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August 07, 1958 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1958-08-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MCHMGAN DAILY

1.S. Scientists Plot Against Moon

Warns Men
To Inform
Local Draft
Col. Arthur A. Holmes, state di-
rector of Selective Service, today
warned all draft registrants of the
importance of keeping their local
draft boards informed of changes
of address, occupation and de-
pendents.
The recent rush of registrants
reporting changes of status to
their draft boards indicates that
large numbers of men in Michigan
are failing to keep their draft
boards informed of changes which
may affect their draft eligibility,
Holmes indicated.
No Classification Permanent
A change in a registrant's status
may -change his draft classifica-
tion at any time. No draft classi-
fication is permanent. Registrants
are required by law to keep their
local boards informed of mailing
address, occupation, dependency
status and any other changes
which might affect their* draft
status.
The state director recommended
that every registrant notify his
draft board by post card or letter
of his current mailing address, oc-
cupation and dependency status.
All males born after August 30,
1922, are subject to draft regis-
tration. Young men are required
to be registered on their 18th
birthday. At the current rate of
classification in Michigan, regis-
trants will receive their initial
questionnaire and be classified on
or about their 21st birthday.
Induction calls currently are
being placed on local, boards for
registrants who are over 22 years
of age, Holmes continued.
From the time of registration at
age 18, registrants are,. required to
keep their draft boards informed
of any change of address. When
draft boards are unable to locate
a registrant for classification, he
may be declared delinquent.
May Be Prosecuted
Delinquents are subject to im-
mediate induction or reporting to
the U.S. Attorney for prosecutive
action, he said.
After initial registration at age
18, all draft registrants are re-
quired to have in their possession
a registration certificate. They
are also required to carry with
them at all times after initial
classification their notice of clas-
sification. The clerk of any local
board will assist registrants in
clarifying their draft status,
Holmes added

tbher at sorbit or* rn impetlac shotzes ind icaed above, Cozad
tell svientists wheler the Inoon has a mgneli'ield.

By JOHN BARBOUR
American scientists are hatching
plot against the complacent,
eless moon.
Missile men of the Army and
Force already are deeply into
ns to shoot the earth's nearest
ghbor. The ingenious details of
ir conspiracy are 'a startling
ninder of how close man him-
f is to taking the first gigantic.
p through space.
List Plans
['he scientsts say they will:
1. Send a rocket careening
)und' the moon to get some
seup pictures of both its known'
d unknown sides and bring them
cki to earth. .
. Actually hit the moon with
ocket that might hurl grenades
fire mortars in an effort to'find
t what the moon is made of.
. Perhaps, in the distant fu-
e, land a sort of automated tank
at would roam the lunar surface,
asuring conditions and report-
them back to earth.
Authorizes Probes
Earlier this year the Defense
partment authorized a half-
zen lunar probes on recom-
ndation of the Earth Satellitei
nel of the United States Na-
nal Committee for the Interpa-
nal Geophysical Year.
'Although it is impossible to
dict how quickly man himself
1 follow his exploring instru-
nts into outer space," the panel
d, "the inevitable culmination
his efforts will be manned'space-
ht and his landing on the
arer planets. It is clear that he
i develop the ability to do this,
: it is hard to conceive of man-

kind stopping short when such a
tempting goal is within reach."
The moon is a mere 238,000
miles away-perhaps a couple of
days by a rocket that takes time
to pick its course. When scientists
eventually make the trip in person,
thty will get a taste of the difficul-
ties to be encountered on later
trips to the next two space stops:,
Venus, 28 million miles away, and
Mars, 48 million miles distant.
For now, however, the scientists
must content themselves with
much simpler lunar chores-prob-
ing for clues as to the nature of
the moon; how it and earth were
born and perhaps even the origin
of the universe. k
Goals Specified
Their immediate goals are to
measure the moon's size and
weight, its gravity, its magnetic
field if any and its atmosphere or
lack of it,
A rocket that would encircle the
moon could 'get part of the job
done.
By charting the rocket's position
at regular intervals against the
background of the star-filled uni-
verse, scientists could compute the
pull of the moon's gravity and its
mass and weight. Sensitive tele-
metering equipment might detect
a lunar magnetic field.
Error Noted
Estimates of the moon's weight
are believed to have a possible
error of 0.3 per cent-not much
if, you are buying a ton of coal.
But apply that margin to the
estimated weight of the moon and
the possible error turns out to be
237 quintillion, 384 quadrillion
short tons,
A rocket carrying packages of

