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June 24, 1958 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1958-06-24

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"Could You Just Tell Me, Is There Ever A Good Time?" | LEGISL

Sixty-Eighth Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MiICH." Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.

-d~.A A V L

V Ii 1

Better Use of Space
Needed in Colleges.
Daily Co-Editor
WHILE PATTING Michigan educational institutions lightly on the
back for making reasonably good use of their instructional space
and facilities. a legislative study committee this month called for even
better utilization of physical plants and cited some frightening figures
to back up its recommendations.
In its ninth study report, the Legislative Study Committee on
Higher Education said Michigan colleges and universities are using their
facilities "far beyond the average level of utilization found in colleges

The University's
Summertime Offerings

S AN American composer once wrote, it's
"summertime and the liv'n is easy." The
istrating lines of the University, inescapable
Registration, the Administration Building
d in front of the local movies are consider-
ly shortened. Saturday classes have gone
to hibernation, Friday classes are being held
a minimum, at least in the eight week
urses, vacant benches are available on the
ag, and it is hoped that peace, quiet and
apty desks can be found in the Undergradu-
e Library.
With an Ann Arbor enrollment of about
ven thousand during this, the sixty-ninth
immer Session, the University seems to as-
me a more leisurely and less crowded ap-
arance. Also, there are changes in the na-
re of enrollment. For many of those on cam-
is, particularly the increased percentage in
raduate School, this is in the only contact
th the University.
Much of this is the outgrowth of specializa-
n. Special courses and special conferences

draw together those in the same field and the
invisible gap of indifference or ignorance to-
wards other areas of academic interest seems
to mount,
YET THERE remains the common purpose
for attending and a University's reason for
existence . . . study and research. This in it-
self, when undertaken honestly and energeti-
cally, is enough to dispute the "liv'n is easy"
attitude. Intellectually, it can never be so.
For as in the fall and spring session, the
University makes its essential and characteris-
tic offer . . . stimulation. Primarily, it stems
from the classrooms, the libraries and lectures.
But especially during the summer session, with
the theme of "Religion in Contemporary So-
ciety,", the Speech Department Playbills, and
the Music School's concerts, the extra stimu-
lation makes summertime in Ann Arbor easily
Daily Co-Editor

Adams:Many--Find d

'mpty Dearhorn Center Echoes Hopes

-WO BLUNDERS by the state legislature
this year will result in curious phenomena
xt year-and the lawmakers will be the
zly ones able to afford an explanation.
As the wind whistles through the vacant
aildings at Dearborn and as the nation issues
ore urgent cries for scientific advances the
niversity will still be sitting in the back-
ound-waiting and hoping.
May's legislative cuts of almost one million
>llars in ,the University's operating budget
r next year will result in two drastic effects.
hese results have implications far more
aching than a mere postponement of plans.
HE FIRST result of the legislature's "aus-
terity budget" is that the Dearborn Center
ll open a year later than planned. The build-
gs will be ready to open in the fall of 1q59
'scheduled-but there is no money with
hich to assemble a faculty and administra-
on. If this had happened five or ten years
;o-it would not have been viewed with such
arm. But in the context of today and of the
ture this could be the worst possible time
r any delay of advances in higher education.
Next year the majority of "war babies" will
ready to attend college. This is the begin-
.ng of the crisis which collge educators and
Iminstrators have tried to prepare for during
ie past five years. This will be the time of

excessive overcrowding in schools of higher
education and a time of increased demands on
the facilities of these schools. All this planning
is no longer for the far distant time in the
future-it is for the present.
The University initiated several five-year
plans to prepare for the onslaught of "war
babies" . . . but the many plans have been'
thwarted and the postponement of the Dear-
born Center opening is just the crowning touch
on all these frustrated efforts.
The second drastic effect of the legislative
cut became apparent, when the Regents voted
to indefinitely postpone the organization of
the Institute of Science and Technology. The
implications of this should be evident when
one listens to the nation's pleas for more
scientific advances-but the legislators closed
their ears and purses to the cries.
The setbacks for the Dearborn Center and
of the Institute for Science and Technology
indicates the oblivious nature in which the
Legislature cut funds-it fails to signify pro-
gressive action for the nation, state, or uni-
The University's prayers for an improved
financial condition for the state haven't been
answered ... all it can do now is wait ... and

