
BULLETIN
GENEVA (IP) - Allied diplo-
mats early today passed around
word that an invitation from
President Dwight D. Eisenhowee
to Premier Khrushchev to visit
the United States is imminent.
'The report circulated persist-
ently among delegates to the Big
Four conference but was not
confirmed by the United States
delegation.
Some informants suggested
that Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon, now winding up his so- ,
viet tour, would formally extend
the invitation on behalf of Pres-
ident Eisenhower before leaving
Moscow this weekend.
It seemed certain that if any
decision has been taken by the
President, he first would have
sounded out his allies, including
those countries now represented
at the foreign ministers talks.-
Few officials among the Brit-
ish, French and West German
delegations here would be sur-
prised at suh a develpment
(See Earlier Story on this page)
MOSCOW (R)--Vice-Presiden
Richard M. Nixon last night
drafted 'a TV speech to the Rus-
sian people replying to Soviet
charges that the United $tates is
to blame for world tension and
fear of war.
When Nixon steps before the
TV cameras today his words will
be carried into Soviet homes in
Moscow and seven other ities'
around this capital.
And on his return today from a
5,000-mile' tour of the Soviet
Union, Nixon emphasized he in-
tends to -make , the most of his
opportunity.
To Answer Soviets
"When I speak tomorrow night
at 8 o'clock I will "discuss and
answer some of the questions I
got during the trip," hee said at
the airport. "I will Also give im-
pressions of the Soviet economy,
the managers, workers andi1
people."
The question most frequently
thrown at Nixon by, hecklers on
the tour was: why does the tnited
States. encircle the Soviet Union
with military bases?
A favorite Nixon. reply was to
request hecklers to tune in on his
TV speech.
Limit Telecast
But the speech will be televised
only in a narrow Western belt of
the Soviet Union, which sprawls
for nearly- 5,000 miles from the
European frontier to a point only
a scant few miles from Alaska.
The one hour speech' will be
beamed from Moscow to Kalinin,
Vladimir, Ryazan, Tula, Kostroma,
Yaroslavl and Smolensk. Themost
remote -of these is Smolensk, "220
miles west of Moscow. The others
are 'from 100 to 190 miles from
the Soviet capital.
Arrangements are expected to be
the same ab. for Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan when he spoke
over Moscow TV last March.
Interpreter Used
A Soviet interpreter gave a run-
ning translation of the Prime Min-
ister's remarks.
Nixon's aides say they under-
stand that afterward a film of
the speech will be televised in such
western cities as Leningrad, Kiev,
Tiflis and Riga.
The Vice-President said in his
brief airport remarks that the

five-day trip to Leningrad, the
Urals and Siberia was interesting
and te Soviet people were
friendly.
"I found a common interest
in finding ways to peace," Nixon
said. "I heard on every side the
words 'mirdruzhba' - peace and
friendship."
Nixon dictated part of his TV

GENEVA (P-Persistent reports
that Russia's Nikita S. Khrushchevj
soon may visit America over-
shadowed last night the faltering
Big Four quest for a Berlin truce.
Some Allied diplomats suggestedz
the completely unconfirmed talk
that President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower might invite the Soviet
Premier already may have prece-
dence over the long-projected
summit parley.
Meantime, foreign ministers of
the United States, Britain, France
and Russia once again went
through a totally barren secret
session seeking ways of freezing
the Berlin crisis.
With the windup of this Big
Four meeting set for Wednesday,
an American delegation spokes-
man told reporters the Allies are
plodding on only in what he called
a forlorn hope that the Soviets
may yet cut their terms for a
truce.
Secretary of State Christian A -

Berding was asked what the ob-
jective of the Western powers is in
the present stage of the talks,
since each day bring a report of.
no progress.
"The West is still seeking to

reach an agreement if at all pos-
sible," he said.
"It doesn't look promising on
the basis of the Soviet proposals
(for a Berlin settlement) and in
the ligth of the subsequent dis-
cussions.

"We keep talking with them and
will do so for the remaining sev-
eral days of the conference be-
cause there is always a forelorn
hope that the Soviet will change
their position."

:. { r:

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