instruments to the surface of the
moon would improve on the earlier
measurements and perform some
new tasks. They might even stick
a scientific thumb into the moon's
surface.
Land Package
This could be done by landing a
package containing seismis record-
ers* (instruments which measure
subsurface shock waves). It also
would carry telemetering equip-
ment for relaying the readings of
the recorders back to earth.
And the package would be
armed with something like a mili-
tary mortar which would lob a
high explosive charge a pre-de-
termined distance away from the
instrument package. Knowing the
time of the explosion and its dis-
tance away from the seismic re-
corder, the recorder's readings
would be highly informative. It
might, for instance, tell scientists
whether the moon has a molten
core or has cooled into, a solid
mass.

If later a rocket can be landed
on the moon's surface more or
less gently, the Russians have
suggested this: Land an automated
tank-a laboratory that could be
controlled either from earth or
from its own electronic memory.
The tank would inspect the moon
with mechanical hands and elec-
tronic eyes and radio or televise
its findings back to earth.
"Though all of this could be
done in'principle there may be a
point," said the IGY panel, "at
which the complexity of the ma-
chine to do the job becomes in-
tolerable, and a man is found to
be more efficient, more reliable,
and above all more resourceful
when unexpected obstacles arise.
"It is, in a sense, an article of
faith that man will indeed be
required to do the job of cosmic
exploration personally-and, fur-
thermore, that he will want to do
the job himself, whether required,
to or not."

PRICE DESCRIBES SETTING:
Lebanese Now Engaged in 'Banana War'

J'Conference To Consider
roblems Artists Encounter

'rof. Emil Weddige of Architec-
e and Design College, con-
ered among the top 50 litho-
phers in the world, will talk
ut "Problems We Encounter as
rking Artists" at the Fifth
nual Michigan Regional Art
iference here Tuesday.
'rof. Weddige will address those
.nding the conference at 10
iin the Horace H, Rackham
lding Amphitheatre. All ses-
as are open to the public free
charge.
egistration begins at 9:30 a.m.
he Rackham Building, '
Amateur Paintings
'he exhibit-some 150 paintings
amateurs from 62 Michigan
es-begins at 11 a.m. in the
kham .Galleries and continues
)ugh Aug. 23. Some of the
itings may be purchased.
hose selected for exhibit are in
and water color and range from
esentational to contemporary.,
y were chosen for exhibition
n regional art shows througout
state. E. J. Soop, director of
University Extension Service
Prof. N. Edd Miller, Jr., direc-
of the Summer Session-both
which sponsor the exhibit and
ference-will provide introdue-
remarks at the opening session
vill Michael Church, organizer
he program and supervisor of

special projects for Extension
Service.
In the afternoon, Prof. Guy J.
Palazzola of the Architecture &
Design College will give a demon-
stration in oil painting in Audi-
torium A, Angell Hall, after which
Prof. Leonard W. Zamiska of the
Architecture & Design College will
demonstrate modern techniques of
art in Aud. C, Angell Hall.
Individual criticism will be pro-
vided for the various artists in the
Rackham Galleries at 4 p.m. by
University faculty members. "The
exhibit will also give each artist
a chance to compare his work with
others throughout Michigan,"
Church said.,
Preview Follows
Church will wind 'up the con-
ference with a parody entitled
"Dead Walls and Living Rooms"
at 7 p.m. in Aud. C, Angell Hall.
Immediately following will be a
preview and showing of art films
including Oriental brushwork,
Leonardi da Vinci, Painting a Por-
trait, and others.
The exhibit hours are: Tuesday
through Aug. 16 from 10 a.m. to
10 p.m., and Monday, Aug. 181
through Saturday, Aug. 23 from
9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
The Galleries are closed Sun-
days.