and universities generally." But,
the committee said, this isn't good
enough. Here's why:
By 1975 Michigan institutions
are expected to have three times
the number of students that were
attending last fall or roughly
429,000 students. It would take
about a billion dollars in new capi-
tal outlay in the next 18 years to
provide plant facilities at the pres-
ent rate of value per student for
the expected enrollments. This
amounts to about $59 million per
year, a slightly fantastic figure as
any legislator, lobbist or university
administrator will quickly ac-
As the report humbly notes, "It
seems unlikely that sums of the
required magnitude can be pro-
vided at once, or even for the next
few years . . ." And so, "The only
solution seems to be a consider-
able improvement in the rate of
utilization of present plant facili-
ties." What to do after maximum
utilization is achieved is anybody's
BUT THE report does come up
with a number of suggestions to
improve space utilization, some of
which may evoke some unpleasant'
remarks from students but would
clearly help educate more people at
a relatively lower cost. The sugges-
tions include:
1) Scheduling more classes at
such hours as 8 a.m. and in the
late afternoon, evenings, and Sat-
urday mornings.
2) Reducing the number and
shortening the length of vacations
and putting schools on a year-
around academic basis.
3) Devising new methods of
scheduling class hours that would
make complete' use of available
41 Considering educational plans
that require less class attendance
by students and permit them to do
more study on individual initiative.1
5) Reappraising the necessity
for present volume of laboratory
courses, which require three times
as much floor space as regular
6) Reappraising the value of
maintaining highly specialized
courses requiring special class-
rooms for relatively few students,
and particularly in duplicating
such specialized facilities in several
Effective use of space is facil-
tated by keeping specialized space
to a mirnimum that is absolutely
essential to meet the. needs _cof
courses, the report said.
The committee, appointed two
years ago, will wind up its work
this summer and publish a sum-
mary of its surveys into all phases
of college operation and needs.

WASHINGTON-The last grid-
iron club dinner featured a
skit on Sherman Adams which
was so rough that Adams canceled
his reservations to come to a re-
peat performance the next after-
noon. The skit showed him tele-
phoning to the Federal Communi-
cations Commission for TV chan-
nels for favored Republicans to
the tune of the song:
"Sugar in the mornin', sugar in
the evenin',
Sugar at supper time,
FCC's our baby
And TV ain't no crime."
There was a lot of truth behind
this jingle. Perhaps that was why
Adams didn't want to see the skit
a second time. There was also
great truth behind ,Eisenhower's
statement last week that he
needed Sherman Adams. But
there was no truth whatsoever be-.
hind Adams' statement that his
calls had never been "intended
to affect the decision of any offi-
cial of the United States govern-
To understand whether Sher-
man Adams was telling the truth
regarding his relations with Ber-
nard Goldfine, and in order that.

the American public may better
understand how the Eisenhower
administration operates, it's im-
portant to take a comprehensive
look at the activities of Sherman
He occupies the same position
in the White House as that of
Matt Connelly under President
Harry S. Truman. Connelly's job
was to make appointments for the
President. If you can decide who
can or cannot see the President,
tremendous power and favor
comes your way. Connelly went
far beyond this one duty, but
never anywhere near as far as
* * *
EVERY REPORT requiring af-
firmative action that comes to the
President's desk is initialed "O.K.
-S.A." "If the paper doesn't bear
Adams' initials, the President re-
turns it with a query, "What does
Sherm say about it?" Adams pre-
sides over staff meetings, which
used to be presided over by Tru-
man and Roosevelt. He attends
meetings of the National Security
Council. He pulls wires with Con-
gress, despite the fact that an
efficient liaison officer, Gen. Wil-

ton Persons, is appointed to do
that job.
And despite his sworn testi-
mony to the company, he keeps
a very careful eye on the regula-
tory agencies, supposed to be in-
dependent of the White House.
The heads of all regulatory agen-
cies come over to see Adams at
regular intervals, and he goes
over policy and personnel.
** *
MUCH OF ADAMS' interven-
tion with the independent agen-
cies does not consist of actual
phone calls. Members of the agen-
cies know that when he has them
power to hire and fire they must
conform. Under the law the regu-
latory agencies are supposed to
have a majority of only one Re-
publican under a Republican ad-
ministration. The other members
are supposed to be Democrats.
But by a process of appointing
such weak "Republicrats" as
Richard Mack, Adams has suc-
ceeded in stacking the indepen-
dent agencies so that they follow
the Sherman Adams line.
Technically this is not against
the law, but it is certainly against
the spirit of the law.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

The Daily Official Bulletin Is a
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which Th
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
tiresponsibility. Notices soud b
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Buid
ing, before 2 p.m., the day preed-
ing publication.
General Notices
Regents' Meeting: Fri, July 8, vot
munieations for consderation at i
meeting must be in the Presiden
hands not later than July 8.
Students and staff of the 1958 Li
guistic Institute are invited to
opening get-together Tues. June
8:00 p.m. In Rackham AssemblyIHo
Prof. Albert H. Marckwardt will pr
Disciplinary Action in cases of et
dent misconduct: At meetings hldt
May 14, 20, 22, 27 and 28, cases invol
ing 46 students and 1 fraternity We
heard by the Joint Judiciary Counc
In all cases the action was approv
by the Sub-Committee on Discipit
1. Conduct unbecoming student
that state laws and city ordinances r
lating to the purchase, sale and t
of intoxicants were violated:
(a) Attempting to purchase Intom
cants at a local tavern with fa:
identification. One student nn
$25.00 and warned.
(b) Fined in Municipal Court forr
ing a drunk and disorderly perc
misused a garden hose and entered
private residence without permissic
One student fined $35.00 and warn
(c) Fined in Municipal Court f
driving after drinking. One stude
fined $20.00 and warned,
(d) Drinking, in violation .oftt
law, and driving after drinking.,Q
student fined $10.00 and warned.
(e) Drinking, in violation of st
law and fined in Municipal O
Court for being a drunk and diS
dery person. One student fined $15
and warned.
(f) Purchasing intoxicants for ii
nors. One student fined $40.00 (s4
end violation) and given a sev
(g) Drinking, in violation of iet
law. One student fined $25.00 a
(h) Illegal party held, at which I
toxicantsi were served to minors.
fraternity fined $300.00 andplai
on social probation for the fall e
mester 1958 (not to include rush i
2. Violation of University divi
(a) Failure to register utoobi
One student fined $40.00 (secndI
lation); one student fined $5.00; o"
student fined $35.00 with $25.00 i
pended; three students fined $3
with $20.00 suspended; one stud
fined $30.00 with $0.00. suspend
one student fined $30.00 with $15
suspended; one student fined $25
withd$20.00 suspended; three stVde
fined $25.00 with $15.00 uspendp
one student fined $25.00 with $10
suspended; one student fined $20
with $15.00 suspended; one stude
fined ;$20.00 with $10.00 susipend4
one student fined $5.00; one stude
issued a written warning.
(b) Driving without authorizati
one student fined '$50.00; one . 1
dent fined $35.00; one student f1
$35.00 with $15.00 suspended; c
student fined, $30.00 with $15.00 FA
pended; two students fined $25.
one student fined $25.00 with $1
suspended; one student fined *21
with $10.00 suspended; one stud
fined $20.00; three students fir
$15.00; one student fined $5.00 a
one student issued a written warni:
(c) Driving without authoriatl'
and attempt to falsify: One stud
fined $30.00 and denied the right
obtain a special permit for one
(d) Unauthorized presence of
automobiletand attemptto falsi
One student fined $30.00.
(e) Misuse of special comnmuti
permit: One student fined $15.00w
$10.00 suspended.
(f) Misuse of special business per
One student fined $25.00 and driv
privileges were suspended for the
mainder of the semester.
(g) Misrepresentation of facts a
conduct unbecoming a student: C
student fined $25.00 with $15.00 a
(h) Repeated violation of automo
regulations concerning parking
restricted University lots: One a
dent fined $15.00.
(i) Unauthorized borrowing: One w
dent fined $30.00.
.(J) Unauthorized lending: One a
dent issued a written warning.
Notice: A special mathematics I
ture will be held on wed., June 25, 4
p.m., Rm. 3227 Angell Hall. Leturei
Academician A.A. Dorodnityn, Div
tor of Computing Laboratories, Aca
my of Sciences, U.S.S.R. Title: '%6
Problems in the Numerical Solution
Partial Differential Equations."
freshments will be at 3:30, in Sm. p
Angell Hall.