BEIRUT (RP-There is only oney
adequate description for what is
now going on in this tiny Middle
East nation: banana war.
If this had happened in Latin
America, most Americans would
have dismissed it with a. shrug.
To be sure, a few people, abom-
inably equipped, shoot at other
people from time to time and per-
haps some' 2,000 have been killed.
Police, Rebels Fight
The real fighting is being done
primarily between the police and
the rebels, but you 'need a 'score
card to keep up with the various
para-military units wandering
around. toting rifles but not really
fighting anybody.
The Lebanese army is sitting
this one out, at least in Beirut to,
date.
In any case, when the shooting
starts almost nobody bothers to
look around. Most people go right
on with what they are doing
At 7 p.m. each day hundreds of
Lebanese gather along the seawall
in the ritzy hotel section to gossip,
talk politics and watch the well-
to-do swim, water ski and drink.
Rear Mortars
Not long after night falls-on
some nights-you can hear the
crump of one or two high-explo-
sive mortars, or dynamite bombs,
the putt-putt of a sniper with a
20-caliber rifle and one in a rare
while the bang of a self-propelled
75mm gun.
It doesn't cause a ripple in the
flow of scotch, though the ice'
tinkle grates on your nerves.
Billed in U.S.
This so-called war has been
billed back in the United States
as one with deep political under-
currents stretching from Moscow
to Cairo.
If you happen to be the betting
type one will get you 10 that the
last people on earth the Lebanese
want to see are the Russians. Fur-
ther, one will get you five that
they wouldn't be especially glad
to see too many people around

from the United Arab Republic
headed by Cairo.
The Lebanese are very fond of
money, fonder perhaps than most
people. It is a reasonably safe
guess that they would take a dim
view of the Russians if for no
other reason that the Russians
are peodle to whom the mere
making of money is not necessarily,
a mark of success.
By the same token it is not likely
that too many Lebanese would
welcome the United Arab Republic
for the simple reason that it, would
upset their economy and submerge
leading Christian bankers in a sea
of Moslems. It might even produce
a religious war-and this is badj
for business.
Bags Line Streets
As for the war: rebel positions
most' often are simply a line of
sandbags in the street. The gov-
ernment's positions are somewhat
the same. The line separating rebel
from government territory occa-
sionally is just half-inch manila
Merry?"
LONDON (;')-- A worldwide
increase in wine drinking is
going to mean a shortage of
raisins for Christmas puddings.
This theory was advanced by
H. C. Mills, London representa-
tive of the Australian Dried
Fruits Board.
"Wineries generally are tak-
ing a very much greater share
of the grape crop than before.
One result Is. that this year's
raisin market will be only about
50 per cent supplied," he said.

rope stretched from one doorknob
to another across the street.
Any one of the armored, self-
propelled guns of World War II
vintage could knock down the
whole works in about 30 seconds.
There appears to be no major
concentration of government for-
ces in Beirut. They are scattered
about piecemeal, supposedly guard-
ing vital installations.
Guard Palace
This is true in some measure.
There are guards around the pres-
idential palace. At night street
patrols protect the breweries.
There are some tanks mounting
what appeared to be one-pounder
cannon, something similar to the
old American 37mm, which was
abaldoned because it could barely
penetrate a washtub at 700 paces.
In addition, there are some old
medium British and American
tanks.
Undoubtedly, if the Lebanese
ever decided on a hammer and
tong civil war, things would get
tough. The narrow and twisting
streets and alleys of Beirut would
call for house top to house top
warfare.
Solid Houses
Since many of the houses are
of concrete block construction,
they could become fairly substan-
tial little fortresses.
The Marines here are almost
amusingly security conscious.
When you ask one how to reach a
command post, he pauses as if you
had just asked him for instruc-
tions on how to bomb the White
House.
But these are mostly rear eche=
lon Marines, the storekeeper types.
War isn't so bad if it belongs to
somebody else and your foxhole is
air conditioned.

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