Guest Lecturer: Dr. Lee Chrism
Head of the Music Education Dept.
the School of Fine and Applied Ai
Bostcn University, will be presented
the first of a series of lecturesa
demonstrations sponsored by the De
of Music Education in Aud. A, I
gell Hall on Wed., June 25. 4:00 p
His lecture,nentitled "The Function
Instrumental Music in the Pattern
Education," will be open to the gi
eral public without charge.
The Baroque Trio featuring Hay
Haugh, tenor, will appear in the s
and of the School of Music sumr
session concerts at 8:30 p.m. Tv
June 24, Rackham Lecture Hall.
Trio, consisting of Nelson Hauenste
flute, Florian Mueller, oboe, and ME
lyn Mason, harpsichord, assisted
Harry Dunscombe. cello, will perfc
sonatas by Stradella, Bach and Val
tine. Mr. Haugl1 has chosen to s
an aria by Dietrich Buxtehude anc
cantata by Heinrich Schutz. Open
the general public without charge.
Academic Notice
Make-up final examination in h

Strategic Opposition

ON THE BILL to reorganize the Pentagon
the President got from the House most but
not all of what he wanted. Broadly speaking,
the House, which is under Democratic control,
followed him in everything that has to do with
the command of the armed forces. But the
House opposed and defeated him on certain
basic questions which have to do with strategic
planning-fundamentally on the question of
whether the high and longer range planning
shall be centralized in one staff or shall remain
the join responsibilty of the services.
During the past months since the President
put forward his proposals, it has often been,
said that on a military question the country was
bound to accept the views of its most famous
soldier. But the majority in the House drew a'
line between the President's recommendations
which they would accept and those which they
rejected. They followed Gen. Eisenhower on
those military questions where as the former
Supreme Commander during the World War he
could speak with great experience and authority
--on the questions which relate to the command
and operation of great complicated forces. But
the majority did not follow him in the field
where he has not had great experience, and has
not earned any special distinction. This is the
field of strategic planning.
T HUS DURING the Second World War Gen.
Eisenhower was a successful Supreme Com-
mander. But he did not do the strategic plan-
ning of the war. That was done at a much
higher level than his, at the level of Churchill
and Roosevelt and of the combined Chiefs of
Staff. Gen. Eisenhower was in the European
theater, the supreme operator, not the supreme
planner. When for a time after the war he
was in the Pentagon as Chief of Staff of the
Army, which was before the Korean war, he
did not make a record for strategic insight and
foresight. And later, when he became Supreme
Commander of NATO, there is little in the rec-
Editorial Staff
Co-Editor Co-Editor

ord to show that he grasped the import of
nuclear weapons on the strategical planning'
of the NATO forces.
There is, therefore, substantial ground for
the discrimination shown by the House in
following him on operational matters but not
on strategic planning.
The basic issue between the President and
the leadership of the House is expounded in
the very able report brought in by Rep. Carl
Vinson (D-Ga.) for the Committee on Armed
"There are," says the report, "two well de-
fined systems of strategic planning and direc-
tion of military operations. One is the authori-
tarian system, topped by an all powerful single
military Chief of Staff supported by an overall
Armed Forces General Staff which he domi-
nates and controls. This system . . . is super-
ficially effective in arriving at swift decisions-
a faculty which is possesses because it is shaped
to eliminate from consideration alternative
courses of action. The second system for stra-
tegical planning is exemplified by the Joint
Chiefs of Staff," each of whom "is subject to
the civilian authority of the Secretary of De-
fense ... is free to express and to advocate his
views and to present and press for the full,
proper and effective employment of the particu-
lar capabilities of his own service."
What the President asked for was not in
name a General Staff system. But he did ask'
for something very close to it in principle.
He asked for the virtual suppression of the
civilian secretaries of the various services
and he wanted to take away from the Chiefs
of Staff their present right to appeal to the
Congress. It is this right of appeal which pre-
vents any one of the services from being over-
ridden by a combination of the other two, and
makes certain that on a great issue its views
cannot be suppressed and must be debated.
IT WAS on this point that the House opposed
the President. It is a point of great im-
portance. In the President's hot-tempered state-
ment of May 28, he described the right of
appeal to Congress, which is in the present law,
as "legalized insubordination."
It is a revealing and telltale phrase. For it
shows that the President is fundamentally op-
posed to the principle of strategic planning by

U.S. on Lebanese Hot Seat

Daily Staff Writer'
THE POWDER KEG in the Mid-
dle East has shifted from Pales-
tine to Lebanon, but the United
States is still sitting squarely on
top of it.
As the fighting in that country
reached a peak last week, the
United Nations sped a team of
observers to the scene, and British
and American officials were openly
considering the possibility of inter-
vening on behalf of President
Camille Chamoun's besieged pro-
western government.
To the United States, Lebanon,
smaller than the state of New
Jersey, is a crucial issue, Situated
on the Mediterranean between
Israel and Syria, it remains one
of the few nations in the Middle
East favorable to the western al-
lies, a toehold in the area they once
controlled. To the Russians, of
course, the defeat of the Chamoun
government by pro-Nasser forces
would constitute one more victory
in the struggle for the Arab world.
* * *
THE ISSUES that began the
six-week rebellion are the same
areas of conflict which the Leban-
ese have been adjusting since they
broke with France in 1946. The
delicate political balance between
Christian and Moslem, pro-west
and pro-Nasser elements within
the country had finally broken
As the insurgence spread, the
streets of Beirut and even Cha-
moun's residence itself were in
danger of falling into rebel hands.
With the tiny Lebanese army hard
pressed to contain the fighting,
Americans in the cantial city were

quest, thanks to an unexpected
abstension by the Soviet Union,
reportedly at the behest of Col.
Nasser. An advance team was dis-
patched from Israel, and UN Sec-
retary-General Dag Hammarskjold
himself flew to Beirut the next day
for talks with Lebanese leaders.
In the back of Hammarskjold's
mind was the obvious readiness of
the United States to use force, if
necessary, to preserve the Cha-
moun government, and the in-
creasing possibility of a Lebanese
plea for Anglo-American military
A series of rapid-fire conferences
in Beirut, Jordan and Cairo ap-
parently forestalled this contin-
gency, but the United States Sixth
Fleet, patrolling the Mediterran-
ean, is still reported moving
through the area.
What puts the American govern-
ment on a hot spot is the fact that,
no matter'what faction in Lebanon
wins, they lose.
A rebel victory, of course, would
constitute a disaster for United
States diplomacy in the Middle
East. It would mean the loss of one
more country from the dwindling
ranks of pro-western Arab nations,
and another triumph for Nasser-
THE INSURGENT forces, led by
ex-Premier Saeb Salam, are aiming
their campaign primarily at na-
tionalistic goals; the entire rebel-
lion has strong Pan-Arab ten-
dencies, and there is the distinct
possibility that, should they win,
Lebanon would become the third
member of the Syrian-Egyptian
The double danger in this possi-

to send troops to Chamoun's aid,
Russian charges of aggression
might have a strong effect on the
uncommitted nations of the world,
particularly Eastern neutrals such
as India.
There is also the possibility that
the Kremlin would aim at non-
Christian countries with charges
that the United States is basing its
support of Chamoun on the fact
that the insurgents are Moslem
and the government predominately
Christian. This is a charge they
have issued before, often with tell-
ing effect.
In any case, however, the United
States cannot afford to let the
matter rest long out of their hands

if rebel advances continue. Know-
ledge of this has added urgency to
Hammarskjold's mission in the
Middle East, and it is assumed his
trip to Cairo was an attempt to in-
duce Nasser to call a halt to the
infiltration of Syrian material into
rebel hands.
The touchy position of the
Vnited States has apparently been
recognized by all concerned, -and
Hammarskjold for one is deter-
mined to prevent the fighting from
spreading and possibly involving
the great powers. The statement
from Russia that, "volunteers" are
ready to go. to the aid of the
rebels has added even more ur-



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